David Lacko

David Lacko
Masaryk University | MUNI · Department of Psychology

PhD student
I am a PhD candidate at the Department of Psychology at Masaryk University. My research interests include cross-cultural

About

52
Publications
11,199
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
191
Citations
Introduction
I am a PhD candidate at the Department of Psychology at Masaryk University. My research interests include cross-cultural research of cognition and perception, psychometrics and advanced statistical methods, and videogames research.
Additional affiliations
April 2020 - present
Masaryk University
Position
  • Researcher
March 2020 - present
The Czech Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Researcher
January 2019 - present
Masaryk University
Position
  • Specialist
Education
September 2018 - June 2022
Masaryk University
Field of study
  • Psychology
August 2013 - June 2018
Masaryk University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (52)
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: Vaccines are an effective means to reduce the spread of diseases, but they are sometimes met with hesitancy that needs to be understood.Methods: In this study, we analysed data from a large, cross-country survey conducted between June and August 2021 in 43 countries (N = 15,740) to investigate the roles of trust in government and science...
Article
Full-text available
During the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the COVIDiSTRESS Consortium launched an open-accessglobal survey to understand and improve individuals’ experiences related to the crisis. a year later,we extended this line of research by launching a new survey to address the dynamic landscape of thepandemic. this survey was released with the goal of addr...
Article
Full-text available
During the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the COVIDiSTRESS Consortium launched an open-access global survey to understand and improve individuals' experiences related to the crisis. a year later, we extended this line of research by launching a new survey to address the dynamic landscape of the pandemic. this survey was released with the goal of a...
Article
Full-text available
Meeting the principles and satisfying the demands posed by the rule of law is essential for any legal system to function well in society. The article introduces an analytical framework of empirically measurable constructs of legal consciousness and legal literacy consisting of formal and substantive components and shows how they resemble the demand...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has affected citizens' daily lives in an unprecedented way. To curb the spread of the pandemic, governments have taken numerous measures such as social distancing and quarantine, which may be associated with psychological consequences, namely stress and loneliness globally. To understand diff...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the past ten years, live-streaming services such as Twitch.tv have gained huge popularity among adolescents. In these services, streamers usually play video games and complement their performance with commentary. However, the evidence of the role of commentary by streamers on aggression has not yet been properly examined. Under the framework of...
Article
Full-text available
Individualism and collectivism are some of the most widely applied concepts in cultural and cross-cultural research. They are commonly applied by scholars who use arithmetic means or sum indexes of items on a scale to examine the potential similarities and differences in samples from various countries. For many reasons, cross-cultural research impl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cognitive styles are commonly studied constructs in cognitive psychology. It can be argued that measurement of these styles in the past had significant shortcomings in validity and reliability. The theory of analytic and holistic cognitive styles followed from traditional research of cognitive styles and attempted to overcome these shortcomings. Un...
Article
Full-text available
Resumé: Článek přináší výsledky průzkumu zaměřeného na vnímání prestiže knihovnického povolání, image knihoven, důvěryhodnosti a komunitní role knihoven veřejností v České republice. Dotazníkový průzkum proběhl na vzorku 1012 respondentů při sledování reprezentativnosti dle pohlaví, věku, vzdělání, kraje a velikosti místa bydliště. Mezi nejzajímavě...
Preprint
Full-text available
During the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the COVIDiSTRESS Consortium launched an open-access global survey to understand and improve individuals’ experiences related to the crisis. A year later, we extended this line of research by launching a new survey to address the dynamic landscape of the pandemic. This survey was released with the goal of a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Triangulation of the various methodological approaches towards the rule of law is highly desirable since it allows the combination of benefits and elimination of problematic aspects in each. The present article triangulates the conceptualizations of three approaches relating to the rule of law, namely Bedner’s review of the rule of law theories, th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The research aimed to determine the level of work engagement and its relationship with selected psychological aspects (work meaningfulness, burnout syndrome, and overall life satisfaction). The research sample included 662 high school teachers. Engagement was measured by the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9) and the Engaged Teachers Scale (ETS...
Article
Full-text available
In the risky-choice framing effect, different wording of the same options leads to predictably different choices. In a large-scale survey conducted from March to May 2020 and including 88,181 participants from 47 countries, we investigated how stress, concerns, and trust moderated the effect in the Disease problem, a prominent framing problem highl...
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript aims to present a novel behavioral impulsivity test ImGo, which is suitable for impulsivity assessment in the general population. A series of three studies was conducted to validate its psychometric qualities. In Study 1 we describe the principles of ImGo and verify its test-retest and split-half reliability and its convergent valid...
