David Thivel

David Thivel
Université Clermont Auvergne | Univ BPC · Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physio-pathological conditions Research Group

PhD

About

262
Publications
49,280
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Introduction
David Thivel currently works at the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physio-pathological conditions Research Group, Université Clermont Auvergne. David does research in Exercise Physiology, Human Nutrition and pediatric obesity mainly.
Additional affiliations
October 2016 - present
Université Clermont Auvergne
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2016 - October 2016
Université Clermont Auvergne
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
May 2012 - December 2013
Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (262)
Article
Although physical activity is primarily considered for its effects on energy expenditure for prevention and treatment of both overweight and obesity, its role in the regulation and control of energy balance seems more complex. Not only does physical activity affect energy expenditure, it also leads to modifications in energy intake and appetite tha...
Article
Although physical activity is primarily considered for its effects on energy expenditure for prevention and treatment of both overweight and obesity, its role in the regulation and control of energy balance seems more complex. Not only does physical activity affect energy expenditure, it also leads to modifications in energy intake and appetite tha...
Article
Full-text available
The first emergency was to receive and treat COVID-19 patients in their acute phase; today, there is a clear need to propose appropriate post-acute rehabilitation programs. The aim of this research was to systematically review the effects of physical activity programs in the recovery of post-COVID-19 patients. The literature search followed the Pre...
Article
(1) Background: Aqua-walking in a natural environment is a health promoting physical activity that is gaining popularity and appropriate for a variety of populations, however, to date, there is little scientific evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of this activity for older adults. The objective was to propose a preliminary exploration of p...
Article
The Leeds Food Preference Questionnaire (LFPQ), a computer-based task for measuring reward responses (liking/wanting) and preferences for images of food, is a widely used tool. However, no cultural adaptation studies to date have addressed its validity and repeatability in a test-retest design. The present study aimed to develop a Japanese version...
Article
Full-text available
While few studies pointed out low bone mineral densities in constitutionally thin women, little is known about potential explanations. The objective was to further explore bone architecture in both women and men with constitutional thinness to investigate their mechanical muscle-bone coupling (or uncoupling). Thirty constitutionally thin people and...
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To compare patterns of sedentary (SED) time (more sedentary, SED + vs less sedentary, SED-), moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) time (more active, MVPA + vs less active, MVPA-), and combinations of behaviors (SED-/MVPA + , SED-/MVPA-, SED + /MVPA + , SED + /MVPA-) regarding nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) markers. This cross-se...
Article
Full-text available
Active-desks are emerging strategies aiming at reducing sedentary time while working. A large inter-individual variability in energy expenditure (EE) profile has been identified and has to be explored to better optimize and individualize those strategies. Thus the present study aimed at comparing the metabolic and physical profile of individuals ch...
Article
Objectives: To evaluate the effects of a portable pedal machine intervention (60-min per working day) for 12 weeks on healthy tertiary employees' cardiometabolic risk factors. Methods: Anthropometric parameters, body composition, cardiometabolic/inflammatory markers, physical fitness, physical activity and sedentary time measured before and afte...
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Paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common chronic liver disease in childhood. Obesity is the main risk factor. Nutrition and lifestyle are the key elements in preventing and treating NAFLD in the absence of approved drug therapy. Whilst recommendations and studies on macronutrients (carbohydrates, fat and prote...
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Objective Because the prevalence overweight and obesity remains high during adolescence in Europe, tracking weight status in children and adolescents is needed. We aimed to estimate French trends in the prevalence of weight status in children and adolescent from 2008 to 2018. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity were higher in boys (P...
Preprint
Background: The present study is the first step of a 3-year European project in which a tailored smartphone application will be developed and tested as a potential tool in the personalized treatment of children and adolescents with overweight. Methods: In this study, 10 focus groups ( n = 48 participants) were conducted in Belgium, The Netherlands...
Article
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Although family-based interventions have been suggested as promising approaches for preventing and treating pediatric obesity, available studies failed to include the whole family in its own natural environment and routine. This paper aims to detail the development, implementation, and evaluation phases of the ProxOb home-based, family-centered pro...
Article
Introduction: While international prevention guidelines recently advocated, in addition to moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) guidelines, for a minimization of sedentary time (SED), recommendations remain to be developed for youths with obesity. Methods: A literature search was conducted in PubMed, the Cochrane Library plus the refer...
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Full-text available
Purpose of Review To present the definitions and recommendations for movement behaviors in children and adolescents, including physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors (SB), and sleep, and to provide an overview regarding their impact on health and obesity outcomes from childhood to adulthood, as well as interactions with appetite control. Rece...
