Davood Khalili

Davood Khalili
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences · Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences

MD, MPH, PhD

About

253
Publications
41,166
Reads
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7,264
Citations
Citations since 2017
162 Research Items
6337 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200
Additional affiliations
March 2013 - March 2016
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (253)
Article
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Background: Previous studies have shown that spiritual experience may reduce cardiovascular disease (CVDs). However, little is known about the relationship between spiritual health and the gender-specific risk of CVDs in communities with different cultures. Methods: A total of 3249 individuals (53.7% female, 75.0% middle-aged) participated in the T...
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Considering the association of cardiovascular disease (CVD) with both osteoporosis and sarcopenia, this study aimed to explore the association between a newly developed CVD risk score and osteosarcopenia in the elderly population. Participants in the second phase of the Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) program were included. Osteosarcopenia was defined...
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Background We aimed to assess the gender-specific impact of 3-year changes in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) status on the risk of all-cause, cardiovascular (CV), and cancer mortality in individuals without type 2 diabetes (T2DM) during an 18-year follow-up. Methods The study population included 14,378 participants aged 30–60 years (8272 women) from...
Article
Aims To determine the rates and predictors of the regression to normoglycemia and progression to diabetes among subjects with pre-diabetes. Methods A 10-year longitudinal population-based study was conducted among 1329 participants with pre-diabetes in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Pre-diabetes was divided into isolated IFG (iIFG), isolated...
Preprint
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The Tehran Cardiometabolic Genetic Study (TCGS) is a large population-based cohort study with periodic follow-ups, which created a comprehensive database of 20,367 participants born between 1911-2015 selected from 4 different longitudinal, ongoing, and family-based studies. The study aims to identify the potential targets for prevention and interve...
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Objective To assess the relationship between glucose intolerance statuses at baseline defined as normal glucose tolerance (NGT), pre-diabetes, newly diagnosed (NDM) and known diabetes mellitus (KDM) and all-cause hospitalization among Iranian men and women during 20 years of follow-up.Research design and methods This study included 8,014 individual...
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Background Identifying patterns of variation in obesity indices and other cardiometabolic risk factors before the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes could provide insight into the critical period when drastic changes occurred and facilitate targeted interventions for the prevention of diabetes. Therefore, this study sought to explore patterns of change i...
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Previous epidemiologic studies debated the association of body mass index (BMI) trends with cardiovascular disease and mortality. This study aimed to evaluate the association of BMI variability and slope with the incidence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a sex-stratified 15.8-year follow-up in the population-based Tehran Lipid and Glucose Stu...
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Introduction Studies found that the impact of dysglycemia on microvascular, macrovascular events and mortality outcomes were different between the younger vs. older population. We aimed to investigate the age-specific association of prediabetes with clinical outcomes including type 2 diabetes (T2DM), hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD), card...
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Background Several studies on various bariatric surgeries involving patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) showed an overall rate of remission of hyperglycemia. However, there is little known about predictive factors on remission after different types of surgeries. The aim of this study was to identify the T2DM remission rate and to determin...
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Background We aimed to determine the predictors of regression to normoglycemia and progression to diabetes among subjects with pre-diabetes in a single model concurrently. Methods The present study included 1329 participants aged 20 to 70 years with prediabetes from the population-based cohort of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, with a 10-year...
Article
Background: Despite the achievements of the national program for the prevention and control of diabetes (NPPCD) over the past two decades, the available evidence indicates a high prevalence of this disease in Iran. This qualitative study aims to investigate barriers to the NPPCD by pursuing the perspectives of relevant policy-makers, planners, and...
Preprint
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Background: To assess the gender-specific impact of 3-year changes in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) status on the risk of all-cause, cardiovascular (CV), and cancer mortality in individuals without type 2 diabetes during an 18-year follow-up. Methods: The study population included 14,378 participants aged 30-60 years (8272 women) from three populati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To assess the gender-specific impact of 3-year changes in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) status on the risk of all-cause, cardiovascular (CV), and cancer mortality in individuals without type 2 diabetes during an 18-year follow-up. Methods: The study population included 14,378 participants aged 30-60 years (8272 women) from three populati...
