David Dunkley

David Dunkley
Lady Davis Institute - Jewish General Hospital and McGill University · Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology

Ph.D.

About

53
Publications
33,825
Reads
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3,694
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
1676 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
The present study addressed a fundamental gap between research and clinical work by advancing longitudinal explanatory conceptualizations of stress and coping processes that trigger daily affect in the shorter- and longer-term for individuals with higher levels of personality vulnerability. Community adults completed measures of two higher-order di...
Article
This study of 124 community adults examined whether perfectionism interacts with mindfulness and self-compassion to predict anxiety and depressive symptoms over two years. Participants completed measures of self-critical (SC) and personal standards (PS) higher-order dimensions of perfectionism at Time 1; mindfulness and self-compassion domains and...
Chapter
Intensive longitudinal research designs are increasingly used to study personality processes. The resulting data can be highly informative in ways that other data cannot, but these data also pose statistical challenges. Most often a multilevel or mixed effects modeling approach is adopted, which is appropriate but may not be optimal. Surprisingly l...
Article
Introduction: This study examined whether motivation moderated the relation between self-criticism and depression over one year in a sample of adults receiving cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). Methods: Participants (N = 38) completed measures of pre-treatment self-criticism (Time 1), autonomous/controlled motivation for engaging in CBT at the begi...
Article
This study of 152 community adults examined whether perfectionism interacts with daily perceived control to predict depressive and anxious symptoms over four years. Participants completed measures of higher-order perfectionism dimensions [self-critical (SC), personal standards (PS)] and neuroticism at Time 1, daily diaries for 14 consecutive days t...
Article
Objective This study examined how perfectionism and efficacy impacted the maintenance of daily coping and affect in depression over six months. Method Forty‐six depressed patients (69.6% female, mean age = 41.11 years) completed measures of perfectionism dimensions (self‐critical, personal standards), efficacy, and depressive severity at Time 1. P...
Preprint
Intensive longitudinal research designs are increasingly used to study personality processes. The resulting data can be highly informative in ways that other data cannot, but these data also pose statistical challenges. Most often a multilevel or mixed effects modeling approach is adopted which is appropriate but may not be optimal. Surprisingly li...
Article
Objective: Few studies have examined how cognitive processes relate to interpersonal functioning in Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) for the treatment of Major Depression. This study examined whether a change in cognitive errors and coping strategies served to mediate the relationship between a change in participants’ self-directed affiliation (e.g...
Article
This three-wave longitudinal study examined the relations among perfectionism, experiential avoidance, and depressive and anxious symptoms over two years. Community adults (N=173) completed self-report questionnaires assessing two higher-order perfectionism dimensions (self-critical [SC], personal standards [PS]), neuroticism, experiential avoidanc...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study of 145 community adults examined heightened interpersonal-sadness sensitivity as a mediator of the relationship between self-critical (SC) perfectionism and stress generation four years later. Method: Participants completed questionnaires assessing perfectionism dimensions at Time 1, baseline depressive symptoms at Time 1 and...
Article
This study of depressed outpatients (N = 43) examined daily stress-sadness reactivity and the cortisol awakening response (CAR) as moderators of the relationship between self-critical (SC) perfectionism and depression over one year. Participants completed perfectionism measures at baseline (Time 1), daily diaries and salivary sampling six months la...
Article
Full-text available
This study of depressed outpatients (N = 43) examined daily stress-sadness reactivity and the cortisol awakening response (CAR) as moderators of the relationship between self-critical (SC) perfectionism and depression over one year. Participants completed perfectionism measures at baseline (Time 1), daily diaries and salivary sampling six months la...
Chapter
The main goal of this chapter is to explicate a multilevel explanatory conceptualization of the role of perfectionism in the daily stress, coping, and adjustment process. To this goal, I will review studies of university students, community adults, and depressed patients which used a daily diary method to examine stress and coping patterns that tri...
Article
Major depressive disorder is characterized by emotional dysfunction, but mood states in daily life are not well understood. This study examined complex explanatory models of daily stress and coping mechanisms that trigger and maintain daily negative affect and (lower) positive affect in depression. Sixty-three depressed patients completed perfectio...
Article
This study of community adults compared the relative predictive value of specific perfectionism components in predicting daily stress, coping, and affect in the short- and long-term. Participants completed several measures of higher-order dimensions of personal standards perfectionism (PSP) and self-critical perfectionism (SCP) at Time 1, including...
Chapter
