Debra Flanders Cushing

Debra Flanders Cushing
Queensland University of Technology | QUT · Landscape Architecture, School of Design

BLA, MS, PhD

About

54
Publications
25,532
Reads
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733
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Education
September 2004 - December 2011
University of Colorado
Field of study
  • Design and Planning
September 1998 - December 2000
University of Wisconsin–Madison
Field of study
  • Landscape Architecture - Restoration Ecology
September 1992 - May 1997
Pennsylvania State University
Field of study
  • Landscape Architecture

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Australian cities have experienced a high number of floods and droughts. In Australia, green infrastructure (GI) is increasingly popular in considering natural processes in sustainable water management practices. However, to date, there has been little examination of how the academic literature has addressed the use of GI in Australian landscape pl...
Article
This paper draws on a qualitative case study conducted between 2018 and 2019 with 34 children aged 6–12 years in two designated child-friendly public spaces in Jakarta, known as Ruang Publik Terpadu Ramah Anak (RPTRA), in the communities of Cililitan and Rawa Badak Selatan (Rasela). This article illustrates ways in which children construct and embe...
Article
This paper aims to develop a sensory methodological framework to explore older user's landscape experience. Applying empirical experience in Australian aged-care facilities, it addresses a methodological gap in the current literature to help move beyond the current taken-for-granted approaches such as interviews, cognitive mapping, behavioural obse...
Chapter
Researchers face many ethical challenges when conducting research with children. Ethical issues can be even more significant when researchers work with children from low-income urban settings in the Global South. This chapter presents reflections on research conducted with children aged 6–12 years old who live in Jakarta, Indonesia. Underpinned by...
Article
Urban design impacts all aspects of our lives – economic, social and environmental. Government planning policies aim for clean, green, sustainable growth, encouraging residential development close to major infrastructure and parks; and advocate protection of greenspace to enhance livability, health and wellbeing. Using an inner-suburb of Brisbane a...
Conference Paper
Parks are often linked to physical activity for youth provided by park equipment and amenities. Yet, urban green spaces and parks can also afford important opportunities for young people to develop a sense of community identity and be socially engaged. Spending more time in green spaces can significantly impact the satisfaction and well-being of pa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Parks are often linked to physical activity for youth provided by park equipment and amenities. Yet, urban green spaces and parks can also afford important opportunities for young people to develop a sense of community, identity and be socially engaged. Spending more time in green spaces can significantly impact the satisfaction and well-being of p...
Article
Full-text available
The benefits of urban greenspace have been well researched and acknowledged in a strategic planning vision for Brisbane, Australia. As the world implements social distancing and home isolation in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, access to quality greenspace close to where people live may become more critical. This research investigated residentia...
Article
Full-text available
The river corridors of Malaysia’s heritage river cities have long been contributing to the livelihood of diverse communities within these places. Recently, the speedy city development progress in Malaysia to accommodate the up to date cultural-based heritage economy, coupled with severe climate change and lack of community consultation in designing...
Chapter
Using a case study of two designated child-friendly public spaces in Jakarta, this chapter draws on affordance theory to explore how low-tech traditional Indonesian games are intended and actualised as play experiences for children from low-income families. The research used drawing activities, group interviews and observations with thirty-four chi...
Article
Gardens play a vital role in homemaking for many older people living in aged-care facilities. A garden is where residents can assert ownership, agency, and recall significant memories, especially after relocation in later life. This research addresses a gap in literature about aged-care gardens by expanding notions of therapeutic benefits. It adopt...
Article
The design of neighbourhood facilities must take into consideration an understanding of a range of residents to create flexible and sustainable communities. The current study focuses on the participation of young residents from Kerman, Iran, highlighting how it can strengthen the possibilities for socially sustainable neighbourhoods. It also presen...
Article
Full-text available
Social sustainability includes aspects of equity and is associated with two of the United Nations Sustainable Development goals focused on promoting good health and well-being for all ages. Yet, this pillar of sustainability is considered the least understood, as compared to economic and environmental components. To address this, our study focused...
Chapter
Using a case study of two designated child-friendly public spaces in Jakarta, this chapter draws on affordance theory to explore how low-tech traditional Indonesian games are intended and actualised as play experiences for children from low-income families. The research used drawing activities, group interviews and observations with thirty-four chi...
Presentation
Full-text available
We presented how research with children can be ethically conducted since the first process of making information sheet and consent form. This presentation depicted an example of our research project with children aged 6-12 in the Indonesian context.
Article
International short‐term study tours are a fast‐growing format for outbound education and provide exciting experiential learning opportunities for students in the creative industries disciplines. This success has encouraged researchers to seek a comprehensive view of the various concrete experiences that contribute to student learning during study...
Conference Paper
A child-friendly environment is a place that provides children with opportunities for their activities, or from the ecological perspective, a rich-affordances environment. However, children's environments are often designed by adults who may have an insufficient understanding of children's needs, potentially causing a disconnect between affordances...
