David C Vaidis

David C Vaidis
University of Toulouse

PhD
Moving to Université Toulouse 2 Jean-Jaurès on September, 1st.

About

37
Publications
74,516
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
270
Citations
Citations since 2017
21 Research Items
230 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - June 2022
Université Paris Cité (Paris Descartes)
Position
  • Associate Professor (Maître de Conférences)
September 2009 - August 2013
Université d'Orléans
Position
  • Associate Professor (Maître de Conférences)

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Psychological Science Accelerator coordinated three large-scale psychological studies to examine the effects of loss-gain framing, cognitive reappraisals, and autonomy framing manipulations on behavioral intentions and affective measures. The data collected (April to October 2020) included specific measures...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic (and its aftermath) highlights a critical need to communicate health information effectively to the global public. Given that subtle differences in information framing can have meaningful effects on behavior, behavioral science research highlights a pressing question: Is it more effective to frame COVID-19 health messages in t...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Communicating in ways that motivate engagement in social distancing remains a critical global public health priority during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study tested motivational qualities of messages about social distancing (those that promoted choice and agency vs. those that were forceful and shaming) in 25,718 people in 89 countries...
Article
Full-text available
Les modèles basés sur la consistance cognitive ont connu plusieurs développements récents qui replacent la théorie de la dissonance cognitive au cœur de nombreux débats. Si une partie des discussions revient sur les axiomes de la théorie de la dissonance cognitive, de nouveaux modèles suggèrent son intégration dans des ensembles plus larges. Afin d...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about...
Article
Full-text available
From cognitive dissonance theory to the meaning maintenance model, most cognitive consistency models suggest that the detection of an inconsistency evokes negative affect. However, there is no consensus on the minimal conditions that are necessary for the occurrence of negative affect. In three studies, we tested whether exposure to minimal inconsi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Vaidis, D., & Bran, A. (2020). Cognitive Dissonance Theory (2nd edition). In D. S. Dunn (Ed.), Oxford Bibliographies Online: Psychology. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0156 Appearing for the first time in the mid-20th century, the term “cognitive dissonance” appears nowadays about eight hundred times in PsycINFO...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction In the present paper, we address the double-edged role of values among Army personnel and how they can be used in information warfare. We suggest that value discrepancy may impact the agent's trust and consequently, affect behaviour and ultimately destabilize the organization. Objectives Based on cognitive dissonance theory and the me...
Article
Full-text available
Little is actually known about the nature and characteristics of the cognitive dissonance state. In this paper, we review the actual knowledge and the main limitations of past studies. Then, we present two studies that investigate the characteristics of the cognitive dissonance state from the perspective the Pleasure Arousal Dominance model of emot...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present elements that support the use of interactive novels as a relevant risk-taking measure instrument. In the introduction, we describe what interactive novels are and how they can be used to study human decision making. Then, we present the results of a study designed to assess how behaviours made in interactive novels relate to real-life be...
Article
Full-text available
L’acquiescement répété (AR) est une nouvelle technique de soumission librement consentie suggérée par Cialdini et Sagarin (2005). L’AR consiste à amener le participant à répondre « oui » à plusieurs questions successives, avant de lui soumettre une requête cible. Notre objectif consistait à préciser les conditions d’émergence de l’AR et à comparer...
Article
Full-text available
Despite its long tradition in social psychology, we consider that Cognitive Dissonance Theory presents serious flaws concerning its methodology which question the relevance of the theory, limit breakthroughs, and hinder the evaluation of its core hypotheses. In our opinion, these issues are mainly due to operational and methodological weaknesses th...
Article
Full-text available
Repeated acquiescence (RA) is a quite new free induced compliance technique suggested by Cialdini and Sagarin (2005). The RA involves getting the participant to answer « Yes » to several successive questions then submitting the final request. The current goal of this paper was to determine the required conditions of the RA technique and to compare...
Article
Full-text available
Risk-taking has been a major field of interest for scientists and for applied purposes since decades. However, many researchers have noted that the current measurement instruments fail to show adequate validity and predictive power. Given the recent calls to develop new measures, this paper aims to highlight six key points that should be kept in mi...
Poster
Full-text available
We tested the relevance of using choices in an interactive novel as an assessment of risk-taking behaviors. We compared choices during the interactive novel to real-life risk-taking behaviors and to two risk-taking instruments. Our results support the use of interactive novels as a measure of risk-taking behaviors.
Chapter
Full-text available
Synthèse développée des annotations scientifiques de l'édition française de Festinger 1957 (version 1985)
Article
Full-text available
