David Moratal

David Moratal
Universitat Politècnica de València | UPV · Department of Electronic Engineering

Professor

About

258
Publications
33,874
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3,419
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2008 - present
Universitat Politècnica de València
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (258)
Article
The correct assessment and characterization of heart anatomy and functionality is usually done through inspection of magnetic resonance image cine sequences. In the clinical setting it is especially important to determine the state of the left ventricle. This requires the measurement of its volume in the end-diastolic and end-systolic frames within...
Article
Full-text available
Wireless electrophysiology opens important possibilities for neuroscience, especially for recording brain activity in more natural contexts, where exploration and interaction are not restricted by the usual tethered devices. The limiting factor is transmission power and, by extension, battery life required for acquiring large amounts of neural elec...
Article
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) causes complex alterations in the brain that are poorly understood. The heterogeneity of drinking patterns and the high incidence of comorbid factors compromise mechanistic investigations in AUD patients. Here we used male Marchigian Sardinian alcohol-preferring (msP) rats, a well established animal model of chronic alcoh...
Article
Background: Stress cardiac MRI permits comprehensive evaluation of patients with known or suspected chronic coronary syndromes (CCS). The impact of sex on the use of invasive cardiac angiography (ICA) after vasodilator stress cardiac MRI is unclear. Purpose: To evaluate the impact of sex on ICA use after vasodilator stress cardiac MRI. Study ty...
Article
The cover image is based on the Original Article Increased network centrality of the anterior insula in early abstinence from alcohol by Cecile Bordier et al., https://doi.org/10.1111/adb.13096.
Article
Full-text available
In acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) may underestimate segmental functional recovery. We evaluated the predictive value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) feature-tracking (FT) for functional recovery and whether it incremented the value of LGE compared to low-dose dobutamine stress echocard...
Article
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Background Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) performed early after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) can improve major adverse cardiac event (MACE) risk prediction. We aimed to create a simple clinical-CMR risk score for early MACE risk stratification in STEMI patients. Methods We performed a multicenter prospective registry of rep...
Conference Paper
Primary Live Cancer (PLC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and its occurrence predominates in patients with chronic liver diseases and other risk factors like hepatitis B and C. Treatment of PLC and malignant liver tumors depend both in tumor characteristics and the functional status of the organ, thus must be individualized for each patie...
Conference Paper
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a pain disorder that can be triggered by injuries or surgery affecting most often limbs. Its multifaceted pathophysiology makes its diagnosis and treatment a challenging work. To reduce pain, patients diagnosed with CRPS commonly undergo sympathetic blocks which involves the injection of a local anesthetic d...
Article
Aims: The role of revascularization in chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) and the value of ischaemia vs. anatomy to guide decision-making are in constant debate. We explored the potential of a combined assessment of ischaemic burden by vasodilator stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and presence of multivessel disease by angiography to pre...
Article
Full-text available
Abnormal resting-state functional connectivity, as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has been reported in alcohol use disorders (AUD), but findings are so far inconsistent. Here, we exploited recent developments in graph-theoretical analyses, enabling improved resolution and fine-grained representation of brain networks, to i...
Article
Background and Objective : Magnetic resonance imaging is the most reliable imaging technique to assess the heart. More specifically there is great importance in the analysis of the left ventricle, as the main pathologies directly affect this region. In order to characterize the left ventricle, it is necessary to extract its volume. In this work we...
Article
Full-text available
The reference diagnostic test of fibrosis, steatosis, and hepatic iron overload is liver biopsy, a clear invasive procedure. The main objective of this work was to propose HSA, or human serum albumin, as a biomarker for the assessment of fibrosis and to study non-invasive biomarkers for the assessment of steatosis and hepatic iron overload by means...
Article
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Background Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most accurate imaging technique for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) quantification, but as yet the prognostic value of LVEF assessment at any time after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) for subsequent major adverse cardiac event (MACE) prediction is uncertain. Purpose T...
Article
Full-text available
Lumbar sympathetic blocks (LSBs) are commonly performed to treat pain ailments in the lower limbs. LSBs involve injecting local anesthetic around the nerves. The injection is guided by fluoroscopy which is sometimes considered to be insufficiently accurate. The main aim was to analyze the plantar foot skin temperature data acquired while performing...
