David Collier

David Collier
University of California, Berkeley | UCB · Department of Political Science

Ph.D. University of Chicago 1971

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74
Publications
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9,565
Citations

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
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This article presents a framework for studying critical junctures, understood as major episodes of institutional innovation that generate an enduring legacy. The critical juncture framework is seen as being, in effect, a hypothesis that may or may not fit a given historical situation, and whose potential fit must be demonstrated with great care. Th...
Conference Paper
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This symposium brings together ten essays that explore hypotheses about critical junctures, understood as major episodes of institutional innovation that generate an enduring legacy. Scholars routinely focus on episodes of innovation that occur in contrasting ways across cases, which in turn yields distinct trajectories of change and produces diffe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article presents a framework for studying critical junctures, understood as major episodes of institutional innovation that generate an enduring legacy. Scholars routinely focus on episodes of innovation that occur in contrasting ways across cases, which in turn yields distinct trajectories of change and produces different legacies. These cont...
Article
O desafio de encontrar as ferramentas adequadas para validar o processo de mensurar, tem sido objeto de preocupação permanente, na Ciência Política. Este artigo procura analisar quatro diferentes modelos de validação, e trás exemplos da pesquisa transnacional sobre democracia: a abordagem os níveis-de-medição, o modelo de equação estrutural com var...
Article
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Analysts who developed the set-theoretic comparative method (STCM) have formulated admirable goals for researchers who work in the qualitative and multi-method tradition. STCM includes above all Charles Ragin’s innovative approach of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). However, the analytic tools employed by STCM have in many ways become an obs...
Article
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The challenge of finding appropriate tools of measurement validation is an abiding concern in political science. This article considers four traditions of validation, using examples from comparative research on democracy: the levels-of-measurement (LoM) approach, structural-equation modeling with latent variables (SEM-L), the pragmatic tradition, a...
Article
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Both data-set observations (DSOs) and causal-process observations (CPOs) are important for causal inference. DSOs – located in the standard “rectangular data set” of statistical analysis – make their contribution through a quantitative logic of comparison, frequently using different forms and extensions of regression analysis. They are deservedly a...
Article
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Learning and teaching process tracing is an important goal, both for qualitative researchers and for scholars who wish to supplement other methodologies with insights from within-case analysis. The examples and exercises presented here are intended to accompany “Understanding Process Tracing” (Collier 2011) and are cross-referenced to that article....
Article
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Process tracing is a fundamental method of qualitative analysis. While it is often invoked by scholars as they examine qualitative data, too frequently this tool is neither adequately understood nor rigorously applied. This deficit motivates the present article, which offers a new framework for carrying out process tracing. This reformulation integ...
Article
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In the lead article of an important symposium on the future of comparative politics, Peter Evans offered a strong defense of what he calls the "the eclectic, messy center" in the field, located between general theory and deep immersion in cases. This article takes Evans’ idea one step further by proposing to build a "disciplined, rigorous center,"...
Article
The concept of bureaucratic authoritarianism arose from the study of major episodes of authoritarianism in South America between the 1960s and the 1980s. Typified by military rule and a bureaucratic, technocratic approach to policy-making, this type of authoritarianism was generally accompanied by substantial repression. While often discussed as a...
Article
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Typologies are a well-established analytic tool in the social sciences. Working with typologies contributes decisively to forming concepts, exploring dimensionality, establishing measurement categories, and grouping cases. Yet some critics – basing their arguments on what they believe to be relevant norms of quantitative measurement – consider typo...
Article
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Both qualitative and quantitative research routinely fall short, producing misleading causal inferences. Because these weaknesses are in part different, we are convinced that multi-method strategies are productive. Each approach can provide additional leverage that helps address shortcomings of the other. This position is quite distinct from that o...
Article
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For scholars concerned with causal inference, how should cases be selected? The statistician David Freedman evaluates case selection strategies proposed by political scientists. He dissents from Fearon and Laitin, who suggest that when case studies are used to deepen findings derived from regression analysis, cases should be selected at random. Fre...
Article
