David Sánchez-Fernández

David Sánchez-Fernández
University of Murcia | UM · Departamento de Ecología e Hidrología

About

164
Publications
44,192
Reads
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3,350
Citations
Citations since 2016
77 Research Items
2078 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Additional affiliations
October 2018 - present
University of Murcia
Position
  • PostDoc Position
December 2015 - October 2021
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2015 - September 2016
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (164)
Article
Ongoing global climate change presents serious challenges in conservation biology, forcing us to revisit previous tools and principles based on how species may respond to novel climatic conditions. There is currently a major gap between predictions of species vulnerability and management strategies, despite the fact that linking these areas is fund...
Article
Aim: The contrasting habitat permanence over geological time-scales of lotic and lentic habitats may impose different constraints on the dispersal ability of their macroinvertebrate populations, and ultimately on the degree of equilibrium with current climate. We aim to test for differences between species typical of either habitat type in their po...
Article
Considering how organisms adapt to stress is essential if we are to anticipate biological responses to global change in ecosystems. Communities in stressful environments can potentially be assembled by specialists (i.e. species that only occur in a limited range of environmental conditions) and/or generalist species with wider environmental toleran...
Article
The conservation of freshwater biodiversity is a global challenge for conservation biologists. The loss of freshwater biodiversity in the Mediterranean basin is particularly concerning given its biodiversity hotspot status and that its landscapes have been subject to anthropogenic modification and pressures for millennia. Most research on this regi...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main current environmental problems is the high rate of species extinctions associated with human activities. In a context of limited resources for biodiversity conservation, setting conservation priorities is therefore necessary. Hence, this study aims at prioritising the most interesting species and areas for the conservation of water...
Preprint
Full-text available
The conservation of biodiversity is a central imperative of the 21st century. Subterranean ecosystems deliver critical nature's contributions to people and harbour a broad diversity of poorly-understood specialized organisms that are of interest from both a conservation and evolutionary perspective. However, the subterranean biome is still systemat...
Article
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Subterranean ecosystems are among the most widespread environments on Earth, yet we still have poor knowledge of their biodiversity. To raise awareness of subterranean ecosystems, the essential services they provide, and their unique conservation challenges, 2021 and 2022 were designated International Years of Caves and Karst. As these ecosystems h...
Article
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The conservation of freshwater biodiversity is one of the main challenges for this century, especially in Mediterranean ecosystems. This study aims to improve the knowledge on the aquatic macroinvertebrates of the Sierra Espuña Regional Park, one of the protected spaces of higher interest in the Iberian southeast. Through field sampling and bibliog...
Article
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Farmland bird populations are declining worldwide as a consequence of agricultural intensifi-cation, and the loss of singular landscape elements has been suggested as one of the main drivers. This scenario of agroecosystem simplification is even more exacerbated in arid and semiarid regions, where traditional small waterbodies (SWB) are rapidly van...
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Conservation-planning approaches must be supported by a good understanding of the geographical distribution of species. Despite the efforts conducted so far to compile data on aquatic insects, the information on the distribution of water beetles in Morocco is scarce. In this study, we assess for the first time the degree of inventory quality of aqu...
Article
The climatic variability hypothesis predicts the evolution of species with wide thermal tolerance ranges in environments with variable temperatures, and the evolution of thermal specialists in thermally stable environments. In caves, the extent of spatial and temporal thermal variability experienced by taxa decreases with their degree of specializa...
Article
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Coping with aridity is a physiological challenge for all organisms, including freshwater ones. Aridity shapes distributions of aquatic species at fine and large geographical scales. Specifically, for aquatic beetles, the desiccation resistance of the adults is a potential constraint for the colonisation of arid regions. We assessed the congruence b...
Article
Brazil’s caves, home to diverse species and minerals, were stripped of protections by a recent presidential decree.