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Despite the consequences of night-shift work, the diet of night-shift workers has not been widely studied. To date, there are no studies related to food intake among emergency healthcare workers (HCWs). We performed a prospective observational study to assess the influence of night work on the diet of emergency HCWs. We monitored 24-h food intake d...
Preprint
Purpose: To compare patterns of sedentary (SED) time (more sedentary, SED+ vs less sedentary, SED-), moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) time (more active, MVPA+ vs less active, MVPA-) and combinations of behaviors (SED-/MVPA+, SED-/MVPA-, SED+/MVPA+, SED+/MVPA-) regarding nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) markers. Methods: This c...
Article
Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate i) the presence of liver steatosis using Fatty Liver Index (FLI), Hepatic Steatosis Index (HSI) and Liver Fat Score (LFS) in patients suffering from MS and ii) the association of FLI, HSI and LFS with the cardiometabolic risks. Methods: A total of 91 patients with MS (MS; 39 men, 52 women)...
Article
Introduction et but de l’étude Les approches thérapeutiques les plus efficaces dans l’obésité infanto-juvénile reposent sur une prise en charge précoce, pluridisciplinaire et de proximité, impliquant les enfants et les parents. Ainsi, PROXOB (programme d’accompagnement familial à domicile et de PROXimité de l’Obésité infanto-juvénile) a pour object...
Article
Introduction et but de l’étude La prise en charge de l’obésité doit aujourd’hui reposer sur une approche personnalisée, prenant en compte les caractéristiques et profils individuels des patients pour en optimiser la réussite. En effet, si les prises en charge cliniques ambulatoires ou en institution ont montré des résultats tout à fait satisfaisant...
Article
Background Relationships between movement-related behaviours and metabolic health remain underexplored in adolescents with obesity. Objectives To compare profiles of sedentary time (more sedentary, SED+ vs. less sedentary, SED−), moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) time (more active, MVPA+ vs. less active, MVPA−) and combinations of behav...
Article
With highly variable types of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) symptoms in both severity and duration, there is today an important need for early, individualized, and multidisciplinary strategies of rehabilitation. Some patients present persistent affections of the respiratory function, digestive system, cardiovascular function, locomotor system...
Article
Methods to measure physical activity and sedentary behaviors typically quantify the amount of time devoted to these activities. Among patients with chronic diseases, these methods can provide interesting behavioral information, but generally do not capture detailed body motion and fine movement behaviors. Fine detection of motion may provide additi...
Article
Background: The purpose of the present study was to compare the impact of semi-intensive and intensive interdisciplinary weight-loss therapies on the treatment of metabolic syndrome (MS) and selected inflammatory markers in adolescents with obesity. Methods: The study included 166 adolescents enrolled in two groups for 22 weeks: the intensive gr...
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Full-text available
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is highly prevalent in children and adolescents with obesity and places them at an increased risk of cardiovascular-related diseases. However, the associations between objectively measured movement-related behaviors and MetS diagnosis remain unexplored in youths with obesity. The aim was to compare profiles of sedentary (S...
Article
Context: Rapid weight loss (RWL) is a common precompetitive strategy used by athletes in weight-class sports and carries with it an increased risk to future cardiometabolic health. The Rapid Weight Loss Questionnaire (RWLQ) is a self-reported tool designed to identify and characterize such weight loss practices. Objectives: After developing a re...
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Introduction: Since adolescents with obesity are prone to bone fragility during weight loss, the aim was to compare the impact of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on bone density, geometry, and strength. Methods: Sixty-one adolescents were randomly assigned to 2 cycling trainings (HIIT...
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A growing interest in constitutional thinness has been observed in the last decades, but the publications however cover various fields of study and report equivocal results. The present work systematically reviewed any clinical trials enrolling participants with constitutional thinness and bibliographic researches were performed between December 20...
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Full-text available
Purpose of Review The study aims to highlight the clinical importance of assessing and managing neuromusculoskeletal health in pediatric obesity and to support translation of evidence into practice. Recent Findings A growing evidence base suggests that children with obesity experience neuromusculoskeletal impairments and physical complications inc...
Article
Resumo Fundamento A ação do peptídeo natriurético atrial (ANP) na natriurese, diurese e vasodilatação, resistência à insulina, fígado, rim e tecido adiposo pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento metabólico e cardiovascular saudável. Embora o nível circulante de ANP seja reduzido em pacientes com obesidade, sua resposta à perda de peso ainda é pouco...
