David Nicholas

David Nicholas
CIBER Research Ltd., Westwood Farm, Newbury, UK

PhD. DSc. MPhil.
Impact of COVID on scholarly communications and work life for international early career researchers

About

461
Publications
174,193
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
8,403
Citations
Introduction
Main interest is scholarly communications and reputation. Currently working on: a) Alfred P. Sloan Foundation funded two-year study on the pandemic-engendered challenges to ECRs’ scholarly careers, communication behaviours; b) Developing a scholarly communications research programme at the Oxford International Centre for Publishing. Member of Evaluation Committee, Spark funding scheme, the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) .
Additional affiliations
November 2020 - present
University of Tennessee
Position
  • Principal Investigator
Description
  • Co-PI on research project on the pandemic-engendered challenges to ECRs’ scholarly careers, communication behaviours and attitudes
February 2020 - January 2022
Oxford Brookes University
Position
  • Visiting Research Academic
April 2018 - April 2020
Tomsk State University
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (461)
Article
Full-text available
In a blogpost from this time last year, we introduced Harbingers-2, a longitudinal qualitative research project, which seeks to understand the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the early career researcher (ECR) community. One year on, halfway into the project, it seems appropriate to revisit the oft-heard 'horror' scenario: the predi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The study presents comparative qualitative findings from a longitudinal exploration of the impact of the pandemic on early career researchers (ECRs) from the sciences and social sciences. Using qualitative methodologies, it focuses on the increasing demands of remote teaching made on ECRs and the potentially negative effects these had on their rese...
Preprint
Full-text available
The study presents comparative qualitative findings from a longitudinal exploration of the impact of the pandemic on early career researchers (ECRs) from the sciences and social sciences. Using qualitative methodologies, it focuses on the increasing demands of remote teaching made on ECRs and the potentially negative effects these had on their rese...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: The aim is to investigate the attitudes and practices of Spanish Early Career Researchers (ECRs) towards open science. Their interest in sharing openly publications and data, in collaborating with other researchers and stakeholders, in disseminating their research and in looking for results’ impact is analyzed. The methodology is based...
Article
Full-text available
W artykule omówiono wyniki międzynarodowych badań nad komunikacją naukową prowadzonych w 2019 roku wśród naukowców na wczesnym etapie kariery. Szczególną uwagę poświęcono polskim respondentom, na co zabrakło miejsca w zbiorczych artykułach wieńczących międzynarodowy projekt Harbingers i opublikowanych w zagranicznych czasopismach. Polscy badacze z...
Article
Międzynarodowy zespół badaczy współpracujący z CIBER Research oraz University of Tennessee, przy wsparciu fundacji Alfreda P. Sloana, rozpoczyna w listopadzie 2020 roku realizację projektu badawczego Harbingers 2. Jest to kontynuacja zrealizowanego wcześniej projektu Harbingers, czyli wywiadów z naukowcami na wczesnym etapie kariery na temat ich po...
Article
Full-text available
The paper draws on evidence of predatory publishing obtained from the 4 year-long Harbingers research study of the changing scholarly communication attitudes and behaviour of early career researchers (ECRs). The project featured longitudinal interviews for its first 3 years with 116 ECRs researching science and social sciences who came from China,...
Article
Full-text available
In order to take account of the impact of the pandemic on the already changing scholarly communications and work-life of early career researchers (ECRs), the 4-year long Harbingers study was extended for another two years. As a precursor to the study (featuring interviews and a questionnaire survey), currently underway, an analytic review of the pe...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen. El estudio analiza las opiniones y prácticas de los investigadores españoles noveles (Early Career Researchers o ECRs) respecto a la coautoría y a la revisión por pares según datos obtenidos de una encuesta. Se observa que los ECRs contribuyen a todas las tareas de una investigación aunque no siempre se les reconozca suficientemente el mér...
Article
Full-text available
Discusses the challenges facing early career researchers as a result of the pandemic and outlines how a new longitudinal, qualitative study involving 160 Early Career Researchers (ECRs) from 8 countries will seek to understand how they fare over the next two years.
Article
Full-text available
The study investigates the attitudes and practices of Chinese early career researchers (ECRs) in regard to all scholarly aspects, providing the findings in the context of the academic assessment policies change in China over the last decade. The data were gathered by means of an online questionnaire survey, which obtained 263 Chinese ECRs' response...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores early career researchers’ (ECRs) appreciation and utilisation of open access (OA) publishing. The evidence reported here results from a questionnaire-based international survey with 1600 participants, which forms the second leg and final year of a four year long, mixed methods, longitudinal study that sought to discover whether...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores early career researchers’ (ECRs) appreciation and utilisation of open access (OA) publishing. The evidence reported here results from a questionnaire-based international survey with 1600 participants, which forms the second leg and final year of a four year long, mixed methods, longitudinal study that sought to discover whether...
Preprint
Full-text available
The paper draws on evidence of predatory publishing obtained from the 4 year-long Harbingers research study of the changing scholarly communication attitudes and behaviour of early career researchers (ECRs). The project featured longitudinal interviews for the first 3 years with 116 international ECRs researching science and social sciences who cam...
