David De Vleeschouwer

David De Vleeschouwer
Universität Bremen | Uni Bremen · MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences

Doctor of Science

About

106
Publications
47,534
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,257
Citations
Citations since 2016
84 Research Items
2075 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - present
Universität Bremen
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • EARTHSEQUENCING Project (ERC Consolidator Grant awarded to Heiko Pälike)
October 2010 - September 2014
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (106)
Preprint
Cyclostratigraphy and astrochronology are now at the forefront of geologic timekeeping. While this technique heavily relies on the accuracy of astronomical calculations, solar system chaos limits how far back astronomical calculations can be performed with confidence. High-resolution paleoclimate records with Milankovitch imprints now allow reversi...
Article
Full-text available
The Last Interglacial (~129,000–116,000 years ago) is the most recent geologic period with a warmer-than-present climate. Proxy-based temperature reconstructions from this interval can help contextualize natural climate variability in our currently warming world, especially if they can define changes on decadal timescales. Here, we established a ~4...
Article
Full-text available
The Borkewehr section near Balve at the southeastern end of the Remscheid-Altena Anticline is currently the best and most complete Devonian/Carboniferous Boundary (DCB) succession of the Rhenish Massif, Germany. Based on a multidisciplinary approach, focusing on refined conodont and ammonoid biostratigraphy, microfacies analyses, sequence stratigra...
Article
Full-text available
The Pliocene sedimentary record provides a window into Earth's climate dynamics under warmer-than-present boundary conditions. However, the Pliocene cannot be considered a stable warm climate that constitutes a solid baseline for middle-of-the-road future climate projections. The increasing availability of time-continuous sedimentary archives (e.g....
Article
Full-text available
Deep ocean circulation in the Southern Hemisphere plays a central role in global ocean overturning circulation and determines ocean carbon sink variability on multimillion-year timescales. For this reason, it is important to understand how deep currents that originate in the Southern Ocean responded to past climate fluctuations and changing tempera...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Pliocene sedimentary record provides a window into Earth’s climate dynamics under warmer-than-present boundary conditions. However, the Pliocene cannot be considered a stable warm climate that constitutes a solid baseline for middle-road future climate projections. Indeed, the increasing availability of time-continuous sedimentary archives (e.g...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary Global ocean circulation allows for the distribution of heat between different latitudes and different water depths. It has long been understood that much of the return flow from the Pacific to the Atlantic occurs through the Indonesian Throughflow, but more recently, oceanographers have identified another, deeper pathway sou...
Article
Full-text available
The Middle Pleistocene Transition (MPT) represents a major change in Earth's climate state, exemplified by the switch from obliquity-dominated to ∼100-kyr glacial/interglacial cycles. To date, the causes of this significant change in Earth's climatic response to orbital forcing are not fully understood. Nonetheless, this transition represents an in...
Article
The Eocene Epoch corresponds to the runup toward the Greenhouse to Icehouse Cenozoic transition. To fully appreciate this climate evolution, detailed and accurate age-depth models are required. While much progress has been made recently in the field of Eocene astrochronology, the construction of unambiguous Eocene astronomical timescales (ATS) is h...
Article
Full-text available
The International Ocean Discovery Programme (IODP) and its predecessors generated a treasure trove of Cenozoic climate and carbon cycle dynamics. Yet, it remains unclear how climate and carbon cycle interacted under changing geologic boundary conditions. Here, we present the carbon isotope (δ13C) megasplice, documenting deep-ocean δ13C evolution si...
Article
Full-text available
Ocean gateways facilitate circulation between ocean basins, thereby impacting global climate. The Indonesian Gateway transports water from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean via the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) and drives the strength and intensity of the modern Leeuwin Current, which carries warm equatorial waters along the western coast of Australia t...
