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Recently, hyperbolic lattices that tile the negatively curved hyperbolic plane emerged as a new paradigm of synthetic matter, and their energy levels were characterized by a band structure in a four- (or higher-) dimensional momentum space. To explore the uncharted topological aspects arising in hyperbolic band theory, we here introduce elementary...
The Bloch band theory describes energy levels of crystalline media by a collection of bands in momentum space. These bands can be characterized by non-trivial topological invariants, which via bulk-boundary correspondence imply protected boundary states inside the bulk energy gap. Recently, hyperbolic lattices that tile the negatively curved hyperb...