Delphine Collin-Vézina

Delphine Collin-Vézina
McGill University | McGill · Centre for Research on Children and Families (CRCF)

PhD

About

202
Publications
53,419
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,525
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Delphine Collin-Vézina is the Director of the Centre for Research on Children and Families at McGill University and the Director of the Canadian Consortium on Child & Youth Trauma. She is a licensed clinical psychologist and a Professor at the McGill School of Social Work. She is also an Associate Member in the Department of Pediatrics where she holds the Nicolas Steinmetz and Gilles Julien Chair in Community Social Pediatrics.
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - present
McGill University
Position
  • Managing Director
June 2007 - August 2020
McGill University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
May 2003 - August 2006
Université du Québec à Montréal
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 1998 - October 2003
Université de Montréal
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology

Publications

Publications (202)
Article
Cette étude qualitative vise à documenter les perceptions et les réactions des intervenants du réseau des services sociaux à l’enfance, jeunesse, famille face aux conséquences de la pandémie de COVID-19. Entre la 3e et la 4e vague de la pandémie au Québec, 11 intervenants, incluant deux gestionnaires, ont pris part à des groupes de discussion. Les...
Article
Full-text available
Longitudinal studies have shown that children with complex trauma (i.e., exposure to multiple or repeated traumatic events of an interpersonal nature) have poorer cognitive outcomes later in life than children without complex trauma. This association may be moderated by the timing of the trauma, which may explain, in part, some heterogeneity in the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Health and social service providers receive limited education on recognizing and responding to family violence. With adequate education, providers could be prepared to identify individuals subjected to family violence and help reduce the risk of associated impairment. Informed by the Active Implementation Frameworks, our research will de...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) contributes to depression in several populations. However, there is a significant lack of longitudinal research on depressive symptoms among sexually abused adolescents involved in Child Protection Services (CPS). Given the systemic challenges in CPS research, it is also unclear as to whether depressive sym...
Article
Full-text available
This researcher perspective is part of the fifth edition of Complex Trauma Perspectives, the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies' Complex Trauma SIG newsletter.
Article
Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic and associated restrictive measures have caused important disruptions in economies and labour markets, changed the way we work and socialise, forced schools to close and healthcare and social services to reorganise. This unprecedented crisis forces individuals to make considerable efforts to adapt and will have...
Article
Background Alongside deficits in children's wellbeing, the COVID-19 pandemic has created an elevated risk for child maltreatment and challenges for child protective services worldwide. Therefore, some children might be doubly marginalized, as prior inequalities become exacerbated and new risk factors arise. Objective To provide initial insight int...
Chapter
This article reviews the empirical evidence gathered in the past 2 years on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health for children and youth. Grounded in a social justice framework, this review highlights that all are not equal in the face of the pandemic, and that children, youth and families living in precarious contexts have been impa...
Article
Full-text available
Epidemiological surveys measuring the prevalence of child maltreatment generate essential knowledge that is required to enhance human rights, promote gender equality, and reduce child abuse and neglect and its effects. Yet, evidence suggests Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) may assess the risk of these studies using higher than normal thresholds,...
Article
Background A year has passed since COVID-19 began disrupting systems. Although children are not considered a risk population for the virus, there is accumulating knowledge regarding children's escalating risk for maltreatment during the pandemic. Objective The current study is part of a larger initiative using an international platform to examine...
Article
Background Little is known about the benefits of implementing trauma-informed care (TIC) training programs for child welfare workers serving in out-of-home treatment settings, or about how staff, child and youth characteristics affect adoption of favorable attitudes towards TIC. Objective This study aimed to understand how attitudes towards TIC...
Article
Background Many adolescents in group care have experienced higher rates of traumatic event exposure, behavior problems, and severe trauma sequelae compared to those outside of group care. Yet, little research has examined from a person-centered perspective their diverse trauma profiles and corresponding service needs. Objective This exploratory st...
Article
Background Residential childcare workers (RCWs) in child welfare and youth-justice settings are at risk of secondary traumatic stress, burnout, and moral distress. Workplace support has been shown to be protective against work-related harms for some helping professionals and a lack of workplace support has been cited as a contributing factor toward...
Article
This study aimed to assess whether, and to what extent, the commercial sexual exploitation of female adolescents placed in residential care predicted different manifestations of an altered sense of self in emerging adulthood while considering the possible confounding effects of child maltreatment and perceived stigmatization. Data were gathered in...
Article
Full-text available
Child sexual abuse (CSA) has been described as a highly stigmatizing experience. Despite the recognition of shame as a significant contributor to psychological distress following CSA, an inhibitor of CSA disclosure, and a challenging emotion to overcome in therapy, limited research has explored the experience of shame with young people who have bee...
Article
Full-text available
Trauma-informed care (TIC) is receiving growing interest and support as a promising approach to reducing the use of restrictive measures (restraints, seclusions and time-outs) in children and youth living in residential care. In this study, we aimed to compare the use of restrictive measures prior to and following the implementation of a TIC staff...
Article
