David R. Hodge

David R. Hodge
Arizona State University | ASU · School of Social Work

PhD - Washington University in St. Louis

About

229
Publications
254,144
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Introduction
David R. Hodge is a senior nonresident fellow at the University of Pennsylvania’s Program for Research on Religion and Urban Civil Society and Baylor University’s Institute for Studies of Religion. He is also a nonresident scholar at the Center for Spirituality, Theology and Health, in the Center for Aging at Duke University Medical Center, Duke University. His latest book is titled Spiritual Assessment in Social Work and Mental Health Practice by Columbia University Press.

Publications

Publications (229)
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This study examined the relationship between eight measures of religious involvement and five anxiety disorders among a nationally representative sample of African-Americans (N = 3403). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used to assess 12-month...
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Violations of religious freedom rights are accelerating across the globe, with levels of religious harassment reaching record levels. Yet, despite social work’s commitment to challenging religious discrimination and promoting human rights, little, if any, attention has focused on this issue in the profession’s literature. In keeping with calls from...
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Aim: To address the need and fill a knowledge gap in understanding challenges and coping strategies from the perspectives of nursing home leadership. Background: The rapid increase of older adults with dementia in China highlights the need for research on dementia care in long-term care facilities. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were cond...
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Despite numerous high-profile deaths of African Americans at the hands of law enforcement, little attention has been paid to the issue of police reform in the social work literature. To address this gap, this article focuses on a topic that has been singled out as the most important area of potential reform: restructuring the disciplinary provision...
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Purpose:This study sought to identify variation by gender in the associations between religious service attendance from adolescence to young adulthood and seven measures of lifetime and short-term substance use. Methods: To conduct this nationally representative study, data from the Add Health Surveys was abstracted from Waves I and IV (N = 3,223)...
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Spirituality is an important factor in the lives of many people in China. Yet, little information exits on how to address Chinese clients’ spiritual beliefs appropriately. This paper addresses this gap in the literature by articulating a roadmap for working with client spirituality in an ethical and professional manner. Rationales for administering...
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American Jews represent a culturally distinct community that is increasingly victimized by hate crimes and other antisemitic acts. To determine the degree to which social work practitioners are equipped to work with, and advocate for, members of the American Jewish community, this study analyzed 10 years of content appearing in nine discourse-shapi...
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This article documents a social work education model from an emerging collaboration among scholars in China, Aotearoa New Zealand, and the United States to adapt Western and Indigenous Māori theories and practices to the Chinese context. To advance this model, we map our process by 1) outlining the challenges in China and comparing them to those in...
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Recently, there has been an increasing interest in including spiritual assessments in child welfare settings with families and children. Studies suggest that most social workers and practitioners would benefit from more training on how to include their client's spiritual strengths into their practice, especially when dealing with specific cultural...
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Hate crimes against members of the Jewish community have increased dramatically over the past few years. According to federal data, the number of hate crimes directed at Jews now appears to exceed those directed at many, if not most, minority groups. Yet, despite the number of hate crimes aimed at Jews, little recent scholarship has considered the...
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This study examined the inclusion of content on spirituality and religion in leading social work journals. To accomplish this aim, the authors preformed a content analysis of 10 years of publication (2008 to 2017, inclusive) in nine discourse-shaping journals (Social Work, Social Work Research, Families in Society, Social Service Review, Child Welf...
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Objective: Publishing in highly ranked disciplinary journals plays a critical role in career advancement. Yet, the process through which journals are classified as top-tier is largely unexamined in the social work literature. To better understand the utility of various methods for determining journal quality, we compare three basic approaches to ra...
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Most individuals with mental health needs do not receive professional care. One strategy to narrow this service provision gap is task-shifting, a process where certain responsibilities are shifted to less specialized workers. Approximately 25% of those who seek mental health care turn to clergy. This study investigated the suitability of using cler...
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The study is to investigate psychological self-sufficiency—the force within someone that activates cognitive and non-cognitive process of shifting perceived barriers into hope actions—as it relates to economic self-sufficiency among jobseekers with mental health barriers. Among a sample of 2455 low-income jobseekers in job readiness programs at six...
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In recent years social work has increasingly focused on spirituality and religion as key elements of cultural competency. The Joint Commission—the nation's largest health care accrediting organization—as well as many other accrediting bodies require spiritual assessments in hospitals and many other mental health settings. Consequently, specific int...