This chapter examines the mediating and moderating roles of daily stress, coping, and perceived social support in the relation between self-critical (SC) and personal standards (PS) perfectionism dimensions and distress symptoms (i.e., depression, anxiety) in hopes of addressing what might constitute more effective prevention and intervention effor...
Article
This study of community adults (N = 210) aimed to gain a better understanding of the links among self-critical (SC) perfectionism, self-esteem, experiential avoidance, and depressive symptoms. Participants completed self-report questionnaires assessing perfectionism dimensions, self-esteem, experiential avoidance, and depressive symptoms. Confirmat...
Article
Full-text available
This study of 150 community adults examined heightened emotional reactivity to daily stress as a mediator in the relationships between self-critical (SC) perfectionism and depressive and anxious symptoms over a period of 4 years. Participants completed questionnaires assessing: perfectionism dimensions, general depressive symptoms (i.e., shared wit...
Article
Full-text available
This study of depressed outpatients (N=47) examined self-criticism (SC) and personal standards (PS) dimensions of perfectionism as moderators of the relation between chronic stress and depression over 1year. Participants completed personality measures (SC, PS, neuroticism, conscientiousness) at baseline (Time 1), a chronic stress interview 6months...
Article
Full-text available
The present study addressed a fundamental gap between research and clinical work by advancing complex explanatory conceptualizations of coping action patterns that trigger and maintain daily negative affect and (low) positive affect. One hundred ninety-six community adults completed measures of perfectionism, and then 6 months later completed quest...
Article
The long-term effects of the Cues intervention to reduce anxiety and enhance the interactive behavior of mothers of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants were investigated. A randomized trial comparing the Cues intervention to an attention control condition was conducted. A total of 122 mothers of newborns weighing < 1,500 g were randomized, and 96...
Article
This study of university students (n = 357) and community adults (n = 223) examined personal standards (PS) and evaluative concerns (EC) higher-order dimensions of perfectionism that underlie several measures from three different theoretical frameworks. In both students and community adults, confirmatory factor analyses supported PS perfectionism a...
Article
Full-text available
The present study sought to illuminate self-criticism and personal standards dimensions of perfectionism and dependency as specific cognitive-personality vulnerability factors that might contribute to a better understanding of numerous psychosocial problem areas that are relevant to coronary artery disease (CAD). One hundred and twenty-three patien...
Article
This study of university students (64 men, 99 women) examined the role of self-critical (SC) and personal standards (PS) higher order dimensions of perfectionism in daily self-esteem, attachment, and negative affect. Participants completed questionnaires at the end of the day for 7 consecutive days. Trait and situational influences were found in th...
Article
Full-text available
Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, born weighing less than 1,500 g, are at risk for several developmental problems. Consequently, there has been interest in developing intervention programs to prevent such problems. This article describes the empirical evidence that guided the development of an innovative, multicomponent intervention program for...
Article
This study tested the efficacy of a brief intervention (Cues program) with mothers of very low birth weight (VLBW <1500 g) infants. The primary hypothesis was that mothers in the Cues program would report lower levels of anxiety compared with mothers in the control group. Secondary hypotheses examined whether Cues mothers would report less stress,...
Article
We examined the mediating role of self-criticism in the relation between childhood maltreatment and both depressive symptoms and body dissatisfaction in patients with binge eating disorder (BED). Participants were 170 BED patients who completed measures of childhood maltreatment, self-criticism, self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and body dissatisfa...
Article
Full-text available
The present study extended previous findings demonstrating self-criticism, assessed by the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS) (Weissman AN, Beck AT. Development and validation of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale: a preliminary investigation. Paper presented at the 86th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Ontario, C...
Article
To investigate the association between depressive symptoms and physical functioning in pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients. Fifty-two patients diagnosed with precapillary or postcapillary PH completed self-report questionnaires of depressive symptoms and physical functioning. Cardiac catheterization reports of patients were reviewed for hemodynami...
Article
Full-text available
Very low birthweight infants are at risk for deficits in cognitive and language development, as well as attention and behaviour problems. Maternal sensitive behaviour (i.e. awareness of infant cues and appropriate responsiveness to those cues) in interaction with her very low birthweight infant is associated with better outcomes in these domains; h...
Article
This study sought to gain a better understanding of what self-critical (SC) perfectionism, assessed by the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS; Weissman & Beck, 1978), is measuring in a non-depressed sample of community adults (N = 223). DAS SC perfectionism measures, along with personal standards (i.e., self-oriented perfectionism) and other SC (i.e...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the mediational role of self-esteem in the relation between evaluative concerns (EC) and personal standards (PS) perfectionism, and measures of personal concerns, academic concerns, and estimated grade point average (EGPA) in 386 university students. Self-esteem partially mediated the relation between EC perfectionism and students’ pers...
