Dawn J Wright

Dawn J Wright
Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) | ESRI · Corporate

33.64
 · 
Ph.D., UCSB

About

232
Publications
44,801
Reads
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3,425
Citations
Introduction
As Chief Scientist of the Environmental Systems Research Institute (Esri), Dawn is responsible for strengthening the scientific foundation for Esri software and services (especially in environmental, conservation, climate, and/or ocean sciences), while also representing Esri to the national/international scientific community. She maintains an affiliated faculty appointment as Professor of Geography and Oceanography in the College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University.
Research Experience
January 2013 - present
Oregon State University
Position
  • Affiliated Professor of Geography and Oceanography
October 2011 - present
Environmental Systems Research Institute (Esri)
Position
  • Chief Scientist
Description
  • Formulating and advancing the intellectual agenda for the environmental, conservation, climate, and ocean sciences aspect of Esri's work, while also representing Esri to the national/international scientific community
January 1995 - October 2011
Oregon State University
Position
  • Professor
Education
January 1990 - December 1994
University of California, Santa Barbara
Field of study
  • Physical Geography and Marine Geology
September 1983 - September 1986
Texas A&M University
Field of study
  • Oceanography
August 1979 - May 1983
Wheaton College (MA)
Field of study
  • Geology

Publications

Publications (232)
Chapter
Full-text available
As the source providing units for several goods and services required for human survival (e.g. food, fuel, fiber, water provision and purification, etc.) ecosystems must be sustainably managed. This will require a globally comprehensive and detailed understanding of the distribution of ecosystems on Earth. While there have been several attempts to...
Article
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Representation of ecosystems in protected area networks and conservation strategies is a core principle of global conservation priority setting approaches and a commitment in Aichi Target 11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) explicitly call for the conservation of terrestrial, freshwater, and m...
Article
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Humans are dependent upon ecosystems for the production of goods and services necessary for their well-being (Daily, 1997). As the service provider units (SPUs) for these benefits of nature (Anderson et al., 2015), ecosystems need to be managed in a way that maximizes their persistence on the planet. Part of that management effort includes knowing...
Article
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The diversity of life in the sea is critical to the health of ocean ecosystems that support living resources and therefore essential to the economic, nutritional, recreational, and health needs of billions of people. Yet there is evidence that the biodiversity of many marine habitats is being altered in response to a changing climate and human acti...
Article
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Earth observation imagery have traditionally been expensive, difficult to find and access, and required specialized skills and software to transform imagery into actionable information. This has limited adoption by the broader science community. Changes in cost of imagery and changes in computing technology over the last decade have enabled a new a...
Book
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As part of an intergovernmental commission for a high spatial resolution and data-derived global coastal ecosystems map, a new datalayer and map of global islands was produced. The new data represent the most standardized, current, and detailed global islands data yet available. The 340,691 mapped islands were classed by size into 5 continental mai...
Book
Full-text available
As part of an intergovernmental commission for a high spatial resolution and data-derived global coastal ecosystems map, a new datalayer and map of global islands was produced. The new data represent the most standardized, current, and detailed global islands data yet available. The 340,691 mapped islands were classed by size into 5 continental mai...
Chapter
Full-text available
While high-performance computing is a fundamental component of CyberGIS, equally important is establishing a fundamental connection between CyberGIS and the various user communities requiring it. This involves the sharing, communication, and collaboration of authoritative, relevant spatial science not only among GIS specialists within their respect...
Article
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With increasing depth, the ocean is less sampled for physical, chemical and biological variables. Using the Global Marine Environmental Datasets (GMED) and Ecological Marine Units (EMUs), we show that spatial variation in environmental variables decreases with depth. This is also the case over temporal scales because seasonal change, surface weathe...
Article
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A new 30-m spatial resolution global shoreline vector (GSV) was developed from annual composites of 2014 Landsat satellite imagery. The semi-automated classification of the imagery was accomplished by manual selection of training points representing water and non-water classes along the entire global coastline. Polygon topology was applied to the G...
Article
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Accurate, up-to-date maps of and georeferenced data about human population distribution are essential for meeting the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals progress measures, for supporting real-time crisis mapping and response efforts, and for performing many demographic and economic analyses. In December 2014, Esri published the initial ve...
