David Talbot

David Talbot
ENAP - École nationale d'administration publique | ENAP

PhD

About

37
Publications
10,946
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714
Citations

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
Organizational citizenship behaviors for the environment (OCBEs), which are based on individual, voluntary and informal initiatives, are increasingly considered as an essential ingredient of corporate greening. Drawing on the emerging literature on this issue, this paper explores the determinants and consequences of managers' OCBEs. A study of 304...
Article
This paper explores the justifications and impression management strategies which industrial companies use to rationalize their impact in the field of climate change. These strategies influence the perceptions of stakeholders through the use of techniques of neutralization intended to legitimize the impact of corporate operations in the area of cli...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to analyze the quality of climate information disclosed by companies and the impression management strategies they have developed to justify or conceal negative aspects of their performance. The study is based on a qualitative content analysis of the sustainability reports of 21 energy-sector companies that use the G...
Article
The biodiversity disclosure practices of sub‐national governments remain understudied and poorly understood. The present study investigates the biodiversity disclosure practices of the 101 public organizations in Québec, Canada. The study's purpose is to better understand the internal dynamics that may explain the various shortcomings observed in o...
Article
Expatriation for work presents various challenges before departure, during expatria-tion, and upon return to one's home country. These challenges are why learning to manage cultural differences is a vital skill for expatriate managers and professionals , and hiring managers. Cultural intelligence (CQ) has been the subject of much research over the...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines multinationals' (MNEs) sustainability practices focusing on the SDGs in developing countries through studying sustainability reports of multinationals from China (CMNEs) and developed countries (DMNEs). Findings show significant differences in MNEs' approaches to the SDGs. DMNEs prioritise education, health and poverty, wherea...
Article
The financial sector is essential to the stability of markets in times of crisis and during the pandemic, banks are called to contribute to society by easing access to credit or keeping rates low. This article explores Canadian banks’ responses to the pandemic assessing their products, services and stakeholders. Using crisis management and stakehol...
Article
The objective of this article is to analyze the neutralization techniques that organizations involved in the promotion and use of pesticides use in order to respond to the sustainability-related stigma they face. This study is based on a qualitative content analysis of 77 briefs submitted to a public hearing organized by the National Assembly of Qu...
Article
The objective of this study is to analyze the institutional logics underlying pesticide use and the resistance displayed by organizations in this sector against social pressures to reduce the use of these substances. This in‐depth study of a public hearing on pesticides set up by the National Assembly of Quebec (Canada) in 2019 shows the often very...
Article
While angel investment is a vital source of seed capital, evidence suggests that gendered ascriptions leave women at a disadvantage in terms of both the supply and demand for angel finance. With the bulk of research being skewed towards advanced economies, this paper investigates the motivations and implications behind a woman-to-woman angel fund i...
Article
The objective of this study is to investigate the interfirm comparability of climate performance disclosed in the sustainability reports produced by car manufacturers that have been criticized over the past few years. The in‐depth content analysis of the data disclosed by 17 car manufacturers over the period of 2014 to 2017, covering the five main...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes the main neutralization techniques used in car manufacturers’ sustainability reports to disclose on the Dieselgate scandal. We conduct a conventional qualitative content analysis of 72 sustainability reports, covering the period 2013-2017, from 15 car manufacturers that were accused of unethical behaviors related to the measur...
Article
Employee-driven pro-environmental innovations improve the performance of public organizations and contribute to social well-being. Nevertheless, the factors that impede the emergence of such innovations remain unclear. To shed light on why some employee-driven innovations succeed while others fail, 33 semi-structured interviews with public sector m...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the practices, challenges and ethical issues underlying the fabric and dissemination of corporate sustainability ratings. Design/methodology/approach Based on 36 semi-structured interviews with sustainability rating practitioners, the study shows the trade-offs, ethical judgments and customizable asp...
Article
Full-text available
Developing cultural diversity skills is a major ethical challenge for organizations operating within marginalized communities. This study defines cultural intelligence profiles us a two-step approach. In the first step, managers (n = 31) are invited to complete a Cultural Intelligence Quotient Assessment Test to identify and describe different mana...
Article
Since the early 2000s, short sea shipping (SSS) is often associated with significant social and environmental benefits. To encourage a modal shift, several nations around the world have developed public SSS policies. However, the policies’ effectiveness are increasingly being questioned in the public arena. Therefore, the current article’s primary...
Article
In this article, we propose a framework for a better understanding of the factors that can influence the implementation of sustainability management tools-that is, sustainable development policy and sustainability reporting-in small-and medium-sized enterprises. Using secondary data, we studied 431 micro-to mid-sized Canadian enterprises and found...
Article
Full-text available
