Delia Virga

Delia Virga
West University of Timisoara · Department of Psychology

Professor
Organizational and Occupational Health Psychology

About

73
Publications
35,159
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909
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2018 - present
West University of Timisoara
Position
  • Professor (Full)
February 1998 - present
West University of Timisoara
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Purpose Based on the socially embedded model of thriving at work and using the conservation of resources and job demands-resources theories, this study aims to examine the mediating role of thriving at work, as a personal resource, in the relationship between workplace safety, as job resource, and well-being. Design/methodology/approach The author...
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Based on the Job Demands-Resources and Broaden and Build theories, this study examines the role of thriving at work and psychological capital on burnout and, ultimately, job satisfaction and performance one year later. We used structural equation modeling to test the model on a sample of 317 Romanian correctional officers in a two-wave study at T1...
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Drawing on Job Demands-Resources and Self-Determination theories, this study investigates the relationship between two categories of environmental stressors (operational and organizational) and two indicators of ill-being (burnout and mental health complaints). It also studies the moderating role of psychological needs satisfaction in this relation...
Article
Based on a posttest-only control group design, we analyzed the efficiency of three group-level interventions (i.e., cognitive reframing, mood induction, and instrumental interventions) on the fairness perceptions of 198 participants in an assessment context. Each intervention was derived from a conceptual framework (Gilliland’s theory, Cognitive-Be...
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This study provides a cross-lagged examination of the relationships between proactive vitality management, work-home enrichment, and entrepreneurial performance. Specifically, based on the Job Demands-Resources and Conservation of Resources theories, we postulate a mediation model where proactive vitality management leads to entrepreneurs transferr...
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Based on the Conservation of Resources (COR) theory and Spillover-Crossover Model (SCM), this study examined the mediating role of family-to-work enrichment (FWE) and family-work conflict (FWC) in the relationship between communication quality and life satisfaction among members of dual-earner couples. Drawing on data from 149 Romanian couples, we...
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Teachers’ job satisfaction has been the subject of many studies that tried to identify its main sources. Based on the social cognitive career theory, the present study aimed to investigate the relationships between personality traits, goals orientation, and teachers’ job satisfaction. A total of 321 Romanian teachers completed an online questionnai...
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Background and Objectives: The illness caused by the new coronavirus (COVID-19) triggered considerable mental consequences for the medical staff. Our aim was to research whether frontline healthcare workers' positive psychological state—PsyCap—impacts the relationship between anxiety/depression and burnout/mental health complaints. Material and Met...
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The present article includes two studies that have tested the reliability and validity of the Romanian adaptation of the Employee Intrapreneurship Scale (EIS). Intrapreneurship is a relatively novel concept describing proactive behaviors through which employees contribute to the growth and development of organizations they are employed in. The fact...
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The present study evaluates the effectiveness of a mixed job crafting, strengths use, and deficit correction intervention on the proactive behaviors, work engagement, life satisfaction, and work-life balance of employees working in a home office setting. A two-armed (intervention vs. wait-list control group) randomized controlled trial with three m...
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This review aims to assess the efficacy of controlled interventions aimed at improving the work engagement. We conducted a systematic search of online databases (e.g. PsychInfo, Eric, MedLine, EconLit), using combinations of keywords such as "work engagement", "vigor", "dedication", "absorption", "intervention", "trial", "control". The search yield...
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A current trend in organizational job design is to provide employees increased autonomy to enhance their performance. Using the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) theory as a working framework, the present study proposes proactive vitality management and work engagement as sequential mediators of this relationship. Thus, we test a parsimonious model that...
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Perceived customer incivility can be a significant day-to-day demand that affects frontline service employees’ job satisfaction. The current research focuses on job resources on multiple levels that serve as buffers in the face of this demand. We tested a multi-level model in which supervisor support (at the employee level) and participative climat...
Article
Based on the Job Demands-Resources theory, this meta‐analysis investigates the role of resources in predicting feedback-seeking behavior over time. We also examine the relationship between FSB and its outcomes from a systematic review perspective. The eligibility criteria were: (a) To measure feedback-seeking behavior, (b) to have a longitudinal de...
Article
The present study investigates how developable behavioral (strengths use) and cognitive (meaning-making) mechanisms moderate the relationship between personal growth opportunities and entre-preneurial performance. We relied on a cross-sectional design. Data were gathered from 208 Romanian entrepreneurs and analyzed via hierarchical multiple linear...
