David B Weiner

David B Weiner
Wistar Institute · Vaccine & Immune Therapy Center

PhD

About

892
Publications
80,229
Reads
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30,611
Citations
Citations since 2017
175 Research Items
8480 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,500
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,500

Publications

Publications (892)
Article
Chronic hepatitis C can lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. We studied the safety and immunogenicity of a novel therapeutic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1a/1b consensus DNA vaccine, INO-8000, encoding HCV NS3, NS4A, NS4B, and NS5A proteins alone or co-administered with DNA-encoding IL12 (INO-9012), a human cytokine that stimulates c...
Article
Full-text available
Despite advances in ovarian cancer (OC) therapy, recurrent OC remains a poor-prognosis disease. Because of the close interaction between OC cells and the tumor microenvironment (TME), it is important to develop strategies that target tumor cells and engage components of the TME. A major obstacle in the development of OC therapies is the identificat...
Article
Full-text available
Nipah virus (NiV) is a re-emerging pathogen that causes severe disease in animals and humans. Current treatment measures for NiV infection are insufficient, and there is no approved vaccine against NiV for either humans or animals. Nipah virus is listed as a high-priority pathogen for vaccine and therapeutic research by the World Health Organizatio...
Conference Paper
Background Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynecologic malignancy, resulting in the highest mortality among cancers of the female reproductive system. The most prevalent subtype of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is high-grade serous cancer which results in 70–80% of cases.¹ OC is a high need area for novel therapeutic interventions; with a focus o...
Conference Paper
Background Immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) has revolutionized cancer therapy and significantly improved survival of patients across several cancer types. However, ICI is only effective in some patients and most patients don’t respond to ICI.1 2 Neoantigens are tumor specific antigens derived from either point mutations or gene/RNA fusions in can...
Conference Paper
Background Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a low TMB tumor with largely immune-excluded phenotype. Anti-PD1 monotherapy for 2L HCC has response rates of 12-18%. Therapeutic cancer vaccines targeting neoantigens can generate tumor-specific T-cell immunity, potentially enhancing responses to anti-PD1 therapy. GNOS-PV02 is a personalized cancer DNA...
Article
Full-text available
Monoclonal antibody therapy has played an important role against SARS-CoV-2. Strategies to deliver functional, antibody-based therapeutics with improved in vivo durability are needed to supplement current efforts and reach underserved populations. Here, we compare recombinant mAbs COV2-2196 and COV2-2130, which compromise clinical cocktail Tixagevi...
Article
Full-text available
Novel approaches for malaria prophylaxis remain important. Synthetic DNA-encoded monoclonal antibodies (DMAbs) are a promising approach to generate rapid, direct in vivo host-generated mAbs with potential benefits in production simplicity and distribution coupled with genetic engineering. Here, we explore this approach in a malaria challenge model....
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma is an aggressive tumor with poor survival rates. Bispecific T cell engagers (BTEs) against different cancers are in various stages of clinical development. Toxicities resulting from cytokine release syndrome, and short half-life of BTEs, which necessitates continuous infusion, complicating delivery and increasing costs, are major chall...
Article
Although severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines have demonstrated strong immunogenicity and protection against severe disease, concerns about the duration and breadth of these responses remain. In this study, we show that codelivery of plasmid-encoded adenosine deaminase-1 (pADA) with SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein DNA...
Article
According to The American Cancer Society, ovarian cancer will cause ~14,000 deaths in the US in 2021. Despite recent advances in therapy, clinical outcomes remain poor and there is a great unmet need for newer therapies for ovarian cancer patients. Bispecific T cell engagers (BiTEs) consist of two single chain variable fragments (scFVs) linked via...
Article
Nanotechnology-based approaches have achieved promising results for the development of novel immunotherapeutic cancer vaccines through the decoration of antigens on nanoparticle scaffolds for multivalent display. However, their translation have been limited due to challenges with purification, scalability, and robust induction of cytolytic T cell r...