The Canadian banking system is among the best in the world. Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, the world is challenged and banks are expected to rescue society. Businesses are revising, repurposing, and reinventing their products and services to address people’s needs. In this context, this article seeks to understand how Canada’s banks are supporting the...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to investigate the rigorousness and reliability of sustainability rating agencies' evaluation of corporate sustainability risks. Using grounded theory, this study conducts a qualitative analysis of 32 semi‐structured interviews with practitioners involved in this activity and shows the trade‐offs and rational myths un...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to analyze the impression management strategies that practitioners in the sustainability rating industry use to build confidence in the reliability of ratings and explain these ratings’ lack of convergence. Based on semi-structured interviews with 36 practitioners, this study sheds more light on the socially construct...
Article
Cet article développe une meilleure compréhension du comportement organisationnel des employés en montrant que la perception de la responsabilité sociale de l’entreprise (RSE) peut influencer les attitudes et les comportements des individus au travail, en particulier l’engagement envers l’organisation. Cette étude suggère que la justice déontique e...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable water resource management is a major challenge for mining companies. The objective of this article is to analyze the credibility of the information disclosed by companies in this sector as well as the strategies used to justify their water performance. To meet this objective, a qualitative content analysis of 58 Global Reporting Initiat...
Article
This paper explores the neutralization techniques used by Strateco, a junior uranium mining company, throughout the development of the Matoush project in Quebec, Canada. Based on a content analysis of the company's annual reports, official company press releases, and newspaper articles, this study identifies six techniques used by the company to ju...
Article
In 2013, Québec implemented a greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading system (QC ETS), despite opposition from industry, which feared loss of competitiveness and warned about job destruction. This article assesses the impact of that carbon regulation on industrial facilities in Québec. Conditional difference-in-differences ordinary least squares reg...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to explore, through a qualitative study of small regional airports, how sustainability issues are taken into account in remote small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Based on 42 semi-structured interviews conducted with managers of small regional Canadian airports and experts in this area, this study shows the qu...
Article
This article aims to evaluate the credibility of information disclosed by public organizations in terms of sustainable development. It focuses on an under-studied aspect in the sustainability reporting literature—namely, the factors that may affect the credibility of disclosure practices. The study is based on a qualitative analysis of the sustaina...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this longitudinal study is to analyze the intrinsic drivers and values underlying managers’ organizational citizenship behaviors for the environment (OCBEs) from a developmental psychology perspective based on measuring the stages of consciousness that shape the meaning-making systems of individuals. At time 1, the stages of consci...
Article
Au début des années 2000, le Gouvernement du Québec a négocié avec les acteurs du secteur de l’aluminium des ententes volontaires de réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre (GES). Pour les autorités gouvernementales, ces accords permettent généralement de pallier le vide institutionnel en la matière. Cependant les raisons qui motivent la pa...
Article
Full-text available
Organizational citizenship behaviors for the environment (OCBEs), which are based on individual, voluntary and informal initiatives, are increasingly considered as an essential ingredient of corporate greening. Drawing on the emerging literature on this issue, this paper explores the determinants and consequences of managers' OCBEs. A study of 304...
Article
In the public sphere and in the literature on climate strategies, the measurability of corporate GHG emissions tends to be taken for granted, and few empirical studies have examined the reliability of such data. The present case study, which was conducted among 10 Canadian companies considered as large final emitters and three auditing firms, focus...
Article
Full-text available
Organizational citizenship behaviors for the environment (OCBEs), which are based on individual , voluntary and informal initiatives, are increasingly considered as an essential ingredient of corporate greening. Drawing on the emerging literature on this issue, this paper explores the determinants and consequences of managers' OCBEs. A study of 304...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to propose an integrative framework for understanding the determinants of business strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the impact of these determinants on performance. The proposed structural equation model is based on a survey of 319 Canadian manufacturing firms. The study calls into question the traditionall...
Article
In Canada, the regulation of pesticides is a jurisdiction shared between federal, provincial and municipal governments. In Quebec, the sale of household insecticides increased by almost 600% between 1970 and 1990. The government adopted a code in April 2003 respecting pesticide management in urban environments. This article focuses on the factors t...
Article
In Canada, the regulation of pesticides is a jurisdiction shared between federal, provincial and municipal governments. In Quebec, the sale of household insecticides increased by almost 600% between 1970 and 1990. The government adopted a code in April 2003 respecting pesticide management in urban environments. This article focuses on the factors t...
Article
The objective of this article is to achieve a better understanding of the context and interplay of actors involved in the adoption of Quebec’s Regulation respecting the quality of drinking water. This adoption ranks Quebec among those governments of North America having the most stringent standards of quality and production control. As analytical f...

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