Article
Objective: To investigate the effects of an interdisciplinary intervention on biomarkers of inflammation and their relationship with fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) concentrations in women with overweight and obesity. Methods: Thirty-one women were enrolled in a 12-week interdisciplinary weight loss program delivered by a team comprising an...
Article
Background Acute dietary-induced energy deficits have been shown to favor compensatory appetitive responses. The aim of this study was to compare energy intake (EI), appetite sensations and the hedonic responses to equivalent energy deficits induced by dietary restriction alone and combined with exercise in adolescents with obesity. Methods In a w...
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Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the COVID-19-related confinement and social restrictions affected the levels of physical fitness and academic achievement in primary school French children. A total of 206 primary school children (106 before confinements and 100 after restrictions) completed a test battery evaluating their anthro...
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The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of acute heat/cold exposure on subsequent energy intake (EI) in adults. We searched the following sources for publications on this topic: PubMed, Ovid Medline, Science Direct and SPORTDiscus. The eligibility criteria for study selection were: randomized controlled trials performed in adul...
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Background: Leptin is a satiety hormone mainly produced by white adipose tissue. Decreasing levels have been described following acute stress. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine if leptin can be a biomarker of stress, with levels decreasing following acute stress. Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase,...
Article
The purpose of the present study was to investigate changes in the energy cost of locomotion during walking (Cw) related to the changes in body mass (BM, kg) and body composition in adolescents with obesity. Twenty-six (12 boys and 14 girls) obese adolescents (mean: BMI, 33.6±3.7 kg/m2; 42.7±4.5 % fat mass) followed a 9-month multidisciplinary inpa...
Article
Objective To translate and validate the Child Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (CTFEQr17), assessing cognitive restraint (CR), uncontrolled eating (UE) and emotional eating (EE), among French-speaking Canadian young individuals. Design Phase 1 comprised a translation and the evaluation of the comprehension of the questionnaire. Phase 2 comprised...
Article
Background: The present study examines the effects of the COVID-19 confinement on healthrelated behaviors (physical activity, sedentary behaviors) of young French children. Methods: Parents of 348 French children under 6 years of age completed an online survey launched during the first days of the initial COVID-19-related confinement. They were...
Preprint
UNSTRUCTURED Methods to measure physical activity and sedentary behaviors typically quantify the amount of time devoted to these activities. Among patients with chronic diseases, these methods can provide interesting behavioral information, but generally do not capture detailed body motion and fine movement behaviors. Fine detection of motion may p...
Article
Full-text available
In France, the evolution of dietary pattern relative to sustainability and global health remains insufficiently studied. The objective of this study was to assess dietary changes during 1998-2015 through three generic metrics potentially related to sustainability. Food consumption data were collected from three French National Individual Study of F...
Article
The traditional approach to childhood obesity prevention and treatment should fit most patients, but misdiagnosis and treatment failure could be observed in some cases that lie away from average as part of individual variation or misclassification. Here, we reflect on the contributions that high‐throughput technologies such as next‐generation seque...
Article
Background: This paper is a follow-up study continuing the COVISTRESS network previous research regarding health-related determinants. Objective: The aim was to identify the main consequences of COVID-19 lockdown on Body Mass Index and Perceived Fragility, related to Physical Activity (PA), for different categories of populations, worldwide. Desi...
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Soldiers on military expeditions usually fail to compensate for the increase in energy expenditure, with potential deleterious consequences. We therefore analyzed the characteristics of energy compensation in 12 male soldiers, during a 15-day expedition in the cold, while alleviating some of the contextual limitations of food intake (~20-MJ daily b...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background This paper is a follow‐up study continuing the COVISTRESS network previous research regarding health‐related determinants. Objective The aim was to identify the main consequences of COVID‐19 lockdown on Body Mass Index and Perceived Fragility, related to Physical Activity (PA), for different categories of populations, worldwide....
Article
Background Relationships between the severity of obesity and bone health remain underexplored. Objectives To compare whole-body and localized bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD), trabecular bone score (TBS) and hip geometry and strength between adolescents with obesity versus extreme obesity. Methods This cross-sectional study included 1...
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Full-text available
Background: There is an alarming and constant worldwide progression of physical inactivity and sedentary behaviors in children and adolescents. The present paper summarizes findings from France's 2020 Report Card on physical activity for children and youth, comparing its results to its 2 previous editions (2016 and 2018). Methods: France's 2020...
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This study was conducted to assess the validity and reliability of a new questionnaire, the ONAPS-PAQ, developed to assess physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) in the general population. A total of 137 healthy adults aged 18 to 69 years were included. Following completion of two physical activity questionnaires (ONAPS-PAQ and GPAQ, t...