Background COVID-19 has become a worldwide pandemic impacting child protection services (CPSs) in many countries. With quarantine and social distancing restrictions, school closures, and recreational venues suspended or providing reduced access, the social safety net for violence prevention has been disrupted significantly. Impacts include the conc...
Article
The COVID-19 worldwide pandemic has forced individuals into an unnatural way of life. Families with children experience unique stressors, such as school closures, disrupted childcare arrangements, requirement of parents to uptake additional responsibilities such as homeschooling, possible financial strain, and lack of breathing space between family...
Article
Full-text available
Background Meta-analyses have confirmed an association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and non-suicidal and suicidal self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITB), yet the mechanisms linking these factors are, to date, poorly understood. The goal of the current study is to explore one potential influencing factor acting in the association between C...
Article
This study examines whether increased interaction and observation of young children by school professionals leads to an increase in school-based reports to child welfare authorities and in the identification of child maltreatment victims. Comparing provincial-level data collected before and after full-day kindergarten implementation in Ontario, a d...
Article
Full-text available
Background Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a global human rights violation and a public health problem. The phenomenon is linked to adverse health effects for women and children. Mothers of young children in Malawi can be particularly at risk because of gender-based power imbalances. The objectives of this study were to examine the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic and the isolation measures taken to control it has caused important disruptions in economies and labour markets, changed the way we work and socialize, forced schools to close and healthcare and social services to reorganize in order to redirect resources on the pandemic response. This unprecedented crisis forces in...
Article
Exposures to traumatic stressors occur at extremely high rates among children and youth Involved with child welfare/ youth justice systems, and traumatic stressors can result in secondary traumatic stress among associated professionals. To date, Canadian TIC (I.e., trauma-informed care) initiatives have largely developed in isolation resulting in t...
Article
Full-text available
Twenty years ago, findings from the Adverse Childhood Experience study revealed that experiences of child maltreatment and family dysfunction were far more prevalent in the general population than previously known. It also drew attention to the impact of these experiences on later health, mental health and functional impairments in adulthood, which...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction : Les enfants qui ont un vécu des traumas complexes sont à risque de développer de graves difficultés d’attachement, d’autorégulation et de comportement. Des études exploratoires démontrent que la pratique du yoga permet d’améliorer leur fonctionnement et diminuer leurs symptômes d’internalisation et d’externalisation. Objectifs : Le p...
Article
Background: There is increasing recognition of the need to integrate trauma-informed care (TIC) into child welfare practices, given the high rates of trauma experiences among children and youth across these settings. The implementation of TIC is facilitated by various elements, including worker attitudes, yet further research is needed to illuminat...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This article presents the theoretical basis, initial deployment strategies, and resulting preliminary findings of a program implemented in residential treatment centres (RCs) in child welfare. "Program Penguin" aimed to help workers develop trauma-informed attitudes and implement trauma-informed practices, make the workplace more respon...
Article
Background Many children and youth living in residential units have experienced multiple traumas that may result in challenging behaviors. Among a range of professional responses, staff may use restraint, seclusion and time-out to manage these behaviors. Objective To enhance our understanding of these restrictive interventions in residential units...
Article
Background: Pandemics have a wide range of economic, health and social consequences related to both the spread of a disease and efforts made by government leaders to contain it which may be particularly detrimental for the child welfare-involved population. This is because child welfare agencies serve some of the highest needs children and familie...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years in Malawi, and especially among those from rural areas of central Malawi. The goal of this study was to examine the prevalence and determinants of malaria infection among children in rural areas of Dowa district in central Malawi. Methods: A multistage...
Article
Full-text available
CONTEXT Evidence from the COVID-19 crisis suggests that children and youth are more likely to be subjected to maltreatment and exposure to family violence, while experiencing limited access to the usual services that support vulnerable families and provide targeted services to meet their needs. The current global pandemic itself can also be experie...
Article
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has led to unprecedented disruptions and stress in the lives of children and families internationally. Heightened family stress and turmoil can increase risk for child maltreatment. As a result, child maltreatment experts are concerned that there will be an influx of children requiring trauma assessment and treatment d...
Article
We describe an ontological approach to childhood studies that we refer to as Childhood Ethics. This involves an interdisciplinary hermeneutic orientation towards examining the morally meaningful dimensions of matters that affect young people. We draw on our empirical research with young people from 3‐ to 17‐years old, examining their experiences in...
Article
Full-text available
The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study is a landmark study conducted by Kaiser Permanente and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It was the first large scale, non-clinical study to document ten categories of adversity in childhood (covering both child maltreatment experiences and household challenges) and to assess their relatio...
Article