Article
Full-text available
Short-term international study experiences, or study tours, aim to increase students’ global awareness, educate and empower them to be productive global citizens, and contribute to their future employability. Learning outcomes from study tours often include intangible personal characteristics or soft skills, as opposed to specific disciplinary skil...
Chapter
Full-text available
The subtropical and tropical climates of Queensland, Australia are ideally suited to growing fruits, vegetables, and herbs throughout much of the year. Farmers' markets and community gardens are increasingly popular in both urban and suburban areas, and contribute to the promotion and availability of fresh produce. Yet, food networks are complex an...
Article
Full-text available
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) spells out many rights, including the right to participate in decision-making. Within an urban context, a child’s ‘right to the city’ includes the opportunity to participate in local governance. Youth councils (YCs) provide such opportunities. Using a nationwide survey in the United Sta...
Article
Landscape architecture is a field of interdisciplinary education in the built environment that struggles to recruit young people. This project seeks to understand the possible reasons for this through an exploration of first year student expectations, sources of motivations and career aspirations at an Australian university. The findings have shown...
Chapter
Full-text available
Shifting demographics, along with changing family structures and household dynamics worldwide, make it increasingly important to reflect on successful practices that provide opportunities for interaction, engagement, and support across more than two generations. This chapter, therefore, explores three key areas of research: (1) elder-friendly commu...
Article
Full-text available
Communities across the globe are focusing on the needs of young people and their families in an effort to create child- and youth-friendly cities. In an attempt to become more child and youth friendly, over 40 communities in the United States have developed youth master plans (YMPs), as of 2009; however, our understanding of these plans is limited....
Article
As cities are rapidly developing new interventions against climate change, embedding renewable energy in public spaces is an important strategy. However, most interventions primarily include environmental sustainability while neglecting the social and economic interrelationships of electricity production. Although there is a growing interest in sus...
Article
Full-text available
Integrating renewable energy into public space is becoming more common as a climate change solution. However, this approach is often guided by the environmental pillar of sustainability, with less focus on the economic and social pillars. The purpose of this paper is to examine this issue in the speculative renewable energy propositions for Freshki...
Article
Full-text available
Many scholars acknowledge the need for rigorous research in landscape architecture to improve practice and teaching, and several recent studies have explored research trends in the discipline. This study continues this exploration by reviewing the articles published in the three prominent English-language landscape architecture journals: Landscape...
Article
Full-text available
A number of communities across the United States are creating visionary documents called youth master plans (YMPs) to promote youth participation and to focus on youth needs. This article presents an analysis of 38 YMPs from communities across the United States. This multiple-methods research included a questionnaire, interviews, and an extensive d...
Article
With an estimated 1.2 billion people worldwide living in extreme poverty, it is critical to find effective long-term solutions. Sawa World is a non-profit organization founded by Daphne Nederhorst in 2005 to empower marginalized youth to document simple, locally created solutions that address this pressing issue. Currently working primarily in Ugan...
Article
Full-text available
As the Latino population in the United States grows, it will become increasingly important for undergraduate students in environmental design and related disciplines to become more culturally responsive and learn how to understand and address challenges faced by population groups, such as Latino youth. To this end, we involved environmental design...
Article
Full-text available
Socially just, intergenerational urban spaces should not only accommodate children and adolescents, but engage them as participants in the planning and design of welcoming spaces. With this goal, city agencies in Boulder, Colorado, the Boulder Valley School District, the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado, and a n...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes an evaluation of student experiences in environmental design courses with a community engagement focus. It aims to identify pedagogical approaches that minimize obstacles faced by students while maximizing learning opportunities. Focus groups composed of undergraduate students in seven classes generated three major findings:...
Chapter
Full-text available
Children and the environment cover a broad, interdisciplinary field of research and practice. The social sciences often use the word “environment” to mean the social, political, or economic context of children’s lives, but this bibliography covers physical settings. It focuses on a place-based scale that children can see, hear, taste, smell, touch,...
Chapter
This chapter describes a university/high school partnership focused on digital storytelling. It also explains the multi-stage process used to establish this successful partnership and project. The authors discuss the central role that technology played in developing this university/high school partnership, a collaboration that extended the impact o...
Article
Full-text available
This article reviews four bodies of research that shed light on how to promote active care for the environment in children and youth: research on sources of proenvironmental behavior, socialization for democratic skills and values, the development of a personal sense of competence, and the development of collective competence. The article begins wi...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project aims to develop 'developmental affordances' regulated by the socio-ecological context of RPTRA in Jakarta city.
Project
This book chapter is expected to be published in June 2017. Mintzer, M. and D. Flanders Cushing. 2017, in press. “Growing Up Boulder: Engaging children and youth in local decision‐making." K. Bishop and L. Corkery (Eds.), Designing for Kids in the City: Beyond Playgrounds and Skateparks. Routledge Press.