David LK Murphy

David LK Murphy
Duke University Medical Center | DUMC · Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science

PhD

About

28
Publications
3,201
Reads
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822
Citations
Citations since 2017
16 Research Items
556 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Additional affiliations
April 2021 - January 2022
Duke University Medical Center
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Working on the development and application of novel TMS technologies with the Brain Stimulation Engineering Lab at Duke University Medical Center.
November 2010 - June 2016
Duke University Medical Center
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
August 2015 - December 2020
Duke University
Field of study
  • Psychology and Neuroscience -- Coginitive Neuroscience
August 2005 - June 2006
Columbia University
Field of study
  • Applied Physics and Mathematics (Plasma Physics)
August 1998 - June 2003
Swarthmore College
Field of study
  • Engineering

Publications

Publications (28)
Preprint
Eye movements alter the relationship between the visual and auditory spatial scenes. Signals related to eye movements affect neural pathways from the ear through auditory cortex and beyond, but how these signals contribute to computing the locations of sounds with respect to the visual scene is poorly understood. Here, we evaluated the information...
Article
TMS has become a powerful tool to explore cortical function, and in parallel has proven promising in the development of therapies for various psychiatric and neurological disorders. Unfortunately, much of the inference of the direct effects of TMS has been assumed to be limited to the area a few centimeters beneath the scalp, though clearly more di...
Preprint
Full-text available
Eye movements alter the relationship between the visual and auditory spatial scenes. Signals related to eye movements affect the brain's auditory pathways from the ear through auditory cortex and beyond, but how these signals might contribute to computing the locations of sounds with respect to the visual scene is poorly understood. Here, we evalua...
Article
This paper presents proof-of-concept of a novel photovoltaic (PV) inverter with integrated short-term storage, based on the modular cascaded double H-bridge (CHB²) topology, and a new look-up table control approach. This topology combines and extends the advantages of various distributed converter concepts, such as string inverters, microinverters,...
Article
Objective: Robotic positioning systems for transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) promise improved accuracy and stability of coil placement, but there is limited data on their performance. Investigate the usability, accuracy, and limitations of robotic coil placement with a commercial system, ANT Neuro, in a TMS study. Approach: 21 subjects under...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: Robotic positioning systems for transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) promise improved accuracy and stability of coil placement, but there is limited data on their performance. This text investigates the usability, accuracy, and limitations of robotic coil placement with a commercial system, ANT Neuro, in a TMS study. Approach: 21 subj...
Article
Full-text available
Brain stimulation technologies have seen increasing application in basic science investigations, specifically toward the goal of improving memory function. However, proposals concerning the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive enhancement often rely on simplified notions of excitation. As a result, most applications examining the effects of trans...
Preprint
Brain stimulation technologies have seen increasing application in basic science investigations, specifically towards the goal of improving memory functioning. However, proposals concerning the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive enhancement often rely on simplified notions of excitation and, most applications examining the effects of transcrani...
Article
Full-text available
Interactions between sensory pathways such as the visual and auditory systems are known to occur in the brain, but where they first occur is uncertain. Here, we show a novel multimodal interaction evident at the eardrum. Ear canal microphone measurements in humans (n = 19 ears in 16 subjects) and monkeys (n = 5 ears in 3 subjects) performing a sacc...
Article
Full-text available
Interactions between sensory pathways such as the visual and auditory systems are known to occur in the brain, but where they first occur is uncertain. Here, we show a multimodal interaction evident at the eardrum. Ear canal microphone measurements in humans (n = 19 ears in 16 subjects) and monkeys (n = 5 ears in three subjects) performing a saccad...
Preprint
Interactions between sensory pathways such as the visual and auditory systems are known to occur in the brain, but where they first occur is uncertain. Here we show a novel multimodal interaction evident at the eardrum. Ear canal microphone measurements in humans ( n =19 ears in 16 subjects) and monkeys ( n =5 ears in 3 subjects) performing a sacca...
Article
A growing literature has focused on the brain's ability to augment processing in local regions by recruiting distant communities of neurons in response to neural decline or insult. In particular, both younger and older adult populations recruit bilateral prefrontal cortex (PFC) as a means of compensating for increasing neural effort to maintain suc...
Preprint
A growing literature has focused on the brain’s ability to augment processing in local regions by recruiting distant communities of neurons in response to neural decline or insult. In particular, both younger and older adult populations recruit bilateral prefrontal cortex (PFC) as a means of compensating for increasing neural effort to maintain suc...
Article
Background: Intensive bimanual therapy can improve hand function in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). We compared the effects of structured bimanual skill training versus unstructured bimanual practice on motor outcomes and motor map plasticity in children with USCP. Objective: We hypothesized that structured skill training...
Conference Paper
A significant limitation of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is that the magnetic pulse delivery is associated with a loud clicking sound as high as 140 dB resulting from electromagnetic forces. The loud noise significantly impedes both basic research and clinical applications of TMS. It effectively makes TMS less focal since every click act...
Article
Objective: This work aims at flexible and practical pulse parameter control in transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), which is currently very limited in commercial devices. Approach: We present a third generation controllable pulse parameter device (cTMS3) that uses a novel circuit topology with two energy-storage capacitors. It incorporates s...
Article
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is widely used for noninvasive activation of neurons in the brain for research and clinical applications. The strong, brief magnetic pulse generated in TMS is associated with a loud (>100 dB) clicking sound that can impair hearing and that activates auditory circuits in the brain. We introduce a two-pronged s...
Conference Paper
Commercially available transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) devices provide very limited control over the pulse parameters. We present a third generation controllable pulse parameter device (cTMS3) that uses a novel full-bridge circuit topology with two energy storage capacitors and incorporates a number of implementation and functionality advan...
Article
Introduction Commercially available transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) devices induce electric field (E-field) pulses with damped cosine shape and provide very limited control over the pulse parameters. Furthermore, conventional TMS devices consisting of a single power stage cannot produce rapid bursts (<10 ms inter pulse interval) with equal...
Article
Full-text available
This study tested whether mothers with interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD) vs healthy controls (HC) would show greater limbic and less frontocortical activity when viewing young children during separation compared to quiet play. Mothers of 20 children (12–42 months) participated: 11 IPV-PTSD mothers and 9 HC with...
Article
The characteristics of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) pulses influence the physiological effect of TMS. However, available TMS devices allow very limited adjustment of the pulse parameters. We describe a novel TMS device that uses a circuit topology incorporating two energy storage capacitors and two insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT...
Article
We describe a novel transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) device that uses a circuit topology incorporating two energy-storage capacitors and two insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) to generate near-rectangular electric field E-field) pulses with adjustable number, polarity, duration, and amplitude of the pulse phases. This controllable-pu...
Article
Full-text available
Disturbances in neural systems that mediate voluntary self-regulatory processes may contribute to bulimia nervosa (BN) by releasing feeding behaviors from regulatory control. To study the functional activity in neural circuits that subserve self-regulatory control in women with BN. We compared functional magnetic resonance imaging blood oxygenation...

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