Conference Paper
We report on a series of use cases underway to augment and test the viability of the global Ecological Marine Units (EMUs). EMUs were commissioned in 2015 by the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) as a means of developing a standardized and practical global ecosystems classification and map for the oceans. They are a key outcome for the GEO Biodiver...
Article
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Answers to the seemingly straightforward questions "what is a mountain?" and "where are the mountains of the world?" are in fact quite complex, and there have been few attempts to map the mountains of the earth in a consistent and rigorous fashion. However, knowing exactly where mountain ecosystems are distributed on the planet is a precursor to co...
Article
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The debate regarding geographic information systems (GIS) as tool, toolbox, or science still lingers in geography departments and among geographers. Analysis of geographic information is a vital component of decision making among business, governments, researchers, and academics. GIS users, geographers and nongeographers alike, use and benefit from...
Article
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High resolution remotely sensed bathymetric data is rapidly increasing in volume, but analyzing this data requires a mastery of a complex toolchain of disparate software, including computing derived measurements of the environment. Bathymetric gradients play a fundamental role in energy transport through the seascape. Benthic Terrain Modeler (BTM)...
Article
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Article
In 1964, E.H. Hammond proposed criteria for classifying and mapping physiographic regions of the United States. Hammond produced a map entitled “Classes of Land Surface Form in the Forty-Eight States, USA”, which is regarded as a pioneering and rigorous treatment of regional physiography. Several researchers automated Hammond?s model in GIS. Howeve...
Article
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Author Posting. © The Oceanography Society, 2017. This article is posted here by permission of The Oceanography Society for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Oceanography 30, no. 1 (2017): 90–103, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2017.116.
Article
Full-text available
In response to an intergovernmental commission for a high resolution and data-derived global marine ecosystems map, distinct marine physical and chemical volumetric regions were characterized in an environmental stratification of the global ocean. The stratification produced 37 ecological marine units (EMUs) at a base resolution of ¼° (approximatel...
Research
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This is a printed version of a story map. Dynamic content such as videos and interactive maps is only available in the online version at http://arcg.is/1Tv9RsB Knowing where people live is fundamental. It is more than just knowing the population of a country or city. Knowing the footprint and relative density of people allows us to live better in m...
Poster
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Poster to accompany Frye, Wright, Nordstrand et al., Mapping Population Distributions for GIS Users. Accurate, up-to-date maps and geo-referenced data of human population distribution are essential for meeting United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals progress measures, and for real-time crisis mapping and response. To aid in these efforts, Esr...
Presentation
Full-text available
Accurate, up-to-date maps and geo-referenced data of human population distribution are essential for meeting United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals progress measures, and for real-time crisis mapping and response. To aid in these efforts, Esri has produced the World Population Estimate (WPE), an annually modelled dasymetric raster surface wi...
Code
EarthCube is an initiative of the US National Science Foundation to develop and implement a new data and knowledge management system that will allow for a better understanding and prediction of the Earth system, from the sun to the center of the Earth. More than 2,500 contributors are building this evolving, virtual data infrastructure, including E...
Data
Full-text available
World Population Estimated 2015 is a global estimate of human population for 2015. Esri created this estimate by modeling a footprint of where people live as a dasymetric probability surface, and then assigned 2015 population estimates stored on polygons of the finest level of geography available onto the probability surface. Knowledge of populat...
Article
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Abstract As we contend with human impacts on the biosphere, there is rightfully a great emphasis now on community adaptation and resilience to climate change. Recent innovations in information technologies and analyses are helping communities to become more resilient. However, not often discussed in this vein is a path toward digital resilience. If...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the geosciences, interoperability is a fundamental requirement. Members of various standards organizations such as the OGC and ISO-TC 211 have done yeomen services to promote a standards-centric approach to manage the interoperability challenges that organizations face today. The specific challenges that organizations face when adopting interope...
Conference Paper
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The AGU Earth and Space Science Informatics Focus Group addresses a compelling array of research questions and projects. This year’s session topics range from large-scale data management within global cyberinfrastructures or virtual observatories, to intelligent systems theory, semantics, and handling of near-real-time data streams, to issues of “d...
Conference Paper
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In addition to an individual research project, many researchers are involved in at least one major partnership, perhaps one ocean observatory, or one collaborative. The accompanying data framework may be focused on a subdiscipline of oceanography (i.e., marine geology and geophysics, physical oceanography, marine ecology, etc.) or particular study...
