Davinia Moreno

Davinia Moreno
Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH) · Geochronology

PhD with European Mention

About

49
Publications
15,210
Reads
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1,313
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2015 - February 2016
University of Tuebingen
Position
  • Lecturer in Quaternary Dating Methods
October 2014 - present
Centro de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana
Position
  • Researcher ESR dating
Description
  • Application of ESR dating of sedimentary quartz grains optically bleached in order to develop the chronological framework of the first hominid settlements in Europe and to study the geomorphologic evolution of Neogene-Quaternary sedimentary basins
October 2014 - February 2015
University of Tuebingen
Position
  • Lecturer in Quaternary Dating Methods
Education
October 2008 - September 2011
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Field of study
  • Geochronology
July 2007 - September 2011
Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Field of study
  • Geochronology
September 2005 - September 2007
Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Field of study
  • Quaternary and Prehistory

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
The Galería de las Estatuas is a Mousterian site located within the Cueva Mayor-Cueva del Silo karstic system at the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain). This site is characterised by an important Upper Pleistocene stratigraphic sequence in which a large number of lithic artefacts exhibiting clear Mousterian affinities and a rich assemblage of faun...
Article
The Cueva del Silo is part of the lower karst level of the Cueva Mayor-Cueva del Silo karst system (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain), whose evolution has preserved an impressive archeo-paleoanthropological sequence since the Early Pleistocene. Cueva del Silo is remarkable for the presence of fluvial deposits that record the entry of the Arlanzón...
Article
This paper contains the results of the archaeological campaigns carried out at the El Pino Site (Campos del Paraíso, Carrascosa del Campo, Cuenca, Spain). The stratigraphy belongs to the Valdejudíos River floodplain and is rich in Mode 1 prehistoric industry made from quartzite rolling stones. The site has been dated by Optically Stimulated Lumines...
Article
Pleistocene fluvial incision acceleration resulting in narrow and deeply entrenched valleys has been widely described and is generally attributed to uplift rate increase or greater climatic severity. In this paper, the long-term downcutting pattern of the Upper Ebro River and driving mechanisms are assessed, and we reconstruct the valley incision r...
Article
Seismic hazard assessment and geochronology are closely linked disciplines. The quantity and quality of the geochronological data used for fault-source characterization is crucial in seismic hazard estimates, which may have significant socio-economic implications. The characterization of Quaternary faults in the central sector of the Iberian Chain...
Poster
Full-text available
El río Cañamares se encuentra en la provincia de Ciudad Real, en el este de la región de La Mancha, dentro del régimen hídrico de la cuenca alta del río Guadiana. Esta región se compone de calizas y dolomías mesozoicas apoyadas sobre facies Keuper, que han permitido el desarrollo de ambientes kársticos. En el margen norte del río Cañamares se encue...
Article
The Cueva de Los Toriles belongs to a karstic system found in the southern Iberian plateau. Construction works in the cave (not related to paleontological activities) have allowed for the recovery of fossil remains of macromammals, including two lower molars of a mustelid that are presented in this work. They can be attributed to the species Meles...
Article
The seismogenic potential of active faults for seismic hazard analyses are typically constrained using slip rates. These parameters, derived from numerically dated Quaternary deposits and landforms, have a critical impact on seismic hazard estimates with relevant societal and economic implications. Recently published geomorphological and paleoseism...
Article
This paper presents the results of the archaeological research project on the Lower and Middle Paleolithic in the municipality of El Provencio (Cuenca, Spain). During the first 6 years of the project, an unknown archaeological complex has been defined with a large concentration of remains of lithic industry of Modes 1, 2 and 3, as well as Pleistoce...
Article
Abstract The official seismic hazard models in Spain used in the seismic building codes do not incorporate Quaternary faults, largely due to insufficient data for their proper characterization. There is an obvious need to conduct investigations in most of the recognised Quaternary faults to unambiguously demonstrate their Quaternary tectonic activ...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, three important Pleistocene sites of the Madrid basin located close to the junction of the Manzanares (PRERESA site) and the Jarama (Valdocarros site and Maresa quarry) rivers have been studied in order to improve the existing chronological framework of the basin and to clarify the geological evolution of these fluvial systems and the...
