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Delphine Guillebault

Delphine Guillebault
Microbia Environnement, France, Argelès sur mer

Doctor of Philosophy

About

37
Publications
6,618
Reads
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414
Citations

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
The most important question in sampling is “Is the sample representative of the target population?” This question is necessary to understand how valid the sample taken is to the original...
Article
Monitoring drinking water quality is an important public health issue and pathogenic organisms present a particularly serious health hazard in freshwater bodies. However, many pathogenic bacteria, including cyanobacteria, and pathogenic protozoa can be swept into coastal lagoons and into near-shore marine environments where they continue to grow an...
Poster
Full-text available
Microplate based sensor for quick detection of Pseudo-nitzschia in environmental samples. Our genosensor ensures high-throughput detection (80 samples in 2-3 hours) of harmful organisms that cause a lot of damage to the global aquculutre industry.
Article
The study region in Sagres, SW Portugal, is subject to natural eutrophication of coastal waters by wind-driven upwelling, which stimulates high primary productivity facilitating the recent economic expansion of bivalve aquaculture in the region. However, this economic activity is threatened by harmful algal blooms (HAB) caused by the diatoms Pseudo...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring drinking water quality is an important public health issue. Two objectives from the 4 years, six nations, EU Project μAqua were to develop hierarchically specific probes to detect and quantify pathogens in drinking water using a PCR-free microarray platform and to design a standardised water sampling program from different sources in Eur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Current knowledge about aquatic pathogens are scarce because bacteria, protozoans, algae and their toxins occur at low concentrations, making them difficult to measure directly or to filter sufficient volumes to facilitate detection. We developed and validated tools to detect pathogens in freshwater systems. To evaluate impacts on water quality, a...
Poster
Full-text available
The 18S rRNA microarray in comparison with observations by microscopy provided more decisive identification of dinoflagellates of the genera Alexandrium, Azadinium, Karenia, Karlodinium, Gymnodinium and flagellates Prymnesium, Heterosigma. In the case of diatoms from the genus Pseudo-nitzschia, more species could be identified by microarray than th...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring the quality of drinking water is an important issue for public health. Two of the main objectives of the European Project μAQUA were (i) the development of specific probes to detect and quantify pathogens in drinking water and (ii) the design of standardized sampling programs of water from different sources in Europe in order to obtain s...
Article
Full-text available
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are becoming more frequent as climate changes, with tropical species moving northward. Monitoring programs detecting the presence of toxic algae before they bloom are of paramount importance to protect aquatic ecosystems, aquaculture, human health and local economies. Rapid and reliable species identification methods usi...
Article
Full-text available
The transmission of water-borne pathogens typically occurs by a faecal-oral route, through inhalation of aerosols, or by direct or indirect contact with contaminated water. Previous molecular-based studies have identified viral particles of zoonotic and human nature in surface waters. Contaminated water can lead to human health issues, and the deve...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring the quality of freshwater is an important issue for public health. In the context of the European Project µAqua (FP7-KBBE-2010-4, 265409) a total of 150 samples were collected from several waters in France, Germany, Ireland, Italy and Turkey over two years. These samples were analyzed using two multi-toxin detection methods previously de...
Article
Tropical shrimp aquaculture systems in New Caledonia regularly face major crises resulting from outbreaks of _Vibrio_ infections. Ponds are highly dynamic and challenging environments and display a wide range of trophic conditions. In farms affected by vibriosis, phytoplankton biomass and composition are highly variable. These conditions may promot...
Article
Over the past few decades, there has been an increased frequency and duration of cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in freshwater systems globally. These can produce secondary metabolites called cyanotoxins, many of which are hepatotoxins, raising concerns about repeated exposure through ingestion of contaminated drinking water or food or t...
Article
Full-text available
Current knowledge about the spread of pathogens in aquatic environments is scarce probably because bacteria, viruses, algae and their toxins tend to occur at low concentrations in water, making them very difficult to measure directly. The purpose of this study was the development and validation of tools to detect pathogens in freshwater systems clo...
Article
Full-text available
Fixed cells with different nucleic acid contents and scatter properties (low nucleic acid [LNA], high nucleic acid 1 [HNA1], and HNA2) were sorted by flow cytometry (FCM). For each sort, 10,000 cells were efficiently captured on poly-l-lysine-coated microplates, resulting in efficient and reproducible PCR amplification.
Article
Full-text available
The nature of the cytoplasmic pathway of starch biosynthesis was investigated in the model heterotrophic dinoflagellate Crypthecodinium cohnii. The storage polysaccharide granules were shown to be composed of both amylose and amylopectin fractions with a chain length distribution and crystalline organization very similar to those of green algae and...
Article
Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are a family of antioxidant enzymes that catalyse the degradation of toxic superoxide radicals in obligate and facultative aerobic organisms. Here, we report the presence of a multi-copy gene family encoding SODs in the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Crypthecodinium cohnii. All the genes identified (sod1 to sod17) have be...
Article
Df31 is a small hydrophilic protein from Drosophila melanogaster that can act as a histone chaperone in vitro. The protein is also detected as an integral component of chromatin, present at approximately the same level as histone H1. We have developed a simple assay to measure protein binding to oligonucleosomes and used it to characterise the DF31...
Article
Full-text available
Dinoflagellates are marine unicellular eukaryotes that exhibit unique features including a very low level of basic proteins bound to the chromatin and the complete absence of histones and nucleosomal structure. A cDNA encoding a protein with a strong homology to the TATA box-binding proteins (TBP) has been isolated from an expressed sequence tag li...
Article
The intracellular organization of dinoflagellate protists, particularly the cytoskeleton, the cell cycle and mitosis (“dinomitosis”), presents peculiar features governed by specific proteins.We have previously biochemically isolated and characterized a protein of 72 kDa (P72) conserved from dinoflagellates to humans. The microsequencing of the NH2-...
Article
Dinoflagellates are unique among eukaryotes in their lack of histones and nucleosomes, and permanently condensed chromosomes. These unusual features raise questions as how chromatin condensation and gene expression are achieved. In this study, we investigated nuclear proteins potentially implicated in the regulation of the transcription. Dinap1 is...
Article
Full-text available
The morphology and behaviour of the chromosomes of dinoflagellates during the cell cycle appear to be unique among eukaryotes. We used synchronized and aphidicolin-blocked cultures of the dinoflagellate Crypthecodinium cohnii to describe the successive morphological changes that chromosomes undergo during the cell cycle. The chromosomes in early G(...

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