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Purpose The current study aimed to investigate the effects of legumes inclusion in the hypocaloric dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes over 16 weeks. Also, the modulatory effects of rs7903146 variant in the transcri...
Article
Purpose: Controversies exist in the effect of body weight loss and fluctuation on cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. This study aims to assess the effect of weight variability on CVD and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) cohort. Method: Participants aged ≥ 40 year at the baseline period...
Article
Background and aims The association between obesity severity and duration with the transition from metabolically healthy obese/overweight (MHO) phenotype to metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) phenotype is not well understood. Methods and results This study includes the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study participants who were initially classed as MHO....
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Purpose: We aimed to estimate the level and trend of plasma cholesterol and raised total cholesterol (TC > 200 mg/dl) prevalence at national and subnational level of Iran. Methods: Nine national surveys and 27 studies, encompassing 3,505 unique points on over 500,000 adults, aged > 25 years with a report of laboratory measurement of TC were foun...
Preprint
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Background: To investigate the association between Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) and Homeostasis Model Assessment of Beta-cell function (HOMA-B) with the incidence of diabetes and pre-diabetes subtypes. Methods: A total of 3101 normoglycemic people aged 20-70 years were included in the 6-year follow-up study. Multinom...
Article
Background This study assesses the effect of blood lipid indices and lipid ratios on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) using inverse probability-of-exposure weighted estimation of marginal structural models (MSMs). Methods A pooled dataset of two US representative cohort studies, including 16736 participants aged 42–84 years with complete information...
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Background Assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is crucial in preventive cardiology. We aimed to determine the trend of CVD risk among individuals with and without diabetes during two decades of follow-up in a Middle Eastern cohort. Methods We studied 8,450 individuals (55.5% women) aged 40–75 years who participated in the Tehran Lip...
Article
Context: Although it is well-acknowledged that gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with the increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes, the optimal strategy for screening and diagnosis of GDM are still a matter of debate. Objective: This study was conducted to demonstrate the non-inferiority of less strict GDM-screening criteria...
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Background Early detection and prediction of type two diabetes mellitus incidence by baseline measurements could reduce associated complications in the future. The low incidence rate of diabetes in comparison with non-diabetes makes accurate prediction of minority diabetes class more challenging. Methods Deep neural network (DNN), extremely gradie...
Article
Objective : Prediction models for cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality come from high-income countries, comprising laboratory measurements not suitable for resource-limited countries. This study aims to develop and validate a non-laboratory model to predict CVD mortality in a middle-income setting. Study design and setting : We used data of popu...
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Background Markov system dynamic (MSD) model has rarely been used in medical studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of MSD model in prediction of metabolic syndrome (MetS) natural history. Methods Data gathered by Tehran Lipid & Glucose Study (TLGS) over a 16-year period from a cohort of 12,882 people was used to conduct th...
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Background Studies on knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) can be valuable for public health to help to develop targeted educational programs and assess the effectiveness of intervention programs. The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the validity and reliability of a questionnaire on knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regard...
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Objectives The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of in-hospital mortality among diabetic patients infected with COVID-19. Study design Retrospective cohort study. Methods Using logistic regression analysis, the independent association of potential prognostic factors and COVID-19 in-hospital mortality was investigated in three models....
Preprint
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Background Cardiovascular diseases are the first leading cause of mortality in the world. Practical guidelines recommend an accurate estimation of the risk of these events for effective treatment and care. The UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) has a risk engine for predicting CHD risk in patients with type 2 diabetes, but in some countries, it...
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Background Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are among the most common causes of death worldwide, including in Iran. Considering the adverse effects of CVDs on physical and psychosocial health; this study aims to investigate the association between experience of CVDs and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adult participants of the Tehran Lipid...
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Background Regarding the inconclusive results of previous investigations, this study aimed to determine the association between pathology, as a possible predictor, with remission outcomes, to know the role of pathology in the personalized decision making in acromegaly patients. Methods A retrospective cohort study was performed on the consecutive...
Preprint
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Backgroundlipid disorder is a modifiable risk factor for diseases related to plaque formation in arteries such as heart attack, stroke and peripheral vascular diseases. Identifying related factors and diagnosis and treatment in time reduces the incidence of non - communicable diseases. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with...