Article
• Evaluating data quality and inventory completeness must be a preliminary step in any biodiversity research, particularly in the case of insects and high biodiversity areas. Yet, this step is often neglected or, at best, assessed only for one insect group, and the degree of congruence of sampling effort ffor different insect groups remains unexplo...
Article
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Freshwater ecosystems are exposed to an increasing number of stressors, challenging their biomonitoring and management. Despite recent advances in multiple-stressor research, regional-scale assessments in areas with high freshwater biodiversity and increasing anthropogenic pressure are urgently needed. We reviewed 61 studies focused on freshwater i...
Article
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Rivers are dynamic ecosystems in which both human impacts and climate‐driven drying events are increasingly common. These anthropogenic and natural stressors interact to influence the biodiversity and functioning of river ecosystems. Disentangling ecological responses to these interacting stressors is necessary to guide management actions that supp...
Article
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1. Scientists are renewing their efforts to predict the impact of climate change on biodiversity. Subterranean environments represent ideal systems to study the effect of global change in species with poor dispersal capabilities. 2. We assess the vulnerability to climate change of the subterranean pseudoscorpion Neobisium (Blothrus) vasconicum vasc...
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The 15th UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (COP15) will be held in Kunming, China in October 2021. Historically, CBDs and other multilateral treaties have either alluded to or entirely overlooked the subterranean biome. A multilateral effort to robustly examine, monitor, and incorporate the subterranean biome into future conservation targ...
Article
Full-text available
The 15th UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (COP15) will be held in Kunming, China in October 2021. Historically, CBDs and other multilateral treaties have either alluded to or entirely overlooked the subterranean biome. A multilateral effort to robustly examine, monitor, and incorporate the subterranean biome into future conservation targ...
Article
Full-text available
• Human activities are an increasing threat to Neotropical freshwater ecosystems, with the potential extinction of thousands of aquatic species. Despite this, knowledge about the effectiveness of protected area networks in protecting aquatic insects in this biogeographical region is very limited. • Cuba supports the highest diversity of aquatic ins...
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1. The description of how biological information is compiled over time is essential to detect temporal biases in biodiversity data that could directly influence the utility, comparability, and reliability of ecological and biogeographical studies. 2. We explore trends in species recording over time using one of the most spatially and temporally com...
Book
Full-text available
Se presenta una lista actualizada de las especies exóticas que se encuentran en etapa de establecimiento o de propagación de la invasión en aguas continentales de la península ibérica. La lista está basada en la evaluación sistemática de los datos en colaboración con un amplio equipo de expertos de España y Portugal. Esta lista de actualización es...
Book
Full-text available
An updated list is presented of the alien species in the establishment or spread invasion stage in in-land waters at the Iberian Peninsula. The list is based on a systematic assessment of information in collaboration with a wide expert team from Spain and Portugal. This updated list is an important tool supporting the implementation of the IAS Regu...
Book
Full-text available
An updated list is presented of the alien species in the transport or introduction invasion stage in inland waters of the Iberian Peninsula. The list is based on a systematic assessment of information in collaboration with a wide expert team from Spain and Portugal. This list is an important tool to support the implementation of the IAS Regulation,...
Chapter
This study investigated the effect of the main physicochemical factors in structuring aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblages of three streams in northern Tunisia. Aquatic macroinvertebrate and water physicochemical surveys were carried out seasonally in 2013, at three pristine sites and three altered sites located, respectively, in the upstream and...
Article
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Much recent scientific, media and public attention has focussed on the evidence for and consequences of declines in insect biodiversity. Reliable, complete inventories can be used to estimate insect trends accurately, but incomplete data may distort assessments of biodiversity change. Thus, it is essential to understand the completeness of insect i...
Article
The European Natura 2000 (N2K) network of protected areas stands out as the main conservation strategy in the European Union to preserve biodiversity under the auspices of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The management of N2K sites is mainly focused on protecting the biological elements as Special Areas of Conservation for habitats or speci...
