Davide Villani

Davide Villani
European Commission | ec · Joint Research Centre (JRC)

PhD

About

20
Publications
2,215
Reads
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28
Citations
Citations since 2017
19 Research Items
28 Citations
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214

Publications

Publications (20)
Article
This paper studies the automotive supply chain in four European countries (Germany, France, UK and Italy) between 2000 and 2014. First, employing WIOD data processed via Trade-SCAN, we decompose the domestic and imported value added per unit of employment into a labour cost and functional income distribution component. We argue that the standard in...
Article
Full-text available
The European Union is experiencing a rapid increase in inflation rates fuelled by energy prices and the war in Ukraine. The impact of the price increase is not equally distributed. In 8 out of 17 countries, lower-income groups whose consumption basket is mainly composed of essential goods are most affected by the increase in prices. Poorest househo...
Preprint
Full-text available
The original assumption behind the measurement of functional income distribution was that this measure would reflect uniquely the income allocated to different social classes. However, this straightforward dichotomy is more complicated today than it was 200 years ago for different reasons, such as the diversification of sources of income, and the r...
Article
Full-text available
This article investigates the gender differences in the tasks performed at the workplace using individual-level data representative of the French working population. In particular, we are interested in exploring gender gaps in power and control. Our findings reveal that, within the same job, women tend on average to be subjected to more forms of co...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper studies income distribution and inequality in Germany, Spain and Italy by adapting the approach described in Fana and Villani (2022a). This framework provides a novel classification of labourers and capitalists that considers some features of contemporary capitalism, namely the fact that individuals/households can receive multiple types...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Real Utopias for a Social Europe consists of technical debate-type workshops on various bold and innovative social policy proposals. Leading policy experts will come together to assess and discuss these policy proposals’ feasibility, distributional impact, costs, and scalability through evidence based on pilots and field experiments, microsimulatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using firm-level data from 28 European countries, this paper explores the relationship between two types of innovation (process and digital) and different forms of control (direct and indirect) at the workplace. We find that (1) digital innovation is more common than process innovation; (2) more innovative firms record higher levels of indirect con...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper studies if and to what extent the outsourced status entails a wage penalty for workers during the period 2005–2019 in France and how these differences vary between genders. Our findings show that workers in outsourced jobs suffer a wage penalty which is higher for female workers compared to male ones. The outsourcing penalty does not dep...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The kick-off workshop was a high-level event with more than 100 participants that brought together 13 high-profile international experts on social inequality from different social science disciplines to discuss technological change and inequality, two topics directly under the European Commission’s priorities. The objective was to generate synergie...
Article
Full-text available
This paper revisits the External Financial Dependence (EFD) index originally formulated employing data for American firms in the 1980s by Rajan and Zingales (1998). This index is meant to reflect technological characteristics of the industries and it is commonly assumed that its values are stable in time and across countries. Despite its popularity...
Research
Full-text available
This article investigates gender differences in tasks performed at the workplace over a period of 25 years, from 1991 and 2016 in France. We exploit data from the Enquête Complémentaire Emploi: Conditions de travail, the oldest survey at the worker level among European countries on a wide range of work attributes and working conditions measures. In...
Preprint
This paper studies the automotive supply chain in four European countries (Germany, France, UK and Italy). First, employing WIOD data (Timmer et al., 2015) processed via Trade-SCAN (Román et al., 2019), we decompose the domestic and imported inputs of production, focusing on the region and industry of origin of the contribution to show how the conf...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, corporate net lending has been increasing in several developed countries. This paper discusses the impact of financialisation and income distribution on the level of net lending of listed non-financial corporations in G7 countries. We argue that financialisation affects the level of corporate net lending through firms` re-organis...
Article
Full-text available
The Covid-19 crisis has revamped the discussion about the redefinition of GVC. This paper contributes to the debate, analysing the productive relationships between European countries in four key manufacturing activities. In particular, the paper addresses two objectives. First, it maps the degree of productive integration in Europe, focusing on the...
Preprint
This paper revisits the External Financial Dependence (EFD) index elaborated by Rajan and Zingales (1998). According to the original formulation, the industry values of the EFD index are meant to reflect technological characteristics of the industries and it is assumed to be stable in time and across countries. Despite the popularity of the EFD ind...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Covid-19 crisis has revamped the discussion about the redefinition of GVC. This paper contributes to the debate, analysing the productive relationships between European countries in four key manufacturing activities. In particular, the paper addresses two objectives. First, it maps the degree of productive integration in Europe, focusing on the...
Preprint
In recent decades, corporate net lending has been increasing in several developed countries. This paper discusses the impact of financialisation and income distribution on the level of corporate net lending among G7 countries. We argue that financialisation affects the level of corporate net lending through firms`firms`re-organisation towards a mod...
Chapter
Full-text available
The growth in the international financial markets during the past decades produced several transformations of the world economy. In Latin America, these changes have been reflected in the increase in magnitude and volatility of financial flows (both banking and capital markets) and the expansion of the capital market-based financing for firms. The...
Article
Full-text available
En los últimos años, las discusiones acerca de los beneficios y perjuicios que causaría la firma de un tratado de libre comercio Mercosur-Unión Europea (en adelante, UE) se han intensificado. Mientras que los defensores del acuerdo utilizan el marco teórico de las ventajas comparativas estáticas para remarcar sus virtudes, las posiciones más hetero...
Conference Paper
This paper compares the financial and economic international cooperation of Venezuela and Brazil, which are considered major actors in Latin America. This performance has been possible thanks to the sustained economic growth, that provided a great amount of resources which have been channeled to cooperation policies, together with a renewed politic...

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Projects (2)
Project
There is an increasing concern in Europe about the implications of the digital revolution for social inequalities. The DIGCLASS project will revise existing theoretical and empirical approaches to social class analysis in the social sciences and update them to address the challenges posed by technological transformations. Our work will propose new taxonomies and analytical tools, it will assess whether the traditional links between social position and life chances are altered by digitalisation and whether new needs in terms of social protection are required in current societies. DIGCLASS aims to apply them to contemporary phenomena such as: The decline of the middle class Job polarisation Effects of digital technologies on inequalities Life chances The emergence of new types of economic relations https://joint-research-centre.ec.europa.eu/knowledge-research/centre-advanced-studies/digclass_en