Article
Background The mechanisms explaining the clinical benefits of ferric carboximaltose (FCM) in patients with heart failure, reduced or intermediate left ventricular ejection fraction, and iron deficiency remain not fully clarified. The Myocardial‐IRON trial showed short‐term cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) changes suggesting myocardial iron repletio...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: In ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, longitudinal strain (LS) in remote non-infarcted myocardium (RNM) has not yet been characterized by tissue tracking (TT) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). In STEMI patients, we aimed to characterize RNM-LS by TT-CMR and to assess both its dynamics and its structural an...
Article
Background Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) permits robust risk stratification of discharged ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction patients, but its indiscriminate use in all cases is not feasible. We evaluated the utility of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by echocardiography for a selective use of CMR after ST-segment–elevation myo...
Article
Background Quantification of regional myocardial function allows risk stratification in heart disease. CMR tagging (TAG) enables the evaluation of segmental cardiac deformation, but it has not reached clinical routine due to the long acquisition and post-processing times. Conversely, CMR feature-tracking (FT) is a post-processing method based on st...
Article
Human imaging data suggest that the motivational processes associated with alcohol reward are reflected in the patterns of neural activation after alcohol or alcohol-related cues. In animal models of alcohol drinking, however, the changes in brain activation during voluntary alcohol ingestion are poorly known. In order to improve the translational...
Article
Purpose To evaluate the potential of 2D texture features extracted from magnetic resonance (MR) images for differentiating brain metastasis (BM) and glioblastomas (GBM) following a radiomics approach. Methods This retrospective study included 50 patients with BM and 50 with GBM who underwent T1-weighted MRI between December 2010 and January 2017....
Article
Full-text available
Hippocampal firing is organized in theta sequences controlled by internal memory processes and by external sensory cues, but how these computations are coordinated is not fully understood. Although theta activity is commonly studied as a unique coherent oscillation, it is the result of complex interactions between different rhythm generators. Here,...
Article
Full-text available
Hippocampal firing is organized in theta sequences controlled by internal memory processes and by external sensory cues, but how these computations are coordinated is not fully understood. Although theta activity is commonly studied as a unique coherent oscillation, it is the result of complex interactions between different rhythm generators. Here,...
Article
Full-text available
Hippocampal firing is organized in theta sequences controlled by internal memory processes and by external sensory cues, but how these computations are coordinated is not fully understood. Although theta activity is commonly studied as a unique coherent oscillation, it is the result of complex interactions between different rhythm generators. Here,...
Article
Objectives: This study explored the association of ischemic burden, as measured by vasodilator stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), with all-cause mortality and the effect of revascularization on all-cause mortality in patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD). Background: In patients with SIHD, the association of ischemic bu...
Article
Full-text available
Vasodilator stress cardiac magnetic resonance (stressCMR) has shown robust diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with known or suspected chronic coronary syndrome (CCS). However, it is unknown whether integration of stressCMR with clinical variables in a simple clinical-imaging score can straightforwardly predict all-cause mortality in this p...
Article
Full-text available
Already moderate alcohol consumption has detrimental long-term effects on brain function. However, how alcohol produces its potent addictive effects despite being a weak reinforcer is a poorly understood conundrum that likely hampers the development of successful interventions to limit heavy drinking. In this translational study, we demonstrate wid...
Preprint
Full-text available
Theta-gamma cross-frequency coupling (CFC) is thought to route information flow in the brain. How this idea copes with the co-existence of multiple theta rhythm generators is not well understood. We have analysed multiple theta and gamma activities in the hippocampus to unveil the dynamic synchronization of theta oscillations across hippocampal lay...
Article
Introduction Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is one of the most highly regarded techniques in the neuroimaging field. This technique is based on vascular responses to neuronal activation and is extensively used in clinical and animal research studies. In preclinical settings, fMRI is usually applied to anesthetized animals. However, an...
Article
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and developmental disorder whose late diagnosis is based on subjective tests. In seeking for earlier diagnosis, we aimed to find objective biomarkers via analysis of resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) images obtained from the Autism Brain Image Data Exchange (ABIDE) database. Thus, we estimated b...
Article
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Background: The differential quantification of brain atrophy, white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and stroke lesions is important in studies of stroke and dementia. However, the presence of stroke lesions is usually overlooked by automatic neuroimage processing methods and the-state-of-the-art deep learning schemes, which lack sufficient annotated...
Article
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Introduction The pathophysiological process of Alzheimer's disease is thought to begin years before clinical decline, with evidence suggesting prion-like spreading processes of neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques. Methods Using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database, we first...