Article
Full-text available
This theoretical paper introduces approaches that can be used to support a null hypothesis. We introduce the four most promising techniques of equivalence testing: two one-sided tests (TOST), second-generation p-value (SPGV), Bayes Factor (BF), and region of practical equivalence (ROPE). The following paper clarifies the logic of the null hypothesi...
Article
Full-text available
This article introduces a validation study of the Czech version of an independent and interdependent self-construal questionnaire (SCS, Vignoles et al., 2016) conducted on 330 Czech subjects. In this study, the reliability, convergent validity and factor validity were verified. However, the confirmatory factor analysis revealed unsatisfactory facto...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to compare the performance of two bivariate visualizations by measuring response correctness (error rate) and response time, and to identify the differences in cognitive processes involved in map-reading tasks by using eye-tracking methods. The present study is based on our previous research and the hypothesis that the use...
Preprint
In the COVID-19 pandemic, it is vital to identify factors increasing behaviors that limit the transmission of COVID-19 (i.e., anti-COVID-19 behavior) and factors protecting against the negative consequences of the pandemic on societies (i.e., prejudice). A simultaneous investigation of a change in anti-COVID behavior and prejudice during the pandem...
Preprint
Full-text available
Individualism and collectivism are some of the most widely applied concepts in cultural and cross-cultural research. They are commonly applied by scholars who use arithmetic means or sum indexes of items on a scale to examine the potential similarities and differences in samples from various countries. For many reasons, cross-cultural research impl...
Article
Full-text available
The COVIDiSTRESS global survey collects data on early human responses to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic from 173 429 respondents in 48 countries. The open science study was co-designed by an international consortium of researchers to investigate how psychological responses differ across countries and cultures, and how this has impacted behaviour, copin...
Article
Full-text available
The COVIDiSTRESS global survey collects data on early human responses to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic from 173 429 respondents in 48 countries. The open science study was co-designed by an international consortium of researchers to investigate how psychological responses differ across countries and cultures, and how this has impacted behaviour, copin...
Article
Full-text available
The COVIDiSTRESS global survey collects data on early human responses to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic from 173 429 respondents in 48 countries. The open science study was co-designed by an international consortium of researchers to investigate how psychological responses differ across countries and cultures, and how this has impacted behaviour, copin...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVIDiSTRESS global survey collects data on early human responses to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic from 173,429 respondents in 48 countries. The open science study was co-designed by an international consortium of researchers to investigate how psychological responses differ across countries and cultures, and how this has impacted behaviour, copin...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports on a conducted systematic review focused on conceptualization and measurement methods of legal consciousness, which can be understood as the equivalent for the legitimacy of law. A systematic search identified 2,054 articles, resulting in the inclusion of 156 relevant articles after two phases of the screening process. Articles...
Article
Full-text available
This N = 173,426 social science dataset was collected through the collaborative COVIDiSTRESS Global Survey-an open science effort to improve understanding of the human experiences of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic between 30th March and 30th May, 2020. The dataset allows a cross-cultural study of psychological and behavioural responses to the Coronavir...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the risky-choice framing effect, different wording of the same options leads to predictably different choices. In a large-scale survey conducted from March to May 2020 and including 88,181 participants from 47 countries, we investigated how stress, concerns, and trust moderated the effect in the Disease problem, a prominent framing problem highl...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report is based on further analysis of the EU Kids Online data collected across 19 European countries in 2017–19 (Smahel et al., 2020), and aims to identify the antecedents and consequences of digital skills among children. More specifically, in Section 3, "The antecedents of digital skills", we tested the relationship between individual chara...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article reports on a conducted systematic review focused on conceptualization and measurement methods of legal consciousness, which can be understood as the equivalent for the legitimacy of law. A systematic search identified 2,054 articles, resulting in the inclusion of 156 relevant articles after two phases of the screening process. Articles...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article introduces three unsuccessful attempts to adapt Independent and Interdependent Self Scale (IISS) and Self-Construal Scale (SCS) into Czech. The article consists of three studies using secondary analysis of unpublished data in order to estimate their psychometric properties, especially reliability and factor structure. The first study w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The theory of holistic and analytic cognitive style is currently one of the most prominent theories with the ambition to describe and explain cross-cultural differences in perception and cognition. This paper is focused on four newly adapted methods of cognitive style measurement trying to establish convergent validity of these methods with already...
Preprint
Full-text available
This N=173,426 social science dataset was collected through the collaborative COVIDiSTRESS Global Survey – an open science effort to improve understandings of the human experiences of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic between 30th March and 30th May, 2020. The dataset allows a cross-cultural study of psychological and behavioural responses to the Coronavi...
