David Chavis

David Chavis
Community Science

Ph.D.

About

32
Publications
69,107
Reads
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8,655
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
January 1997 - present
Community Science
Position
  • Principal Associate/CEO
August 1987 - July 1995
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
June 1984 - September 1985
CUNY Graduate Center
Position
  • NIMH Post Doctoral Fellow Environmental Psychology

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
Cross-case study methodology is a more appropriate and still rigorous methodology for community and systems change research and evaluation. It supports learning about effective implementation, community capacity building, and resident engagement—all core elements of community and systems change efforts. It also communicates more effectively to non-...
Chapter
Improving the quality of life through the strengthening of the social fabric of relations is an important goal for practitioners and scientists addressing all social issues whether it be for prevention, intervention, treatment, or broad social change agendas. The social and medical sciences offer a wide range of terms for that feeling of connection...
Article
Full-text available
Key Points · This article examines success factors that relate specifically to the ability of a comprehensive community initiative (CCI) to achieve the scope and scale required to generate community-level outcomes and to sustain those positive impacts over time. · The CCIs selected for study represent a wide range of goals, strategies, and organiza...
Article
Several activities were used to evaluate the Safe Start Demonstration Project (2000–2006). Findings from two of the evaluation activities (i.e., process evaluations, promising practices reports) have been combined in this article to discuss systems change strategies implemented to better serve children exposed to violence and the promising practice...
Article
Yes we can! is a community-building initiative funded by the W. K. Kellogg Foundation that aims to improve educational and economic outcomes in Battle Creek, Michigan by mobilizing low-income communities and resident leaders and building their capacity to influence the decisions and policies that impact their lives. This paper describes the strateg...
Article
Full-text available
Community coalitions, as they are currently applied, are unique organizations whose ability to promote community change is different from other types of community organizations. This article explores those differences and elaborates how community coalitions can use those differences to transform conflict into greater capacity, equity, and justice....
Article
This article summarizes theoretical and methodological advances in the study and application of a sense of community (SOC), and serves as the introduction to a special issue devoted to this subject. Four themes emerged from the review. The first was that there continues to be a search for additional measures, despite the popularity of the SOC Index...
Article
Reducing tobacco use, especially cigarette smoking, is a public health priority. The American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST) was initiated in 1991 to prevent and reduce tobacco use primarily through policy-based approaches to alter the social-political environment. This article describes the conceptual design, research framework, evaluati...
Article
Full-text available
Reducing tobacco use, especially cigarette smoking, is a public health priority. The American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST) was initiated in 1991 to prevent and reduce tobacco use primarily through policy-based approaches to alter the social-political environment. This article describes the conceptual design, research framework, evaluati...
Article
This paper will explore the most effective strategic roles that coalitions can play in the prevention of complex, entrenched social and health problems such as violence, alcoholism, and other substance abuse problems. There is a growing body of "wisdom" and research literature that suggests that the most effective role for community coalitions and...
Article
Community psychology has never really looked at its practice as a profession, though many of us as students came to the field with high expectations that we could learn how to make a difference in communities. This article discussed what I think about community psychology practice and how I have tried to approach it.
Chapter
This chapter reports on the use of systems concepts in an action-research project studying and intervening with voluntary community organizations. Voluntary community organizations include block or neighborhood associations, tenant associations, church volunteer groups, youth groups, and merchant associations. They may stand independently or be con...
Article
Full-text available
This article has discussed the need to support grassroots community development. Grassroots community development requires the development and maintenance of voluntary community organizations (e.g., block, neighborhood, and tenant associations). These organizations have proved effective in the social, physical, and economic development of a communi...
Article
Full-text available
Tested a model for understanding the relationship of participation in block associations to block-level variables (i.e., demographics, the built environment, crime, the transient social and physical environment). Data were obtained from 48 city blocks using (1) a telephone survey of 1,081 residents, (2) a block environmental inventory (BEI), (3) po...
Article
Full-text available
Social programs need to identify catalysts for action which can be targeted in order to effectively and efficiently meet their goals. A model illustrates how a sense of community can have a catalytic effect on local action (i.e., participation in a block association) by affecting the perception of the environment, social relations, and one’s percei...
Article
Although sense of community was heralded by Sarason (1974) as the “overarching value” of community psychology, no theory or definition of the phenomenon has been operationalized or empirically tested. The difficulty in the scientific exploration of sense of community is in the value-laden and phenomenological nature of the experience. Following McM...
Article
Full-text available
For several years many of us at Peabody College have participated in the evolution of a theory of community, the first conceptualization of which was presented in a working paper (McMillan, 1976) of the Center for Community Studies. To support the proposed definition, McMillan focused on the literature on group cohesiveness, and we build here on th...
Article
Demonstrates how citizens can use the information gained through a basic research project to benefit both the social scientist and the community being studied. A case study is presented based on the experience of the Neighborhood Participation Project, which studied citizen participation in a racially integrated neighborhood in Nashville, Tennessee...
Article
Typescript (photocopy). Thesis (Ph. D. in Psychology)--George Peabody College for Teachers of Vanderbilt University, 1983. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 86-95).
Article
incorporates the research and experiences described in this book with other sources of knowledge to outline a strategy which can prevent and reduce drug-related problems in our communities / conclude with a description of our current initiatives in New Jersey and the implications of this strategy for community development research and practice (Psy...
Article
Full-text available
This paper will present the prevention perspective in the context of considering community justice. The underlying theme of this paper is that we know from substantial scientific evidence that communities are essential for human well being and they must be capable of providing a healthy, just, and equitable environment. The prevention of crime and...

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