Deborah roxanne Barsky

Deborah roxanne Barsky
Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social | IPHES · Prehistory and Archeology

PhD Prehistory

About

112
Publications
52,916
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1,762
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2010 - present
Institut de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social, Universitat Rovira i Virgili and Universitat Oberta de Catalunya
Position
  • Researcher and Assistant Professor
Education
September 1996 - July 2001
University of Perpignan - Domitian
Field of study
  • Quaternary Prehistory

Publications

Publications (112)
Book
Full-text available
More than 3 million years ago in Africa our early ancestors began to systematically modify rocks into useable tools, thus inventing the first technologies that would eventually permit humans to dominate all life forms on the planet. This book explores the past using relevant and up to date information from the archeological record as a way to learn...
Article
Palynological investigations in the Orce Archaeological Zone (OAZ) (Guadix-Baza Basin, Granada, Spain), Venta Micena 1 (VM1), Barranco León (BL) and Fuente Nueva 3 (FN3) are presented. This archaeological region is connected with the first Homo populations in Western Eurasia during the Early Pleistocene. The VM1 pollen record is characterized by Ep...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the subsistence practices of the first European settlers, mainly due to the shortage of archaeological sites in Europe older than a million years. This article contributes to the knowledge of the subsistence of the first Europeans with new zooarchaeology and taphonomic data from the Palaeolithic site of Barranco León (Orce, Gr...
Article
Full-text available
Situated in southern Spain's Guadix-Baza basin, Barranco León and Fuente Nueva 3 (Orce, Andalusia, Spain) are two of the most important western European Oldowan archeological sites. After 30 years of quasi-uninterrupted excavations, these two occurrences have yielded exceptional lithic and faunal records in precisely dated stratigraphic situations,...
Article
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Level US4 of the Bois-de-Riquet archeological site represents a mudslide type deposit dating to the early Middle Pleistocene. It has yielded a rich lithic assemblage made from basalt, aplite and quartz, whose components represent all of the operating chains of production: cores, flakes, hammers, worked cobbles and blocks, as well as a biface. The l...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last few decades, several types of evidence such as presence of hominin remains, lithic assemblages, and bones with anthropogenic surface modifications have demonstrated that early human communities inhabited the European subcontinent prior to the Jaramillo Subchron (1.07–0.98 Ma). While most studies have focused primarily on early Europea...
Article
Full-text available
Up to now, little was known about the Middle Palaeolithic from the Hérault Valley (France). Recently, systematic surveys have led to the discovery of several surface stations on river terraces. Some of these have yielded stone tools made from unusual raw materials, such as, brecciated quartzites and jasper-like rocks, as well as quartz and rare fli...
Article
Amphibians are considered excellent indicators of ecological and climatic changes with a remarkable phenotypic plasticity. The study of such adaptative capacities is central to understanding the climate and environmental changes that occurred during the Early-Middle Pleistocene Transition, at around 1.2 Ma, when the persistence of subtropical ecosy...
Article
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The Guadix-Baza Basin (GBB) in Andalucía, Spain, comprises palaeontological and archaeological sites dating from the Early Pliocene to the Middle Pleistocene, including some of the earliest sites with evidence for the presence of early humans (Homo sp.) in Europe. Thus, the history of climate and environments in this basin contributes significantly...
Article
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Barranco León (Orce, Andalusia, Spain) provides the oldest case of knapping and percussive activities on an ancient raw material reservoir deposit. This site has already proven to be one of the oldest and most significant Oldowan open-air sites in Europe (1.4 Ma), with an exceptionally rich flint and limestone lithic assemblage, in association with...
Article
In Prehistory, Paleolithic stone toolkits are allotted to distinct cultural phases, explained through a periodization that has been adopted as a strategic reference by specialists in lithic studies, based on: 1) the categorization of morpho-types observed in the assemblages; 2) the dominant manufacture technologies and 3) temporal categorizations b...
Conference Paper
Link to download : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03153334 Level US4 of the Bois-de-Riquet archeological site corresponds to a mudslide type deposit dating to the early Middle Pleistocene. It has yielded a rich lithic assemblage made from basalt, aplite and quartz, whose components represent all of the operating chains of production: cores, f...
Article
Résumé Parfois représentés en forts pourcentages, les manuports constituent, dans les sites du pléistocène inférieur, une composante importante des outillages. À ce titre, ils participent grandement aux modèles établis d’organisation des territoires des hominidés du Plio-Pléistocène en Afrique. Leur rôle parmi cette composante reste cependant hypot...
Article
Full-text available
