Denis R Joanisse

Denis R Joanisse
Laval University | ULAVAL · Department of Kinesiology

PhD Biology

About

109
Publications
12,174
Reads
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3,311
Citations
Citations since 2017
20 Research Items
1284 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Additional affiliations
June 1998 - present
Laval University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (109)
Preprint
Full-text available
Background and Aims: Statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS) are frequently reported. Nevertheless, few data on objective measures of muscle function are available. Recent data suggesting an important nocebo effect with statin use could confound such effects. The objective was to assess if subjective and objective measures of muscle function impro...
Article
Full-text available
Adipose tissue (AT) dysfunctions, such as adipocyte hypertrophy, macrophage infiltration and secretory adiposopathy (low plasma adiponectin/leptin, A/L, ratio), associate with metabolic disorders. However, no study has compared the relative contribution of these markers to cardiometabolic risk in women of varying age and adiposity. Body composition...
Conference Paper
Vitamin D supplementation has been proposed to reduce the frequently reported statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential benefits of this supplement in a randomized controlled trial. Men (n=23) and women (n=15) (50.5 ± 7.7 years [mean ± SD]) in primary cardiovascular prevention, self-reporting...
Article
Although severe obesity is associated with insulin resistance (IR) and inflammation, secretory function of intra-abdominal adipose tissues and their relationships with IR and inflammation markers remain poorly understood. Aims were to measure gene expression of adipogenic (C/EBPα/β, PPARγ-1/2, SREBP-1c, LXRα), lipogenic (SCD1, DGAT-1/2), angiogenic...
Preprint
Markers of adipose tissue (AT) dysfunctions, such as adipocyte hypertrophy, macrophage infiltration and secretory adiposopathy (low plasma adiponectin/leptin, A/L, ratio), associate with metabolic disorders. However, no study has compared the relative contribution of these markers to cardiometabolic risk in women of varying age and adiposity. Body...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the efficacy of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) on the recovery of maximal aerobic performance and physiological responses compared with commonly used techniques. Nine endurance athletes performed two 5-km cycling time trials (TT) interspersed by 45 minutes of recovery that included either IPC, active recovery (AR) or neuromu...
Conference Paper
Statins are benchmark lipid-lowering drugs, reducing blood cholesterol by controlling its synthesis. Numerous side effects are linked to statin use, notably at the level of skeletal muscle. The present study evaluated the subjective and objective effects of statin withdrawal in patients. Thirty-eight men and twenty-three women (53.0 ± 8.5 years [me...
Article
Numerous classifications are used to discern metabolically healthy obese (MHO) from metabolically abnormal obese (MAO) individuals. The goal of this study was to compare a single phenotype approach, adiposopathy (i.e., the plasma adiponectin/leptin ratio), with four commonly used classifications (International Diabetes Federation (IDF), Karelis, Ly...
Article
Full-text available
Optimizing traditional training methods to elicit greater adaptations is paramount for athletes. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can improve maximal exercise capacity and up-regulate signaling pathways involved in physiological training adaptations. However, data on the chronic use of IPC are scarce and its impact on high-intensity training is still...
Article
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Purpose: Apolipoprotein D (ApoD) is a lipocalin participating in lipid transport. It binds to a variety of ligands, with a higher affinity for arachidonic acid, and is thought to have a diverse array of functions. We investigated a potential role for ApoD in insulin sensitivity, inflammation, and thrombosis-processes related to lipid metabolism-in...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this pilot study was to compare the effects of a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and a moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) performed within a fitness center, on various health indices of 49 sedentary and moderately obese women (age 37 ± 7 years; BMI 32 ± 4 kg/m2) randomly assigned to supervised exercise on a cycle...
Article
The contribution of adiposopathy to glucose-insulin homeostasis remains unclear. This longitudinal study examined the potential relationship between the adiponectin/leptin ratio (A/L, a marker of adiposopathy) and insulin resistance (IR: homeostasis model assessment (HOMA)), insulin sensitivity (IS: Matsuda), and insulin response to an oral glucose...
Article
Purpose: Endurance athletes often compete and train at altitude where exercise capacity is reduced. Investigating acclimation strategies is therefore critical. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can improve endurance performance at sea level through improved O2 delivery and utilization, which could also prove beneficial at altitude. However, data are...
Article
Full-text available
Plasma volume (PV) is affected by several factors including age, physical train- ing and, acutely, by exercise intensity. The purpose of this study was to inves- tigate the effects of 6 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIT) on PV and blood pressure (BP) changes among sedentary individuals. Thirty subjects aged between 18 and 71 years [bod...