Article
Full-text available
Międzynarodowy zespół badaczy współpracujący z CIBER Research oraz University of Tennessee, przy wsparciu fundacji Alfreda P. Sloana, rozpoczyna w listopadzie 2020 roku realizację projektu badawczego Harbingers 2. Jest to kontynuacja zrealizowanego wcześniej projektu Harbingers, czyli wywiadów z naukowcami na wczesnym etapie kariery na temat ich po...
Article
Full-text available
The scientific communication habits and practices of the new wave of Spanish researchers are analyzed based on the results of an international survey (2019). The results obtained from 100 participants support those previously obtained from interviews conducted between 2016 and 2018 in Spain under the Harbingers Project, and show similarities to and...
Article
Full-text available
The paper compares the scholarly communication attitudes and practices of early career researchers (ECRs) in eight countries concerning discovery, reading, publishing, authorship, open access, and social media. The data are taken from the most recent investigation in the 4-year-long Harbingers project. A survey was undertaken to establish whether t...
Article
Full-text available
The study investigates the attitudes and practices of early career researchers (ECRs) in regard to citation-based metrics and altmetrics, providing the findings in the light of what might be expected of the millennial generation and in the context of what we already know about researchers in today’s ‘culture of counting’ governed scholarly world. T...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents an up‐to‐date portrayal of the greatly changed landscape of scholarly journal publishing and identifies the emerging trends characterising it. We consider the attributes, novelty, and disruptive potential of different models, which range from improvements to the extant model to attempts at reconfiguration and transformation. W...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes an international study informed by a 3-year-long qualitative longitudinal project, which sought to discover the scholarly communication attitudes and behaviour of early career researchers (ECRs). Using a combination of small-scale interviews and a larger-scale survey, ECRs were questioned on their searching and reading behavi...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports on the findings of an international online survey of early career researchers (ECRs) with regard to their authorship and peer review, attitudes , and practices, which sought to discover how the new wave of researchers were utilizing these key aspects of the scholarly communications system. A questionnaire was developed on the b...
Article
Full-text available
A study from the Harbingers research project provides a comprehensive assessment of the main features of the scholarly communications system as viewed by early career researchers (ECRs) in the final year of the study (2018). Aspects covered are: discovery and access, authorship practices, peer review, publishing strategies, open access publishing,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines changes in attitudes and behaviours of the new wave of researchers (early career researchers) regarding the academic library and its functions in seven countries around the world. It documents trends and establishes the direction in which things are heading. Data were collected from over 100 researchers from the sciences and soc...
Article
Full-text available
Reports on the findings on the open science attitudes and behaviours of early career researchers (ECRs) from the Harbingers research project, which sought to determine whether they are the agents of change when it comes to scholarly communications. Nearly 120 science and social science researchers from 7 countries were questioned, longitudinally ov...
Article
Full-text available
Presenting evidence from the Harbingers Study, a three-year longitudinal study of Early Career Researchers (ECRs), David Nicholas assesses the extent to which the new wave of researchers are driving changes in scholarly practices. Finding that innovative practices are often constrained by institutional structures and precarious employment, he sugge...
Article
Full-text available
Publication ethics are rarely taught. This paper presents research into the knowledge of scholarly publishing ethics among Malaysian early-career researchers (ECRs). This research comes from year two of a projected three-year-long study of ECRs from seven countries (China, France, Malaysia, Poland, Spain, the UK, and the US), for which semi-structu...
Article
Full-text available
Three years ago, the Publishing Research Consortium (PRC) commissioned a highly ambitious, international study, the like of which has not been seen in the scholarly communications field. More than a hundred science and social science early career researchers (ECRs) from seven countries were depth-interviewed annually for three-years (2016-2018) in...
Article
Full-text available
The situation of Spanish early career researchers is investigated based on the results obtained from the international project: Early career researchers: The harbingers of change? The project sought to discover their habits in scientific communication, what role Science 2.0 plays in their behaviour and to what extent the indicators of evaluation of...
Article
This article provides the final results of a 3‐year study that sought to discover whether early career researchers (ECRs) were the harbingers of change with respect to scholarly communications. Over a hundred science and social science ECRs from seven countries, spanning three continents, were depth‐interviewed annually for 3 years (2016–2018) abou...
Article
Full-text available
How do early career researchers (ECRs) use Sci-Hub and why? In this post David Nicholas assesses early career researcher attitudes towards the journal pirating site, finding a strong preference for Sci-Hub amongst French ECRs. He raises the question, will Sci-Hub prove the ultimate disruptor and bring down the existing status quo in scholarly commu...
Article
Full-text available
Seeking to understand how today’s scholars may, indeed should go about building, maintaining and showcasing their professional reputation, the literature review presented here explores the reputational opportunities available to them in the increasingly open-values based, digital and networked environment of Science 2.0. Using a conceptual framewor...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents the early findings from the first two years of the Harbingers research project , a 3-year-long study of early career researchers (ECRs), the new wave of researchers, which sought to ascertain their current and changing habits with regard to scholarly communications. The study recruited a convenience sample of 116 researchers from...