Article
BACKGROUND: Correctional officers' personal resources, such as psychological capital (PsyCap), may help them better manage their work environment in the penitentiary; however, there is limited research on the relationship between indicators of well-being and types of demands in this cohort and whether this relationship depends on PsyCap. OBJECTIVE:...
Article
This study investigates the effects of psychological needs satisfaction on teacher’s commitment, over and above the impact of social and organizational resources, by building a model based on the Job Demands-Resources theory (Bakker & Demerouti, 2017), Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), and Conservation of Resources Theory (Hobfoll, 200...
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The present research aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Romanian version of the Proactive Vitality Management (PVM) scale. Based on the Job Demands-Resources theory, PVM is a proactive behavior that helps employees manage energy at work. Two studies were conducted to test the reliability and validity of the PVM scale. The first stu...
Article
Job resources play a prominent role in employee performance literature, yet a fine-grained understanding of how resources are relevant for several performance types is still needed. Relying on the Job Demands-Resources and Conservation of Resources theories, the present study addresses this call in two ways. First, it examines the predictive effect...
Article
Based on the Conservation of Resources theory (COR) and the Job Demands-Resources theory (JD-R), we propose a model in which intrinsic motivation mediates the relation between teacher’s support and study-related well-being (engagement, burnout, and boredom). We tested the model in two different ways, with two different samples. 377 High School stud...
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The present study aims to analyze the moderating effect of generational membership (Generation X and Millennials) on the relationship between job resources and organizational commitment for Romanian teaching staff working in the public educational system. A sample of 301 teachers (59.5 % affiliated with generation X) was involved. It was found that...
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In today’s global context, entrepreneurship is recognized as the engine of sustainable economic growth, competitiveness and employment in the economy of any nation. In order to improve the measures aimed at encouraging the creation of new businesses, an enhanced understanding of the drivers of nascent entrepreneurship seems essential. Drawing on pl...
Article
Backgorund. The present pre-registered meta-analysis aimed to assess the evidence regarding the work-family interactions, as dyadic studies report them. The introduction differentiated between spillover (or intra-individual) effects and crossover (or inter-individual) effects by using dyadic studies. Methods. Following an online and reference list...
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Background and Objectives: The population has been overwhelmed with false information related to the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) crisis, spreading rapidly through social media and other channels. We aimed to investigate if frontline healthcare workers affected by infodemia show different psychological consequences than frontline clinicians who d...
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The current study investigated the dyadic longitudinal interaction between psychological capital as a personal resource and work-family enrichment. Work-family enrichment is a positive transfer by both men and women from the home domain's job experience. The study involved 129 couples with a broad age range measured at two measurement occasions spa...
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Researchers are increasingly interested in how personal characteristics are related to academic performance and whether study engagement has an impact on different experiences in student life. Drawing on Conservation of Resources (COR) theory, this study examines the relationship between psychological capital (PsyCap) and engagement, and, further,...
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The outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) brought significant psychological implications for healthcare professionals. We aimed to investigate the serial mediation effect of insomnia and exhaustion in the relationship between secondary traumatic stress (STS) and mental health complaints among the frontline healthcare professionals during the C...
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The current study investigated the moderating effect of autonomy (individual-level job resource) and social supportive climate (group-level job resource) on the negative relationship between job insecurity and work engagement. Cross-sectional data were gathered and analyzed using Hierarchical Linear Modeling from 3812 participants nested in 116 wor...
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Entrepreneurship plays an essential role in modern urban growth and development. Successful businesses engage more growth potential, but also failed ones produce significant losses. Therefore, in order to reduce losses, it becomes important to understand what contributes to entrepreneurial success. Based the character-based approach, the current st...
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Psychological capital (PsyCap) is a state-like concept with roots in positive psychology. This study investigated the potential role of PsyCap, as a personal resource, in increasing the level of employees' health (mental and physical) and performance. Based on the Job Demand-Resources theory, the mediating effect of burnout was examined using self-...
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To counteract the negative consequences inherent to the emotionally demanding professions like social work, we need to advance the understanding of the resources that preserve the employees’ well-being. This study investigated the role of Psychological Capital (PsyCap) in protecting social workers from developing burnout and Secondary Traumatic Str...