Article
Young adulthood is a time of increased substance use. To better understand the effects of potential protective factors, this study explores the relationship between four types of religious service attendance during emerging adulthood and six measures of young adult substance use. Study data were abstracted from Waves I (T1) and IV (T2) of the Natio...
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The global refugee population has increased dramatically over the last decade, suggesting helping professionals will increasingly encounter refugees in diverse practice settings. Despite the central role spirituality plays in the lives of many refugees, the extant research suggests most practitioners have received minimal training in addressing thi...
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Purpose Including spirituality in the treatment of psychosis is controversial. To determine the effect of incorporating spirituality into treatment, we conducted a systematic review of spiritually informed interventions with persons with psychotic disorders (PPD). Methods A search of 15 electronic databases was conducted to identify randomized con...
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This study used a mixed method, convergent parallel design to identify the coping strategies—both general and spiritual—used by men who were internationally trafficked. A hybrid purposive/snowball sampling method was used to recruit participants. This procedure yielded a sample of twenty-one men who were trafficked into the United States from Asia...
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In light of some concerning trends regarding social service delivery, this paper syntheses the emerging literature on religious congregations. After government, congregations are the most prominent providers of social services in the United States. Because the long-term viability of government human services is threatened by growing deficits and es...
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Purpose The purpose of this study was to (1) evaluate the overall quality and prestige of all currently active disciplinary social work periodicals and (2) determine whether perceptions of quality among the top 10 journals varied by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and academic rank. Method To perform this cross-sectional study, we used a national sam...
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In light of the current global refugee crisis, social workers and other mental health professionals are increasingly likely to encounter refugees in various practice settings. For many refugees, receiving services is directly intersected by spiritual beliefs and practices in culturally unique ways. Research indicates that many, if not most, practit...
Article
The purpose of this study is to delineate the experiences and recommendations of internationally trafficked men—one of the most overlooked subgroups among survivors of human trafficking. To conduct this qualitative study, a hybrid purposive/snowball sampling strategy was used to recruit men (N = 21) who were trafficked into the USA. A post-positivi...
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Interest in the construct of grit has increased across disciplines due to its ability to predict success in a wide variety of settings. Grit is a particularly important construct among disadvantaged populations, who typically must overcome a disproportionate number of obstacles to reach their goals. This study develops and tests a model of grit amo...
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Social workers have an ethical duty to recognize and support each person’s spiritual identity and ameliorate diverse forms of religious bias. These ethnical mandates are increasingly salient in light of recent Federal Bureau of Investigation data indicating that Jews, Muslims, Christians, and other people of faith are frequent victims of hate crime...
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Objectives: This study examines the effects of frequency of visits, monetary, and in-kind support provided to older parents on the depressive symptoms of adult children. Method: This study drew secondary data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study Follow-up Questionnaire. A total of 629 older children aged 55 years and older ( M...
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The costs associated with mental disorders are substantial, yet treatment efficacy is still in its infancy. Drawing from key concepts in the philosophy of science literature, this paper argues that increasing spiritual diversity in social work discourse represents one important avenue to increase the effectiveness of mental health service provision...
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The importance of providing culturally competent services has been promoted in the social work profession. With the Latter-day Saints (LDS) Church being the fourth largest and one of the faster growing churches in the United States, it is important for social workers to have an evidence-based, working knowledge of how to help members of this religi...
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This study examines the relationship between eight dimensions of spirituality (and religion) and disability status. To conduct this cross-sectional examination, data from the general social survey is used. The results reveal unique spiritual profiles across the four types of disability status examined, although people with emotional or mental chall...
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Whole-person healthcare requires attention to more than the strictly medical aspects of care. Quality clinical care includes expert attention to all of a patient’s quality of life, including the biological, psychosocial, social, and spiritual domains, referred to in social work as the biopsychosocial spiritual domains of assessment that often inclu...
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In recent years, social work has increasingly focused on spirituality and religion as key elements of cultural competence. Consequently, specific strategies have been developed to provide the most appropriate interventions for religious clients. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) is the fourth largest and the fastest growing chur...
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Encouragement—or expressions of support designed to instill perseverance and hope in the face of challenging circumstances—is an important concept in the strengths perspective and a central feature of social work practice. Encouragement may be a particularly significant factor for Muslims living in post-9/11 America. Yet, little research has examin...