The process of disclosing childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is very difficult for young people. Researchers have consistently found that young people disclose CSA to other youth at much higher rates than to familiar adults or authorities and indicate that CSA remains largely unknown to adults. However, no study to date has focused exclusively on underst...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a pervasive and significant public health problem. The phenomenon is linked to adverse health effects for women and children. Mothers of young children in Malawi can be particularly at risk because of gender-based power imbalances. The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a global human rights violation and a public health problem. The phenomenon is linked to adverse health effects for women and children. Mothers of young children in Malawi can be particularly at risk because of gender-based power imbalances. The objectives of this study were to examine the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a global human rights violation and a public health problem. The phenomenon is linked to adverse health effects for women and children. Mothers of young children in Malawi can be particularly at risk because of gender-based power imbalances. The objectives of this study were to examine the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a global human rights violation and a public health problem. The phenomenon is linked to adverse health effects for women and children. Mothers of young children in Malawi can be particularly at risk because of gender-based power imbalances. The objectives of this study were to examine the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a global human rights violation and a public health problem. The phenomenon is linked to adverse health effects for women and children. Mothers of young children in Malawi can be particularly at risk because of gender-based power imbalances. The objectives of this study were to examine the...
Article
Full-text available
La pandémie, et les crises en général, accroissent le risque de maltraitance et d'exposition à la violence pour les enfants. Dans son analyse de l'actuelle pandémie de la COVID-19, l'UNICEF a recensé plusieurs effets secondaires potentiels sur les enfants et les adolescents, notamment le risque accru d'expériences de maltraitance et d'exposition à...
Chapter
Child maltreatment constitutes all forms of child abuse including physical, emotional, or sexual abuse and neglect, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development, or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust, or power. Child maltreatment represents one of the most influential determinants...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children under five in Malawi. Children from rural areas of central Malawi have high burden of malaria morbidity compared to other regions. The goals of this study were to examine the prevalence and determinants of malaria infection among children in rural areas of Dowa district...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children under five in Malawi. Children from rural areas of central Malawi have a high burden of malaria morbidity compared to other regions. The goal of this study was to examine the prevalence and determinants of malaria infection among children in rural areas of the Dowa dis...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children under five in Malawi, and especially among those from rural areas of central Malawi. The goal of this study was to examine the prevalence and determinants of malaria infection among children in rural areas of the Dowa district in central Malawi. Methods: A multistage c...
Presentation
Full-text available
Full presentation (in French): https://www.crujef.ca/activites/webinaires/portrait-de-lutilisation-de-la-contention-et-de-lisolement-dans-les-foyers-de
Poster
Full-text available
Most youth in residential care have experienced multiple traumatic experiences, such as abuse or neglect, and these are associated with significant mental health symptoms and impairments (Collin-Vézina et al., 2011; Fischer et al., 2016; Salazar et al., 2013). Trauma-informed care (TIC) training seek that staff recognize the prevalence and impact o...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to assess cognitive outcomes of children who have experienced complex trauma in comparison to children who have not, and to test the effect of potential moderating factors. Introduction: A relatively high proportion of children have experienced complex trauma, which can lead to negative conse...
Article
Disclosure of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a complex, multifaceted process with many barriers that are largely shaped by individual, familial, and systemic characteristics. Children and youth tend to withhold or delay disclosure for many years, such that most CSA goes unreported. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence regarding the...
Article
Full-text available
Dans la foulée de l’évènement tragique du mois dernier qui a secoué le Québec – la mort de la petite fille à Granby –, le gouvernement de François Legault a officialisé la mise sur pied de la commission spéciale sur les services de la protection de la jeunesse.
Article
The influence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on the developing child across several domains of functioning has much theoretical and empirical support. Yet, surprisingly, the impact of ACEs on the development of language skills specifically remains somewhat understudied. The present report provides a brief review of research on ACEs and ass...
Presentation
Full-text available
Des études américaines ont montré que l'utilisation de mesures particulières (contention, isolement) est relativement courante dans les foyers de groupe et centres de réadaptation qui accueillent des enfants et adolescents sous la protection de la jeunesse (LeBel et al., 2010; LeBel et al., 2012). Or, ces mesures ne sont pas efficaces et ont même d...
Article
Virtually all youth in detention have been exposed at least one traumatic event in their family system or in the community, and a vast majority have experienced cumulative traumatic events that led to major dysregulated states. Building on several seminal works on trauma-informed juvenile justice programs and on implementation research, this theore...
Article
Background: Child sexual abuse (CSA) rates have been declining since the 1990s (Dunne et al., 2003; Finkelhor & Jones, 2004, 2012; Jones et al., 2001). Discrepancies in contexts and measures complicate comparing CSA rates across jurisdictions and studies, and there is limited literature about trends in CSA in Canada. Objective: Using data from t...
Article
Exposure to maltreatment during childhood (CM) can have deleterious effects throughout the life span of an individual. A parent's history of child maltreatment can also impact his or her own parenting behavior. Theoretically, parents who experienced maltreatment as children may have fewer resources to cope with the challenges of childrearing and ma...
Presentation
As awareness of the prevalence and impact of trauma in young offenders grows, making a shift towards a trauma-informed youth justice system is relevant, necessary, and timely. Indeed, without a trauma-informed perspective, responses to delinquent behaviors can be unduly punitive and harsh, exacerbating rather than relieving the underlying trauma-re...