Defne Sunguroglu Hensel

Defne Sunguroglu Hensel
Southeast University (China) | SEU · Architecture Internationalization Demonstration School

AA Dipl RIBA II MSc PhD

About

45
Publications
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129
Citations

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Full-text available
Recovery of land knowledge can help to advance the understanding of socio-ecological systems like traditional sustainable agricultural systems. Such efforts require transdisciplinary inquiry, data acquisition and analysis, as well as the development of data-integrated design processes for implementing recovered knowledge in the design of such syste...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid urbanization and related land cover and land use changes are primary causes of climate change, and of environmental and ecosystem degradation. Sustainability problems are becoming increasingly complex due to these developments. At the same time vast amounts of data on urbanization, construction and resulting environmental conditions are being...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urban areas are facing significant challenges regarding degradation of environments and ecosystems, species loss, and increased vulnerability to climate hazards, all of which impact negatively upon human health and well-being.Focusing on building envelopes can offer an effective approach to the regeneration of urban ecosystems, by providing new spa...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding socio-ecological systems and the discovery, recovery and adaptation of land knowledge are key challenges for sustainable land use. The analysis of sustainable agricultural systems and practices, for instance, requires interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research and coordinated data acquisition, data integration and analysis. Howe...
Article
Full-text available
This article seeks to initiate research into traditional rural hedging techniques, hedge types, and hedgerow networks for the purpose of their potential adaptation as urban green systems (UGS). The research involves three scales: (1) the plant scale and related manipulation techniques; (2) hedgerows and their context-specific types, ecosystem funct...
Article
Full-text available
Editorial Summary In »Data-Driven Research on Ecological Prototypes for Green Architecture« Defne Sunguroğlu Hensel introduces a design research attempt to the field of environment design, landscape, architecture, and green technologies in the context of urbanization, questioning the interrelation of architectural buildings and ecological, agricult...
Article
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This article identifies a gap in the approaches to Green Construction (GC), and initiates a line of research in the area of the so-called "ecological prototypes". Ecological prototypes, stands for a new type of GC, which are integrated and adaptive systems of design, construction and practices that link architecture, horticulture and agriculture, l...
Article
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In architecture, landscape architecture, and urban design, entangled multi-scale and multi-domain, or compound, sustainability problems and associated design requirements are becoming rapidly more demanding, complex, and interdisciplinary due to demographic, social, economic, environmental, and technological changes. This places considerable pressu...
Book
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The book - Activating Public Space - deals with the regeneration of the public realm from different points of view, with the main purpose of optimizing its social, functional, technological and energetic requirements. Under this premise, the text aims at identifying intervention strategies that, in addition to satisfying the basic needs for fruitiv...
Chapter
This chapter portrays an effort to pursue urban climate mitigation in a larger complex of compound sustainabili-ty problems. In this context we recognize that addressing compound sustainability problems and raising benchmarks within current approaches is limiting. What is key is a chan-ge in attitude, which requires a grounding ethic, a guiding per...
Chapter
Our take on questions of architecture and performance is rooted in a linked environmental and cultural ethic and endeavor: its aim is to improve on the relation between architecture and environment, while basing this approach wherever possible on locally specific cultural practices. As construction impacts upon our planet at a momentous rate, consu...
Conference Paper
A wide range of structures and practices evolved over centuries as vital part of traditional agricultural/horticultural systems show that human constructions and activities are not inherently or always harmful for the environment. In fact, they can be central for the protection, support and enhancement of local ecosystems and ecosystem services. Th...
Article
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The sixth Relating Systems Thinking and Design Symposium (RSD6 2017) was held at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design in Norway in October 2017. The central theme of the symposium was “Environment, Economy, Democracy: Flourishing Together”, and called for contributions on democratic participation and policy innovation, sustainable business in...
Article
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Our research focuses on the question as to how architectural design can meet increasingly complex sustainability demands and support the natural physical and biological environment instead of degrading it. To try and meet this goal we undertake extensive analyses of historical case studies of architectures and constructions across a wide range of h...
Thesis
Full-text available