Article
Full-text available
The study aimed to examine the effects of diurnal Ramadan fasting (RF) on substrate oxidation, energy production, blood lipids and glucose as well as body composition. Nine healthy Muslim men (fasting (FAST) group) and eight healthy non-practicing men (control (CNT) group) were assessed pre- and post-RF. FAST were additionally assessed at days 10,...
Article
With the increasing rates of obesity, the prevalence of insulin resistance and its related diseases is likely to increase significantly in the coming years. It is therefore essential to find effective strategies to slow or prevent the progression of insulin resistance. Many intervention studies have shown that early intervention to improve insulin...
Article
PURPOSE: Physical activity in elderly persons contributes to prevention and treatment of the negative effects of age on muscle performance and, in turn, increases physical capability and improves muscle function and condition. This pilot study evaluated the effects of six weeks of supramaximal-exercise training (SET) on fitness variables and Rating...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated the effects of 6 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on mechanical efficiency (ME) in young and older groups. Seventeen healthy young adults [26.2(2.4) year], and thirteen healthy older adults [54.5(2.3) year] completed a 6-week HIIT intervention (three sessions per week) on an electromagnetically braked cycle ergo...
Article
Full-text available
Prior peripheral hypoxia induced via remote ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can improve physical performance in male athletes through improved O 2 delivery and utilization. Since females may have an innate protective mechanism against ischemia-reperfusion injury, and since muscle metabolism during contraction differs between sexes, it is relevant to...
Article
Full-text available
Lipid droplets (LD) play a central role in lipid homeostasis by controlling transient fatty acid (FA) storage and release from triacylglycerols stores, while preventing high levels of cellular toxic lipids. This crucial function in oxidative tissues is altered in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Perilipin 5 (PLIN5) is a LD protein whose mechanistic and...
Article
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 6 weeks of supramaximal exercise training (SET) on performance variables and metabolic changes in sedentary obese adults. Twenty-four obese adults were randomly allocated into a non-trained (NT) [n = 12; body mass index (BMI) = 33(3)] and SET group [n = 12; BMI = (33(2)]. After baseline metab...
Article
Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO), identical to primary amine oxidase or vascular adhesion protein-1, is a membrane enzyme that generates hydrogen peroxide. SSAO is highly expressed at the adipocyte surface, and its plasma levels increase with type 2 diabetes. Since visceral adipose tissue (AT) is more tightly associated with obesity com...
Article
Full-text available
Muscle ischemia and reperfusion induced by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can improve performance in various activities. However, the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of IPC on muscle hemodynamics and oxygen (O2) uptake during repeated maximal contractions. In a cross-over, rand...
Article
Adiposopathy, or sick fat, refers to adipose tissue dysfunction that can lead to several complications such as dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and hyperglycemia. The relative contribution of adiposopathy in predicting insulin resistance remains unclear. We investigated the relationship between adiposopathy, as assessed as a low plasma adiponectin...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Recent data suggest that adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) plays a key role in providing energy substrate from triglyceride pools and that alterations of its expression/activity relate to metabolic disturbances in skeletal muscle. Yet little is known about its regulation. We here investigated the role of the protein G0/G1 Switch Gene 2...
Article
Full-text available
Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The 2012-2013 survey of Canada's public health measures revealed that dyslipidemia was present in 38% of the respondents aged between 18 and 79 years. According to the American College of Cardiology, the American Heart Association, the Canadian Cardiovascular Society and the C...
Article
Gene expression (qPCR) was compared in round ligament (RL), omental (OME) and mesenteric (MES) ATs from 48 severely obese women (BMI, 54±11 kg/m2; 38±9 yrs). The mRNA levels of enzymes of lipid metabolism (LPL, HSL, and PDE-3B), cortisol production (11βHSD-1), adipogenesis (PPAR-γ/ thrombosis and inflammation (PAI-1, IL-6, TNF-α and adiponectin) we...
Article
Despite well-established variations in the health risks posed by visceral vs. subcutaneous abdominal (SCABD) fat depots, surprisingly little is known on the differences within a given adipose tissue (AT) among severely obese patients displaying varying metabolic dysfunction. We thus compared, by quantitative PCR, the expression profile of a number...
Article
Circulating natriuretic peptide (NP) levels are reduced in obesity and predict the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Since skeletal muscle was recently shown as a key target tissue of NP, we aimed to investigate muscle NP receptor (NPR) expression in the context of obesity and T2D. Muscle NPRA correlated positively with whole-body insulin sensitivity...