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Aims To examine the incidence rate of severe non-proliferative and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (severe-NPDR/PDR) and determine its potential risk factors. Methods The study consisted of 1169 participants (women: 675) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), aged≥20 years. A trained interviewer collected information about the history of pan-ret...
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Background: Non-participation in cohort studies, if associated with both the exposure and occurrence of the event, can introduce bias in the estimates of interest. This study aims to identify factors associated with follow-up participation in Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, a large-scale community-based prospective study in West Asia. Methods: A...
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Background Despite strong evidence demonstrating the role of estrogen as a protective factor for kidney function in women, limited data are available regarding the influence of endogenous estrogen exposure (EEE) on chronic kidney disease (CKD). The present study aimed to assess the incidence of CKD in women with various levels of EEE. Methods In a...
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Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is described as death within one hour, if observed, from the onset of symptoms, and within 24 h of being alive and well if not observe. Study population includes 3705 men and 4446 women, aged ≥ 30 years. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to determine the risk factors associated with SCD. After a media...
Article
Background and objectives: The prevalence of both obesity and type 2 diabetes has increased in recent years. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes and to investigate the contribution of obesity to the increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes in urban and rural Iranian communities. Methods: This study wa...
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Objective To develop a risk prediction model for early discrimination between transient and permanent congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Design and setting In a retrospective cohort, 1047 confirmed CH neonates, from 15 randomly selected provinces in Iran, were entered to the study. Clinical and biochemical information of transient and permanent cases...
Article
Objective Dynamic prediction models use the repeated measurements of predictors to estimate coefficients that link the longitudinal predictors to a static model (i.e. Cox regression). This study aims to develop and validate a dynamic prediction for incident type 2 diabetes (T2DM) as the outcome. Study Design and Setting Data from the Tehran lipid...
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Background Understanding long-term patterns (trajectories) of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk and identifying different sub-groups with the same underlying risk patterns could help facilitate targeted cardiovascular prevention programs. Methods A total of 3699 participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) (43% men, mean age = 53.2 y...
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Background To examine the impact of weight change on incident cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease (CVD/CHD) among an Iranian population with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods The study population included 763 participants with T2DM aged ≥ 30 years without a history of CVD and cancer at baseline. Two weight measurements done at...
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Background Understanding the distinct patterns (trajectories) of variation in blood lipid levels before diagnosing cardiovascular disease (CVD) might carry important implications for improving disease prevention or treatment. Methods We investigated 14,373 participants (45.5% men) aged 45–84 from two large US prospective cohort studies with a medi...
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Background This research is the first study that aims to evaluate familial aggregation, heritability, and inheritance mode of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Tehran Lipid Glucose Study (TLGS) participants as a representative sample for the Iranian population. Methods From the ongoing family-based cohort, TLGS, 13741 individuals with age>20 (mean age: 39....
Article
Objectives This study aims to estimate the prevalence of COVID-19 in the general population of Iran. Methods The target population was all Iranian people aged six years and older in the country. A stratified random sampling design was used to select 28,314 subjects from among the individuals registered in the electronic health record systems used...
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Aims This study investigates the trajectory of the risk factors of prediabetes progression to overt diabetes. Methods The study retrospectively investigated 1610 prediabetic individuals. The trajectory of metabolic indicators was investigated using the generalized estimated equation method with autoregressive working correlation structure through...
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Background: Serological surveillance of COVID-19 through conducting repetitive population-based surveys can be useful in estimating and monitoring changes in the prevalence of infection across the country. This paper presents the protocol of nationwide population-based surveys of the Iranian COVID-19 Serological Surveillance (ICS) program. Methods:...
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Background: Recent evidence recommended stepwise screening methods for identifying individuals at high risk of type 2 diabetes to be recruited in the lifestyle intervention programs for the prevention of the disease. This study aims to assess the performance of different stepwise screening methods that combine non-invasive measurements with lab-ba...
Article
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Background The Framingham hypertension risk score is a well-known and simple model for predicting hypertension in adults. In the current study, we aimed to assess the predictive ability of this model in a Middle Eastern population. Methods We studied 5423 participants, aged 20–69 years, without hypertension, who participated in two consecutive exa...