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Because self-regulated learners do better in university and tend to be successful students, many authors consider that the development of self-regulatory learning skills in students has to become a priority for higher education. The present study aimed to investigate the explanatory role of psychological capital, as a personal resource, over and ab...
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Purpose This paper aims to enhance clarity for the conceptualization and measurement of group emotional awareness by defining it as an emergent state. The authors explore the emergence of this state through two studies designed to explore the four characteristics (global, radically novel, coherent and ostensive) of emergent phenomena (Waller et al....
Article
Our study takes a dynamic and multi-level perspective on identification with the group and explores the extent to which, at the individual level, core self-evaluations, study engagement, group development, and relationship conflict influence group identification. At the group level, we test the extent to which group identification influences academ...
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This study is aimed to show the influence of cognitive and non-cognitive factors on decisional efficiency through the design of a theoretical-explicative model and by testing it against reality. This model reflects the link between cognitive variables, personality variables and decisional performance. The participants in this study (N=88) are manag...
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Emergency medicine specialists’ mental and physical health may be threatened if they experience burnout, sleep disorders, and secondary traumatic stress (STS). We aimed to investigate whether Emergency Medical Services (EMs) professionals’ mental and physical health status, depression, and anxiety are associated with burnout, STS, and sleep disorde...
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Previous studies have already linked individual differences to job performance and health outcomes separately, yet researchers are still to investigate parsimonious configurations for the associations of these outcomes con-comitantly. Furthermore, variables which mediate these relationships have rarely been investigated. Our study proposes a model...
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Job crafting (JC) is a form of bottom-up job design with a high potential for increasing work engagement and performance. For this reason, researchers have proposed interventions to stimulate JC in organizations. The purpose of this paper was twofold: (1) to meta-analyse the effectiveness of interventions on increasing JC behaviours, work engagemen...
Article
The aim of this meta‐analysis was to evaluate the overall effectiveness of interventions designed to enhance Psychological Capital (PsyCap), well‐being and performance. We used inclusion criteria such as: to have an experimental design, the sample to be formed by employees or students, to contain a measure of PsyCap, and a control group. Forty‐one...
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Purpose – This study based on Job Demands-Resources model and the Conservation of Resources theory explores the role of psychological capital (PsyCap), as a personal resource, and organizational justice (distributive and procedural), as a contextual resource, in enhancing health through work engagement. Design/methodology/approach – A sample of 193...
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Energy efficiency (i.e., the ratio of output of performance to input of energy) in office buildings can reduce energy costs and CO2 emissions, but there are barriers to widespread adoption of energy efficient solutions in offices because they are often perceived as a potential threat to perceived comfort, wellbeing and performance of office users....
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Researchers are becoming increasingly interested in how early experiences within the family are relevant to an individual’s behavior at work. Drawing on Bowlby’s attachment theory, the present study addresses this topic by examining the relationship between attachment in adulthood and job performance, and the mediating role of burnout in that relat...
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In the current article, we present the results of an investigation aimed at assessing the prevalence of Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) in a sample of Romanian social workers. The investigation methodology and the interpretation of results followed closely the study protocol described by Bride (2007), in the original study, conducted on U.S. socia...
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This paper investigates the relationships between personality traits and teamwork skills, which are often assumed to be linear. We use a theory driven approach to propose that extraversion and agreeableness (traits relevant for interpersonal team processes), and conscientiousness (a trait relevant for task engagement) have inverted U-shaped relatio...
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Social work is a profession that aims to improve the social functioning of people in need, by supporting them to overcome difficult situations, therefore it is of utmost importance that the social worker himself functions properly and has an increased level of well-being. Based on an empirical investigation conducted in 2017 on a national sample of...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the role played by core self-evaluations (CSEs) in relationship to both job seekers’ job search behaviour and health complaints by examining the mediating role of job search self-efficacy ( JSSE). Design/methodology/approach – The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 216 Romanian unempl...
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Two studies were performed to test the reliability and validity of Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ) on the Romanian population. Psychological Capital (PsyCap) is a personal resource, which is associated with positive individual and organizational outcomes, such as well-being and performance. The main aim of the first study was to validate...
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According to Conservation of Resources (COR) theory, this study investigated the explanatory role of perceived employability, over and above core self-evaluations (CSE) and job resources, in relation to different aspects of health (physical and mental) and turnover intentions. Based on data obtained from a sample of 274 Romanian blue-collar employe...
