David Sparkman

David Sparkman
University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire | UWEC · College of Arts and Sciences

Doctor of Philosophy

About

14
Publications
2,902
Reads
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144
Citations
Introduction
David Sparkman currently works as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire. David does research in Social and Personality Psychology, particularly in the areas of diversity, prejudice, and intergroup relations.
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - present
University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
August 2013 - July 2018
University of Arkansas
Field of study
  • Psychology
September 2008 - December 2011
Eastern Michigan University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (14)
Article
Across two studies we test the prediction that multicultural experiences reduce intercultural prejudice by increasing Openness to Experience. In Study 1, frequency of self-reported multicultural experiences was associated with greater openness and less ethnic prejudice, and openness explained the relationship between multicultural experiences and e...
Article
This research investigates the role of ethnic perspective taking in explaining ideological differences in the expression of prejudice and endorsement of stereotypes. Two hundred sixty-four participants completed measures of political ideology, ethnic perspective taking, ethnic prejudice, and stereotype endorsement. As hypothesized, liberals were le...
Article
In 4 studies (N = 886), we investigate the effect of intergroup interconnectedness on political ideology and examine whether this is mediated through empathy. In Study 1, ingroup interconnectedness predicted approval and outgroup interconnectedness disapproval of the Trump administration's executive order on immigration, and empathy toward immigran...
Article
Full-text available
Taking a social identity approach to health behaviors, this research examines whether experimentally "activating" the human identity is an effective public-health strategy to curb the spread of COVID-19. Three goals of the research include examining: (1) whether the human identity can be situationally activated using an experimental manipulation, (...
Article
This research takes a maximally inclusive social identity approach to COVID-19 and examines whether the “bond” and “concern” factors of identification with humanity: (1) explain additional variance in health-related behaviors—above and beyond relevant covariates; (2) are uniquely associated with health-related behaviors; and (3) were more strongly...
Chapter
Openness to Experience is one of the five major dimensions of personality in the Big Five. Openness describes individuals who are intellectually curious, imaginative, creative, and enamored by aesthetic experiences. Openness is distinct from culture, intellect, and intelligence, and it has been measured according to two relatively distinct personal...
Article
The “cognitive miser” metaphor is a classic characterization of mental life wherein cognitive efficiency is favored over careful and reflective thinking. A presumed implication is that reliance on intuitive processing in the absence of reflective thinking should encourage stereotyping. However, research to date has not adequately tested whether pro...
Article
Prior research suggests two components of multicultural experiences—contact with cultural members and experiences with cultural elements—predict less prejudice via stronger identification with all humanity (IWAH). However, only one factor of IWAH (bond) was tested, and only United States samples were used. The present research examined both factors...
Article
This research investigates whether multicultural experiences (MCEs) (1) improve attitudes toward primary outgroups, (2) improve attitudes toward secondary outgroups (the "secondary transfer effect") - depending on the perceived similarity versus dissimilarity of the target group, and (3) affect ingroup reappraisal. The deprovincialization and attit...
Article
Full-text available
The present research investigates outcome‐based dissonance in the 2016 U.S. Presidential election, a context where a significant number of citizens had unfavorable opinions of both candidates. When one is faced with a choice between two unfavorable alternatives, the outcome will be the same (i.e., unfavorable) regardless of the choice. This dilemma...
Article
The present research examines the influence of personality on ideologies about diversity in society. In two studies (N = 668), we test whether Openness to Experience predicts beliefs in multiculturalism and colorblindness, and whether these relationships are mediated by perspective-taking tendencies. In Study 1, Openness positively predicted multic...
Article
This research investigated whether multicultural experiences impact identification with humanity within a broader prejudice-reduction framework. Results suggest two components of multicultural experiences—experiences with cultural elements and contact with cultural members—were negatively associated with ethnic (Study 1) and immigrant prejudice (St...
Article
Introduction: The Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) depression screener has been praised for its brevity and ability to identify depressed primary care patients. Additionally, it is often used as the first of a two-step screening process for suicide risk. Despite its decent performance as a depression screener, the PHQ-2 cannot be assumed to...
Article
In the present research, we take an individual difference approach and test two models examining relationships among epistemic motivation (Openness to Experience, need for cognitive closure), perspective taking, and prejudice toward low-status groups. We refer to these as the perspective-taking-explanation and epistemic-motivation-explanation model...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The main goal of the project is to analyze psychological predictors and consequences of broad supranational social identifications such as identification with all humanity (IWAH) in cross-cultural context. This research is conducted in cooperation between Institute of Psychology, Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland), Western Kentucky University (USA), the School of Business, Social Science and Humanities of Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Monterrey (Mexico) and University of Bedfordshire (UK).