Article
Ovarian cancer (OC) represents the deadliest gynecologic malignancy. Despite important advances in the field of OC therapy, recurrent OC still has very poor prognosis with a median survival of 1 year. Due to the close interaction between the ovarian cancer cells and tumor microenvironment, development of treatment strategies which not only target t...
Article
Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) latent infection is associated with multiple types of cancer. Several clinical studies have targeted EBV antigens as immune therapeutic targets with limited efficacy of EBV+ malignancies, suggesting additional targets might be important. BamHI-A rightward frame 1 (BARF1) is an EBV antigen that is highly expressed in EBV-ass...
Article
Full-text available
The global COVID-19 pandemic has claimed over 5 million lives. Emerging variants of concern (VOCs) continually challenge viral control. Directing vaccine-induced humoral and cell-mediated responses to mucosal surfaces may enhance vaccine efficacy. Here we investigate the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of optimized synthetic DNA plasmids enc...
Article
Full-text available
The Aedes aegypti mosquito transmits both dengue (DENV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses. Individuals in endemic areas are at risk for infection with both viruses as well as repeated DENV infection. In the presence of anti-DENV antibodies, outcomes of secondary DENV infection range from mild to life-threatening. Further, the role of cross-reactive antibodie...
Article
SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19 has caused a global pandemic which has claimed over 5 million lives to date. Emerging variants of concern and waning vaccine-induced immunity continually challenge viral control measures. We previously reported on the immunogenicity of a DNA vaccine encoding the spike glycoprotein of SARS-CoV-2, however directing v...
Article
The enhanced transmissibility and immune evasion associated with emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants demands the development of next-generation vaccines capable of inducing superior protection amid a shifting pandemic landscape. Since a portion of the global population harbors some level of immunity from vaccines based on the original Wuhan-Hu-1 SARS-CoV-...
Article
Full-text available
HIV Envelope (Env) is the main vaccine target for induction of neutralizing antibodies. Stabilizing Env into native-like trimer (NLT) conformations is required for recombinant protein immunogens to induce autologous neutralizing antibodies(nAbs) against difficult to neutralize HIV strains (tier-2) in rabbits and non-human primates. Immunizations of...
Article
Background Additional SARS-CoV-2 vaccines that are safe and effective as primary vaccines and boosters remain urgently needed to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. We describe the safety and durability of the immune responses following two primary doses and a homologous booster dose of an investigational DNA vaccine (INO-4800) targeting the full-length...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic optimization of Nucleic Acid immunogens is important for potentially improving their immune potency. A COVID-19 DNA vaccine is in phase III clinical trial which is based on a promising highly developable technology platform. Here, we show optimization in mice generating a pGX-9501 DNA vaccine encoding full-length spike protein, which result...
Article
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2 vaccines may target epitopes which reduce durability or increase the potential for escape from vaccine-induced immunity. Using synthetic vaccinology, we have developed rationally immune focused SARS-CoV-2 Spike-based vaccines. Glycans can be employed to alter antibody responses to infection and vaccines. Utilizing computational modeling...
Article
Full-text available
Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) latent infection is associated with several types of cancer. Several clinical studies have targeted EBV antigens as immune therapeutic targets with limited efficacy of EBV malignancies, suggesting additional targets might be important. BamHI-A rightward frame 1 (BARF1) is an EBV antigen that is highly expressed in EBV⁺ naso...
Article
Full-text available
Siglec-9 is an MHC-independent inhibitory receptor expressed on a subset of natural killer (NK) cells. Siglec-9 restrains NK cytotoxicity by binding to sialoglycans (sialic acid-containing glycans) on target cells. Despite the importance of Siglec-9 interactions in tumor immune evasion, their role as an immune evasion mechanism during HIV infection...
Article
Full-text available
To advance a novel concept of debulking virus in the oral cavity, the primary site of viral replication, virus trapping proteins CTB-ACE2 were expressed in chloroplasts and clinical grade plant material was developed to meet FDA requirements. Chewing gum (2 grams) containing plant cells expressed CTB-ACE2 up to17.2 mg ACE2/g DW (11.7% leaf protein)...