Conference Paper
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Background/Question/Methods We report on a massive biophysical stratification of the planet at a finest yet-attempted spatial resolution (250 m) to produce a new global map of distinct physical environments and their associated land cover (hence an example of "ecological science at the frontier"). Production of the map and associated data was commi...
Conference Paper
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Background/Question/Methods The relatively fine resolution (250m) of the Ecological Land Units (ELUs) dataset recently published by the USGS and Esri make it possible for analysts to make comparisons between areas such as countries, watersheds, or landscapes. The basis for comparison is the composition of four ecological components represented with...
Book
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Ocean Solutions, Earth Solutions describes realistic, science-based solutions for protecting the ocean and thus the earth. The book’s 16 chapters present high-level marine science and research from the inaugural Esri® Ocean GIS Forum (2013) at Esri headquarters in Redlands, California. The book, aimed at professionals in oceanography and marine sci...
Code
This is an experimental story map to support the Presenting Interactive Content (PICO) format at the 2015 European Geosciences Union (EGU) Assembly in Vienna Austria. It was built to support the work of Cyndy Chandler, WHOI and colleagues. EGU Session PICO BG3.2, Understanding the Indian Ocean System: Past, Present and Future PICO abstract of Cy...
Conference Paper
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Article
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By broad consensus, Open Data presents great value. However, beyond that simple statement, there are a number of complex, and sometimes contentious, issues that the science community must address. In this review, we examine the current state of the core issues of Open Data with the unique perspective and use cases of the ocean science community: in...
Article
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Modeling spatiotemporal phenomena can provide insight into potential behavior of simulated objects during hypothetical events. Simulation frameworks can be a useful method of modeling these scenarios, and become more flexible when developed in a fashion that facilitates automated generation of output based on variable input parameters. By connectin...
Poster
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The story map is a new medium for sharing not only data, but also photos, videos, sounds, and maps, as a way to tell a specific and compelling story by way of that content. It is emerging as a popular and effective social media too. The user may employ some fairly sophisticated cartographic functionality without advanced training in cartography or...
Conference Paper
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This Town Hall presentation provides an overview of the new Global Ecological Land Units map, which was developed through a public-private partnership between USGS and ESRI. These global ecosystems were commissioned by the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) as part of the Global Earth Observations System of Systems (GEOSS) intergovernmental protocol...
Book
Full-text available
In response to the need and an intergovernmental commission for a high resolution and data-derived global ecosystem map, land surface elements of global ecological pattern were characterized in an ecophysiographic stratification of the planet. The stratification produced 3,923 terrestrial ecological land units (ELUs) at a base resolution of 250 met...
Article
To improve understanding of population structure, ecosystem relationships and predictive models of human impact in cetaceans and other marine megafauna, we developed geneGIS, a suite of GIS tools and a customized Arc Marine data model to facilitate visual exploration and spatial analyses of individual-based records from DNA profiles and photo-ident...
Article
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In the early 20th century, the German polar meteorologist Alfred Wegener used fossil and glacial deposits to postulate the prior existence of a large supercontinent (Pangea), which then proceeded to split into pieces over geological time. His theory of continental drift was extremely controversial and rejected by most geologists, primarily because...
Poster
Full-text available
In the early 1990s the author came of age as the technology driving the geographic information system or GIS was beginning to successfully “handle” geospatial data at a range of scales and formats, and a wide array of information technology products emerged from an expanding GIS industry. However, that small community struggled to reflect the diver...
Poster
Full-text available
We are all familiar with the three-legged stool of standard academic practice -- research, teaching, and service -- especially as it pertains to promotion and tenure. For example, many studies are emerging on the various ways that social media can be effectively used in teaching at all levels. Researchers are using analytical tools to turn social m...
Data
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Data
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Conference Paper
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This paper will introduce the Leopold Leadership Program network and focus on using the approaches and technologies of geographic information science to tell "stories" about important connections among scientists (e.g., within the Leopold Program), their messages, audiences and ultimately stories about the world. Combining the new medium of "intell...