Vaidis, D. C. (2014). Cognitive Dissonance Theory. Oxford Bibliographies Online: Psychology. doi: 10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0156 [THE PRESENT IS A SAMPLE FROM THE WEBSITE - FULL ACCESS IS REQUIRED FOR THE WHOLE TEXT] The whole article summarizes about 120 important papers on cognitive dissonance which are organized in several topics. Introduct...
Article
Full-text available
In our study of cognitive dissonance 59 students adjusted their physical proximity with an opposing other to manage dissonance. Participants wrote a counterattitudinal essay (vs. proattitudinal), then each of them was told he/she had to discuss the topic with another student who was against the current topic (vs. in favor of). While the experimente...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article se propose de discuter de l’expérience du Jeu de la Mort (Nick, 2010) réalisée pour la télévision et répliquant la célèbre étude de Milgram (1963). Après avoir dans un premier temps présenté les paramètres distinguant la présente reproduction de son illustre prédécesseur, les auteurs abordent les limites méthodologiques de cette expérie...
Article
Full-text available
Information as a source of cognitive dissonance (Festinger 1957) was questioned by the reformulation made by Brehm and Cohen (1962), which gave behavioural commitment as a necessary condition in the arousal of dissonance. First, this article supports the validity of informational dissonance, then it goes on to present two parallel experiments repli...
Article
Full-text available
Milgram from the lab to the TV show: Ethical, political and scientific issues This article discusses about the experiment of the Game of the Death (Nick, 2010) produced for television and partially replicating the famous study of Milgram (1963). In a first part, the authors present the parameters distinguishing the present reproduction from the ini...
Research
Full-text available
Lilienfeld, S. O. (2011). Les 10 commandements pour aider les étudiants à distinguer la science de la pseudoscience en psychologie. Revue électronique de Psychologie Sociale, 5, 23-29. Adaptation française avec l'accord de S. Lilienfeld pour note méthodologique dans la Revue électronique de Psychologie Sociale (2011) par D. Vaidis. "Scott Lilienf...
Article
Full-text available
Touch procedures have been shown to increase the likelihood of compliance with requests. But the effect of subsequent touches following a classical touch procedure has not been investigated. It was predicted that two touches would lead to more compliance than one touch. 180 male and 180 female bystanders were asked to fill in a short or long questi...
Article
Full-text available
La théorie de la dissonance cognitive : une théorie âgée d'un demi-siècle Pour la théorie de la dissonance cognitive, l'année 2007 est une date anniversaire. En eff et, voilà cinquante ans, Festinger publiait l'ouvrage princeps sur la théorie, devenue depuis une théorie majeure de la psychologie sociale. Selon la théorie de la dissonance cognitive,...
Article
Full-text available
Comment lire un article scientiique en psychologie sociale ? Lorsqu'il aborde pour la première fois la littérature scientiique en psychologie sociale, le lecteur peu habitué à ce genre d'écrits est très souvent intimidé, voire dérouté, et ce qui devrait être un passionnant récit des travaux du chercheur devient un décryptage laborieux. Généralement...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Cet article propose de traiter de la relation cause-effet entre les attitudes et les comportements a travers deux champs theoriques classiques de la psychologie sociale experimentale : la persuasion et la dissonance cognitive. La relation entre attitude et comportement occupe une place centrale dans la psychologie sociale. Cette discip...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Dear all,
I really thing that we cannot discuss as much as it requires in the congress about some crucial issues, and that a large part of these meetings is about strategic communication.
Thus, with some colleagues, we organize an active meeting about inconsistency and similar stuff as cognitive conflict, expectancy violation, control deprivation, or threat, to be held in France in May 2020.
We would really like to create a favorable environment to confront ideas, discuss theoretical models, and resolve crucial issues in the field. We organized the meeting around setting up action-oriented discussions and solutions. Each session should begin with a short presentation of the thematic issue, followed by active discussions in order to resolve the issue by collective action. So there is no formal presentation per se. The session could take the form of an open discussion, a project pitch, or a workshop. We aim to conclude the 3 days with effective collaborations that will be transformed into publications, replication studies, and large-scaled projects.
As a second consequence, applicants do not necessarily have to submit a proposal, not have to do a presentation. They just come with their theoretical background, their ideas and have to be willing to move forward with this field of psychology. In addition, they are invited to propose a session but are not obliged.
I did not know how to draw the attention of some colleagues that could have miss the call so I created this discussion and hope it could help.
I hope you will find this goal interesting and that you try to join this meeting if relevant for you or spread the word.

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Studying the nature of the cognitive dissonance "psychological disconfort" (a.k.a. Cognitive Dissonance State). Constructing instruments to assess it. Examining if and how it can predict regulation strategies.
Project
Dissonance Spring is an international small group meeting for researchers interested in cognitive conflict models with a focus on cognitive dissonance theory, to be held in May 2020. The goal of this meeting is to create a favourable situation among researchers to confront ideas, discuss theoretical models, and resolve crucial issues in this field. The objective, at the end of the meeting, is the preparation of important theoretical and empirical projects aimed at significantly improve the field. General information: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1FFn4y2WSKyuER7GiX89EZdDDjAp2OJ4XzGJSxB0VuVA/edit?usp=sharing