David Zweig

David Zweig
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology | UST · Division of Social Science

PhD

About

69
Publications
12,335
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1,988
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Introduction
The China Initiative

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Overseas study is a global phenomenon and a major business internationally. But does overseas study pay off? Using data from the 2015 China Household Finance Survey (CHFS), we examine the labour market performance of overseas returnees in China. To obtain more accurate results, we matched each returnee with a local so that the domestic group is as...
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China and India have significant overseas populations that constitute global talent, and both countries recognize that reverse migration of diasporic talent can contribute to domestic economic development. This study compares China and India’s capacity to encourage return migration with a focus on overseas entrepreneurs who return to start new firm...
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Reverse migration has mitigated the brain drain for many Asian countries. But can developing countries actually bring back their best overseas talent? How can this studymeasure the quality of that talent? And, if the best are not returning, why not? Is the ‘institutional culture’ within the scientific and academic institutions the cause? The author...
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This paper applies the model of diffusion outlined by Solingen (International Studies Quarterly, 56, 2012, 631) to the case of Chinese who studied abroad after 1978. It assesses the ability of those who have not returned to pressure the state to introduce Western academic, scientific, and business norms. It looks at the role of the returnees and na...
Article
All Hong Kong universities have been actively influencing education in China since 1997. The major methods include: running an independent university in one case, and managing and transforming four colleges in another; training many mainland students in Hong Kong who upon graduation return there; and serving as a home base on the doorstep of the ma...
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For some fortunate developing countries, the international flow of their human talent in the recent decade has been more of a 'reverse brain drain' than the terrible brain drain. South Korea (before it joined the OECD), Taiwan, Hong Kong, and India have all seen a significant 'brain gain.' And while UNESCO still worries that the bleeding of talent...
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Paradise Redefined: Transnational Chinese Students and the Quest for Flexible Citizenship in the Developed World. FongVanessa L.. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010. viii + 267 pp. $21.95; £18.95. ISBN 978-0-8047-7267-9 - Volume 209 - David Zweig
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Chinese Business Under Socialism: The Politics of Domestic Commerce, 1949–1980. By SolingerDorothy J.. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1984. xiv, 368 pp. Notes, Bibliography, Index. $35.00. - Volume 46 Issue 4 - David Zweig
Article
Hong Kong property developers helped Shanghai become a "global city," revitalizing the city core, hosting multinational corporations, and attracting global talent. They transformed the property sector's standards, urban life, and government revenues. Ironically, Shanghai's challenge to Hong Kong is derived from innovations by the same developers wh...
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Hong Kong property developers helped Shanghai become a "global city," revitalizing the city core, hosting multinational corporations, and attracting global talent. They transformed the property sector's standards, urban life, and government revenues. Ironically, Shanghai's challenge to Hong Kong is derived from innovations by the same developers wh...
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Recent research on returning Chinese students has focused on their role as an alternative solution to their home country’s mandate to build technological capacity. This study shows the depth of the ‘brain circulation’ that is underway and the fact that overseas students are not only serving China from abroad or by returning, but after they return t...
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It is tempting to link the two opposing phenomena in a prediction of China’s successful ‘rise’ and ‘catch-up’ with the USA, if only from the perspective of cultivating national image. The practice of spreading official, purposeful and professional propaganda aimed at promoting a positive national image among the populations of bordering countries b...
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In order to sustain its economic growth, China has been pursuing a number of policies aimed at recovering its expatriate brain power by encouraging scholars living abroad to return. While local government authorities compete to recruit returnees, the central Government has introduced various policies to facilitate repatriation and resettlement, inc...
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This paper uses a survey at six universities in China to analyze university students' views on China's energy problems. It finds that gender, the nature and location of a student's original community, and their level of education affects students' views about China's energy problems, as well as the types of solutions that are deemed to be most appr...
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For many years, China's government worried about the ‘brain drain’. But beginning in 1992, China began to encourage students settled abroad to return for short visits and en-gage in various programmes on the Chinese mainland. Then, in 2001, the government adopted a new policy, encouraging overseas mainlanders to contribute to China's modernisation,...
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Purpose This study is designed to describe the marketing practices of private entrepreneurs in mainland China. Design/methodology/approach Personal interviews were conducted with 200 private entrepreneurs in China. A structured survey instrument was used and data were analyzed using SAS tools. Findings Four key findings: Chinese entrepreneurs foc...
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This paper assesses several assumptions underlying the promotion of democracy and good governance in rural China. We draw on a 1999 survey of 120 villages in four counties, two in Anhui and two in Heilongjiang provinces (sample of 2,997 households, including villagers, cadres and entrepreneurs). First, we look at how institutionalized ‘democratic p...
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China rewards Mainlanders with technology who return to China. Among entrepreneurs and scientists, technology is generating today’s reverse migration as the rewards for bringing back technology are significant. Many returnees do not bring the latest international technology; technology that is new for China suffices to create a comparative advantag...