Article
Tourville-la-Rivière (Normandy, France) is one of the rare Middle Pleistocene palaeoanthropological localities of Northern France. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) and combined ESR/U-series dating methods were independently applied by different teams on sediments and teeth from this site. The present work provides an overview of this multi-laboratory...
Article
Reported here is the first chronostratigraphic study of the Quaternary fluvial terrace deposits of three different valleys (Deba, Nerbioi, Oiartzun) located in the eastern Cantabrian margin (northern Spain), designed to understand long-term fluvial dynamics of this region. Fourteen samples were collected for numerical dating purpose, in the lowest...
Article
Full-text available
The so-called “Gran Dolina site” (Atapuerca mountain range, N Spain) is a karstic cavity filled by sediments during the Pleistocene, some of which contain a rich ensemble of archaeological and paleontological records. These sediments have contributed significantly to our understanding of early human dispersal in Europe but, in contrast, older, inte...
Article
Full-text available
The Arlanzón river is located in the NE Duero Depression (Castilian Plateau of northern Spain), where it drains the anticlinal ridge of the Sierra de Atapuerca, where a rich record of karstic and open air Palaeolithic archaeological sites are located, spanning the last 1.22 Ma. The geomorphological sequence of this valley is composedof fourteen flu...
Presentation
Full-text available
First attempt of application of ESR dating on feldspars extracted from 3 samples, dated with TT-OSL and IRSL, all taken from different sedimentological facies within Unit G.III at Galería Cave, within the archaeological site of Atapuerca, Spain.
Article
Full-text available
More than 30 years after the first Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) dating application to optically bleached quartz grains by Yokoyama et al. (1985), the absence of standardization for reporting methodology and age results remains an obstacle for the development and recognition of the ESR dating method within the Quaternary scientific community. To ov...
Article
Full-text available
Unlike radiometric methods based on the measurement of radioactive growth or decay of isotopes (e.g., ¹⁴C, ⁴⁰Ar/³⁹Ar, ²³⁰Th/²³⁴U), the application of radiation exposure dating methods (OSL, TL, ESR) requires the acquisition of data from the sample itself, in addition to those related with its surrounding environment. Indeed, for Electron Spin Reson...
Article
Full-text available
Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) applied to optically bleached quartz grains extracted from sediment provides an age estimate for the last exposure of sediment to sunlight. This method has been increasingly used in archaeological, geological and geomorphological contexts for the last 30 years. However, its successful application is highly dependent on...
Article
Full-text available
Upstream of Vierzon city, the fossil fluvial system of the Cher River is composed of seven sandy alluvial formations, which include four stepped sheets deposited on the western slope of the valley and three formations stacked in the fault trough where the river is currently flowing. According to the available geochronological data (ESR on optically...
Article
Full-text available
In the middle Cher river valley (Centre-Val de Loire Region, France) fieldworks and researches allowed a geological, geo chronological and paleoenvironnemental framework for the fluvial system and associated prehistoric sites. At Brinay (Cher department), the sandy alluvia of the Les Fougères Formation that overlap the Acheulian Site of la Noira wa...
Article
Full-text available
Upstream of Vierzon city, the fossil fluvial system of the Cher River is composed of seven sandy alluvial formations, which include four stepped sheets deposited on the western slope of the valley and three formations stacked in the fault trough where the river is currently flowing. According to the available geochronological data (ESR on optically...
Article
Full-text available
In the middle Cher river valley (Centre-Val de Loire Region, France) fieldworks and researches allowed a geological, geochronological and paleoenvironnemental framework for the fluvial system and associated prehistoric sites. At Brinay (Cher department), the sandy alluvia of the Les Fougères Formation that overlap the Acheulian Site of la Noira was...
Article
Dating the earliest human occupations in Western Europe and reconstructing links with climatic and environmental constraints is a central issue in Quaternary studies. Amongst the discovery of Palaeolithic artefacts ascribed to the Early Pleistocene in southeast Britain and central France the Somme Basin, where the Acheulean type-site Amiens Saint-A...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of geomorphological evolution of fluvial networks in the Iberian Peninsula has considerably improved during recent years. However, the establishment of a chronological framework for these fluvial systems based on numerical data still remains a key issue. Dating methods which may be used on these sedimentary formations are limited because...