Article
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There are many unresolved public problems in societies across the world, such as pollution and waste management, pandemics and biosecurity, access to clean air and clean drinking water, response to and recovery from natural disasters, choices among energy resources (oil and gas versus nuclear versus "alternative"), the loss of open space in urban a...
Chapter
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The Samoan volcanic lineament in the southwest Pacific Ocean extends from the large subaerial islands of Savai'i and Upolu (independent nation of Samoa) in the west to the small island of Ta'u (American Samoa) in the east. Hart et al. in addressing the longstanding debate as to whether or not the Samoan volcanic lineament is plume driven, along wit...
Article
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1] A wide variety of different rock types were dredged from the Tonga fore arc and trench between 8000 and 3000 m water depths by the 1996 Boomerang voyage. 40 Ar-39 Ar whole rock and U-Pb zircon dating suggest that these fore arc rocks were erupted episodically from the Cretaceous to the Pliocene (102 to 2 Ma). The geochemistry suggests that MOR-t...
Article
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This perspectives paper uses the seminal article of Goodchild (1992)20. Goodchild , M.F. 1992. Geographical information science. International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 6: 31–45. [Taylor & Francis Online], [Web of Science ®]View all references as a lens through which to review and reflect upon several longstanding issues that ha...
Chapter
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This book started as an idea at the GeoHab meeting held in Noumea, New Caledonia, in May 2007. We noticed that multibeam bathymetry maps of geomorphic features, sometimes shown as 3D fly-thru movies, followed by detailed sampling and photographic data (including underwater videos) illustrating the substrate conditions and associated biota was a con...
Chapter
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Southeastern Bay of Biscay (Basque coast) seafloor characterization and benthic habitat mapping was carried out integrating data from multibeam echosounder, topographic and bathymetric LiDAR, video, and sediment and biological sampling ranging from the intertidal zone up to 100 m depth over 1,096 km 2. The area shows high geomorpho-logic diversity...
Article
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Planning for oil spill response requires identifying key hazards that could cause an incident, an analysis of vulnerable assets around the drill site or supply vessels, an inventory, training, and coordination plan for response actions, and developing a system for providing situational awareness to support command and control in the event of an inc...
Chapter
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Coastal and marine classifications, both spatially explicit in the form of maps and nonspatial representations of the environment, are critical to the effective implementation of management strategies such as marine spatial planning. This chapter provides a wide range of classifications and classified maps developed to simplify and communicate biol...
Article
The IDES (Increasing Diversity in Earth Sciences) Program is the first partnership of its kind in the state of Oregon targeted at broadening participation in the Earth Science enterprise. Funded by the National Science Foundation Opportunities to Enhance Diversity in the Geosciences program (NSF-OEDG), this partnership involves community colleges,...
Article
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A Coastal Web Atlas (CWA) is a valuable resource for a range of users including coastal managers as it provides easy access to maps, spatial data, coastal information and tools. A trans-Atlantic workshop on "Potentials and Limi-tations of Coastal Web Atlases", held in Ireland in July 2006, brought together atlas developers and coastal data experts...
Article
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Marine environments, key life-support systems for the earth, are under severe threat. Issues associated with managing these common property resources are complex and interrelated. Networks of marine reserves can be valuable for mitigating threats to marine systems, yet the successful design and implementation of such networks has been limited. Effi...
Article
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PC Arc/Info® and ArcView® aboard the deepsea research vessel Atlantis II helped oceanographers manage and interpret data gathered by the Alvin submersible (famous for its 1986 exploration of the Titanic wreck) as it explored a seafloor spreading center off the coast of Oregon and Washington.
Technical Report
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From August 31st to November 2nd, 2011, the International Coastal Atlas Network (ICAN) held a workshop on “Coastal Atlases as Engines for Coastal & Marine Spatial Planning”, at the UNESCO IOC/IODE headquarters in Oostende, Belgium. The workshop (aka “ICAN 5”) engaged 43 participants from 15 countries, representing 36 organizations and multiple area...
Conference Paper
Over recent years, there has been significant development of national and regional coastal atlases based on web-enabled geographic information systems (GIS). These coastal web atlases (CWAs) are of great value to coastal decision makers, scientists and the general public. They can help users keep pace with changes in data quality and availability,...