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Among older youth transitioning from the foster care system, this longitudinal study examined the association of religious and spiritual capital to substance use in the past year at age 19. Participants consisted of African American (N = 179) and White non-Hispanic (N = 133) older youth in foster care. Drawing from social capital theory, it was pos...
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As the profession’s interest in spirituality and religion has grown, new understandings of these two constructs have emerged. As in other areas of academic discourse, it is important to be informed about diverse understandings. Toward this end, the present article describes the emergence of the contemporary understanding of spirituality and religio...
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This study examines the relationship between encouragement and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among a sample of American Muslims, in tandem with the potential mediating effects of depression and spirituality. To conduct this cross-sectional study, a model was developed and tested using structural equation modeling (SEM) with a community sam...
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Hijab or veiling is commonly practiced by Muslim women but remains controversial in the broader secular society. Some Western feminists argue that veiling is an oppressive behavior that negatively affects women by, for example, engendering depression. This article tests this hypothesis with a national sample of American Muslim women (N = 194). The...
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American Muslims are frequently called offensive names. Yet, despite the pernicious effects of such derogatory language, a paucity of research has examined this phenomenon. This study set out to address this gap in the literature by determining which Muslims are most at risk to report being called disparaging names. Using a community sample of Musl...
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Objective Disseminating high-impact scholarship is a critical task for many social work academics. Although the factors that contribute to this process have been investigated in other disciplines, there is a paucity of equivalent research in social work. This longitudinal study addresses this gap in the literature by examining the effects of coauth...
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Objectives: This study examined the effect of acculturation and Chinese traditionalism on elder mistreatment (EM) among Chinese American older adults. Method: We used a mixed method design in this 2-phase cross-sectional exploratory study conducted in the Phoenix metropolitan area. In Phase I, we conducted four focus groups to develop a cultural...
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Background: The homeschool population continues to grow in size and now accounts for 3.4% of all students in the United States. Objective: Given the heterogeneous nature of the population, this study examines the relationship between different types of homeschoolers and a number of substance use related outcomes. Methods: To conduct this study...
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Various professional standards underscore the importance of providing effective services to all people, including those from diverse religious backgrounds. Yet despite these standards, studies have repeatedly found that most social workers receive little training in navigating this aspect of diversity during their graduate educations. To address th...
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The purpose of this paper is to assist social work doctoral students, practitioners, and faculty in the art and craft of creating and disseminating qualitative research in professional periodicals. Interest in qualitative research has increased significantly over the course of the past few decades in social work discourse. Despite the increased leg...
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This study examined two issues critical to the social work research enterprise: (i) trends in authorship within disciplinary social work journals and (ii) the relationship between the number of authors and article quality, as measured via dissemination in high-impact journals. Data for the study were collected from original articles (N = 33,330) ha...
Article
Objective The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the bibliometric contributions of high-impact social work faculty. Methods Toward this end, we used a sample comprising fellows ( N = 143) affiliated with the Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR) and the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare (AASWSW). To quantify...
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Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is one of the most widely used and effective therapeutic modalities. When utilized with devout Muslims, however, outcomes may be enhanced by modifying traditional CBT self-statements to reflect Islamic values. Toward this end, the values that inform the Western counseling project are discussed. Areas of differing...
Article
Objectives: This study identified the prevalence of depression and tested the influence of acculturation and family dynamics on depressive symptoms, among a community sample of older Chinese Americans. Method: Data came from a survey of 385 Chinese Americans aged 55 and older (M age = 72.4 years, SD = 8.7) living in a large metropolitan area in...
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Objective Scientometric studies of social work have stagnated due to problems with the organization and structure of the disciplinary literature. This study utilized data science to produce a set of research tools to overcome these methodological challenges. Method We constructed a comprehensive list of social work journals for a 25-year time peri...
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Depression is a widespread challenge that affects people in all cultures. Yet, despite the growth of the Muslim population in the United States, little research has been conducted on this topic with members of this cultural group. To address this gap in the literature, the present study examines the effect of discrimination and spirituality on depr...
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The promotion of subjective well-being or wellness is an important aim of both policy and practice. Yet, little research has examined wellness among Muslims, despite the growth in the Muslim population and the discrimination they can encounter in the West. To address this gap in the literature, a model of wellness was developed and tested using str...
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Despite the large and growing population of Muslims in the United States, a paucity of research exists on the variables that may impact health status among members of this distinct cultural group. We address the lack of research by identifying correlates of self-rated health among a community sample of Muslims in the United States (N = 269). We exa...