Article
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Since alien species may threaten native ecosystems when becoming invasive, one of the main challenges is try to predict their potential spread. Despite bees are essential pollinators and provide important ecosystem services in their native areas, outside these areas they could represent a risk for the local bee fauna, e.g. by competing for resource...
Presentation
Full-text available
GARCÍA-MESEGUER AJ, SÁNCHEZ-FERNÁNDEZ D, MILLÁN A, ESTEVE MA & ROBLEDANO F. Biogeography and conservation of terrestrial and aquatic molluscs in a semiarid Mediterranean region. XX Congress of Iberian Association of Limnology (AIL-2020) & III Iberoamerican Congress of Limnology (CIL-2020) (26-29 October 2020, Murcia, Spain): The aquatic ecosystems...
Article
Physiological traits are key in determining the vulnerability of narrow range, highly specialized animals to climate change. It is generally predicted that species from more stable environments possess lower thermal tolerance breadths and thermal plasticity than those from more variable habitats-the so-called 'climatic variability hypothesis'. Howe...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate assessments of species vulnerability to climate change need to consider the physiological capacity of organisms to deal with temperature changes and identify early signs of thermally induced stress. Oxidative stress biomarkers and acetylcholinesterase activity are useful proxies of stress at the cellular and nervous system level. Such resp...
Article
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In memoriam to Ignacio Ribera (1963-2020)L
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Land-use intensification (LUI) and biological invasions are two of the most important global change pressures driving biodiversity loss. However, their combined impacts on biological communities have been seldom explored, which may result in misleading ecological assessments or mitigation actions. Based on an extensive field survey of 445 paired in...
Article
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Abstract Cave‐dwelling ectotherms, which have evolved for millions of years under stable thermal conditions, could be expected to have adjusted their physiological limits to the narrow range of temperatures they experience and to be highly vulnerable to global warming. However, most of the few existing studies on thermal tolerance in subterranean i...
Article
Accurate assessments of species' vulnerability to climate change require integrated measurements of its different drivers, including extrinsic (the magnitude and rate of climate change) and intrinsic factors (organisms' sensitivity and adaptive capacity). According to these factors, aquatic insects restricted to alpine ponds may be especially threa...
Article
The Iberian Peninsula is one of the European regions with the highest number of endemic species. Therefore, it is imperative to identify species populations potentially affected by variations in ecosystem functioning. Since the emergence of data processed from satellites, the possibility of carrying out studies covering both a spatial and temporal...
Article
Full-text available
1. Climate change is expected to produce shifts in species distributions as well as behavioural, life-history, and/or morphological adaptations to find suitable conditions or cope with the altered environment. Most of our knowledge on this issue comes from studies on vertebrates, mainly endotherm species. However, it remains uncertain how small ect...
Article
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Resumen: En Cuba está registrada la mayor riqueza de especies de la familia Dytiscidae de las Antillas. Sin embargo, no existe ningún trabajo recopilatorio que permita la identificación a nivel específico. El objetivo de este estudio fue la confección de claves dicotómicas ilustradas para las especies en estado adulto de la familia Dytiscidae de Cu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cave-dwelling ectotherms, which have evolved for millions of years under stable thermal conditions, could be expected to have adjusted their physiological limits to the narrow range of temperatures they experience and be highly vulnerable to global warming. However, the few existing studies on thermal physiology in subterranean invertebrates point...
Article
The need to use surrogates of biodiversity is quite relevant in threatened habitats harboring high values of biodiversity, such as the Mediterranean aquatic ecosystems. In this study, we assess the performance of eight macroinvertebrate groups (Coleoptera, Heteroptera, Odonata, Trichoptera, Plecoptera, Ephemeroptera, Crustacea, and Mollusca) as sur...
Article
Under global change, the ion concentration of aquatic ecosystems is changing worldwide. Many freshwater ecosystems are being salinized by anthropogenic salt inputs, whereas many naturally saline ones are being diluted by agricultural drainages. This occurs concomitantly with changes in other stressors, which can result in additive, antagonistic or...