Article
Представляется исследование, цель которого понять, как сегодня ученые могут, и на самом деле должны подходить к созданию, сохранению и распространению своей профессиональной репутации. Предлагаемый здесь обзор литературы анализирует доступные ученым репутационные возможности, имеющиеся во все больше расширяющейся, основанной на ценностях, цифровой...
Article
Full-text available
A three year research study of early career researchers (Harbingers study) recently completed provides solid evidence that commentators are right to think that ECRs could be disadvantaged by Plan S.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Three years ago, the Publishing Research Consortium (PRC) commissioned a highly ambitious, international study, the like of which has not been seen in the scholarly communications field. More than a hundred science and social science early career researchers (ECRs) from seven countries were depth-interviewed annually for three-years (2016-2018) in...
Article
Full-text available
The Harbinger project was a 3-year-long international study of the changing attitudes and behaviours of early career researchers (ECRs). One of the aims of the project was to discover if ECRs were adopting disrupting platforms that, legitimately or illegitimately, promote openness and sharing. It has been alleged that such an adoption appeals to th...
Presentation
Full-text available
Breaking research findings from the final year of the Harbinger project
Article
Full-text available
Early-career researchers—that is, those without tenure and typically in their 20s and 30s—make up the largest group of researchers in most countries and universities. They are the fuel that powers the world’s research projects. They are tomorrow’s Nobel prizewinners. They were born digital, and bring with them the millennials’ belief in openness, s...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this article is twofold: a) to describe and compare methods of early career researcher (ECR) assessment/appraisal; b) to explain how ECRs build, showcase, and monitor their reputation in an era of novel developments in scholarly communications. In all, 116 ECRs from China, France, Malaysia, Poland, Spain, the UK, and the US were ques...
Article
Full-text available
The younger generation sees a collaborative system as key to discovery and advancement, a three-year tracking project reveals. See https://www.natureindex.com/news-blog/early-career-researchers-herald-change
Technical Report
Full-text available
Early career researchers and whether they will be the harbingers of change in respect to scholarly communication behaviour.
Article
Full-text available
An Electronic Medical Record (EMR) is a patient's database record that can be transmitted securely. There are a diversity of EMR systems for different medical units to choose from. The structure and value of these systems is the focus of this qualitative study, from a medical professional's standpoint, as well as its economic value and whether it s...
Article
Cambridge Core - General - Is Digital Different? - edited by Michael Moss
Article
User Studies for Digital Library Development - edited by Milena Dobreva June 2012
Article
Cambridge Core - General - Digital Consumers - edited by David Nicholas
Article
Key points • Early career researchers (ECRs) consider journals the central form of communication – but are concerned about pressure to publish. • ECRs want to share but currently accept the closed publishing system because of the need to build a traditional reputation. • ECRs know – and appear to care – little about publishers but trust them as pu...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents research into the scholarly communication attitudes and behaviours of Chinese early-career researchers (ECRs). This research comes from year two of a projected three-year-long study of ECRs from seven countries (China, France, Malaysia, Poland, Spain, the UK, and the US), for which semi-structured in-depth interviews were conduc...
Article
Full-text available
Provides and explanation of why scholarly communications is of such great interest and outlines the future areas to be covered by the series. https://academic.oup.com/femsle/article/365/5/fnx272/4857237
Presentation
Full-text available
Partial results of first and second year of the research project: Early Career Researchers: the Harbingers of Change? Head of project: David Nicholas, CIBER Ltd.
Presentation
Full-text available
Changing face of scholarly communication behaviour as exhibited by early career researchers. Year 2 results from a three-year longitudinal study
Article
Full-text available
The study is a follow up of CIBER's exploratory research on Trust and Authority in Scholarly Communications conducted in 2012-2013, investigating Malaysia, a country currently on the 'periphery' of the scholarly endeavor and comparing with China, now stands 2 nd globally to the USA in terms of scientific output. Over 500 Malaysian researchers were...
Article
Full-text available
Abstrakt Cel/Teza: W artykule omówiono wybrane wyniki międzynarodowego projektu badawczego "Harbingers", których celem jest prognoza zmian w komunikacji naukowej na podstawie analizy postaw i zachowań współczesnych młodych pracowników naukowych. Uwagę skupiono w szczególności na wynikach uzyskanych w badaniach przeprowadzonych na grupie polskich re...
Article
Full-text available
For scholarly publishers, the social networking platform ResearchGate is a double-edged sword. On the one hand, when researchers post papers on the site journals’ brands are promoted and articles are used more widely. On the other hand, there is a potential loss in revenue and subscriptions if that sharing goes on outside publishers’ walls. As if t...
Article
CEL/TEZA: W artykule omówiono wybrane wyniki międzynarodowego projektu badawczego „Harbingers”, których celem jest prognoza zmian w komunikacji naukowej na podstawie analizy postaw i zachowań współczesnych młodych pracowników naukowych. Uwagę skupiono w szczególności na wynikach uzyskanych w badaniach przeprowadzonych na grupie polskich respondentó...