Article
Introduction L’obésité et le diabète de type 2 (DT2) se caractérisent par une diminution des niveaux circulants de peptides natriurétiques (PN) chez l’homme. Nous avons récemment démontré une signalisation fonctionnelle des PN dans le muscle squelettique. L’objectif de ce travail est d’étudier l’influence de l’obésité et du DT2 sur la signalisation...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous controversies surround the peptide hormone irisin. Although implicated as a myokine promoting the browning of adipose tissue in rodents, its roles in humans remain unclear. Contradictory results have also been found with respect to the relationships between adiposity or metabolic health and plasma irisin levels in humans. We investigated t...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the relationship between the phenotypic and anthropometric characteristics and the cycling time to exhaustion (Tlim) at the maximal aerobic power output (Pmax). 12 (7 men, 5 women) physically-active participants performed a square-wave test at Pmax to determine the maximal time limit. Muscle histochemistry, enzymatic activities...
Article
Introduction Une association inverse entre le contenu en lipides intramyocellulaires et la sensibilité à l’insuline existe chez les sujets sédentaires. Cette relation disparait chez des individus entraînés en endurance et réfère au paradoxe des athlètes. Une dérégulation de l’expression des lipases musculaire pourrait contribuer à l’insulino-résist...
Article
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Muscle mitochondrial metabolism is a tightly controlled process that involves the coordination of signaling pathways and factors from both the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes. Perhaps the most important pathway regulating metabolism in muscle is mitochondrial biogenesis. In response to physiological stimuli such as exercise, retrograde signaling...
Article
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Maintenance of a 10% or greater reduced body weight results in decreases in the energy cost of low levels of physical activity beyond those attributable to the altered body weight. These changes in nonresting energy expenditure are due mainly to increased skeletal muscle work efficiency following weight loss and are reversed by the administration o...
Article
Full-text available
The maximal activities of enzymes of intermediary metabolism, notably glycolysis, the hexose monophosphate shunt, and polyol cryoprotectant synthesis were measured over a winter season in freeze-avoiding larvae of the gall moth Epiblema scudderiana. Dynamic changes in enzyme activities were found to reflect metabolic events associated with differen...
Article
Full-text available
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is complicated by ischemia-reperfusion injury jeopardizing myocyte survival. The aim of the study was to investigate whether glucose and insulin administration, while maintaining normoglycemia (GIN therapy) using a hyperinsulinemic-normoglycemic clamp technique, is cardioprotective in patients undergoing CABG....
Article
Full-text available
Dairy products provide Ca and protein which may facilitate appetite control. Conversely, weight loss is known to increase the motivation to eat. This randomised controlled trial verified the influence of milk supplementation on appetite markers during weight loss. Low Ca consumer women participated in a 6-month energy-restricted programme (-2508 kJ...
Article
Full-text available
Factors involved in the regulation of muscle mass in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are still poorly understood. Comparing the signalisation involved in muscle mass regulation between two muscles with different levels of activation within the same subjects is an interesting strategy to tease out the impact of local (muscle activity) v...
Article
Full-text available
Maintenance of a body weight 10% above or below that "customary" for lean or obese individuals results in respective increases or decreases in the energy expended in low levels of physical activity (nonresting energy expenditure, NREE). These changes are greater than can be accounted for by the altered body weight or composition and are due mainly...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the relationships between fitness and components of the metabolic syndrome in sedentary men. 39 subjects (34-53 years) were evaluated for fitness (VO(2max)) and anthropometric, metabolic, and skeletal muscle phenotypes. VO(2max) was assessed on a bicycle ergometer whereas other variables were obtained from an oral glucose tolerance t...
Article
The ongoing obesity epidemic is associated with numerous health problems related to altered metabolic function. Among these is type 2 diabetes, characterized by lowered insulin sensitivity (IS). Consequently, the development of simple indices to assess IS has research and clinical importance. The SI(is)OGTT, a new index of IS, was recently describe...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last 12 years, the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients undergoing myocardial revascularization surgery have evolved rapidly. The goal of our study was to analyze the evolution of these trends and the results of these surgical interventions. We identified patients who underwent a first or second myocardial revascularization...
Article
Full-text available
The relative contribution of anthropometric and skeletal muscle characteristics to cardiorespiratory fitness was studied in sedentary men. Cardiorespiratory fitness (maximal oxygen consumption) was assessed using an incremental bicycle ergometer protocol in 37 men aged 34-53 years. Vastus lateralis muscle biopsy samples were used to assess fiber ty...
Article
Selective breeding of laboratory house mice (Mus domesticus) for high voluntary wheel running has generated four replicate lines that show an almost threefold increase in daily wheel-running distances as compared with four nonselected control lines. An unusual hindlimb "mini-muscle" phenotype (small muscles, increased mitochondrial enzyme levels, d...