Article
The Acheulean site of la Noira was fossilized beneath the Fougères fluviatile formation dated by the ESR method at 655 ± 55 ka. Coarse deposits were left at the base after the end of the Cher incision and served as raw material deposits for hominins. The occupation level has yielded bifaces, cores and a flake assemblage in lacustrine millstone. The...
Article
ESR dating was applied to fossil teeth and optically bleached quartz grain samples from two units of the sequence at Vallparadís (Barcelona, Spain): weighted mean ESR age estimates of 858 ± 87 ka and 849 ± 48 ka were obtained for EVT-7, which includes the archaeological level 10, and EVT-8, respectively. These results are in good agreement with the...
Article
Increasing evidence suggests that bifacial technology (Acheulian, Mode 2) arrived in Europe during the early Middle Pleistocene, i.e. significantly earlier than previously proposed. In northern France and Britain, much of the age attribution for these assemblages has been based on biostratigraphy and lithostratigraphy rather than absolute dates. Th...
Article
Luminescence and ESR dating methods of quartz sediment are based on the natural resetting of the signal by light exposure (optical bleaching). When the bleaching is incomplete, a residual dose (D) is added to the post-depositional dose accumulated since the deposit and hence the age is overestimated. Insufficient bleaching is usually linked to the e...
Article
Full-text available
Seventeen Middle Pleistocene crania from the Sima de los Huesos site (Atapuerca, Spain) are analyzed, including seven new specimens. This sample makes it possible to thoroughly characterize a Middle Pleistocene hominin paleodeme and to address hypotheses about the origin and evolution of the Neandertals. Using a variety of techniques, the hominin-b...
Article
Full-text available
Seventeen Middle Pleistocene crania from the Sima de los Huesos site (Atapuerca, Spain) are analyzed, including seven new specimens. This sample makes it possible to thoroughly characterize a Middle Pleistocene hominin paleodeme and to address hypotheses about the origin and evolution of the Neandertals. Using a variety of techniques, the hominin-b...
Article
Full-text available
The human settlement of Europe during Pleistocene times was sporadic and several stages have been recognized, both from paleaoanthropological and archaeological records. If the first phase of hominin occupation (as early as 1.4 Ma) seems mainly restricted to the southern part of the continent, the second phase, characterized by specific lithic tool...
Article
The Sierra de Atapuerca, northern Spain, is known from many prehistoric and palaeontological sites documenting human prehistory in Europe. Three major sites, Gran Dolina, Galería and Sima del Elefante, range in age from the oldest hominin of Western Europe dated to 1.1 to 1.3 Ma (millions of years ago) at Sima del Elefante to c.a. 0.2 Ma on the top...
Article
Full-text available
The Sierra de Atapuerca, located in the north-east of the Duero Basin (Northern Spain), is a Mesozoic eroded hill characterized by a well-developed karst system. After the construction of a railway trench 2 Ancient TL Vol. 30 No.2 2012 “Trinchera Atapuerca” by a British mining company at the end of the XIX century, an almost continuous hominid occu...
Article
a b s t r a c t The Sierra de Atapuerca (Northern Spain) is characterized by a well-developed karst system where several major archaeological sites have been discovered, attesting an almost continuous hominin occupation of the area during the whole Pleistocene period. Previous geomorphological studies showed a connection between genesis of the kars...
Article
Full-text available
Excavated between 2005 and 2007, the site of Vallparadís (Terrassa, Spain) has given an abundant and diversified fauna associated with a rich Mode 1 industry. In order to complete the chronostratigraphic framework, we performed ESR and combined US-ESR dating applied to quartz grains extracted from sediments and fossil teeth, respectively. The resul...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN En este artículo se presenta el análisis tecnológico y tipológico de la industria lítica recuperada en el año 1993 en el yacimiento de Picamoixons. Dadas sus característi-cas, su estado de conservación diferencial, su distribución espacial y las dataciones radiométricas disponibles, po-demos concluir la existencia de dos conjuntos líticos p...
Article
This paper presents the technological and typological study of the lithic assemblage recovered at Picamoixons during the field season carried out in 1993. Its technotypological features, the differential conservation of the assemblage, the spatial distribution of lithic remains and the radiometric dates allow us to divide the assemblage into two di...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The aim of this project is to date the Earliest Acheulean sites in Northern France and to reconstruct their palaeo-environment. It is based on a multidisciplinary approach of Pleistocene fluvial sequences preserved in the various stepped terraces systems of Northern France and especially in the River Somme Basin (sedimentology, paleontology, archaeology, ESR and ESR-U/Th dating).