Dean Fido

Dean Fido
University of Derby · College of Business, Law and Social Sciences

PhD

About

78
Publications
18,537
Reads
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1,322
Citations
Introduction
My primary areas of research include: [1] the role of psychopathic personality in facilitating success, [2] the impact of psychopathic personality on victims, and [3] the use and transmission of non-consensual sexual images (e.g., revenge pornography, upskirting, deepfake pornography, cyber-flashing).
Additional affiliations
May 2014 - December 2018
University of Oxford
Position
  • PostDoc Position
August 2012 - May 2014
Nottingham Trent University
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • I was involved in the teaching of research methods and statistics to first year psychology undergraduate students.
Education
August 2011 - November 2015
Nottingham Trent University
Field of study
  • Cognitive Psychology
August 2010 - May 2011
Nottingham Trent University
Field of study
  • Forensic Psychology
August 2007 - May 2010
Nottingham Trent University
Field of study
  • Psychology w/ Criminology

Publications

Publications (78)
Preprint
Academics have a responsibility to identify and bridge awarding gaps within their programmes and must work proactively to bring about positive impact for their students, says forensic psychology lecturers Dean Fido and Louise Wallace.
Article
Full-text available
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine condition that has been associated with atypical emotional regulation strategy use as well as elevated levels of depression, anxiety, self-harm and suicidal ideation. Despite the existence of clinical screening guidance for this population, there is still little to no understanding of how non-suicida...
Article
Learning and development of critical thinking (CT) skills in higher education is essential for academic achievement. The following experiment is the first to examine the effect of online student’s perceptions and attitudes towards CT across dimensions of confidence, valuing, misconceptions, cognitive reflection, and authors writing. Furthermore, a...
Preprint
Successful psychopathy is characterized by core traits of callousness and interpersonal manipulation associated with clinical definitions of psychopathy, whilst largely being successful or adaptive in daily life. Despite rising interest in the field, the construct is still not well understood, partially due to competing theoretical models and the l...
Article
The concept of successful psychopathy has been debated for years, however, there is yet to be any unified approach to its definition and conceptualisation. Such individuals are said to encompass the core traits associated with psychopathy, whilst continuing to function in society, potentially having superior levels of functioning. This review assim...
Article
Full-text available
Defined as the successful adaptation to dynamic environments, resilience is considered a cornerstone of mental health. However, with the underpinnings of resilience not yet fully understood, this manuscript tests the potential contribution of self-efficacy and embeddedness on resilience (explored through validated measures of future time perspectiv...
Article
Full-text available
The Japanese construct of ikigai reflects a sense of having ‘purpose in life’ or a ‘reason for living and has been associated with a variety of positive health outcomes. However, to date little research into ikigai exists within Western populations. This study explored the predictive power of ikigai for measures of well-being, depression, and anxie...
Article
With the advent of means to generate and disseminate fake, sexualised images of others for the purposes of financial gain, harassment, or sexual gratification, there is a need to assess and understand the public's awareness and judgements of said behaviour. In two independently-sampled studies, we used moderation (Study 1; n = 290, 42% female) and...
Article
The personality construct known as 'Successful Psychopathy' has attracted the interests of researchers and clinicians alike. The concept suggests an individual who demonstrates the core traits associated with psychopathy but is able to adapt and function within society to prototypical or superior standards. There has yet to be a sound theoretical m...
Article
Full-text available
Literature pertaining to individuals with sexual convictions typically reports punitive views about their crimes, sentences, and overall effectiveness of rehabilitation, with such perceptions partially driven by offence demographics such as victim age and perpetrator sex. This manuscript extends this literature through the exploration of perceiver...
Article
Full-text available
Inconsistent political realities are associated with mental health issues such as hopelessness, anxiety, and depression. The psychological impact of Brexit is clearly an important and timely issue, but hitherto has been understudied. This study uses a critical realist approach to qualitatively explore the lived experiences of British citizens livin...
Article
Full-text available
In the current context of the global pandemic of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), health professionals are working with social scientists to inform government policy on how to slow the spread of the virus. An increasing amount of social scientific research has looked at the role of public message framing, for instance, but few studies have thus...
Article
Full-text available
Academic motivation is recognised as a key factor for academic success and wellbeing. Highly motivated students actively engage with academic activities and maintain higher levels of wellbeing. Despite the importance of motivation in education, its relationship with engagement and wellbeing remains to be evaluated. Accordingly, this study explored...
Book
https://concurrentdisorders.ca/ikigai-towards-a-psychological-understanding-of-a-life-worth-living/
Preprint