La découverte d’une mandibule néandertalienne dans la grotte du Boquete de Zafarraya en1983, fut à l’origine de l’extraordinaire recherche pluridisciplinaire engagée par Cecilio Barroso-Ruíz et Henry de Lumley et menée par plusieurs équipes espagnoles et françaises, appartenant à différentes universités et institutions scientifiques.
Article
The Early Pleistocene sites of Barranco León and Fuente Nueva 3 (Guadix-Baza Basin, SE Spain) have yielded abundant Oldowan lithic artifacts and one hominin tooth (Homo sp. in level D1 or D2 of Barranco León), today considered to be among the earliest evidence for a hominin presence in Western Europe, at ca. 1.4–1.2 Ma. Here, for the first time, th...
Article
Full-text available
En este trabajo se resumen los estudios llevados a cabo en los distintos yacimientos arqueopa-leontológicos de Orce durante las últimas décadas, haciendo especial hincapié en los resultados obtenidos a raíz de las últimas campañas de excavación (2017-2020), enmarcadas en el Proyecto General de Investigación «Primeras ocupaciones humanas y contexto...
Article
Full-text available
Remote sensing is a useful tool for the documentation of archaeological sites. The products derived from a photogrammetric project applied to archaeology such as orthophotos and three-dimensional virtual reconstruction (3DVR), allow for detailed study of the Fuente Nueva 3 site in Orce. In our study of the Fuente Nueva 3 site in Orce, we used 3DVR...
Article
Full-text available
The lithic assemblage of Barranco León (BL), attributed to the Oldowan techno-complex, contributes valuable information to reconstruct behavioral patterning of the first hominins to disperse into Western Europe. This archaic stone tool assemblage comprises two, very different groups of tools, made from distinct raw materials. On the one hand, a sma...
Presentation
The Bois-de-Riquet site, located in a basalt quarry at Lézignan-la-Cèbe (l’Hérault, France), contains two stratigraphical levels that have yielded archeological and paleontological materials. Level US2 is already known for its rich paleontological record in association with a basalt stone tools dating to around 1 Ma Level US4, corresponds to a mudf...
Article
Stratigraphic Unit D levels of the Caune de l'Arago (Pyrénées-Orientales, France), situated in the upper part of the depositional sequence of Ensemble Stratigraphique III (ES III), has yielded a rich Acheulian archeopaleontological record dated to the Middle Pleistocene. The site's infill, dated from 690 to 90 ka, encloses a thick cultural sequence...
Article
Full-text available
Gona in the Afar region of Ethiopia has yielded the earliest Oldowan stone tools in the world. Artefacts from the East Gona (EG) 10 site date back 2.6 million years. Analysis of the lithic assemblage from EG 10 reveals the earliest-known evidence for refitting and conjoining stone artefacts. This new information supplements data from other Oldowan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In archeological record for the late Lower Pleistocene, manuports often represent a high proportion of the stone tool assemblages. Examples from well-known sites in Eurasia, such as; Olduvai Gorge Beds I and II, Dmanisi or Hummal, underline the significance of these items. Yet these materials are usually only summarily mentioned and their analysis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The rich industry from level US4 of the Bois-de-Riquet archeological site (Lézignan-la-Cèbe, France), dated around 800 Ka, was made from of blocks and cobbles of basalt, quartz and aplite collected from the local environment. The assemblage contains, alongside products made by different stone reduction concepts, a range of heavy-duty tools manufact...
Article
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Some years ago, The Homogeneity to Multiplicity Model (HMM) was introduced as a structural framework for understanding the appearance and evolution of early stone tool techno-systems. Presently, the HMM provides an alternative and complimentary conceptual scheme with which to explain how and why particular morphotypes appeared and proliferated thro...
Article
The emergence of the Acheulian Techno-Complex in Asia appears to have occurred quasi-concurrently in the Levant, South Asia, East and South Africa. Throughout many parts of the huge geographical expanse of Asia, as elsewhere, this genesis was followed by the rapid diffusion of Acheulian techno-behaviors. This phenomenon of cultural radiation is att...
Article
Full-text available
Heavy-duty scrapers are documented as a specific morphotype in ancient African and Eurasian toolkits from the Oldowan into the Acheulian. They are characterized by a flat platform perpendicularly oriented to a carinated edge. The convex surface of that edge displays semi-peripheral, unidirectional removals associated with steep retouch and/or crush...
Article
Full-text available
Heavy-duty scrapers are documented as a specific morphotype in ancient African and Eurasian toolkits from the Oldowan into the Acheulian. They are characterized by a flat platform perpendicularly oriented to a carinated edge. The convex surface of that edge displays semi-peripheral, unidirectional removals associated with steep retouch and/or crush...
Article
Full-text available
The Bois-de-Riquet site, located in a basalt quarry at Lézignan-la-Cèbe (l'Hérault, France), contains two stratigraphical levels that have yielded archeological and paleontological materials. Level US2 is already known for its rich paleontological record in association with a few basalt stone tools dating to around 1.2 Ma. Level US4, presented here...