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Chinese foreign policy is now driven by China's unprecedented need for resources. In exchange for access to oil and other raw materials to fuel its booming economy, Beijing has boosted its bilateral relations with resource-rich states, sometimes striking deals with rogue governments or treading on U.S. turf. Beijing's hunger may worry some in Washi...
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As societies internationalize, the demand for, and the value of, various goods and services increase. Individuals who possess new ideas, technologies and information that abets globalization become imbued with making them more valuable to these societies. This report looks at this issue from five perspectives. First, it shows that China's education...
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According to Lawrence Reardon, most Western scholarship on PRC foreign economic policy before 1978 painted the entire period as one highlighted by Maoist autarky. In fact, argues Reardon in this conceptually framed and empirically rich book, from 1949 to 1979 China's foreign trade policy actually shifted back and forth in a cyclical pattern between...
Chapter
What forces and circumstances lead people in Asian societies to turn from formal democratic institutions to alternative institutions or extra-institutional political action?1 According to Rocamora, when elections are controlled by central or local oligarchies, citizens in East Asia form civic organizations or non-governmental organizations (NGOs),...
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Estudio sobre la economía china durante las dos últimas décadas del siglo XX, cuando esta nación inicia su proceso de apertura al mundo, enfocado en los contactos transnacionales producidos en las áreas de los negocios, la educación superior, el desarrollo rural y las inversiones. El efecto acumulado de esos contactos ha sido un cambio profundo en...
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They went to America to learn the skills to make China modern and along the way they transformed themselves. Some of the earliest pioneers, women trained in missionary schools before going to America in the late 19th century, returned to China as medical doctors and created a new profession in China.
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In spring 1998, Zhu Rongji became China's new prime minister, bringing with him a remarkable and optimistic reform agenda. Two and a half years later, while Zhu has had some successes, particularly China's forthcoming entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), much of his program has stalled. Why did this "reform wave" stall and what is its fut...
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The literature on internationalization suggests several ways in which external forces can affect domestic institutional change. Explanations for the extent of the foreign impact include changes in international relative prices, capital flows into a country which create new organizations or restructure existing ones, external demand for structural a...
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"This study, based on 273 face-to-face interviews with students, scholars, and former residents of China in the United States in 1993, uses both qualitative and quantitative methods to explain people's views about returning to China. Although less than 9 percent of interviewees had concrete plans to return, over 32 percent were positively disposed...
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How does foreign trade and investment affect developing states? Do they create transnational alliances that exploit the countryside and undermine state authority and domestic industry? Or do they generate growth and strong states? Their impact in reality is complex. In China, export-led growth and direct foreign investment have spawned "development...
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China and the Open Door Policy. By BucknallKevin B.. [Sydney & London: Allen and Unwin, 1989. 242 pp. £9.95.] - Volume 127 - David Zweig
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Introduction An End to Class Struggle: The Background to the "New Period" "Socialist Spiritual Civilization and the Ideological Bases for an Authoritarian Modernization of "New China" Ideology and the Dialect of Legitimation and Redefinition The Old Ideologues and the New Ideology The Role of China's "Vanguard Party" in the "New Period" Political A...
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Chinese Politics: Documents and Analysis. Edited by MyersJames T., DomesJurgen and YehMilton D. [Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 1988. 451 pp.] - Volume 120 - David Zweig
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This report provides reflections on a one-week visit to North Korea in April 1989 by a China scholar who lived in Maoist China. It draws on meetings with American and Chinese specialists on Korea, and with North Korea scholars and Party officials. It compares Kim’s North Korea with Mao’s China in terms of agriculture, policy towards education and i...
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This paper documents the increased urban-rural interaction in China and argues that the new developmental strategy apparently has helped narrow the urban-rural gap. Income differentials between peasants and workers have declined. Direct commercial interaction between peasants and rural factories and urban residents and urban factories have increase...
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In 1980 the People's Daily reported that 200 million Chinese peasants were living below the poverty line, while in 1982 Vicepremier Wan Li admitted the “for many years in the past, more than 150 million peasants had not solved the problem of not having enough to eat.” To enrich the rural economy, Party leaders called on peasants to pursue numerous...
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In this paper, I examine two key relationships relevant to the comparative study of policy implementation. The first is the linkage between the structure of elites, techniques of mobilization, and local policy implementation. Although many studies of elites have emphasized the effects of integration on political stability, they have only recently a...
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In 1978, Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping made a strategic decision to send 3,000 students and scholars from the People's Republic of China overseas for further education each year. His plan was to rebuild China's scientific community, catastrophically reduced during the decade-long anti-intellectual Cultural Revolution (1966-76) that had just ended. E...

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