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine condition that has been associated with atypical emotional regulation strategy use as well as elevated levels of depression, anxiety, self-harm, and suicidal ideation. Despite the existence of clinical screening guidance for this population, there is still little to know understanding of how non-suic...
Article
Full-text available
Shinrin-yoku (forest bathing) is a cost-effective healing practice that has recently attracted the interest of social scientists who have attributed it, in part, to mental health benefits. Japanese university students suffer from high rates of mental health problems, and the number of suicides remain high despite the total number of suicides in Jap...
Article
Full-text available
The topic of non-consensual sexual images has become an increasingly important issue within the social policy landscape. Social and legal scholars have advocated for these behaviours to be designated sexual offences due to the mode of perpetration of these behaviours, but are explicit in their rejection of a sexual element being important in the mo...
Article
Since the 1980s, concerns within the accounting profession have asked whether the accounting curriculum aligns with evolving accounting practice and the preparation of students for working in accounting field. In recent years, the accountancy profession has played a vital role in the growth of China’s economy, and so identifying the motivation of c...
Article
The innate relationship that humans share with the natural world is becoming increasingly strained. Our connection to nature - reflected through the psychological construct of nature connectedness - has been shown to benefit areas of physical and mental well-being: of which, several relationships are thought to be mediated by ones' adaptive ability...
Preprint
Revenge pornography has become an increasingly prominent topic in social and legislative discussions about sexual crime, but has received relatively little attention within psychological research. Here, we leveraged existing theorizing in the area of sexual offending proclivity to systematically develop and validate of a measure of beliefs about re...
Preprint
With the advent of means to generate and disseminate fake, sexualised images of others for the purposes of financial gain, harassment, or sexual gratification, there is a need to assess and understand the public’s awareness and judgements of said behaviour. In two independently-sampled studies, we used moderation (Study 1) and linear mixed effects...
Chapter
After a thorough description of key terminology relevant to fully understanding non-consensual image-based sexual offending and details of our own and others’ work in this field in areas of beliefs and attitudes, the final chapter of this book explores what remains to be known about this research area, and pinpoints some potential future directions...
Chapter
The notion of ‘rape myths’ (a complex set of implicit or explicit prejudicial, stereotyped, and false beliefs about rape victims, rape perpetrators, and the crime of rape more generally) is well-discussed within the sex offending literature, and is also a concept which has garnered much understanding within the general population. In this chapter w...
Chapter
Social scholars have suggested that the use of image-based sexual abuse can be explained by a gendered need for power and control, with this just another manifestation of how such control can be exerted on women within the current technologically driven world. Although we acknowledge the importance of this theoretical work, in this chapter we argue...
Chapter
Non-consensual image-based sexual offending is a complex term which can be used to describe a constellation of non-consensual offences involving the creation and dissemination of private sexual images. In this opening chapter, we offer clear definitions of what we mean by revenge pornography, upskirting, deepfake media production, and cyber-flashin...
Article
Full-text available
A growing number of self-report measures aim to define interactions with social media in a pathological behavior framework, often using terminology focused on identifying those who are 'addicted' to engaging with others online. Specifically, measures of 'social media addiction' focus on motivations for online social information seeking, which could...
Preprint
In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the successful psychopath: An individual who manages to achieve occupational success despite exhibiting core psychopathic traits such as callousness. Several studies suggest this phenomenon is underpinned by a specific configuration of adaptive psychopathic traits that may facilitate positive b...
Preprint
Full-text available
Shinrin-yoku (forest bathing) is a cost-effective healing practice, and has attracted the interest of scientists. Recently, its effects on mental health has been increasingly reported. Japanese university students suffer from high rates of mental health problems, and the number of suicides remain high, despite the total number of suicides in Japan...
Preprint
Literature pertaining to individuals with sexual convictions typically reports punitive views about their crimes, sentences, and effectiveness of rehabilitation. However, such perceptions may be a function of offense demographics, such as victim age and perpetrator sex, and perceiver characteristics, such as their traditionalism or forensic awarene...
Preprint
Learning and development of critical thinking skills in higher education is essential for academic achievement. The following experiment is first to examine the effect of online student perceptions and attitudes towards critical thinking across dimensions of confidence, valuing, misconceptions cognitive reflection and authors writing. Furthermore,...
Article
The innate violence inhibition mechanism (VIM) purportedly regulates maladaptive aggressive behavior through motor inhibition, in response to expressions of distress, and is implicated in psychopathy-related aggression. Deficiency in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; an omega-3 fatty acid) is implicated in aggression and callous-unemotional (CU) traits,...
