David Pina López

David Pina López
University of Murcia | UM · Department of Psychiatry and Social Psychology

Doctor of Psychology
Researcher

About

104
Publications
4,186
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64
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Introduction
BSc in Psychology and MSc in General Health Psychology from the University of Murcia. I have obtained the final degree award for academic. Currently, I am linked to the Department of Social and Health Sciences of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Murcia through a FPU Predoctoral contract of the MEFP, collaborating continuously with three research groups: E043-04 Social Psychology, E063-01 Occupational Health and E008-06 Legal Medicine and Toxicology.

Publications

Publications (104)
Article
Full-text available
Background Some studies indicate that at least one in four cases of workplace violence occurs in the health sector, with a higher incidence in Emergency Departments, Mental Health Services or Primary Care. Unlike other professional groups, healthcare workers perceive this type of behavior mainly from users or patients. This is the reason why both t...
Article
School violence is currently a focus of social alarm that generates special interest in research, given its significant impact on the personal, social, school and family environments of children and adolescents. With regard to the prevention and intervention of this social phenomenon, the study of attitudes associated with violent behavior in the s...
Article
Full-text available
Background Workplace violence in healthcare settings has long been studied in scientific literature, particularly in the nursing profession. Research has explored mostly user violence probably for its high prevalence and impact on health and job satisfaction. Yet this focus may overshadow another dangerous type of workplace violence: coworker viole...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Background: School violence during adolescence has become a major issue worldwide. Both impulsiveness and adolescents’ attitudes toward violence will influence violent behavior against peers at school. Our objective is to study the influence of motor impulsiveness and attitudes on adolescents’ violent behavior at school, as well as to ass...
Article
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Introduction: Growing concern about workplace violence shows the need for an evaluation in specific contexts in order to identify the particularities of each professional group. The health sector consists of a group of professionals with high exposure to violence, specially from users. There are differences depending on the professional category or...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: There is evidence of increased psychopathology in university students and its relationship with unhealthy lifestyle habits. The objective of this work is to examine the prevalence and differences in psychopathological symptoms and lifestyle in a sample of university students according to educational levels and area of knowledge. A compara...
Poster
Full-text available
INTRODUCCIÓN: La Aporofobia o discriminación por estatus social o poder socioeconómico ha sido descrita en la bibliografía tanto a nivel teórico como a través de datos empíricos. Este tipo de conductas hostiles se dan tanto en la cultura de los adultos como en los centros escolares. La aporofobia como patología psicológica y social no ha sido estud...
Poster
Full-text available
INTRODUCCIÓN: La violencia escolar engloba conductas opresivas llevadas a cabo en el contexto educativo (Jimenez-Barbero et al., 2016). La mitad de los niños están expuestos a alguna forma de violencia escolar (Craig et al., 2009). Dentro de la violencia escolar intervienen múltiples factores, entre los que destacan los factores sociales (los medio...
Poster
Full-text available
Entendemos la violencia escolar como un conjunto de conductas de victimización, perpetración, lesiones físicas y/o psicológicas, que de acuerdo a la literatura puede manifestarse en conductas como la humillación, la exclusión social, el daño físico, la destrucción de propiedad, o la interrupción en el aula, entre otros (Furlong y Morrison, 2000; Mi...
Article
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Information received by patients about the severity of their condition, the types of tests to be performed, and average waiting times at services are factors that influence their degree of satisfaction and, therefore, possible anger and/or aggressiveness. The main objective here is to explore the relationships between waiting time, patients’ percei...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Workplace violence is a social problem of special interest in both intervention and research. Among the sectors that most perceive this type of violence, health care professionals stand out. The most common type of violence for this professional group is the one perpetrated by the users or patients themselves. It has been reported that...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Objective Both theoretical proposals and empirical work point to a common concurrence between attitudes toward school violence and violent behavior. Studies often address this issue superficially or within intervention programs. Our objective is to describe the results of a systematic review and to conduct a meta-analysis exploring these...
Article
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School climate is one of the main concerns in terms of research and intervention worldwide. Although it can be directed toward any student, some groups seem to be more vulnerable, as is the case of the LGBTQIA+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and intersex +) students, among others. Attitudes toward violence are a construct of particular...
Poster
INTRODUCCIÓN: La violencia de los usuarios hacia el personal sanitario y no sanitario de las instituciones sanitarias es un problema en aumento, encontrando una mayor incidencia entre los profesionales de enfermería (1). La importancia que se le ha otorgado deriva de las consecuencias que esta tiene tanto para la empresa como para el empleado, afec...
Poster
INTRODUCCIÓN: La violencia en el lugar de trabajo consiste en ciertos actos de agresión física y psicológica sufridos por los trabajadores que pueden poner en peligro su seguridad y salud. Dentro del sector sanitario, los servicios especiales como Urgencias y los profesionales de enfermería presentan las cifras de mayor incidencia. Se ha convertido...
Article
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Background: Workplace violence is a growing social problem among many professions, but it particularly affects the health sector. Studies have mainly focused on evaluating user violence toward health professionals, with less attention being paid to other sources of conflict, such as co-workers themselves. There are different manifestations of this...
Article
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In order to make a complete diagnosis of all the factors influencing whiplash associated disorders (WAD), the evidence suggests that the condition evaluation should follow an integrated biopsychosocial model. This perspective would offer a fuller view of it, recognizing the interplay between the medical, biomechanical, social, and psychological fac...