Article
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The volcanic origin of the Samoan archipelago can be explained by one of three models, specifically, by a hot spot forming over a mantle plume, by lithospheric extension resulting from complex subduction tectonics in the region, or by a combination of these two processes, either acting sequentially or synchronously. In this paper, we present result...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Co astal mapping plays an important role in informing decision makers on issues such as national sovereignty, resource management, maritime safety and hazard assessment. A key aspect of this trend has been the development of coastal web atlases (CWAs), based on web enabled geographic information systems (GIS). CWAs contain spatial data and thematic...
Article
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Cyberinfrastructure integrates advanced computer, information, and communication technologies to empower computation-based and data-driven scientific practice and improve the synthesis and analysis of scientific data in a collaborative and shared fashion. As such, it now represents a paradigm shift in scientific research that has facilitated easy a...
Chapter
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This chapter introduces coastal web atlas (CWA) management and governance issues by way of a summary of the International Coastal Atlas Network (ICAN). ICAN is a newly-founded, informal group of over 30 organizations from over a dozen nations who have been meeting over the past two years to scope and implement data interoperability approaches to CW...
Chapter
The content and technical features of coastal web atlases (CWA) were presented in the introductory chapters of the book and the previous two chapters visited user-oriented issues involved in creating and improving a usable atlas, including user requirements, audience definition, learning from use of the atlas, etc. However, in the absence of confir...
Chapter
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This chapter summarizes key projects and initiatives that are being implemented on very large scales (national/international) by national governments and commissions to build coastal spatial data infrastructures (SDIs). These include SDI efforts in the US and Europe that are closely related to ICAN, and as such are of great value to its mission of...
Chapter
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Infrastructure refers to the provision of fundamental services that members of society use to sustain modern civilization. The composition of infrastructure has evolved from basic services, such as the roads and water supplies built by the Roman Empire, to other services such as electricity and telephony that were introduced into many societies dur...
Article
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Abstract Cyberinfrastructure integrates advanced computer, information, and communication technologies to empower computation-based and data-driven scientific practice and improve the synthesis and analysis of scientific data in a collaborative and shared fashion. ...
Article
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The field of web-based coastal atlas informatics presents experts with a variety of unique considerations in an area where accuracy is of vital importance and proper representation of spatial data come to the forefront. Coastal Informatics: Web Atlas Design and Implementation reviews and presents the latest developments in the emerging field of coa...
Article
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This chapter provides a brief overview of various coastal web atlas projects around the world, providing a contextual bridge to the atlas case studies of Chapters 6-14. A summary of the policy context within which many European atlases operate is followed by a summary of other efforts emerging in Australia, the Western Pacific, Africa, and the Cari...
Chapter
This coastal web atlas case study for Oregon, USA, featuring the Oregon Coastal Atlas (OCA), describes a web site where people interested in coastal and marine information for the Oregon coast can find, learn about, and utilize data about the various resources and management issues in the Oregon coastal zone. The OCA currently hosts an archive of o...
Article
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Professionalism in today's rapidly-growing, multidisciplinary geographic information science field (e.g., geographic information systems or GIS, remote sensing, cartography, quantitative spatial analysis), now involves a commitment to ethical practice as informed by a more sophisticated understanding of the ethical implications of geographic techno...
Article
Great off-trench earthquakes in subduction zones are rare in the instrumental seismic record. Only five, or possibly six such events are presently known or suspected (2 May 1917 in vicinity of Kermadec Trench; 26 June 1917 in vicinity of Tonga Trench; 2 March 1933 in Sanriku, Japan under outer-trench slope; 19 August 1977 near the Sunda Trench off...
Article
The Arc Marine data model is a generalized template to guide the implementation of geographic information systems (GIS) projects in the marine environment. It developed out of a collaborative process involving research and industry shareholders in coastal and marine research. This template models and attempts to standardize common ocean and coastal...
Article
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Geographic information system (GIS) technology fundamentally changes how information is viewed, literally, for its maps and databases contain uncertainty, assumptions, privileged knowledge, and story-making power, along with unintended social consequences. This article hypothesizes that the introduction of GIS into the public participation process...
Article
Coastal mapping plays an important role in informing marine spatial planning, resource management, maritime safety, hazard assessment and even national sovereignty. As such, there is now a plethora of data/metadata catalogs, pre-made maps, tabular and text information on resource availability and exploitation, and decision-making tools. A recent tr...