Article
Full-text available
Establishing generalisable humour style profiles promises to have significant value for educational, clinical, and occupational application. However, previous research investigating such profiles has thus far presented inconsistent results. To determine the generalisability and value of humour style profiles, a large and geographically diverse exam...
Preprint
Full-text available
Inconsistent political realities are associated with mental health issues such as hopelessness, anxiety, and depression. The psychological impact of Brexit is clearly an important and timely issue, but hitherto has been understudied. This study uses a critical realist approach to qualitatively explore the lived experiences of British Citizens livin...
Article
Full-text available
The innate violence inhibition mechanism (VIM) purportedly regulates maladaptive aggressive behavior through motor inhibition, in response to expressions of distress, and is implicated in psychopathy-related aggression. Deficiency in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; an omega-3 fatty acid) is implicated in aggression and callous-unemotional (CU) traits,...
Preprint
The innate relationship that humans share with the natural world is becoming increasingly strained. Our connection to nature - reflected through the psychological construct of nature connectedness - has been shown to benefit areas of physical and mental wellbeing; of which, several relationships are thought to be mediated by ones’ adaptive ability...
Preprint
Full-text available
The concept of successful psychopathy has been debated for years, however, there is yet no unified approach to its definition and conceptualisation. Such individuals are said to encompass the core traits associated with psychopathy, whilst continuing to function in society, potentially having superior levels of functioning. This review assimilates...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the current context of the global pandemic of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), health professionals are working with social scientists to inform government policy on how to slow the spread of the virus. An increasing amount of social scientific research has looked at the role of public message framing, for instance, but few studies have thus...
Preprint
Full-text available
A growing number of self-report measures aim to quantify interactions with social media in a pathological behaviour framework; often using terminology focused on identifying those who are ‘addicted’ to engaging with others online. The measures of social media addiction report focus on motivations for online social information seeking, many of which...
Preprint
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) impacts 5-10% of women of reproductive age and is characterized by increased testosterone, psychological distress, and dampened affect. However, little research exists into wider personality traits associated with increased testosterone, such as psychopathy. As such, psychopathic traits in a community sample of wome...
Technical Report
The psychological construct of 'ikigai' reflects the sense of having a 'reason for living' and has been associated with various positive health-related outcomes. This proposal presents an English translation of the Ikigai-9, empirically explores the manifestation of ikigai in the United Kingdom, and outlines its associations with facets of well-bei...
Preprint
Full-text available
At the time of writing, there are thought to be close to 800,000 deaths worldwide per year as a result of suicide. Not only does suicide, and attempts thereof, have direct and immediate consequences for the individual, but it often accompanies far-reaching and long-lasting effects on families, friends, and loved-ones. National health care providers...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Defined as successful adaptation to a changing environment, resilience is the cornerstone of good mental health. However, its underpinnings are not fully understood. Objective: To explore the underlying mechanisms of resilience by examining its association with self-efficacy and embeddedness. Methodology: A heterogeneous sample (n=202)...
Book
“The growth, and popularity, of the Internet is unprecedented. The rise of Internet usage has coincided with a variety of transnational forms of non-consensual image-based sexual offending. This book is a comprehensive exposé of this contemporary issue covering various aspects such as perpetrator motivations, impacts on victims/survivors and ultima...
Article
Full-text available
Recent legislative developments have led to a marked increase in the empirical investigation of motivations and judgments of so-called acts of “revenge pornography” offending. In two independently sampled studies, we used moderation analyses to investigate whether higher levels of intrasexual competition predicted more lenient judgments of revenge...
Article
Full-text available
The psychological construct of ‘ikigai’ reflects the sense of having a ‘reason for living’ and has been associated with various positive health-related outcomes. This study presents an English translation of the Ikigai-9, empirically explores the manifestation of ikigai in the UK, and outlines its associations with facets of well-being. Three hundr...
Preprint
Full-text available
In Japanese culture, the psychological construct of 'ikigai' reflects the sense of having a 'reason for living' and has been associated with positive health-related outcomes such as increased mortality. This study presents an English translation of the Ikigai-9, and for the first time, empirically explores the manifestation of ikigai in a Western p...
Preprint
Full-text available
Frequent disruption to parent-child interactions by technology (technoference) significantly impacts problematic behaviours and socioemotional development. Currently unknown is whether this is a novel challenge presented to all parents by the proliferation of technology, or representative of existing maladaptive parenting practices. Two- hundred an...