Article
Full-text available
The article examines cross-cultural differences encountered in the cognitive processing of specific cartographic stimuli. We conducted a comparative experimental study on 98 participants from two different cultures, the first group comprising Czechs (N = 53) and the second group comprising Chinese (N = 22) and Taiwanese (N = 23). The findings sugge...
Method
Full-text available
Stimuli for CMMS (Categorization of Multivariate Map Symbols) methods are available at: https://osf.io/urzg3/
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The theoretical research in cartography was recently boosted mostly by technological development, which enables the comfortable usage of various new and even traditional methodological approaches. For example, the Eye-tracking method can possibly provide deep insight into the process of map reading, especially in the case of simple tasks. The visua...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Experimental designs are always limited by the possibilities of technological solutions used for data collection. This paper aims at presenting hardware and software solution for eye-tracking implemented in an immersive virtual reality device, which was designed for the purpose of a cross-cultural study. This study focuses on differences in visual...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper presents a concept of an experimental design and its statistical analysis. The objective of the experiment is to examine cognitive processing of various cartographic visualizations in regard to an individual’s cognitive style. In cartography, alternative methods may be used to represent data. In our study, two forms of representation of b...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the attitude of the Civic Democratic Party towards the implementation of the direct elections of mayors in the Czech Republic through three separated case studies. The first study focuses on party election manifestos and ideological documents. The second study conducts the statistical analysis of both the parliamentary and the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Legitimacy of law is a phenomenon discussed for decades or rather centuries. However, the legal scholars have focused on disputations on various sources of the legitimacy, i.e. the arguments, whereby the law could be justified, rather than the essence and content of the legitimacy itself. Therefore, this contribution uses a different approach towar...
Article
Full-text available
This article introduces a legal consciousness construct consisting of six components (i.e., general legal knowledge, legal awareness, ad hoc legal knowledge, opinion about law, trust in law and legal identity) in individual and cross-cultural perspectives. It also offers two separate approaches to examining legal consciousness , namely legal consci...
Poster
Full-text available
The poster presents an exploratory research of eye-tracking results conducted on 37 Czech participants. The poster introduces unique cartographic stimuli which are characterized by the categorizing (clustering) of multivariate point symbols in the fictional cartographic maps with preselected analytic/holistic areas created with respect to analytic/...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The contribution analyzes possibilities of computer-based testing of cognitive styles, specifically the most used methods of cross-cultural and cognitive psychology: Cognitive Style Analysis test (CSA), Navon test and Framed-Line test (FLT). The contribution also contains test stimuli of Change-Blindness Static test (CBS) and Figure and Background...
Poster
Full-text available
Poster představuje dnes nejpoužívanější metody kognitivní a interkulturní psychologie umožňující měření analytického a holistického kognitivního stylu (A/H), konkrétně Cognitive Style Analysis (CSA), Navonův test a Framed-Line Test (FLT) a jejich ekvivalenty běžící na online SW Hypothesis.
Book
The book you are holding contains thirteen thematic essays introducing intriguing topics of cognitive and social psychology and other related disciplines. Because of its popular-science form this publication is suitable not only for psychology students and experts, but also for the general public. In his work the author presents original and intere...
Thesis
Full-text available
This diploma thesis is focused on the individual and the cross-cultural differences in a perception and a cognition. There is an extensive literature research about a perception and a cognition, a cognitive style, an individualism and collectivism and cross-cultural research in the theoretical part of the thesis. The diploma thesis also includes cr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of a group on children‘s dishonest behavior (cheating). The experiment consisted of two parts. In the first part children performed a task in the presence of experimenter, in the second part they performed it alone. The study examines the impact of cooperate and competitive group. The study shows t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Generativity as creativity, productivity, and care for other people or transmitting values to future generations is an important developmental task that should be completed during adulthood. Young adulthood is very important for its development since some aspects may reach its peak just at the beginning of adulthood. The aim of the research was to...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Examination of psychological impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Project
The project aims to develop a complex evidence-based theory depicting the impacts of technology usage on physical, psychological, and social well-being of adolescents aged 11 to 18. Innovative research methods based on the software using artificial intelligence will be developed. The FUTURE project will develop a complex integrative theory depicting the short- and long- term impacts of technology usage on adolescents’ physical, psychological, and social well-being. We will integrate theories from diverse fields, notably media studies, psychology, and health. The project will develop prospective models what will help to understand and predict future impacts of technology on well-being. The theory development will be based on empirical data from: 1) existing research 2) 3-wave longitudinal study 3) series of experimental studies 4) intense data collections with the support of innovative research tools.