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David B Rosengren

David B Rosengren

Ph.D.

About

37
Publications
2,607
Reads
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1,047
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2009 - present
Prevention Research Institute, Inc.
Position
  • Prevention Research Institute
June 1993 - December 2008
University of Washington Seattle
Position
  • Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute
January 1990 - May 1993
University of Washington Seattle
Position
  • Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Assessing the practical or clinical significance (CS) of an intervention program’s outcomes is useful in determining its effectiveness. The CS approach gives information beyond traditional analyses by quantifying the proportions of people who meaningfully improve and deteriorate. We link latent transition analyses (LTA) to the CS literature and use...
Article
Full-text available
Operating a motor vehicle under the influence of alcohol (OUI) is an international problem. In the United States, one intervention strategy is to require offenders to attend group-delivered interventions. We compared three year rearrest rates among 12,267 individuals in Maine receiving either a motivation-enhancing (ME) program, Prime For Life(®),...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The goal of measuring therapist adherence is to determine whether a therapist can perform a given treatment. Yet, the evaluation of therapist behaviors in most clinical trials is limited. Typically, randomized trials have few therapists and minimize therapist variability through training and supervision. Furthermore, therapist adherence...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is significant interest in the value of motivational approaches that enhance participant readiness to change, but less is known about clients’ self-reports of problematic behavior when participating in such interventions. Methods We examined whether participants in a motivationally-based intervention for DUI offenders changed thei...
Article
Full-text available
An increasingly robust debate is emerging about the role of equanimity, equipoise and equality of concepts in defining what constitutes motivational interviewing (MI) versus client-centered therapy. At the heart of this debate is whether a MI practitioner may remain neutral about a goal and still be practicing MI. After that point of agreement, the...
Article
Full-text available
An increasingly robust debate is emerging about the role of equanimity, equipoise and equality of concepts in defining what constitutes motivational interviewing (MI) versus client-centered therapy. At the heart of this debate is whether a MI practitioner may remain neutral about a goal and still be practicing MI. After that point of agreement, the...
Article
Full-text available
We compared a group-delivered, theory-based, motivation-enhancing program (PRIME For Life(®) - PFL, n=450) to an intervention as usual (IAU, n=72). Individuals convicted of a substance related offense in North Carolina, typically first offense alcohol and drug-impaired driving, participated in a PFL or IAU group. We compare the interventions on pro...
Article
Full-text available
Benefits of empirically supported interventions hinge on clinician skill, particularly for motivational interviewing (MI). Existing MI skill assessments are limited with respect to validity (e.g., self-report) and practicality (e.g., coding session tapes). To address these limitations, we developed and evaluated two versions of a web-based assessme...
Article
Full-text available
Proficient delivery of motivational interviewing (MI) is often determined by global rating of relational elements or cumulative tallies of technical elements. Yet limited empirical evidence exists to clarify how relational and technical elements are associated, or if rates of skill indices and their constituent technical elements vary within a clin...
Article
Few empirical studies are available to guide best practices for transferring evidenced-based treatments to community substance abuse providers. To maximize the learning and maintenance of new clinical skills, this study tested a context-tailored training (CTT) model, which used standardized patient actors in role-plays tailored to agency clinical c...
Article
Full-text available
The video assessment of simulated encounters-revised (VASE-R) is a video-based method, administered in individual or group settings, for assessing motivational interviewing (MI) skills. The 18-item instrument includes three video-based vignettes, in which actors portray substance abusers, with each vignette followed by questions that prompt examine...
Article
The authors developed and evaluated a group-administered method for measuring motivational interviewing (MI) skills. The video assessment of simulated encounters (VASE) consists of three videotaped vignettes of actors playing substance abusers. Each vignette is followed by eight questions asking examinees to generate written responses consistent wi...
Article
