David Reese

David Reese
Yale University | YU · Department of Anthropology

About

60
Publications
14,779
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,706
Citations

Publications

Publications (60)
Article
Nicolaou et al.’s (2020) recent article on pygmy hippos from Akrotiri Aetokremnos in Cyprus is a welcome addition to the literature. We have concerns, however, about how they reached their non-cultural interpretation of the site's fauna. At this controversial site, there is strong evidence indicating that humans were instrumental in the demise of t...
Article
Full-text available
Po-pu-re (porphyra) denotes the deep red/ purple colour delivered from sea shells extraction and processing of five species and conversion to dye has been practice in ancient world, especially in the Mediterranean Sea. Archaeological excavations have shown that murex was used in Greece and in other areas, such as Egypt, Israel, Turkey, Italy, Spain...
Chapter
Full-text available
In November 2014, three elephant tusk samples from Cyprus were sent to the Evolutionary Adaptive Genomics group at the University of Potsdam, Germany for genetic analyses. Two of the samples were from the 1968 excavation in Kouklia, and the third sample came from Hala Sultan Tekke. Here we report preliminary results on the recovery of a nearly comp...
Article
Cyprus, the largest Eastern Mediterranean island, hosted a highly impoverished endemic mammalian fauna during the Pleistocene to early Holocene times. This was a result of its extreme biogeographic isolation since its formation, which prevented the immigration of most terrestrial mammals, except for those with apparent sea channel crossing abilitie...
Article
Recent analysis of preserved fauna from the 1952-58 excavations at Lerna stored in Argos and Stockholm allows us to reexamine the fauna published in 1969 by the late Prof. Nils-Gustaf Gejvall as the first of the Lerna final reports. The first fauna reanalysis was on the Late Helladic II-III material and published in this journal in 2008. The presen...
Article
This paper concerns the shells from the 1969-74 excavations at Sarepta (Lebanon) under the direction of the late J.B. Pritchard (University of Pennsylvania). Most of the 500 marine shells, ranging in date from the LB I to Roman/Byzantine, are typical Mediterranean forms. Of special interest are three large accumulations of crushed Murex trunculus o...
Article
Full-text available
Recent analysis of preserved fauna from the 1952-58 excavations at Lerna stored in Argos and Stockholm allows us to reexamine the fauna published in 1969 by the late Prof. Nils-Gustaf Gejvall as the first of the Lerna final report volumes. The present detailed study combines the revised phasing, detailed context information, and fuller analysis of...
Article
This paper is on shells which originate in the Indo-Pacific marine province (Red Sea or other waters to the south and east) and are found at sites in the Mediterranean Basin and Europe over 250 km. from their source. The catalogue of over 160 sites yielding these shells ranges in date from the Upper Paleolithic to recent times. Sixteen sites which...
Article
Full-text available
Most of the fossil mammal sites on Cyprus, as well as on other Mediterranean islands, consist of large quantities of bones found in caves. Of 32 sites with Phanourios minutus and 21 with Elephas cypriotes on Cyprus, 19 were located in caves, two in rock-shelters, and 11 at open-air sites. Fifteen of them were littoral, four coastal, and 13 inland....
Article
Full-text available
During the Pleistocene pygmy elephantids, some only a quarter of their ancestors' size, were present on Mediterranean islands until about 10,000 years ago (y.a.). Using a new methodology for ancient DNA (aDNA) studies, the whole genomic multiple displacement amplification method, we were able to retrieve cytochrome b (cytb) DNA fragments from 4200...
Article
Excavations 30 years ago at sixth–fifth century BC Motya in western Sicily produced a unique assemblage of four Sperm whale vertebrae, crushed purple-dye shells, and stone tools. The whale vertebrae were the platforms for breaking the shells. Here I discuss recent sightings of Sperm whales in the Mediterranean, the archaeological evidence for whali...
Article
Full-text available
Two sites located on the northern Levantine coast, Uçağizli Cave (Turkey) and Ksar 'Akil (Lebanon) have yielded numerous marine shell beads in association with early Upper Paleolithic stone tools. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dates indicate ages between 39,000 and 41,000 radiocarbon years (roughly 41,000-43,000 calendar years) fo...
Article
Full-text available
All fossil terrestrial mammal sites on the island of Cyprus are dated from the Late Pleistocene period and consist almost exclusively of the remains of two terrestrial mammals, pygmy hippopotamus (Phanourios minutus) and pygmy elephant (Elephas cypriotes). Two theories exist on the arrival of these species on Cyprus. The first is that they arrived...