Article
Background The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is rapidly increasing in the world; also, the importance of management of MetS to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been recognized worldwide. This study aimed to explore the clusters of participants based on MetS components and its association with CVD outcomes. Methods We...
Article
Objectives: This study aimed to provide an overview of prediction models of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (U-T2DM) or the incident T2DM (I-T2DM) using the transparent reporting of a multivariable prediction model for individual prognosis or diagnosis (TRIPOD) checklist and the prediction model risk of the bias assessment tool (PROBAST). Da...
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Background The assessment of the natural history of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has an important role in clarifying the pathways of this disorder. Objective This study purposed to provide a rational statistical view of MetS progression pathway. Methods We performed a systematic review in accordance with the PRISMA Statement until September 2019 in...
Preprint
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Background: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of COVID-19 in the general population of Iran. Methods: The target population was all Iranian people aged six years and older in the country. A stratified random sampling design was used to select 28,314 subjects from among the individuals registered in the electronic health record systems used...
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Aims To identify sex specific trajectories of waist circumference (WC),triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) during adulthood and examine their associations with incident hypertension. Methods The cohort consisted of 5030 participants (2051 males) with at least 2 re...
Preprint
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Background: Autoimmune thyroid diseases are among the most common autoimmune diseases in the world. They are usually accompanied by the presence of anti-thyroid antibodies as the early predictive marker. Genetic determinants of the susceptibility to develop thyroid antibodies are still poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the relation...
Preprint
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Background: Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) are among the most common autoimmune diseases in the world. They are usually accompanied by the presence of anti-thyroid antibodies as the early predictive marker. Genetic determinants of the susceptibility to develop thyroid antibodies are still poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the r...
Article
Background Evaluating the process of changes in the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) components over time is one of the ways to study of the MetS natural history. This study aimed to determine the trend of changes in the progression of MetS from its isolated components.Methods This longitudinal study was performed on four follow-up periods of the Tehran L...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Background: Considering the high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its importance in the development of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE we aimed to predict important factors for the incidence of MetS using data mining models. METHODS Methods: This prospective study was conducted on 3048 adults (aged ≥20 years), who particip...
Article
Background Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a major contributor to cardiovascular disease and diabetes, is considered to be among the most common public health problems worldwide. Objective We aimed to identify and rank the most important nutritional and nonnutritional factors contributing to the development of MetS using a data-mining method. Methods...
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To examine the trends of 7 cardiovascular health metrics (CVH metrics) incorporate of smoking, physical activity, diet, body mass index (BMI), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), total cholesterol (TC), and blood pressure (BP) level during three cross-sectional STEPwise approaches to surveillance (STEPS), 2007–2016, among Iranian adults. The study popula...
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Background In 2013 American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association released a guideline on the management of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) including a composite of death from CVD, non-fatal myocardial infarction, or non-fatal stroke (hard CVD). This guideline recommended a risk score that was calculated using pool...
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It is well documented that physical inactivity is related to weight gain and a whole host of chronic diseases. This study investigated trends of low physical activity among Iranian adolescents in urban and rural areas between 2006–2011. A total of 12,178 adolescents, aged between 15 and 19 years, participated in National Surveys of Risk Factors for...
Preprint
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Background: The Framingham hypertension risk score is a well-known and simple model for predicting hypertension in adults. In the current study, we aimed to assess the predictive ability of this model in a Middle Eastern population. Methods: We studied 5,423 participants, aged 20-69 years, without hypertension, who participated in two consecutive e...
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Background The use of statins for primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases is associated with different benefit and harm outcomes. The aime of this study is how important these outcomes are for people and what people's preferences are. Methods We conducted a preference-eliciting survey incorporating a best–worst scaling (BWS) instrument in Ir...
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Background Following the global upward trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD/CHD), much attention has been paid to lifestyle behaviors such as physical activity (PA). However, most of previous studies were conducted in developed countries and with just one measurement of physical activity. The aim of the current study is to assess the effect of cha...
Article
Background: The burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise worldwide; diabetes and hypertension are mentioned as the main contributors. Objectives: The current study aimed to investigate the multiplicative and additive interaction of diabetes and hypertension in the incidence of CKD. Methods: In this population-based cohort study, 7...