We evaluated a 2-day training workshop on motivational interviewing (MI) for addiction and mental health clinicians (n = 22). Clinicians completed the helpful responses questionnaire (HRQ) and taped interactions with a standardized patient (SP). Independent, blinded coders rated the tapes using the motivational interviewing skills code (MISC). Post...
Article
This study evaluated gender differences in baseline characteristics and treatment outcomes among 654 treatment seekers referred to state-funded drug treatment. Women were significantly less likely than men to enter treatment following referral, but not significantly less likely to complete treatment, once they entered. After adjustment for treatmen...
Article
This study of persons referred to publicly funded drug-free substance abuse treatment in Washington State compares 122 primary heroin users (those specifying heroin as a drug of choice) with 532 persons who preferred other substances. Information on treatment entry and completion was obtained through review of client charts at the referral agency....
Article
This study of persons referred to publicly funded drug-free substance abuse treatment in Washington State compares 122 primary heroin users (those specifying heroin as a drug of choice) with 532 persons who preferred other substances. Information on treatment entry and completion was obtained through review of client charts at the referral agency....
Article
To evaluate the effectiveness of a motivational intervention to reduce attrition from a waiting list for substance abusers seeking publicly funded treatment. Randomized clinical trial comparing an "attrition prevention" condition to standard care while awaiting treatment admission. A centralized substance abuse assessment and referral center in Sea...
Article
Aims. To evaluate the effectiveness of a motivational intervention to reduce attrition from a waiting list for substance abusers seeking publicly funded treatment. Design. Randomized clinical trial comparing an "attrition prevention" condition to standard care while awaiting treatment admission. Setting. A centralized substance abuse assessment and...
Article
The Reasons for Quitting Questionnaire (RFQ) as modified by McBride and colleagues (C. M. McBride et al., 1994) for use with substance users other than tobacco smokers, was administered to individuals approved for public-sector addiction treatment. Four motivation dimensions, similar to those found by McBride et al., were identified: self-concept i...
Article
The Reasons for Quitting Questionnaire (RFQ) as modified by McBride and colleagues (C. M. McBride et al., 1994) for use with substance users other than tobacco smokers, was administered to individuals approved for public-sector addiction treatment. Four motivation dimensions, similar to those found by McBride et al., were identified: self-concept i...
Article
To examine the effects of different follow-up rates on estimates of treatment outcome and predictive models thereof, and to specify participant characteristics associated with tracking difficulty. An observational study using data collected for a randomized, experimental design. The King County Assessment Center in Seattle, Washington, an organizat...
Article
Individuals approved for public-sector addiction treatment were interviewed regarding their reasons for attempting abstinence. Follow-up interviews were completed 3 to 6 months after participants' removal from county-controlled treatment wait-lists. Rates of continuous self-reported abstinence for 90 days preceding follow-up were positively associa...
Article
Aims. To examine the effects of different follow-up rates on estimates of treatment outcome and predictive models thereof, and to specify participant characteristics associated with tracking difficulty. Design. An observational study using data collected for a randomized, experimental design. Setting. The King County Assessment Center in Seattle, W...
Article
To determine pre-treatment abstinence rates among treatment seekers and identify factors associated with pre-treatment abstinence. To evaluate the association between pre-treatment abstinence and subsequent outcome. An observational study using data collected for a randomized, experimental design. Conducted with participants immediately after asses...
Article
The costs associated with formal substance abuse treatment in conjunction with relatively high rates of attrition and poor treatment outcomes have led to an increased focus on the processes and mechanisms involved in self-change strategies, help-seeking behavior, treatment entry, and treatment retention. The purpose of the present chapter is to d...
Article
Decision-making in selecting and recruiting subjects for treatment matching research is a complex process involving conceptual, methodological and practical considerations. In selecting clients, concerns arise about whether the criteria will produce a subject population that is (1) relevant to the dimensions associated with the treatment matching,...
Article
Typescript. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Montana, 1986. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 76-84).

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Evaluation of program resource usage following an initial training. Specifically, do people access an on-line, media-rich preparation resource after initial exposure?