Article
e-mail: davidsreese@yahoo.com
Article
Full-text available
A Paleoindian campsite has been uncovered in stratified prehistoric deposits in Caverna da Pedra Pintada at Monte Alegre in the Brazilian Amazon. Fifty-six radiocarbon dates on carbonized plant remains and 13 luminescence dates on lithics and sediment indicate a late Pleistocene age contemporary with North American Paleoindians. Paintings, triangul...
Chapter
Shells recovered from the sites were principally used as ornaments as indicated by their relatively distant, mostly Red Sea sources and the large number that have been worked. Interest in ornamental shell appears to have been the greatest during the late Epipaleolithic. This finds expression not only in the greater density of shells in the deposits...
Article
Khirbet Karhasan was excavated by the British Archaeological Expedition to Iraq, as part of the Saddam Dam Salvage Project. The excavations brought to light a hoard of Middle Assyrian faience ornaments, which formed a coherent assemblage. Collections of similar ornaments are known from Assur and Nimrud where they have been variously interpreted as...
Article
RIFIUTI ALIMENTARI DI UNA RICCA FAMIGLIA CITTADINA NEL TARDO SECOLO QUATTORDICESIMO: RESTI FAUNISTICI E BOTANICI DAL PALAZZO VITELLESCHI, TARQUINIA (VITERBO) Gli scavi condotti dalla British School at Rome nel Palazzo Vitelleschi in Tarquinia hanno fornito una quantità considerevole di dati faunistici e botanici, molti dei quali relativi al “proto-...
Article
The lips of Phalium shells are known from a number of Near Eastern and Mediterranean archaeological sites. In the past these objects have been described as bone, tusk, or unspecified shell. The known examples are described, as are complete examples from graves and sanctuaries. Most of these lips can be seen as personal ornaments or offerings in gra...
Article
The 1963 excavation at Palaikastro-Kastri in eastern Crete produced about 150 marine shells. The species preserved are listed in Table 1, and their date and context in Table 2. Significant shells from the collection are compared with other Minoan examples in Part I. The shell evidence for purple-dye production at Palaikastro is studied along with t...
Article
Shells from the excavation of the West Court House at Knossos are analysed and compared with those from other Neolithic and Early Minoan sites. S006824540002044X_inline1 S006824540002044X_inline2 S006824540002044X_inline3 S006824540002044X_inline4
Article
Large, fresh-water shells (Aspatharia, Mutela) and fish (Clarias) that originated in the Nile River have been found on excavations mainly in Palestine but also in the Aegean, Cyprus, and North Africa beyond Egypt. The shells from prehistoric sites are seen as exotic imports, often burial or sanctuary offerings. They are often holed to make small co...
Article
In questo secondo rapporto sugli scavi della Schola Praeconum in Palatino, gli AA. presentano materiali da due contesti tardo-antichi: SP I, un riempimento datato al periodo 430–440 c. e SP II, un' altero riempimento probabilmente databile ai primi decenni del VII secoto. Dal contesto SP I si presenta i vetri, i bolli laterizi, i semi e gli insetti...
Article
Finds of the Mediterranean Cone Shell (Conus mediterraneus Hwass in Bruguière 1792 = ventricosus Gmelin) from Neolithic and Bronze Age Greece are listed, and their use discussed.
Article
Tomb XVIII in the Gypsades cemetery, south of the Knossos Palace, was excavated by Sinclair Hood, George Huxley, and Nancy Sandars in 1955 and published in 1959. ¹ The main chamber contained at least 9 burials. Only a handful of objects were found associated with these burials: a small bronze bead with the skull of Skeleton II, 4 small, plain vesse...
Article
La cosiddetta Schola Praeconum si trova nella parte nord-ovest del Palatino sovrastante il Circo Massimo. Un sondaggio, effettuato nel 1978, rivelò un massiccio riempimento databile, sulla base delle 38 monete identificate, al secondo quarto del V secolo d.C., forse tra il 430 e il 440 circa. Il riempimento conteneva un'enorme quantità di ceramiche...
Article
Full-text available
The marine and fresh-water shells from the Geometric Kebaran A to Late Natufian (ca. 13.000-10500 B.P.) site of Hayonim Terrace are analysed by species. All shells (mainly dentalia) were probably used as ornementals; none are food debris. The sample is compared with other pre-Bronze Age East Mediterranean shell collections.
Article
Since time immemorial attractive colours have held man's attention. Occasionally he has assigned to them symbolic significance, often as religious or status insignia. The various shades of reds and purples have been especially chosen; some see in them the colour of blood, the sun or fire. The presence of ochre and haematite in Palaeolithic burials...

Network

Cited By