Chapter
Since its discovery in the early 1990s, blood oxygen level dependent signal-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become a fundamental technique for the study of brain activity in basic and clinical research. Functional MRI provides an indirect but robust and quantitative readout of brain activity through the tight coupling between...
Article
Background: The respiratory epithelium is frequently infected by the respiratory syncytial virus, resulting in inflammation, a reduction in cilia activity and an increase in the production of mucus. Methods: In this study, an automatic method has been proposed to characterize the ciliary motility from cell cultures by means of a motility index u...
Article
Objective: To examine the capability of MRI texture analysis to differentiate the primary site of origin of brain metastases following a radiomics approach. Methods: Sixty-seven untreated brain metastases (BM) were found in 3D T1-weighted MRI of 38 patients with cancer: 27 from lung cancer, 23 from melanoma and 17 from breast cancer. These lesio...
Article
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In biology and neuroscience courses, brain anatomy is usually explained using Magnetic Resonance (MR) images or histological sections of different orientations. These can show the most important macroscopic areas in an animals’ brain. However, this method is neither dynamic nor intuitive. In this work, an anatomical 3D printed rat brain with educat...
Article
Full-text available
The study of resting-state functional brain networks is a powerful tool to understand the neurological bases of a variety of disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In this work, we have studied the differences in functional brain connectivity between a group of 74 ASD subjects and a group of 82 typical-development (TD) subjects using fun...
Article
Full-text available
In OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries, cancer is one of the main causes of death, lung cancer being one of the most aggressive. There are several techniques for the treatment of lung cancer, among which radiotherapy is one of the most effective and least invasive for the patient. However, it has associated diffic...
Article
Full-text available
The current criteria for diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease (AD) require the presence of relevant cognitive deficits, so the underlying neuropathological damage is important by the time the diagnosis is made. Therefore, the evaluation of new biomarkers to detect AD in its early stages has become one of the main research focuses. The purpose of the pres...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Positional tracking systems could hugely benefit a number of niches, including performance art, athletics, neuroscience, and medicine. Commercial solutions can precisely track a human inside a room with sub-millimetric precision. However, these systems can track only a few objects at a time; are too expensive to be easily accessible; and their cont...
Article
Purpose: To investigate the ability of texture analysis to differentiate between infarcted non-viable, viable, and remote segments on cardiac cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: This retrospective study included 50 patients suffering chronic myocardial infarction. The data was randomly split into training (30 patients) and testing (2...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since its discovery in the early 90s, BOLD signal-based functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) has become a fundamental technique for the study of brain activity in basic and clinical research. Functional MRI signals provide an indirect but robust and quantitative readout of brain activity through the tight coupling between cerebral blood flo...
Article
The gut-brain axis communicates the brain with the gut microbiota, a bidirectional conduit that has received increasing attention in recent years thanks to its emerging role in brain development and function. Alterations in microbiota composition have been associated to neurological and psychiatric disorders, and several studies suggest that the im...
Chapter
The use of intracranial electrical microstimulation for the treatment of neurologic and psychiatric disorders, as well as in neural prosthesis, has experienced an exponential growth in the last decade. Despite this spectacular expansion and the great promise of some applications, little is known about the precise neurobiological mechanisms underlyi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To find structural differences between brain metastases of lung and breast cancer, computing their heterogeneity parameters by means of both 2D and 3D texture analysis (TA). Materials and methods: Patients with 58 brain metastases from breast (26) and lung cancer (32) were examined by MR imaging. Brain lesions were manually delineated...
Article
Edge detection in medical imaging is a significant task for object recognition of human organs and is considered a pre-processing step in medical image segmentation and reconstruction. This article proposes an efficient approach based on generalized Hill entropy to find a good solution for detecting edges under noisy conditions in medical images. T...
Article
Full-text available
Connectomics data from animal models provide an invaluable opportunity to reveal the complex interplay between structure and function in the mammalian brain. In this work, we investigate the relationship between structural and functional connectivity in the rat brain cortex using a directed anatomical network generated from a carefully curated meta...
Conference Paper
The study and analysis of tissues has always been an important part of the subject in biology. For this reason, obtaining specimens of tissue has been vital to morphological and functionality research. Historically, the main tools used to obtain slices of tissue have been microtomes and vibratomes. However, they are largely unsatisfactory. This is...