Article
Full-text available
Much of our understanding of Earth's past climate comes from the measurement of oxygen and carbon isotope variations in deep-sea benthic foraminifera. Yet, long intervals in existing records lack the temporal resolution and age control needed to thoroughly categorize climate states of the Cenozoic era and to study their dynamics. Here, we present a...
Article
Full-text available
Pre‐Quaternary paleoclimate studies in Australia mainly focus on terrestrial records from the southeastern part of the continent. IODP Expedition 356 drilled on the northwestern Australian shelf, yielding Miocene‐Pleistocene paleoclimate records in an area where climate archives are scarce. Postexpedition research revealed a dry‐to‐humid transition...
Article
Full-text available
The Devonian Frasnian–Famennian (F–F) boundary marks one of the five main extinction intervals of the Phanerozoic Aeon. This time was characterized by two pulses of oceanic anoxia, named the Lower and Upper Kellwasser events, during which massive marine biodiversity losses occurred. This paper presents high-resolution magnetic susceptibility, X-ray...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary The conversion of sedimentary thickness into time (age‐depth models) is fundamental to all scientific studies exploring past ocean and climate change. Current methods applied in the construction of these age models (chronostratigraphy) allows for high precision, primarily from tuning to orbital target curves. Yet without accu...
Article
Full-text available
The regional patterns and timing of the Younger Dryas cooling in the North Atlantic realm were complex and are mechanistically incompletely understood. To enhance understanding of regional climate patterns, we present molecular biomarker records at subannual to annual resolution by mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) of sediments from the Lake Meerfeld...
Article
Full-text available
The geologic time scale for the Cenozoic Era has been notably improved over the last decades by virtue of integrated stratigraphy, combining high-resolution astrochronologies, biostratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy with high-precision radioisotopic dates. However, the middle Eocene remains a weak link. The so-called "Eocene time scale gap" reflect...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 356 Site U1461 cored a Miocene to Holocene sedimentary sequence in the upper bathyal carbonate offshore northwestern Australia (NWA). The siliciclastic component of these strata is primarily derived from the Australian continent. Radiocarbon dating on macrofossils and planktonic f...
Article
Full-text available
The Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) controls the oceanic flux of heat and salt between the Pacific and Indian Oceans and therewith plays an important role in modulating the meridional overturning circulation and low latitude hydrological cycle. Here, we report new sea surface temperature and aridity records from the west coast of Australia (IODP Site...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclostratigraphy is an important tool for understanding astronomical climate forcing and reading geological time in sedimentary sequences, provided that an imprint of insolation variations caused by Earth’s orbital eccentricity, obliquity and/or precession is preserved (Milankovitch forcing). Numerous stratigraphic and paleoclimate studies have ap...
Article
Full-text available
The Pliocene was a globally-warm high-CO2 epoch. Yet, four globally-recognized glacial events interrupted the relatively warm climate conditions at 4.9, 4.0, 3.7-3.6 and 3.3 Ma. The Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) is an important link in the global thermohaline circulation and is hypothesised to amplify these spells of increased climate variability. Y...
Article
Full-text available
The Pliocene was characterized by a gradual shift of global climate toward cooler and drier conditions. This shift fundamentally reorganized Earth's climate from the Miocene state toward conditions similar to the present. During the Pliocene, the progressive restriction of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) is suggested to have enhanced this shift to...
Article
The Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) approach to define stage boundaries leaves the unit or body of the stage undefined. At the same time, previous arguments against the use of unit-stratotypes have been invalidated for the younger Cenozoic part of the geological record through the revolutionary advance in integrated high-resolution strat...
Article
The International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 356 Site U1461 cored a Miocene to Holocene sedimentary sequence in the upper bathyal carbonate offshore northwestern Australia (NWA). The siliciclastic component of these strata is primarily derived from the Australian continent. Radiocarbon dating on macrofossils and planktonic foraminife...