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Little research has been conducted with Muslims despite the growing size of this population in the United States. This study addresses this gap in the literature by examining the relationship between discrimination and two consequential health outcomes—depression and substance use—in tandem with the protective effects of spirituality on these two o...
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This study validates an existing spirituality measure-the intrinsic spirituality scale (ISS)-for use with Muslims in the United States. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted with a diverse sample of self-identified Muslims (N = 281). Validity and reliability were assessed along with criterion and concurrent validity. The measurement model fi...
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Conceptualizations play a central role in social work discourse, shaping actions in the areas of practice, research, and education. Although many formulations of spirituality and religion have been advanced by social work scholars, the views of members of the general public have been largely absent from the professional conversation. The present ar...
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Self-sufficiency (SS) is an important social welfare policy goal in the United States, yet little is known about the process that leads to SS. To address this gap in the literature, this study examined the relationship between spirituality, hope, and SS among a sample of low-income job seekers (N = 116). It was hypothesized that spirituality would...
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Spirituality is instrumental to health and wellness in many American Indian (AI) cultures. Although the Joint Commission requires spiritual assessments to identify and address clients' spiritual needs during hospitalization, little is known about the operationalization of this process for American Indians (AIs). To address this gap in the literatur...
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Cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) that has been modified to incorporate clients' spiritual beliefs and practices has been used to treat a variety of problems. This study examines the utility of this modality with the treatment of alcohol dependence and other forms of substance abuse. Toward this end, six focus groups (three therapist groups and th...
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Abstract Using a national sample of recently hospitalized older African Americans (N = 2,227), this study identified predictors of dissatisfaction with the manner in which clients' spiritual needs were addressed during hospitalization. Of eight major areas of service provision examined, three were significant predictors of dissatisfaction: nurses,...
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Hospitalization, with its attendant existential concerns, typically elicits spiritual needs. Although a direct effect exists between addressing patients' spiritual needs and their overall satisfaction with service provision, little is known about the pathways that account for this positive relationship. To address this gap in the literature, this s...
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Research suggests that African Americans are disproportionately likely to have their spiritual needs ignored in hospitals. To help address this disparity, the present study developed and tested a model for addressing the spiritual needs of hospitalized African Americans. Structural equation modeling was used with a sample of older African American...
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Few spiritual assessment approaches have been validated with Latter-Day Saints (LDS), in spite of the importance of religion to this culturally distinct population and its burgeoning growth. Drawing on the concept of social validity, this mixed-method study validates a qualitative spiritual assessment approach-spiritual eco-maps-using a geographica...
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This study used stress coping theory to examine the effects of spirituality and religion on depression among a sample of Latino family members caring for a person with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the United States. Participants consisted of 209 Latino caregivers (CGs) drawn from baseline data from the Resource for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregivers H...
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Human trafficking is a pressing social justice concern. Social work is uniquely situated to address this problem. However, despite the profession's commitment to social justice, the scholarship to equip social workers to address this issue has been largely absent from professional discourse. To address this gap, this article helps social work pract...
Conference Paper
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Background and Purpose: The use of spirituality among African Americans, and older African Americans in particular, to cope with stressful situations is almost universal. Yet, in spite of the importance of spirituality to African Americans, the extant research suggests that African Americans are less likely to be asked about their spiritual needs...
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A paucity of research has examined the relationship between addressing the spiritual needs of hospitalized Asians and their overall satisfaction with service provision. This study examined this relationship, in tandem with the effects of eight potential mediators, to develop a model of spiritual care for older hospitalized Asians. Structural equati...
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Little research has examined the relationship between addressing older adults' spiritual needs and overall satisfaction with service provision during hospitalization, despite the importance of spirituality and religion to most older adults. This study examined this relationship, in tandem with the effects of eight potential mediators. Toward this e...
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My work in the area of spirituality and religion builds on our profession's proud history of expanding diversity to include previously marginalized groups. Each iteration of diversity, however, has been met with critiques implicitly designed to affirm the status quo. In this article, I respond to criticisms that have been leveled against my attempt...
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Few people realize that the Latter-day Saints (LDS) or Mormon Church currently ranks as the fourth largest religious denomination in the United States. Although spirituality and religion play a central role in the beliefs, lifestyle, and culture, of many LDS clients, very few spiritual assessment tools have been validated with this population. Util...