Preprint
The enhanced transmissibility and immune evasion associated with emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants demands the development of next-generation vaccines capable of inducing superior protection amid a shifting pandemic landscape. Since a portion of the global population harbors some level of immunity from vaccines based on the original Wuhan-Hu-1 SARS-CoV-...
Preprint
Background Additional SARS-CoV-2 vaccines that are safe and effective as both primary series and booster remain urgently needed to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. Here we describe the safety and durability of the immune response from two doses of a DNA vaccine (INO-4800) targeting the full-length Spike antigen and a subsequent homologous booster dose...
Article
Full-text available
Global surveillance has identified emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOC) associated with broadened host specificity, pathogenicity, and immune evasion to vaccine-induced immunity. Here we compared humoral and cellular responses against SARS-CoV-2 VOC in subjects immunized with the DNA vaccine, INO-4800. INO-4800 vaccination induced neutrali...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has had a dramatic global impact on public health, social, and economic infrastructures. Here, we assess the immunogenicity and anamnestic protective efficacy in rhesus macaques of an intradermal (ID)-delivered SARS-CoV-2 spike DNA vaccine, INO-4800, currently being evaluated in c...
Preprint
Full-text available
COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has been spreading worldwide. To date, several vaccine candidates moved into EUA or CA applications. Although DNA vaccine is on phase III clinical trial, it is a promised technology platform with many advantages. Here, we showed that the pGX9501 DNA vaccine encoded the spike full-length protein-induced strong humoral a...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by the newly emerged human coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Due to the highly contagious nature of SARS-CoV-2, it has infected more than 137 million individuals and caused more than 2.9 million deaths globally as of April 13, 2021. There is an urgent need to dev...
Conference Paper
Nanotechnology-based approaches have provided promising tools for development of novel cancer immunotherapeutic immunogens through the decoration of multiple antigens on nanoparticle scaffolds. However, challenges with inducing robust cytolytic T cell responses critical to anti-tumor immunity, as well as purification and scalability, have hampered...
Conference Paper
Prostate cancer (PCa) represents the most predominant cancer type among males with an estimated 191,930 cases diagnosed in 2020 with 33,330 deaths globally. Notably, different treatment modalities such as surgery, chemo, radiation and hormone therapy exhibited improved outcomes in early stage PCa patients; however, there exist high recurrence rate...
Conference Paper
p>Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly aggressive brain tumor with poor clinical prognosis and there is significant need for new, improved therapies. Immunotherapy is a growing therapeutic research area for patients with advanced brain cancers. DNA encoded Tumor Attacking Bridges (dTABs) are bispecific antibodies that redirect T cell activity...
Article
Full-text available
Background Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is frequently classified as a ‘universal’ tumor associated antigen due to its expression in a vast number of cancers. We evaluated plasmid DNA-encoded hTERT as an immunotherapy across nine cancer types. Methods A phase 1 clinical trial was conducted in adult patients with no evidence of dis...
Article
Full-text available
Malaria infects millions of people every year, and despite recent advances in controlling disease spread, such as vaccination, it remains a global health concern. The circumsporozoite protein (CSP) has long been acknowledged as a key target in anti-malarial immunity. Leveraging the DNA vaccine platform against this formidable pathogen, five synthet...
Article
Full-text available
More than 100 million people have been infected with SARS-CoV-2. Common laboratory mice are not susceptible to wild-type SARS-CoV-2 infection, challenging the development and testing of effective interventions. Here, we describe the development and testing of a mouse model for SARS-CoV-2 infection based on transduction of the respiratory tract of l...