Article
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Background Sedentary behaviour (SB) and low levels of physical activity (PA) are predictors of morbidity and mortality. Tertiary employees spend a considerable amount of their daily time seated and new efficient strategies to both reduce sedentary time and increase physical activity are needed. In that context, the REMOVE study aims at evaluating t...
Article
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Background: Stress is a significant public health concern that can be self-evaluated using the job control demands model from Karasek. Emergency health care workers are particularly exposed to stress because of the intrinsic characteristics associated with the job (i.e., life-threatening emergencies, overcrowding, lack of bed spaces). However, the...
Article
Immersed exercise has been shown to induce higher energy expenditure and no difference or increase in food intake compared with similar exercise on land. In this study, we compared the effects of acute high-intensity cycling performed on land versus when immersed on subsequent energy intake (EI), appetite sensations and perceived exertion (RPE) in...
Article
Introduction: A national confinement was imposed in France in March 2020 during 55 days to prevent the spread of the virus and protect vulnerable people such as older individuals. This study aimed to describe the movement behaviors, and their determinants, of elderly people (≥ 65 years) during the confinement. Methods: An online survey was conducte...
Article
Constitutional thinness is defined as a state of severe underweight with a body mass index similar to anorectic patients (BMI < 17.5 kg/m²), in the absence of any eating disorders or other obvious disruptive factors impacting energy balance. The analysis of body composition is essential as a first approach to characterize constitutional thinness an...
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Background: The aim of this study was to investigate energy expenditure, food intake and appetite feelings in response to water- vs. land-based cycling exercises in healthy young women. Methods: Anthropometric measurements and body composition were assessed among 20 women who performed four experimental sessions in a randomized order: (i) a rest...
Article
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The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the effects of active desks in the school setting on sedentary behavior, physical activity, academic achievements and overall health among children and adolescents aged 5–17 years. A systematic literature search was conducted using five databases until October 2020. Twenty-three studies were incl...
Article
Background: While academic achievement has been associated with physical activity, the present work questions the potential association between the physical fitness level of adolescents and the type of school they attend, ranging from academic to technical schools. Methods: 20,228 young French students from 76 schools (9,196 females), mean age 1...
Article
Background: While mental work has been shown to favor overconsumption, the present study compared the effect of a cognitive task alone, followed by acute exercise, or performed on a cycling desk, on short-term food intake and appetite in adults. Methods: A total of 19 normal-weight adults randomly completed: resting session (CON), 30-minute cogn...
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Introduction: Ghrelin is an orexigenic hormone which favors food-seeking behavior and has been postulated to be a biomarker of stress. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on the evolution of ghrelin levels following acute stress. Methods: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and ScienceDirect databases were searched for studies r...
Article
Introduction In France March 14, 2020 a national lockdown was imposed in France for 55 days to prevent the spread of the Covid-19 and all schools were closed. This study aimed to investigate the effects of home confinement as a result of lockdown on the activity (physical activity and sedentary behaviors), and their determinants, on French children...
Article
Purpose Our aim was to investigate the association between the magnitude of weight loss (WL) and serum concentrations of the main adipocytokines and appetite-regulating hormones in adolescents with obesity. Methods 108 adolescents with obesity (14-19 years old; post-pubertal) after completion of informed consente were submitted to clinical, nutrit...
Article
Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a Romanian version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R21 for children and adolescents CTFEQ-R21 and to assess its psychometrie properties and factor structure. Associations between the present version of the CTFEQ-R21 and anthropometric measures as well as body composition were also...
Article
Objective Regular physical activity (PA) is a key element in chronic disease management. We studied the effect of a recent legislative framework given to physical activity prescription (PAP) on practices, motivations, barriers, and needs for PAP in primary care among general practitioners (GP) of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, France. Methods Ou...
Article
Although physical exercise and dietary restriction can be both used to induce energy deficits, they have been suggested to favour different compensatory appetitive responses. While dietary restriction might favour increased subsequent energy intake and appetite sensations, such compensatory responses have not been observed after a similar deficit b...
Article
The efficacy of weight loss interventions might be affected by the metabolic profile of adolescents with obesity. In this study, we hypothesize that the initial diagnosis of the MS, or its persistence after an intervention, will not reduce the efficacy of a 16-week multidisciplinary weight loss program. 92 adolescents (12-15 years; 62 girls) with o...
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Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary weight loss intervention on energy intake and appetite sensations in adolescents with obesity, depending on the initial diagnosis or persistence of the metabolic syndrome. Ninety-two adolescents with obesity (12-15 years) followed a 16-week multidisciplinary weight loss interve...