Article
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Violence of users towards health and non-health professionals in Hospital Emergency Services: descriptive-comparative cross-sectional study Background: Workplace violence is a public health problem that affects professionals in the hospital emergency services, being this environment where there is an intense interaction with users and / or relative...
Article
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Objective: Workplace violence is a public health problem that affects professionals in the hospital emergency services, being this environment where there is an intense interaction with users and / or relatives who require critical and / or special care. Given this, the aim of this study was to evaluate the exposure to user violence perceived by d...
Article
Background After the family, school is the most important system of interpersonal relationships and socialization for children. Acceptance or rejection in the peer group, as well as relationships with the models of authority represented by teachers and parents, have profound consequences on children's subsequent emotional and social development, de...
Poster
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La violencia contra la pareja (VCP) es un problema con un fuerte impacto en la sociedad que afecta a una tercera parte de la de la población mundial. Se caracteriza por la aparición de violencia física, psicológica, sexual y/o económica dañando la integridad de las víctimas. Los agresores presentan características psicopatológicas, delictivas y soc...
Poster
Full-text available
La violencia contra la pareja (VCP) es un problema de interés mundial que afecta a las propias mujeres como a los hijos de las parejas y al resto de familiares (Caetano, Vaeth y Ramisetty-Milker, 2008). Conocer los factores de riesgo que influyen en la aparición y el mantenimiento de este fenómeno es el objetivo de numerosas investigaciones. Los fa...
Article
Introduction The diagnosis of Whiplash Associated Disorders is subject to various criteria, some of a subjective nature, which impedes a high percentage of agreement among raters of the causal nexus. It is necessary to develop an evidence-based methodology to maximize the uniformity of this diagnosis. Our objective is to assess the interrater relia...
Article
School climate research has traditionally been carried out by separating its two main components, prosocial and antisocial behaviors. This is often a partial view of the school climate. Hence, the goal of this study is to develop an evaluation instrument (CONVIVE) that takes into account both perspectives of the school climate through a dual-strate...
Article
School violence is a social issue of particular interest both for intervention and research. Attitudes towards violence have been reported in the literature as relevant variables for evaluation, prevention, and intervention in this field. This study aims to examine in-depth attitudes toward school violence. The sample consists of 96 participants fr...
Article
The objective of this work is to evaluate the ability of a series of possible feigning indicators, extracted from relevant literature in the field, to discriminate between clinical patients with genuine symptomatology and instructed malingerers. A sample of 273 participants divided into two groups was used for this study: 153 whiplash associated di...
Article
The SIMS is used in the medico-legal context to assess people who have suffered a traffic accident without proven scientific evidence to support this procedure. The objective of this research is to evaluate the SIMS' ability to discriminate instructed malingerers, general population, patients who have suffered a traffic accident, and overreporting...
Poster
Full-text available
La violencia física en sus diferentes manifestaciones es un problema de gran preocupación en el entorno sanitario. En este ámbito se ha observado una elevada exposición a la violencia, encontrándose mayor prevalencia en enfermeros/as de salud mental. Debido a la gravedad de este fenómeno, es importante estudiar la presencia de este tipo de violenci...
Poster
Full-text available
INTRODUCCIÓN Estudios recientes afirman que la mayoría de los profesionales de centros de Salud Mental, Atención Primaria y Atención Hospitalaria sufren algún tipo de violencia laboral, especialmente los enfermeros/as del área de Salud Mental. También se han encontrado consecuencias negativas que tiene la violencia para los profesionales tanto a ni...
Poster
La violencia ocupacional es una situación habitual en el ámbito de riesgos laborales que afecta, sobre todo, al personal sanitario. En concreto, la violencia hacia los profesionales de enfermería está aumentando de manera global desde hace dos décadas, siendo más frecuente la violencia no física que la física. Realizar un registro de todos los inci...
Poster
Full-text available
INTRODUCCIÓN La violencia se ha convertido en un fenómeno de creciente preocupación social debido a su presencia en diversas áreas de la sociedad como el ámbito laboral. En los últimos años, la violencia por parte de usuarios en el lugar de trabajo en el sector de la salud ha crecido exponencialmente. Concretamente, la violencia física se da con ma...
Poster
Full-text available
INTRODUCCIÓN La violencia ha aumentado drásticamente en los últimos años, inclusive en denominada violencia ocupacional o laboral. Por este motivo, la investigación sobre este fenómeno está en auge, especialmente en el ámbito sanitario, donde son los profesionales no médicos y profesional de enfermería los más expuestos. A pesar de que la violencia...
Article
Introduction Behavioral problems in adolescents are one of the most common reasons for mental health care. Although some reviews support the effectiveness of group interventions, there is little work that demonstrates the efficacy and/or effectiveness of an integrative model similar to that of multifamily group therapy (MFT). Objective To compare...
Article
Background User violence toward health workers is a growing problem. Several studies report that it is increasing and there is also an increase in the number of complaints by these professionals. Within the health system, Mental Health services have been identified as a collective at special risk. Aims This study aims to examine in greater depth t...
Article
Introduction The diagnosis of Whiplash Associated Disorders is subject to various criteria, some of a subjective nature, which impedes a high percentage of agreement among raters of the causal nexus. It is necessary to develop an evidence-based methodology to maximize the uniformity of this diagnosis. Our objective is to assess the interrater relia...
Article
Full-text available
School coexistence/violence is often the subject of social alarm. There is no consensus on the prevalence of violent behavior in the classroom, but there does seem to be about its differences according to sex, socioeconomic level, or the importance of preventive interventions for its reduction. Models consider attitudes towards violence as an indic...