Davide Amato

Davide Amato
Medical University of South Carolina | MUSC · Neuroscience Institute

32.79
 · 
M.Sc., Ph.D., PD

About

44
Publications
10,558
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
920
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Davide Amato currently works at the Neuroscience department of the Medical University of South Carolina. Davide does research in Psychiatry, Experimental Psychology and Pharmacology. One of his current projects is 'Understanding the mechanisms of antipsychotic response'.

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
Background Antipsychotic drugs are the first line intervention to treat psychosis in schizophrenia and D2 receptor blockade is thought to be their primary mechanism of action. However, multiple lines of evidence from human and animal studies show that D2 receptor blockade is not always correlated with markers of antipsychotic efficacy. We previousl...
Article
Full-text available
Antipsychotic treatment resistance in schizophrenia remains a major issue in psychiatry. Nearly 30% of patients with schizophrenia do not respond to antipsychotic treatment, yet the underlying neurobiological causes are unknown. All effective antipsychotic medications are thought to achieve their efficacy by targeting the dopaminergic system. Here...
Article
Full-text available
Antipsychotic drugs are effective interventions in schizophrenia. However, the efficacy of these agents often decreases over time, which leads to treatment failure and symptom recurrence. We report that antipsychotic efficacy in rat models declines in concert with extracellular striatal dopamine levels rather than insufficient dopamine D2 receptor...
Article
Full-text available
Background Nearly half of all individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia abuse addictive substances such as cocaine. Currently, the neurobiological mechanisms in patients with schizophrenia that lead to cocaine abuse are unknown. A possible explanation for the co-morbidity between schizophrenia and addiction is that the rewarding properties of cocain...
Article
Full-text available
All antipsychotics bind to the dopamine D2 receptor. An "optimal" level of D2 receptor blockade with antipsychotics is thought to ameliorate the positive symptoms of schizophrenia. However, persistent D2 receptor blockade is associated with a deteriorating clinical response in a subset of patients. Interestingly, antipsychotics with a weaker D2 rec...
Article
Full-text available
In many societies, the majority of adults regularly consume alcohol. However, only a small proportion develops alcohol addiction. Individuals at risk often show a high sensation-seeking/low-anxiety behavioural phenotype. Here we asked which role EF hand domain containing 2 (EFhd2; Swiprosin-1) plays in the control of alcohol addiction-associated be...
Article
Full-text available
Alcohol is a widely consumed drug that can lead to addiction and severe brain damage. However, alcohol is also used as self-medication for psychiatric problems, such as depression, frequently resulting in depression-alcoholism comorbidity. Here, we identify the first molecular mechanism for alcohol use with the goal to self-medicate and ameliorate...
Article
Rationale: The polyglutamine disease spinocerebellar ataxia type 17 (SCA17) is a neurodegenerative disease leading to severe neurological symptoms during development. Additionally, patients affected by SCA17 display psychosis earlier than their motor disorders. Objective: Here the putative psychotic phenotype and endophenotype of transgenic SCA17 r...
Article
Full-text available
Antipsychotic drugs, all of which block the dopamine D2 receptor to a greater or lesser extent, are the mainstay for the pharmacological treatment of schizophrenia. Engaging in a deeper understanding of how antipsychotics act on the brain and body, at the cellular, molecular and physiological level is vital to comprehend both the beneficial and pot...
Article
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multisystem disorder, involving several monoaminergic neurotransmitter systems resulting in a broad range of motor and non-motor symptoms. Pathological hallmarks of PD are the loss of dopaminergic neurons and the accumulation of alpha-synuclein, however also being present in the serotonergic raphe nuclei early in the d...
Article
Presentation of non-aversive light stimuli for several seconds was found to reliably induce locomotor activation and exploratory-like activity. Light-induced locomotor activity (LIA) can be considered a convenient simple model to study sensory-motor activation. LIA was previously shown to coincide with serotonergic and dopaminergic activation in sp...
Article
Mitragynine is the major psychoactive alkaloid of the plant kratom/ketum. Kratom is widely used in Southeast Asia as a recreational drug, and increasingly appears as a pure compound or a component of ‘herbal high’ preparations in the Western world. While mitragynine/kratom may have analgesic, muscle relaxant and anti-inflammatory effects, its addic...
Article
Full-text available