Preprint
First generation COVID-19 vaccines matched to the original Wuhan-Hu-1 (WT) strain are showing reduced efficacy against emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOC). In response, next generation vaccines either matched to a single variant or designed to provide broader coverage across the VOC group are being developed. The latter pan-SARS-CoV-2 app...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 are still urgently needed as only 5% of the global population has been vaccinated. Here we report the safety and immunogenicity of a DNA vaccine (INO-4800) targeting the full-length Spike antigen of SARS-CoV-2 when given to adults at high-risk of exposure. Methods: INO-4800 was evaluated in 401 participants r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antibodies from SARS-CoV-2 vaccines may target epitopes which reduce durability or increase the potential for escape from vaccine-induced immunity. Using a novel synthetic vaccinology pipeline, we developed rationally immune focused SARS-CoV-2 Spike-based vaccines. N-linked glycans can be employed to alter antibody responses to infection and vaccin...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging coronaviruses from zoonotic reservoirs including severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have been associated with human-to-human transmission and significant morbidity and mortality. Here we study bot...
Article
Full-text available
Beyond neutralization, antibodies binding to their Fc receptors elicit several innate immune functions including antibody-dependent complement deposition (ADCD), antibody-dependent cell-mediated phagocytosis (ADCP), and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). These functions are beneficial, as they contribute to pathogen clearance; ho...
Preprint
Full-text available
Global surveillance has identified emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOC) associated with broadened host specificity, pathogenicity, and immune evasion to vaccine induced immunity. Here we compared humoral and cellular responses against SARS-CoV-2 VOC in subjects immunized with the DNA vaccine, INO-4800. INO-4800 vaccination induced neutrali...
Article
Full-text available
Neoantigens are tumor-specific antigens that arise due to somatic mutations in the DNA of tumor cells. They represent ideal targets for cancer immunotherapy since there is minimal risk for on-target, off-tumor toxicities. Additionally, these are foreign antigens which should be immunogenic due to lack of central immune tolerance. Tumor neoantigens...
Article
Prostate cancer is a prevalent cancer in men and consists of both indolent and aggressive phenotypes. While active surveillance is recommended for the former, current treatments for the latter include surgery, radiation, chemo and hormonal therapy. It has been observed that the recurrence in the treated patients is high and results in castration re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite extensive efforts, an efficacious HIV vaccine remains elusive. HIV Envelope (Env) is the target of all known neutralizing antibodies. Stabilizing Env into native-like trimer (NLT) conformations is required for recombinant protein immunogens to induce autologous neutralizing antibodies(nAbs) against difficult to neutralize HIV strains (tier-...
Article
Full-text available
Monoclonal antibody (MAb) 2C7 recognizes a lipooligosaccharide epitope expressed by most clinical Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates and mediates complement-dependent bactericidal activity. We recently showed that a recombinant human IgG1 chimeric variant of MAb 2C7 containing an E430G Fc modification (2C7_E430G), which enhances complement activation,...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of multiple concurrent infectious diseases localized in the world creates a complex burden on global public health systems. Outbreaks of Ebola, Lassa, and Marburg viruses in overlapping regions of central and West Africa and the co-circulation of Zika, Dengue, and Chikungunya viruses in areas with A. aegypti mosquitos highlight the ne...
Article
Full-text available
Anti-PD-1 therapy is used as a front-line treatment for many cancers, but mechanistic insight into this therapy resistance is still lacking. Here we generate a humanized (Hu)-mouse melanoma model by injecting fetal liver-derived CD34 ⁺ cells and implanting autologous thymus in immune-deficient NOD- scid IL2Rγ null (NSG) mice. Reconstituted Hu-mice...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Several techniques are under investigation to improve the immunogenicity of HIV-1 DNA vaccine candidates. DNA vaccines are advantageous due to their ease of design, expression of multiple antigens, and safety. Methods: The HVTN 098 trial assessed the PENNVAX®-GP DNA vaccine (encoding HIV env, gag, pol) administered with or without pla...
Article
Full-text available
Background A vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 is of high urgency. Here the safety and immunogenicity induced by a DNA vaccine (INO-4800) targeting the full length spike antigen of SARS-CoV-2 are described. Methods INO-4800 was evaluated in two groups of 20 participants, receiving either 1.0 mg or 2.0 mg of vaccine intradermally followed by CELLECTRA® EP...
