David Raiser

David Raiser
Brigham and Women's Hospital | BWH · Division of Hematology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

42
Publications
1,031
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658
Citations
Citations since 2016
9 Research Items
440 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare hematopoietic disease characterized by a block in red cell differentiation. Most DBA cases are caused by mutations in ribosomal proteins and characterized by higher than normal activity of the tumor suppressor p53. Higher p53 activity is thought to contribute to DBA phenotypes by inducing apoptosis during red...
Article
Full-text available
Heterozygous inactivating mutations in ribosomal protein genes (RPGs) are associated with hematopoietic and developmental abnormalities, activation of p53, and altered risk of cancer in humans and model organisms. Here we performed a large-scale analysis of cancer genome data to examine the frequency and selective pressure of RPG lesions across hum...
Article
Ribosomal protein (RP) mutations are found in many diseases, including Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA), where defective erythropoiesis, craniofacial abnormalities and increased cancer risk are major complications. RP mutations are thought to cause p53 activation through accumulation of free RPs that bind and sequester MDM2, the negative regulator of...
Article
Ribosomal protein (RP) mutations are found in many diseases, including Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA), where defective erythropoiesis, craniofacial abnormalities and increased cancer risk are major complications. RP mutations cause p53 activation through accumulation of free RPs that bind and sequester MDM2, the negative regulator of p53. We previou...
Article
Ribosomopathies such as 5q- syndrome and Diamond-Blackfan anemia are broadly characterized by haploinsufficiency of one or more ribosome-associated proteins leading to an aberrant activation of the p53 pathway. The prevailing hypothesis for the mechanism of p53 stabilization and activation in the context of ribosomal protein haploinsufficiency sugg...
Article
Full-text available
Haploinsufficiency of ribosomal proteins (RPs) and upregulation of the tumour suppressor TP53 have been shown to be the common basis for the anaemia observed in Diamond Blackfan anaemia and 5q- myelodysplastic syndrome. We previously demonstrated that treatment with L-Leucine resulted in a marked improvement in anaemia in disease models. To determi...
Article
Abstract More than a decade has passed since the initial identification of ribosomal protein gene mutations in patients with Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), a hematologic disorder that became the founding member of a class of diseases known as ribosomopathies. In these diseases, genetic abnormalities that result in defective ribosome biogenesis caus...
Article
512 Ribosomal protein mutations are common in patients with Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA), who have red cell aplasia and craniofacial abnormalities, and rps14 deficiency has been linked to 5q- myelodysplastic syndrome. We have characterized a zebrafish mutant in rps29, a ribosomal protein in the small subunit. Rps29−/− embryos have hematopoietic an...
Article
3479 Diseases of ribosome dysfunction (ribosomopathies), such as Diamond-Blackfan anemia and 5q- syndrome, are caused by deficiencies in one or more ribosomal proteins (RPs) and are characterized by impaired erythropoiesis. The p53 pathway has been identified as a central player in the ribosomopathy disease phenotypes, but the precise mechanism by...
Article
Full-text available
NOTCH1 pathway activation contributes to the pathogenesis of over 60% of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). While Notch is thought to exert the majority of its effects through transcriptional activation of Myc, it also likely has independent roles in T-ALL malignancy. Here, we utilized a zebrafish transgenic model of T-ALL, where Notch do...
Article
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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains a major complication of prematurity resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. The pathology of BPD is multifactorial and leads to alveolar simplification and distal lung injury. Previous studies have shown a beneficial effect of systemic treatment with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (M...
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Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a neuroendocrine subtype of lung cancer that affects more than 200,000 people worldwide every year with a very high mortality rate. Here, we used a mouse genetics approach to characterize the cell of origin for SCLC; in this mouse model, tumors are initiated by the deletion of the Rb and p53 tumor suppressor gene...
Article
Full-text available
In two separate articles published in this issue, Teisanu et al. and McQualter et al. report the use of flow cytometry and cell sorting to identify putative bronchiolar stem cells that are low in expression for the cell surface marker Sca-1 yet negative for CD34, and a mesenchymal, fibroblastic progenitor cell population from the lung that is posit...
Article
Full-text available
Classic stem cell biology approaches tailored specifically with lung biology in mind are needed to bring the field of lung stem cell biology up to speed with that in other tissues. The infrequent cellular turnover, the diversity of cell types, and the necessity of daily cell function in this organ must be considered in stem cell studies. Previous w...

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