Adaptive design is an architectural process by which available materials and local environments are adapted to changing design requirements. In traditional architecture, this process is effective but implicit and slow. Computer-aided architectural design (CAAD) lacks common and granular data models, intelligence capabilities and informatics tools t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Auxiliary Architectures are built interventions that extend the capacity of regular architectures with the addition of semi-sheltered spaces for versatile use and for reducing climate impact on the existing architectures. Wherever they exist in historical precedents or in contemporary design such supplementary architectures are frequently lightweig...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper seeks to identify and discuss alternatives to the prevailing and progressively global approach to architecture, urban design and regional planning, which is based on homogeneous figure-ground arrangements that consist of discrete architectures with all their known repercussions and restrictions imposed by the predominance of the architec...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter portrays the trajectory of organizational changes in OCEAN from its launch in 1994 to its current manifestation as OCEAN Design Research Association with particular respect to the relation of integrated research and design within OCEAN. The chapter includes the discussion of concept and method developments, sample projects and dissemina...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper commences from the understanding that the built environment constitutes a vast repository of embedded knowledge and portrays an ongoing study of pre-industrial architectural case studies including buildings and settlement pattern so as to gain insights into their fine-tuned relation of their location specific performative capacities and...
Article
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Architect Defne Sunguroğlu Hensel and engineer Guillem Baraut Bover describe the Nested Catenaries design and construction system they have developed as part of a research project at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design (AHO). They explain how their innovative development of an unreinforced masonry shell structure made up of a single layer of...
Article
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Phenotypic similarity between unrelated organisms, known as convergence, is a result of shared problems of adaptation to similar environments and limited ecological range. Their separate genetic histories imply a developmental route to biological innovation. Convergence as a model of evolutionary change has been applied to biological evolutionary r...
Article
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This article seeks to address the question as to how architectural systems can be better developed to support locally specific design. The biological concepts of ‘developmental plasticity’ and ‘structural hierarchy’ are introduced as key concepts for the development of material-based structural systems with multi-functional and adaptive properties...
Article
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This paper examines the structural and spatial potentials of designing and constructing with catenaries based on the principle and strategy of nesting. For the purpose of design, nesting can be described as a spatial strategy and a method for organizing and structuring catenary arches. Nested catenaries assume a structural hierarchy with recognizab...
Article
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Despite its extensive empire, Persia historically presented a challenging environment for the building of structures and infrastructure. The mountainous landscape of the Iranian plateaus has an arid or semi‐arid climate with distinct seasonal variations and temperatures that fluctuated throughout the day. Despite this, water management and soil‐fer...
Article
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In Turkey, there exists a rich tradition of auxiliary architecture that is supplementary to permanent domestic structures. In hot climates, it often provides essential shade, either as stand-alone shelter or as transitional spaces between the cool interior and the sun-exposed exterior. It is a history that offers great potential for innovative sust...
Article
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Since the onset of cartography in the 18th century, the fixed datum line and the figure-ground have become the predominant means of measuring and planning the built environment. In the first of three articles on the subject of extended thresholds, Michael Hensel and Defne Sunguroğlu Hensel challenge this reductionist convention. By taking Deleuze a...
Article
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Previous to the widespread adoption of air conditioning in the 20th century, which introduced a distinct differentiation between controlled interior space and the external environment, ‘a wealth of strategies’ were developed in Turkey to moderate the transition between inside and outside. There is much to learn from these no-energy and low-energy s...
Article
Full-text available
A central concern of architecture as a material practice is the way in which built and natural environments interact to provide exciting and sustainable modes of habitation. Key to this is the way in which material performance is understood and instrumentalised. In the first part of this article, Michael Hensel and Defne Sunguroglu research the cha...
Article
Full-text available
Are bricks passé? Or is the contemporary world just failing to realise the innate possibilities of this ancient material? Eladio Dieste once ardently stated that brick is ‘a material with unlimited possibilities, almost completely ignored by modern technology.’1 Dieste's careful inclusion of the word ‘almost’ here seems to suggest that he suspected...