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Qualitative and multi-method research in political science has undergone a remarkable transformation. After a long period of relative quiescence, in roughly the past 15 years this branch of methodology has experienced a resurgence, and a considerable body of new research has emerged. Under this methodological umbrella we find diverse tools, includi...
Book
The Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology is designed to reflect developments of all the key specific methodologies through comprehensive overviews and critiques. Political methodology has changed dramatically in the past thirty years. Not only have new methods and techniques been developed, but the Political Methodology Society and the Qualitat...
Article
Political methodology offers techniques for clarifying the theoretical meaning of concepts such as revolution and for developing definitions of revolutions. It also provides descriptive indicators for comparing the scope of revolutionary change, and sample surveys for gauging the support for revolutions. It then presents an array of methods for mak...
Article
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This article describes the categories and typologies as an optic for looking at concept formation and measurement. It also provides an overview of the multiple contributions of typologies and presents numerous examples from diverse subfields of political science. It gives a framework for working with multidimensional typologies, outlining the build...
Article
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Conceptual confusion has long been a source of difficulty in the study of politics. W. B. Gallie's analysis of "essentially contested concepts", published in 1956, stands as a notable effort to address this problem. He explores the normative component of these concepts and offers seven criteria for evaluating their contestedness. In the present art...
Book
When it was first published, Designing Social Inquiry, by political scientists Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba, at once struck chords of controversy. As it became one of the best-selling methodology books in memory, it continued to spark debate in journal articles, conference panels, and books. Rethinking Social Inquiry is a major new e...
Article
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The qualitative-quantitative distinction may be understood in terms of four dimensions: level of measurement, size of the N, use of statistical tests, and thick versus thin analysis. Each of these dimensions is associated with distinctive forms of analytic leverage. Many studies correspond neatly to the “qualitative” or “quantitative” side of all f...
Article
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Scholars routinely make claims that presuppose the validity of the observations and measurements that operationalize their concepts. Yet, despite recent advances in political science methods, surprisingly little attention has been devoted to measurement validity. We address this gap by exploring four themes. First, we seek to establish a shared fra...
Chapter
Full-text available
The concept of bureaucratic authoritarianism arose from the study of major episodes of authoritarianism in South America between the 1960s and the 1980s. Typified by military rule and a bureaucratic, technocratic approach to policy-making, this type of authoritarianism was generally accompanied by substantial repression. While often discussed as a...
Article
Full-text available
Good research in comparative politics depends on the collection and availability of many different forms of data, and also on diverse approaches to data analysis. Attention must be given to collecting and archiving of quantitative data sets; to the role of intensive field research; and to the opportunities for publishing studies based on rich quali...
Article
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Prominent scholars engaged in comparative research on democratic regimes are in sharp disagreement over the choice between a dichotomous or graded approach to the distinction between democracy and nondemocracy. This choice is substantively important because it affects the findings of empirical research. It is methodologically important because it r...
Article
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The late 1960s and 1970s saw the emergence of the “comparative method” as a new, fundamental component of the comparative politics enterprise; a quarter century later, a new set of debates have emerged on this branch of methodology. The article addresses the debate on the role of the comparative method versus the statistical method, concluding that...
Article
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The enterprise of comparative-historical analysis has gained an important place in comparative politics. This body of scholarship is heterogeneous, and work in this tradition can be understood as involving, in varying combinations: (1) a substantial time frame and unfolding of causal processes over time; (2) a sustained focus on a well-defined set...
Article
Introduzione La recente ondata universale di democratizzazioni ha posto gli studiosi di fronte alla sfida del confronto concettuale con una grande varietà di regimi postautoritari. Sebbene i nuovi regimi politici nazionali dell'America Latina, dell'Africa, dell'Asia e dell'ex mondo comunista condividano alcuni importanti attributi della democrazia,...
Article
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The recent trend toward democratization in countries across the globe has challenged scholars to pursue two potentially contradictory goals. On the one hand, they seek to increase analytic differentiation in order to capture the diverse forms of democracy that have emerged. On the other hand, they are concerned with conceptual validity. Specificall...
Article
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Qualitative analysts have received stern warnings that the validity of their studies may be undermined by selection bias. This article provides an overview of this problem for qualitative researchers in the field of international and comparative studies, focusing on selection bias that may result from the deliberate selection of cases by the invest...
