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David Matsinhe is the Lusophone research specialist at Amnesty International where investigates human rights conditions in Portuguese speaking countries in southern Africa. His ongoing investigations at Amnesty focus on the human rights impact of businesses, particularly mining companies and large agribusiness projects. in addition, David is an adjunct professor at the Institute of African Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. All his current projects include 'African Masculinities', 'Business and Human Rights', 'Undeclared State of Emergency', 'Extremist Insurgency in Northern Mozambique'.
January 2013 - December 2014
This chapter presents a comparative sociological analysis of resource-driven hostilities, drawing on five cases in southern, central, western and eastern Africa. In the south, the chapter analyzes the unfolding Islamic insurgency in Mozambique, which led to the involvement of the Southern African Development Community and Rwandan troops. At the cen...
This contribution discusses the significance of Mozambique in the historical evolution of labour migration patterns in Southern Africa. The preponderance of this place in the development of labour migration has been assured by its geographical location, historical chance as well as political and institutional features. From our perspective, the inc...
Since the collapse of apartheid, the figure of Makwerekwere has been constructed and deployed in South Africa to render Africans from outside the borders orderable as the nation's bogeyman. Waves of violence against Makwerekwere have characterised South Africa since then, the largest of which broke out in May 2008 in the Johannesburg shantytown of...
Apartheid vertigo, the dizzying sensation following prolonged oppression and delusions of skin colour, is the focus of this book. For three centuries, the colour-code shaped the state and national ideals of South Africa, created social and emotional distances between social groups, permeated public and intimate spheres of life alike, and dehumanize...
This article is based on a study of dance floors of Whyte Avenue in the city of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. As extended cases, the life processes on the floors are interpreted as manifestations of Canada's emotional history in the form of multiculturalism. Building on observations combined with informal and casual conversations, the study focuses on...
Ethnic students and academics currently affiliated with western or westernized academic institutions and whose research explores indigenous knowledge and cross-cultural subjects often find themselves in a methodological dilemma. Often this dilemma involves repression of knowledges they bring to the academia in order to conform to scientific methodo...
The end of formal apartheid in South Africa has been accompanied by realignment of social structures, including multi-racialization of wealth and poverty, shifting asymmetric power balances between social groups, emotional anomie within individuals often described as identity crisis. This paper delves into one of these transformations: The emergenc...
"MQ-97702." "July 2004." Thesis (MA)--University of Calgary, Department of Sociology, 2004. Includes bibliographical references. Microfiche.
I am conducting an investigation on the impact of heavy sands mining on human rights.
A mining company in northern Mozambique started mining on coastal sand dunes. The sand dunes are located between the sea in the east and a wetland in the west. There is a rural community standing on the sand dunes. In other words, the community is sandwiched between the sea and the wetland. Besides sea fishing, the community depends on the wetland's ecological services for survival.
The mining company began to dump mine sands on the wetland. This practice blocked natural water channels in the wetland; blocked the natural water channel that connected the wetland to the sea; and filled up a large part of the wetland with mine sand (reducing the wetland's water carrying capacity). This continued until the mining operation were now adjacent to the community -- about 200 meters away from the community.
When the rains came, the water could no longer flow into the sea and instead became trapped in the wetland. Eventually the water opened a channel to the sea through the middle of the village, destroying houses and property in its way.
My questions are:
1. What are the industry standards for heavy sands mining and how would they be applicable in this case?
2. What are the health risks associate with heavy sands mining for adjacent communities.