Article
Full-text available
VGX-3100 is an investigational DNA-based immunotherapy being developed as an alternative to surgery and ablation for cervical High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (HSIL) with the aim of preserving reproductive health while treating precancerous disease. Response durability up to 1.5 y following dosing is now reported. Histologic regression an...
Article
BACKGROUND Novel T cell-enabling therapies, in combination with checkpoint inhibition, may improve OS in GBM. INO-5401 (synthetic DNA plasmids encoding hTERT, WT-1, PSMA) plus INO-9012 (synthetic DNA plasmid encoding IL-12), and the PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor cemiplimab, is given to patients with newly diagnosed GBM to evaluate tolerability,...
Article
Full-text available
Powassan virus (POWV) infection is a tick-borne emerging infectious disease in the United States and North America. Like Zika virus, POWV is a member of the family Flaviviridae. POWV causes severe neurological sequalae, meningitis, encephalitis, and can cause death. Although the risk of human POWV infection is low, its incidence in the U.S. in the...
Article
Full-text available
DNA vaccines are considered as a third-generation vaccination approach in which antigenic materials are encoded as DNA plasmids for direct in vivo production to elicit adaptive immunity. As compared to other platforms, DNA vaccination is considered to have a strong safety profile, as DNA plasmids neither replicate nor elicit vector-directed immune...
Article
Full-text available
Cytolytic T cells (CTLs) play a pivotal role in surveillance against tumors. Induction of CTL responses by vaccination may be challenging, as it requires direct transduction of target cells or special adjuvants to promote cross-presentation. Here, we observed induction of robust CTL responses through electroporation (EP)-facilitated, DNA-launched n...
Article
Hyperammonemia is a dangerous life-threatening metabolic complication characterized by markedly elevated ammonia levels that can lead to irreversible brain damage if not carefully monitored. Current pharmacological treatment strategies available for hyperammonemia patients are suboptimal and associated with major side effects. In this study, we foc...
Article
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2 ( S evere A cute R espiratory S yndrome Co rona v irus 2 ) has caused a global pandemic of COVID-19 resulting in cases of mild to severe respiratory distress and significant mortality. The global outbreak of this novel coronavirus has now infected >20 million people worldwide with >5 million cases in the US (August 11 th , 2020). The dev...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Human papilloma virus (HPV)-6 and 11-associated aerodigestive neoplasms can occur in the oropharynx, larynx, and upper respiratory tract. HPV is implicated in recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), the most common benign tumor of the laryngeal epithelium. RRP is rare, with an incidence rate of 1.8 per 100,000 adults in the United...
Article
Full-text available
Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in North America. The etiological agent is the spirochete Borreliella burgdorferi, transmitted to mammalian hosts by the Ixodes tick. In recent years there has been an increase in the number of cases of Lyme disease. Currently, there is no vaccine on the market for human use. We describe the deve...
Article
Full-text available
CD4+ T cells play an important role in the maturation of the antibody responses. Conjugation of identified CD4+ T cell helper epitope to the target antigen has been developed as a strategy to enhance vaccine-induced humoral immunity. In this work, we reported the identification of a novel HLA-IAb helper epitope LS-3 from Aquifex aeolicus. In silico...
Article
Full-text available
Recently newer synthetic DNA vaccines have been rapidly advanced to clinical study and have demonstrated an impressive degree of immune potency and tolerability. Improvements in DNA delivery over prior needle and syringe approaches include jet delivery, gene gun delivery, among others. Among the most effective of these new delivery methods, advance...
Preprint
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has had a dramatic global impact on public health, social, and economic infrastructures. Here, we assess immunogenicity and anamnestic protective efficacy in rhesus macaques of the intradermal (ID)-delivered SARS-CoV-2 spike DNA vaccine, INO-4800. INO-4800 is an ID-delivered DNA v...