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Projects (15)
Project
ECOlogical building enveLOPES: a game-changing design approach for regenerating urban ecosystems ECOLOPES is an innovative HORIZON 2020 funded research project proposing a radical change for city development: instead of minimizing the negative impact of urbanisation on nature, we aim at urbanisation to be planned and designed such that nature – including humans – can co-evolve within the city. We envisage a radically new integrated ecosystem approach to architecture that focuses equally on humans, plants, animals, and associated organisms such as microbiota. ECOLOPES will provide the technology that will help to achieve this vision. Urbanization constitutes a major environmental issue of the 21st century. Within cities, densification, the decrease of green open spaces, and a continued reliance on grey infrastructure approaches result in increasing separation of people from nature and decreased access to ecosystem services. This decreases the livability of cities and reduces human well-being. Current approaches fall short in providing breakthrough solutions, because they perpetuate the human-nature dichotomy due to anthropocentric design. In ECOLOPES we propose a radical change for city development: instead of minimizing the negative impact of urbanisation on nature, we aim at urbanization to be planned and designed such that nature – including humans – can co-evolve within the city. We envisage a radically new integrated ecosystem approach to architecture that focuses equally on humans, plants, animals, and associated organisms such as microbiota. Over the next few years, ECOLOPES will provide the technology that will help to achieve this vision. In ECOLOPES, we focus on the envelope, the building enclosure. We will transform the envelope into an ecolope, a multi-species living space for four types of inhabitants, humans, plants, animals, and microbiota. ECOLOPES will develop the core technologies for designing ecolopes in a systematic way, considering the needs of both humans, as well as of plants, animals and beneficial microbes. ECOLOPES will make biological knowledge available for the architectural design process, to find architectural solutions that enable synergies and limit conflicts between the inhabitants. The ecolopes designed by this multi-species approach will restore the beneficial human – nature relationships in cities. A key element of ECOLOPES will be an Information Model that integrates ecological and architectural knowledge, data and models into a data-integrated design recommendation system. The ECOLOPES Information Model will guide the development of the ECOLOPES Computational modelling and simulation environment, to make biological and architectural knowledge available for design. The ECOLOPES team is comprised of 6 partners, including TU Munich, TU Wien, University of Genoa, TECHNION, software technology company MCNEEL, and Studio Animal Aided Design. Project Coordinator Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Weisser Chair for Terrestrial Ecology Department of Ecology and Ecosystemmanagement Technische Universität München Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2 D-85350 Freising-Weihenstephan Project related Inquiries info@ecolopes.org Dissemination related Inquiries dissemination@ecolopes.org
Project
In 2021 we are launching a new book series entitled Understanding Environments (Series Ed. Dr. Defne Sunguroglu Hensel). The series presents research on sustainable traditional agricultural systems that combine practices and constructions to a broad audience in a non-specialist manner. The selected cases in this series offer potential solutions that can be adapted to meet major challenges of our time that arise from rapid urbanization and environmental degradation. The aim is to facilitate urban ecosystems and their specific ecosystem functions and services, as well as novel approaches to urban food production.
Project
Dear friends and colleagues, Prof. Dr. Claudia Binder (EPFL ENAC), Dr. Defne Sunguroglu Hensel (TU Wien), Prof. Dr. Ferdinand Ludwig (TUM) and I will act as book series editors for the new Springer Nature series "Designing Environments". This Series seeks to address the unfolding climate, environmental and ecological crisis from a broad interdisciplinary perspective and in relation to the impact of human transformations of the environment. The aim is to shift away from segregated modifications of the environment divided into domains and scales, systems and objects, with at best minimum negative impact for the environment, towards an integrative interdisciplinary approach that understands, models and modifies the environment in comprehensive and integrative manner and with net positive impact on the environment. This endeavour involves earth, environmental and life sciences, environmental informatics, computer science, and the disciplines that centrally concern the transformation of the terrestrial environments, such as architecture, landscape architecture and urban design, as well as agriculture and food production. From a methodological perspective computer and data science play a role in facilitating multi-domain and multi-scale models of environments with the purpose of both analysis and design. At the same time the Series will place the discussion in a necessary cultural context and also discuss the need for ethics in which an alternative approach to the transformation of the environment needs to be based on. The Series Editors welcome book proposals on the following topics: paradigms, theory and methods for integrative inter- and transdisciplinary approaches to understanding, modelling and modifying environments; relevant historical and contemporary case studies; relevant current research projects; related data science and computer science approaches; and other relevant related topics.More information can be found here: https://www.springer.com/series/16632