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This study contributes to the understanding of the moderating effect of cognitive reappraisal, as a personal resource, for the relationship between qualitative job insecurity (QJI) and work engagement. Data was collected from 190 employees (53% men) who work in a multinational company in Romania. Hypotheses were tested using a hierarchical regressi...
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In the last two years, the Romanian Association of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (APIO) has proposed to develop a series of actions to create bridges between the Work and Organizational psychology (WOP) community and the HR specialists from the Romanian market. In order to better understand the specifics of the practitioners in this fiel...
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This study adds to our understanding of the negative effect that job insecurity (JI) has over the well-being of migrating workers. The moderating effect of acculturation and support for family was investigated while considering engagement, burnout and physical and psychological health as criteria, in a sample of 477 Romanian employees who work in S...
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The study contributes to the understanding of the mediating effect of psychological capital, as a personal resource, for the relation between qualitative and quantitative job insecurity and job satisfaction. Data were collected for a sample of 148 employees (58.8% women) from multinational companies in Romania. Hypotheses were tested using PROCESS...
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This study examines the interplay between (a) job resources, (b) personal resources (organizational-based self-esteem, self-efficacy), and personality traits (conscientiousness, extraversion, and emotional stability), (c) a specific job demand (work–life imbalance), and (d) work engagement, in line with the alternative JD-R model proposed by Bakker...
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The current study contributes to the understanding of the moderating effect of psychological detachment from work during off-job time (i.e., switching off mentally) on the relationship between psychological capital and work engagement, and between psychological capital and burnout. Data were collected from 121 employees (48.8% women) who work in a...
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This study seeks to explore whether neuroticism, agreeableness, and conscientiousness moderate the influence of relationship conflict experienced in groups on changes in group members' evaluative cognitions related to teamwork quality (teamwork-related mental models). Data from 216 students, nested in 48 groups were analyzed using a multilevel mode...
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In this paper, we examine the role of Conscientiousness and Extraversion at implicit and explicit level, in the context of personnel selection. Personality was assessed using the NEO-FFI, for the explicit level (Costa & McCrae, 1992), and the Semantic Misattribution Procedure (Sava et al. 2012), for the implicit level, as part of the selection pr...
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The concept of recovery opportunities is a key concept in recent research on stress. Starting from the Conservation of Resources Theory, the aim of this study is to explore incremental value added by recovery opportunities, on top of family and personal resources, to the employee's well-being. Well-being was operationalized as work engagement and h...
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The present research analyses relations between explicit, implicit and peer-assessment of two personality variables: Extraversion and Conscientiousness. Students (N = 43) were evaluated by their peers on 32 adjectives relevant for the two personality dimensions. In addition, they completed the IPIP-50 personality questionnaire and the Semantic Misa...
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Misattributions people make about their own reaction to ambiguous stimuli can be used to measure personality self-concepts implicitly. On the basis of a semantic misattribution priming paradigm [semantic misattribution procedure (SMP)], we assessed the implicit personality self-concept related to three dimensions included in the Big-Five model: con...
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Purpose – This study is based on the JD‐R model and aims at understanding the role of work engagement (WE) as a mediator between job resources (i.e. perceived organizational support) and positive extra‐role behaviors (i.e. organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB)), between job demands (i.e. interpersonal conflicts at work) and negative extra‐role...
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International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) is a project aiming to develop measures of individual differences as part of the public domain. This project emerged as an alternative to personality assessment instruments, which are protected by copyright. IPIP-50 is an instrument developed through the IPIP project, which measures the five dimensions of...
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Individuals' self-esteem is not affected by all positive or negative outcomes, but only by the results in a specific domain that they consider important. According to the Contingencies Self-Worth Model (Crocker & Wolfe, 2001), one will invest effort in obtaining positive results only in areas that one considers relevant for self-evaluation. The pre...
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The relationship between irrational beliefs and explicit and implicit self-esteem was examined in two consecutive studies (N1 = 117; N2 = 102) conducted on undergraduate university students. Two robust findings were the negative correlation between explicit self-esteem and self-downing, a particular type of irrational belief and the absence of a co...
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This study analyzed the factor structure and the psychometric properties of the Romanianversion of the Work-Family Conflict Scale (Carlson, Kacmar & Williams, 2000). Two studies wereconducted (N1=275; N2=424) for verifying, on one hand, factor structure and the psychometricproperties of the scale, and, on the other hand, to evaluate the discriminat...