Article
Full-text available
In Western Europe, Acheulean cultural evidence is well attested by ca. 0.5 Ma. However, recent work has proven that it was present earlier; at the end of the Early Pleistocene. The timing and mode of the Western European Acheulean needs still to be investigated, and this knowledge appears to be strongly dependent upon data from sites with sufficien...
Article
Full-text available
After nearly 150 years of research, many aspects of the emergence of the Acheulian techno-complex in Europe are still under debate. They include: the chronology of the appearance of the Acheulian, its geographical origin, the technology and typology of its assemblages, the actual stages (if any) of its development and the tempo and intensity of its...
Research
Full-text available
Deborah Barsky, 2001. PhD Dissertation. Légendes. Le débitage des industries lithiques de la Caune de l'Arago (Pyrénées-Orientales, France) : leur place dans l'évolution des industries du Paléolithique inférieur en Europe méditerranéenne
Research
Full-text available
Deborah Barsky, 2001. PhD Dissertation. Planched des industries lithiques. Le débitage des industries lithiques de la Caune de l'Arago (Pyrénées-Orientales, France) : leur place dans l'évolution des industries du Paléolithique inférieur en Europe méditerranéenne
Research
Full-text available
Deborah Barsky, 2001. PhD Dissertation Annexes. Le débitage des industries lithiques de la Caune de l'Arago (Pyrénées-Orientales, France) : leur place dans l'évolution des industries du Paléolithique inférieur en Europe méditerranéenne
Research
Full-text available
Deborah Barsky, 2001. PhD Dissertation, Tome II. Le débitage des industries lithiques de la Caune de l'Arago (Pyrénées-Orientales, France) : leur place dans l'évolution des industries du Paléolithique inférieur en Europe méditerranéenne
Article
Full-text available
The Bois-de-Riquet archeological site (Lézignan-la-Cèbe, Hérault, France) provides significant paleontological and archeological data about the first occupations of Western Europe. Although only partially excavated, the site has already yielded an exceptionally rich paleontological assemblage as well as some stone artefacts. The archeostratigraphic...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, there is growing interest in the study of percussion scars and breakage patterns on hammerstones, cores and tools from Oldowan African and Eurasian lithic assemblages. Oldowan stone toolkits generally contain abundant small-sized flakes and their corresponding cores, and are characterized by their structural dichotomy of heavy- and...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, there is growing interest in the study of percussion scars and breakage patterns on hammerstones, cores and tools from Oldowan African and Eurasian lithic assemblages. Oldowan stone toolkits generally contain abundant small-sized flakes and their corresponding cores, and are characterized by their structural dichotomy of heavy- and...
Article
Full-text available
A structural foundation has recently been laid down to describe early stone industries using a four-phase evolutionary sequence: Homogeneity, Variability, Diversity, and Multiplicity. Homogeneity refers to a hypothetical phase predating the earliest recognizable industries (>2.6 Ma) during which stones could have been used for pounding or throwing...
Article
The last half of the 20th century has been marked by spectacular new discoveries about the earliest colonization of Western Asia. In lands surrounding Iran, increasing evidence of Lower Paleolithic occurrences highlights this country as a geographical crossroads between Africa, Asia, and Europe. New effort recently accorded to this research has yie...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of some flaked flakes at the Mode 1 site of Fuente Nueva 3 (1.2 Ma) poses the problem of the use and re-use of flakes as cores for obtaining smaller cutting tools. The industry is characterized by small flint flakes and cores, as well as by numerous limestone heavy-duty tools. Both of the raw materials were collected from local alluvia...
Article
Full-text available
Early and Early-Middle Pleistocene archeological sites provide data about human dispersals into Europe from at least 1.2 Ma. Up to now, the fragmentary archeological record indicated only sporadic hominin presence, with punctated migration “waves” not necessarily leading to colonization. We consider an alternative demographical picture in which hom...
Article
Full-text available
Le complexe stratigraphique médian du site de la grotte de la Caune de l’Arago (Pyrénées orientales, France) date d’environ 690 000 à 400 000 ans. Le site comporte des niveaux archéologiques successifs, spatialement distincts. À la base de la séquence, l’unité I (OIS 14), où les niveaux P sont parmi les plus précoces parmi les assemblages de mode 2...
Article
Full-text available
que reflejan la depredación selectiva. La fauna se puede correlacionar con las asociaciones faunísticas de Europa de finales del Pleistoceno Medio a principios del Pleistoceno Superior. El conjunto lítico de la cueva del Ángel parece encajar dentro de la diversidad regional de una bien desarrollada industria no-Levallois del Achelense Final. Una es...
Article
Full-text available
que reflejan la depredación selectiva. La fauna se puede correlacionar con las asociaciones faunísticas de Europa de finales del Pleistoceno Medio a principios del Pleistoceno Superior. El conjunto lítico de la cueva del Ángel parece encajar dentro de la diversidad regional de una bien desarrollada industria no-Levallois del Achelense Final. Una es...