Article
Abiotic stress shapes how communities assemble and support ecological functions. However, it remains unclear whether artificially increasing or decreasing stress levels would lead to communities assembling predictably along a single axis of variation or along multiple context-dependent trajectories of change. In response to stress intensity alterat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the main challenges in disciplines such as ecology, biogeography, conservation and evolutionary biology is to understand and predict how species will respond to environmental changes, especially within a climate change context. We focus on the deep subterranean environment to minimize uncertainties in predictions, because it is one of the fe...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Predicting the patterns of range expansion of alien species is central to develop effective strategies for managing potential biological invasions. Here, we present a study on the potential distribution of the American cavity-nesting, Orthoptera-hunting and solitary wasp, Isodontia mexicana (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), which was first dete...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Thermal tolerance is a key vulnerability factor for species that cannot cope with changing conditions by behavioural adjustments or dispersal, such as subterranean species. Previous studies of thermal tolerance in cave beetles suggest that these species may have lost some of the thermoregulatory mechanisms common in temperate insects, and appear to...
Article
Biodiversity databases are typically incomplete and biased. We identify their three main limitations for characterizing the geographic distributions of species: unknown levels of survey effort, unknown absences of a species from a region, and unknown level of repeated occurrence of a species in different samples collected at the same location. Thes...
Article
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The risk of extinction of Eurylophella iberica Keffermuller and Da Terra 1978 (Ephemeroptera, Ephemerellidae) was assessed for the first time after taking into account recently published distributional data using a method specifically designed for aquatic insects. The results showed that the species can be considered "moderately vulnerable". We dis...
Article
Vulnerability of Dytiscidae species (Coleoptera) in Cuba. Cuba has one of the richest diving beetles species diversity in the Caribbean islands. However, Cuban Dytiscidae remain scarcely studied, and there is need to identify those species and habitats that urgently require effective conservation actions. Here we aim to identify the threatened taxa...
Article
Full-text available
Cuba has one of the richest diving beetles species diversity in the Caribbean islands. However, Cuban Dytiscidae remain scarcely studied, and there is need to identify those species and habitats that urgently require effective conservation actions. Here we aim to identify the threatened taxa of the family Dytiscidae in Cuba according to their degre...
Article
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RESUMEN: Este artículo presenta el proyecto de investigación CAVEheAT (cambio climático, nicho térmico y conservación de la biodiversidad subterránea). El objetivo del proyecto es estudiar el nicho térmico (rango de tolerancia térmica y capacidad de aclimatación) de especies (principalmente coleópteros) con diferentes grados de especialización al m...
Article
Full-text available
Eurylophella iberica Keffermüller and Da Terra, 1978 is an endemic insect species of the Iberian Peninsula whose distribution has been poorly studied to date with rather old and scattered records. Here we compiled all existing distribution records and add new records from recent sampling activities. We also used this updated distributional informat...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main challenges in ecology, biogeography and evolution is to understand and predict how species may respond to environmental changes. Here we focus on the deep subterranean environment, a system that minimizes most of the typical uncertainties of studies on epigean (surface) environments. Caves are relatively homogeneous habitats with ne...
Article
The Iberian Peninsula is a major European region of biodiversity, as it harbours more than 30% of European endemic species. Despite a number of studies having evaluated the ability of nature reserves to protect certain taxa, there is still a lack of knowledge on how Iberian endemic fauna are represented in these reserves. We detected biodiversity h...
Article
Species of the genus Meladema (Dytiscidae, Colymbetinae) are some of the largest macroinvertebrates in the western Palearctic region, being top predators in fishless streams. Two of the three described species, Meladema imbricata (Wollaston, 1871) and Meladema lanio (Fabricius, 1775) are Macaronesian endemics from the Canary Islands and Madeira, re...