Article
To clarify the relationship between the amount of mid-thigh subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) and glucose tolerance in men and women. Midthigh and abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained from 63 men and 110 women from the Quebec Family Study. Areas and attenuations of adipose tissue compartments and skeletal muscle measured from CT...
Article
Full-text available
ASP-deficient mice (C3 KO) have delayed postprandial TG clearance, are hyperphagic, and display increased energy expenditure. Markers of carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism in the skeletal muscle and heart were examined to evaluate the mechanism. On a high-fat diet, compared with wild-type mice, C3 KO mice have increased energy expenditure, decr...
Article
Selective breeding of mice for high voluntary wheel running has favoured characteristics that facilitate sustained, aerobically supported activity, including a "mini-muscle" phenotype with markedly reduced hind limb muscle mass, increased mass-specific activities of oxidative enzymes, decreased % myosin heavy chain IIb, and, in the medial gastrocne...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of weight loss on skeletal muscle lactate transporter [monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)] expression in obese subjects were investigated to better understand how lactate transporter metabolism is regulated in insulin-resistant states. Ten obese subjects underwent non-macronutrient-specific energy restriction for 15 wk. Anthropometric me...
Article
Full-text available
Enlargement of adipocytes from subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAT), increased intrahepatic lipid content (IHL), intramyocellular lipid content (IMCL), and low circulating adiponectin concentrations are associated with insulin resistance. Because adiponectin increases fat oxidation in skeletal muscle and liver, and the expression of the adip...
Article
Ability to use different substrate pathways (oxidative glycolysis, β-oxidation) reflects body functionality and its metabolic flexibility i.e. capacity to shift between lipids or carbohydrates utilization, at rest or during exercise. Metabolic function changes between childhood to oldness. Women are a specific population because of their hormonal v...
Article
Full-text available
Tissue-specific alterations in 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) type 1 activity, which amplifies glucocorticoid action, are thought to contribute to some of the metabolic complications of obesity. The present study tested whether hypertriglyceridemia is one such complication by investigating the effects of an 11beta-HSD1 inhibitor (compoun...
Article
Full-text available
The molecular mechanisms of muscle atrophy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are poorly understood. In wasted animals, muscle mass is regulated by several AKT-related signaling pathways. To measure the protein expression of AKT, forkhead box class O (FoxO)-1 and -3, atrogin-1, the phosphophrylated form of AKT, p70(S6K) glycogen syntha...
Article
Full-text available
The metabolic consequences of visceral obesity have been associated with amplification of glucocorticoid action by 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) in adipose tissue. This study aimed to assess in a rat model of diet-induced obesity the effects of pharmacological 11beta-HSD1 inhibition on the morphology and expression of key...
Article
Full-text available
To compare the relationships between markers of total and regional adiposity with muscle fat infiltration in type 1 diabetic and type 2 diabetic subjects and their respective nondiabetic controls, and to document these relationships in type 1 diabetic subjects. Cross-sectional study. In total, 86 healthy, with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes or co...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to determine the impact of short-term normobaric hypoxia on physiology and performance in highly trained athletes. Twelve (7 male and 5 female) athletes were randomly assigned into two groups and spent 8 h per night for two consecutive nights a week over 3 weeks under either short-term normobaric hypoxia (simulating 3636 m altitude...
Article
An inverse relationship has been shown between running and cycling exercise economy and maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max). The purposes were: 1) determine the relationship between walking economy and VO2max; and 2) determine the relationship between muscle metabolic economy and muscle oxidative capacity and fiber type. Subjects were 77 premenopausal n...
Article
A sub-optimal intake of calcium appears to be related to an increase in intracellular calcium in many tissues. In adipose tissue, this phenomenon is accompanied by a decreased lipolysis of fat cells relative to their lipogenic potential whereas in skeletal muscle this might reduce the oxidative capacity of myocytes. This is concordant with human st...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
More and more athletes are opting to purchase the altitude-mimicking devices instead of making costly, frequent trips to high elevations in search of high altitude effects. However, it remains controversial with respect to the hypoxia efficiency in improving aerobic and anaerobic performances. The present study aimed, therefore, to determine if sho...
Chapter
Introduction Skeletal Muscle Plasticity Fuels and Their Control Control and Integration of Fuel Use Perspectives
Article
Full-text available
The chronology of diaphragm and vastus lateralis adaptation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not been studied. The hypothesis of this study was that muscle changes would occur earlier in the diaphragm than in the vastus lateralis in COPD, a finding that would suggest that local factors would be more important than systemic factor...