Article
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Qualitative analysts have received stern warnings that the validity of their studies may be undermined by selection bias. This article provides an overview of this problem for qualitative researchers in the field of international and comparative studies, focusing on selection bias that may result from the deliberate selection of cases by the invest...
Article
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Beginning in the 1970s, “corporatism” became a major focus of research on Latin America, a focus readily embraced by scholars who analyzed the authoritarian political relationships emerging during that period. The concept provided a valuable alternative to earlier pluralist models and offered a useful optic for examining state control of interest g...
Article
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When scholars extend their models and hypotheses to encompass additional cases, they commonly need to adapt their analytic categories to fit the new contexts. Giovanni Sartori's work on conceptual "traveling" and conceptual "stretching" provides helpful guidance in addressing this fundamental task of comparative analysis. Yet Sartori's framework dr...
Article
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This review focuses on two recent, ambitious books by the Colliers and Touraine that study Latin America from a comparative perspective. In-depth consideration is given to their conceptual frameworks, use of a comparative methodology, and substantive findings. In addition to their contribution to an understanding of the time period spanning 1930 to...
Chapter
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Chapter
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Comparison is a fundamental tool of analysis. It sharpens our powers of description, and plays a central role in concept-formation by bringing into focus suggestive similarities and contrasts among cases. Routinely used in testing hypotheses, it can also contribute to the inductive discovery of new hypotheses and to theory-building. This chapter ex...
Article
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The article assesses the use of strategic choice models in the study of Latin American politics. These models explore how given actors pursue goals by shaping the context in which other actors make choices. The discussion centers on Hirschman’s analysis of “reform-mongering,” Przeworski’s “threshold” model of transitions to democracy, and O’Donnell...
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The idea of crucial choices and their legacies has long intrigued students of political change. Numerous scholars have focused on major watersheds in political life, arguing that these transitions establish certain directions of change and foreclose others in a way that may shape politics for years to come. Such transitions can be called "critical...
Article
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The concept of "corporatism" has usefully called attention to the importance of systems of interest representation based on non-competing groups that are officially sanctioned, subsidized, and supervised by the state. Yet these patterns have appeared in such a remarkable variety of political contexts that this concept may be too broad to be useful....
Article
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The rise of a new wave of authoritarian regimes in the economically more advanced countries of Latin America has stimulated new debate on the relationship between socioeconomic development and political change. This article builds on the perspective gained since the publication of Guillermo O'Donnell's Modernization and Bureaucratic-Authoritarianis...
Book
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Social security is one of the most important means by which modern nations protect the welfare of their citizens. The first appearance of social security represents a particularly important policy juncture at which many nations broke from the anti-welfare doctrine of traditional liberalism. The bulk of scholarship on social security treats its adop...
Article
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ResearchGate See discussions, stats, and autho rofiles for this publication at: https://www.researchgatenet/p 'cation/277374228 Timing of Economic Growth and Regime Characteristics in Latin America Article Comparative Politics - April 1975 DOI: 10.2307/421223 CITATIONS READS 9 4 1 author: David Collier University ofCalifornia, Ber... 64 PUBLICATION...
Article
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Both kind hierarchies and part-whole hierarchies play an important role in the conceptual structure of comparative research, and understanding these hierarchies yields great insight into concept-formation. This article demonstrates the role of these two kinds of hierarchies in comparative studies of political democracies. Five patterns of conceptua...
Article
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The past decade has witnessed a sea change in political science methodology. Conventional quantitative methods are now the focus of even sharper criticism. The tools of qualitative analysis are being further refined and legitimated in ways that addresses some of these failings. Qualitative tools certainly have their own problems and limitations, bu...
Article
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Cross-national research focused on corporative patterns of state-labor relations can be guided by the questions 'who does what, to whom, and how?' With reference to who, the actors launching corporative arrangements must be carefully identified. Regarding what and to whom, attention must focus on the specific institutional and policy initiatives un...

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