Preprint
The psychological construct of nature connectedness - the depth of an individual’s relationship with the natural world - has not only been associated with benefits for mental well-being but has also shown relationships with personality traits relevant to the dark personality literature. These include agreeableness, cognitive and affective empathy,...
Article
Full-text available
With benefits to both human well-being and pro-nature conservation behaviors, nature connectedness is emerging as an important psychological construct for a sustainable future. The growing research and applied and policy-related interests require a straightforward measure of nature connectedness that is suitable for both children and adult populati...
Preprint
Full-text available
The topic of non-consensual sexual images has become an increasingly important issue within the social policy landscape. Social and legal scholars have advocated for these behaviours to be designated sexual offences due to the mode of perpetration of these behaviours, but are explicit in their rejection of a sexual element in the motivations underp...
Preprint
Nature connectedness is a psychological construct important for physical and mental wellbeing. Previously, nature connectedness has been positively associated with traits thought to be deficient in individuals scoring high on measures of psychopathy, including agreeableness, perspective taking, and empathic concern. However, it remains to be seen w...
Preprint
Full-text available
One popular school of thought posits that the development of both psychopathicpersonality and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may be underpinned, at least in part, byin utero elevations of testosterone. Although there is a large body of literature delineatingthe relationship between increased testosterone and the presence of psychopathic traits,ps...
Preprint
Deficiency in long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), is implicated in aggression and callous-unemotional (CU) traits. A violence inhibition mechanism (VIM) has been proposed to regulate aggression through responding to expressions of distress. However, it remains unclear whether EPA intake is rela...
Preprint
Recent legislative developments have led to a marked increase in the empirical investigation of motivations and judgements of so-called acts of ‘revenge pornography’ offending. In two independently-sampled studies, we used moderation analyses to investigate whether higher levels of intrasexual competition predict more lenient judgements of revenge...
Preprint
Full-text available
Establishing generalisable humour style profiles promises to have significant value for educational, clinical, and occupational application. However, previous research investigating such profiles has thus far presented inconsistent results. To determine the generalisability and value of humour style profiles, a large and geographically diverse exam...
Preprint
In June 2016, British voters elected to leave the European Union by a margin of 52% to 48%. Emerging work has begun to characterize ‘Remain’ and ‘Leave’ voters in the context of increasing unrest and polarization between the two sets of voters. We investigated whether increasing empathy might reduce polarization, and whether such effects were consi...
Article
Full-text available
The descending pain modulatory system represents one of the oldest and most fundamentally important neurophysiological mechanisms relevant to pain. Extensive work in animals and humans has shown how a functional imbalance between the facilitatory and inhibitory components is linked to exacerbation and maintenance of persistent pain states. Forward...
Article
The violence inhibition mechanism (VIM) proposes that observing another's distress inhibits responses that can lead to violent behaviour. Dysfunction of this system is associated with disorders characterised by aggressive and callous-unemotional traits, such as psychopathy. This study examines electrophysiological indices of face processing and mot...
Poster
Exploring distinct information processing stages of the Violence Inhibition Mechanism (face processing, motor extinction) through event related potentials (N170, Stop-P300) using a novel facial-affect stop-go task.
Poster
Exploring distinct information processing stages of the Violence Inhibition Mechanism (face processing, motor extinction) through event related potentials (N170, Stop-P300) using a novel facial-affect stop-go task.
Poster
Exploring relationships between callous, unemotional, and uncaring traits and the N170 response to facial expressions.
Article
Extreme forms of aggression can have an adverse impact on society and those within it. The inhibitory neurotransmitter Gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) has been associated with decreased levels of both aggression and impulsivity in animal and human research with frontal executive structures suppressing sub-cortical activity and impulsive behaviours....

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
With the overarching goal to increase the welfare of cats (and their humans) we want to investigate various aspects of cat behaviour. We want to get a better understanding of cat communication both with other cats and their humans. We want to understand how cats behave indoors and outdoors, depending on whether they have outdoor access at all or not. We want to understand how human traits influence their relationship with the cats under their care.
Project
[1] To incorporate key research findings surrounding a wide range of issues into a format that not only supports parents/carers and educators in approaching and teaching various topics, but is also accessible and fun for all children. [2] To subsequently test whether specific book topics e.g. maths anxiety, can be reduced/promoted in children using a storybook based strategy.
Project