Article
Despite the fact that negative self-evaluations are widely considered to be prominent in eating disorders, the role of self-criticism has received little empirical attention. The vast majority of research on the construct of self-criticism has focused on its role as a specific personality vulnerability factor in depression-related phenomena. In thi...
Article
The present study compared the relative predictive value of specific perfectionism components, as measured by the Hewitt and Flett (1991) Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale and the Frost, Marten, Lahart, and Rosenblate (1990) Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, with self-criticism assessed by the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (Blatt, D’A...
Article
This study examined maladaptive and relatively more adaptive forms of dependency, as measured by the neediness and connectedness factors of the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ; Blatt, D'Afflitti, & Quinlan, 1976), within a comprehensive scheme of personality provided by the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R; Costa & McCrae, 1992...
Article
Full-text available
Although research has demonstrated perfectionism to have a negative impact on the treatment of depression, little research has examined the mechanisms or processes through which perfectionism predicts subsequent depressive symptoms in clinical populations over time. Using data from a prospective, 3-year study of a clinical sample (N = 96), hierarch...
Article
This study of university students (N = 475) examined maladaptive and relatively more adaptive dimensions of perfectionism represented in measures from three different theoretical frameworks ( [1], [7] and [22]). Factor analysis of subscales from the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire, Revised Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale, and Multidimensional Perf...
Article
Shafran, Cooper, and Fairburn (2002, 2003) provided a cognitive-behavioral analysis of "clinical" perfectionism, a construct they considered to involve both the determined pursuit of self-imposed standards and extremely vulnerable self-evaluation. They argued against a multidimensional perspective to studying perfectionism. We respond to Shafran et...
Article
This study examined the validity of the perfectionism and need for approval scales of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS; Weissman & Beck, 1978) by locating these measures within a comprehensive framework of personality, provided by the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R; Costa & McCrae, 1992), in a clinical sample (N=132). The results...
Article
Full-text available
This study of university students (64 men and 99 women) examined both dispositional and situational influences of self-critical (SC) perfectionism on stress and coping, which explain its association with high negative affect and low positive affect. Participants completed questionnaires at the end of the day for 7 consecutive days. Structural equat...
Article
This study of university students (64 men and 99 women) examined both dispositional and situational influences of self-critical (SC) perfectionism on stress and coping, which explain its association with high negative affect and low positive affect. Participants completed questionnaires at the end of the day for 7 consecutive days. Structural equat...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter examines the link between perfectionism components and distress in the context of links with factors such as daily stress, coping, and social support. Is the link between perfectionism components and psychological outcomes a direct link, or is it more indirect and mediated by constructs such as stressful events, coping styles or social...
Article
Full-text available
University students (131 women, 102 men) completed measures of perfectionism, self-criticism, autonomy, coping (emotion-oriented, task-oriented, and avoidance-oriented), hassles (academic, social, and general), and distress (current depression, anger, and psychosomatic distress). Zeroth-order correlations distinguished the self-critical perfectioni...
Article
Full-text available
This study of university students (136 men and 307 women) examined the roles of hassles, avoidant and active coping, and perceived available social support in the relation between evaluative concerns and personal standards perfectionism and distress symptoms (i.e., depression, anxiety). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the measurement model u...
Article
Full-text available
This study located the specific cognitive-personality vulnerability measures proposed by S. J. Blatt (1974; Levels of object representation in anaclitic and introjective depression. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 29, 107–157), i.e. dependency and self-criticism, and by A. T. Beck (1983; Cognitive therapy of depression: New perspectives. In P. J...
Article
Full-text available
In a sample of 233 university students, Self-critical and Dependent personality styles were each associated with indices of anger.
Article
Full-text available
Although there has been increased understanding of the dynamics of intense perfectionism and self-criticism, studies need to address more directly the mechanisms or processes through which perfectionism has its ill effects. The present research examined the roles of daily stress, coping, and perceived social support in the relation between two diff...

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