We propose the Selfish Goal model, which holds that a person's behavior is driven by psychological processes called goals that guide his or her behavior, at times in contradictory directions. Goals can operate both consciously and unconsciously, and when activated they can trigger downstream effects on a person's information processing and behavior...
Article
Full-text available
Major depression is a highly prevalent severe mood disorder that is treated with antidepressants. The molecular targets of antidepressants require definition. We investigated the role of the acid sphingomyelinase (Asm)-ceramide system as a target for antidepressants. Therapeutic concentrations of the antidepressants amitriptyline and fluoxetine red...
Article
Full-text available
Conversion of soluble α-synuclein into insoluble and fibrillar inclusions is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease and other synucleinopathies. Accumulating evidence points towards a relationship between its generation at nerve terminals and structural synaptic pathology. Little is known about the pathogenic impact of α-synuclein conversion and deposit...
Article
Full-text available
Kratom (or Ketum) is a psychoactive plant preparation used in Southeast Asia. It is derived from the plant Mitragyna speciosa Korth. Kratom as well as its main alkaloid, mitragynine, currently spreads around the world. Thus, addiction potential and adverse health consequences are becoming an important issue for health authorities. Here we reviewed...
Article
Antipsychotic drugs are effective for the treatment of schizophrenia. However, the functional consequences and subcellular sites of their accumulation in nervous tissue have remained elusive. Here, we investigated the role of the weak-base antipsychotics haloperidol, chlorpromazine, clozapine, and risperidone in synaptic vesicle recycling. Using mu...
Article
Full-text available
Dopamine D2 receptor hyperactivity has been implicated in the development of psychogenic polydipsia in schizophrenic patients. Repeated treatment with dopamine agonists, including the D2/D3 agonist quinpirole, has been shown to induce hyperdipsia in a number of animal models. Despite these observations, obtained with systemic administrations, littl...
Article
Anesthesia describes a complex state composed of immobility, amnesia, hypnosis (sleep or loss of consciousness), analgesia, and muscle relaxation. Bottom-up approaches explain anesthesia by an interaction of the anesthetic with receptor proteins in the brain, whereas top-down approaches consider predominantly cortical and thalamic network activity...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background / Purpose: Antipsychotics are effective in improving psychosis symptoms, but their long term efficacy is inconsistence. A previous experimental approach has delineated a time interval when the effect of relevant doses of antipsychotics shift from efficacy to failure in representative animal models.Describing the adaptive monoamionergic...
Article
Antipsychotic drugs are widely used in the treatment of schizophrenia. While their effects are considered to be due to a modulation of dopaminergic and serotonergic signaling, little is known about their effects on noradrenergic (NA) activity in the brain. In this study, rats received either a 6d or 14 d treatment with haloperidol using osmotic min...
Article
Full-text available
Antipsychotic drugs are the clinical standard for the treatment of schizophrenia. Although these drugs work initially, many compliant patients relapse due to treatment failure. The known biomarkers can not sufficiently explain antipsychotic treatment failure. We, therefore, enquired how the dynamic responses of the neurotransmitters, dopamine and s...
Article
Full-text available
Polydipsia is a severe complication of long-term schizophrenia and, despite its unknown pathogenesis, is empirically treated with typical or atypical antipsychotics. In the rat, nonregulatory water intake is induced by repeated administration of amphetamine-like compounds or by the D2/3 agonist, quinpirole. This study is aimed at determining the po...
Article
Full-text available
Quinpirole (QNP), a D2/D3 dopaminergic receptor agonist, was found to elicit an apparently antieconomical drinking behavior called contrafreeloading (CFL). The perseverative operant responding observed may represent a compulsive-like behavior prompted by sensitization to the effects of QNP. In the present study, we investigated the effect of differ...
Article
We have previously reported that in rats given the choice between operant and free access to water (contrafreeloading: CFL), repeated administrations of quinpirole, a D2/D3 dopamine receptor agonist, shifted the animals towards the operant access and inhibited water intake. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of substi...
Article
We have previously reported that repeated administrations of quinpirole, a D2/D3 dopamine receptor agonist, facilitate instrumental behavior in rats given the choice between operant and free access to water (contrafreeloading: CFL). The goal of the present study was to investigate the effects of repeated daily administrations of quinpirole (0.5 mg/...

Questions and Answers

Question & Answers (2)

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Advancing wellbeing in schizophrenia
Project
Advancing the efficacy of antipsychotic drugs