Article
The International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 356 Site U1461 cored a Miocene to Holocene sedimentary sequence in the upper bathyal carbonate offshore northwestern Australia (NWA). The siliciclastic component of these strata is primarily derived from the Australian continent. Radiocarbon dating on macrofossils and planktonic foraminife...
Article
Full-text available
Sub-Milankovitch rhythmic features in sedimentary records have been reported from throughout geological time. However, their origin remains enigmatic, in particular during so-called greenhouse periods in Earth's history. To better understand such short-term climatic changes, we sampled two 3-m-thick intervals of early Devonian hemipelagic carbonate...
Article
A detailed paleoenvironment reconstruction from the Mozambique Channel, western Indian Ocean, based on the calcareous nannoplankton assemblages was conducted for the interval between 2.85 and 1.85 Myr. This study covers the period during which the successive extinction of the last five species of discoasters occurred. New productivity data obtained...
Article
Full-text available
Around the early–middle Eocene boundary, the first occurrence of contourite drift sediments and widespread deep ocean erosion indicate changes in the North Atlantic ocean circulation. Interestingly, these changes coincide with the first steps of Cenozoic cooling from the Paleogene greenhouse climate towards the modern icehouse. The cause for this o...
Article
Full-text available
The Frasnian–Famennian boundary records one of the most catastrophic mass extinctions of the Phanerozoic Eon. Several possible causes for this extinction have been suggested, including extra-terrestrial impacts and large-scale volcanism. However, linking the extinction with these potential causes is hindered by the lack of precise dating of either...
Article
Full-text available
The Japan Sea is directly influenced by the Asian monsoon, a system that transports moisture and heat across southeast Asia during the boreal summer, and is a major driver of the Earth's ocean-atmospheric circulation. Foraminiferal and facies analyses of a 460-kyr record from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expedition 346 Site U1427 in the Japan...
Article
Cyclostratigraphic analyses rely on techniques that trace astronomical components in paleoclimate signals. These techniques have demonstrated their value but rely on certain assumptions on the presence and quality of the astronomical imprint. Here we explore a new conceptual approach to time series analysis. Specifically, we evaluate the potential...
Article
The Wetteldorf section is the Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) locality of the Lower- Middle Devonian boundary. The section is characterized by an alternation of marls, limestones, and siltstones, with the base of the Eifelian stage defined by the first occurrence of the conodont Polygnathus costatus partitus. The well-established conodon...
Article
Full-text available
North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) currently redistributes heat and salt between Earth's ocean basins, and plays a vital role in the ocean-atmosphere CO2 exchange. Despite its crucial role in today's climate system, vigorous debate remains as to when deep-water formation in the North Atlantic started. Here, we present datasets from carbonate-rich mid...
Article
Full-text available
The Late Devonian envelops one of Earth’s big five mass extinction events at the Frasnian–Famennian boundary (374 Ma). Environmental change across the extinction severely affected Devonian reef-builders, besides many other forms of marine life. Yet, cause-and-effect chains leading to the extinction remain poorly constrained as Late Devonian stratig...
Article
Full-text available
Late Miocene to mid-Pleistocene sedimentary proxy records reveal that northwest Australia underwent an abrupt transition from dry to humid climate conditions at 5.5 million years (Ma), likely receiving year-round rainfall, but after ~3.3 Ma, climate shifted towards an increasingly seasonal precipitation regime. The progressive constriction of the I...
Article
The discovery of elevated concentrations of the cosmogenic radionuclide ^3He in deep-sea sediments from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 926 (Atlantic Ocean) and ODP Site 757 (Indian Ocean) points toward accretion of extraterrestrial matter, probably as a result of the catastrophic disruption of a large asteroid that produced the Veritas family of...
Article
Full-text available
Global climate underwent a major reorganization when the Antarctic ice sheet expanded ~14 million years ago (Ma) (1). This event affected global atmospheric circulation, including the strength and position of the westerlies and the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), and, therefore, precipitation patterns (2–5). We present new shallow-marine sed...