## About

98

Publications

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Introduction

After a PhD at IRPHE laboratory (Marseille, France), and a 2 years post-doctoral Marie-Curie ETH Zurich fellowship, I am currently working as a CNRS researcher, at ISTerre (Grenoble, France), on geophysical fluid dynamics.

Additional affiliations

January 2014 - present

January 2014 - present

November 2011 - December 2013

## Publications

Publications (98)

The elliptical instability can take place in planetary cores and stars
elliptically deformed by gravitational effects, where it generates large-scale
three-dimensional flows assumed to be dynamo capable. In this work, we present
the first magneto-hydrodynamic numerical simulations of such flows, using a
finite-element method. We first validate our...

Several studies have already considered the influence of tides on the
evolution of systems composed of a star and a close-in companion to tentatively
explain different observations such as the spin-up of some stars with hot
Jupiters, the radius anomaly of short orbital period planets and the
synchronization or quasi-synchronization of the stellar s...

The elliptical instability is a generic instability which takes place in any
rotating flow whose streamlines are elliptically deformed. Up to now, it has
been widely studied in the case of a constant, non-zero differential rotation
between the fluid and the elliptical distortion with applications in
turbulence, aeronautics, planetology and astrophy...

Earth’s magnetic field is generated by fluid motions in the outer core. This geodynamo has operated for over 3.4 billion years. However, the mechanism that has sustained the geodynamo for over 75% of Earth’s history remains debated. In this Review, we assess the mechanisms proposed to drive the geodynamo (precession, tides and convection) and their...

Changes in the Earth’s rotation are deeply connected to fluid dynamical processes in the outer core. This connection can be explored by studying the associated Earth eigenmodes with periods ranging from nearly diurnal to multi-decadal. It is essential to understand how the rotational and fluid core eigenmodes mutually interact, as well as their dep...

The acoustic modes of a rotating fluid-filled cavity can be used to determine the effective rotation rate of a fluid (since the resonant frequencies are modified by the flows). To be accurate, this method requires a prior knowledge of the acoustic modes in rotating fluids. Contrary to the Coriolis force, centrifugal gravity has received much less a...

The bounded oscillations of rotating fluid-filled ellipsoids can provide physical insight into the flow dynamics of deformed planetary interiors. The inertial modes, sustained by the Coriolis force, are ubiquitous in rapidly rotating fluids and Vantieghem (2014, Proc. R. Soc. A, 470, 20140093, doi:10.1098/rspa.2014.0093) pioneered a method to compu...

Planetary magnetic fields are generated by motions of electrically conducting fluids in their interiors. The dynamo problem has thus received much attention in spherical geometries, even though planetary bodies are non-spherical. To go beyond the spherical assumption, we develop an algorithm that exploits a fully spectral description of the magneti...

Planetary magnetic fields are generated by motions of electrically conducting fluids in their interiors. The dynamo problem has thus received much attention in spherical geometries, even though planetary bodies are non-spherical. To go beyond the spherical assumption, we develop an algorithm that exploits a fully spectral description of the magneti...

The acoustic modes of a rotating fluid-filled cavity can be used to determine the effective rotation rate of a fluid (since the resonant frequencies are modified by the flows). To be accurate, this method requires a prior knowledge of the acoustic modes in rotating fluids. Contrary to the Coriolis force, centrifugal gravity has received much less a...

The generation of mean flows is a long-standing issue in rotating fluids. Motivated by planetary objects, we consider here a rapidly rotating fluid-filled spheroid, which is subject to weak perturbations of either the boundary (e.g. tides) or the rotation vector (e.g. in direction by precession, or in magnitude by longitudinal librations). Using bo...

The generation of mean flows is a long-standing issue in rotating fluids. Motivated by planetary objects, we consider here a rapidly rotating fluid-filled spheroid, which is subject to weak perturbations of either the boundary (e.g. tides) or the rotation vector (e.g. in direction by precession, or in magnitude by longitudinal librations). Using bo...

The withdrawal of a liquid or the translation of a liquid slug in a capillary tube leads to the deposition of a thin film on the inner wall. When particles or contaminants are present in the liquid, they deposit and contaminate the tube if the liquid film is sufficiently thick. In this article, we experimentally investigate the condition under whic...

The acoustic spectrum of a gas-filled resonating cavity can be used to indirectly probe its internal velocity field. This unconventional velocimetry method is particularly interesting for opaque fluid or rapidly rotating flows, which cannot be imaged with standard methods. This requires to (i) identify a large enough number of acoustic modes, (ii)...

The withdrawal of a liquid or the translation of a liquid slug in a capillary tube leads to the deposition of a thin film on the inner wall. When particles or contaminants are present in the liquid, they deposit and contaminate the tube if the liquid film is sufficiently thick. In this article, we experimentally investigate the condition under whic...

The bounded oscillations of rotating fluid-filled ellipsoids can provide physical insight into the flow dynamics of deformed planetary interiors. The inertial modes, sustained by the Coriolis force, are ubiquitous in rapidly rotating fluids and Vantieghem (2014, Proc. R. Soc. A, 470, 20140093. doi:10.1098/rspa.2014.0093) pioneered a method to compu...

The acoustic spectrum of a gas-filled resonating cavity can be used to indirectly probe its internal velocity field. This unconventional velocimetry method is particularly interesting for opaque fluid or rapidly rotating flows, which cannot be imaged with standard methods. This requires to (i) identify a large enough number of acoustic modes, (ii)...

Compressible fluid modes in rigid ellipsoids: towards modal acoustic velocimetry - Volume 885 - Jérémie Vidal, Sylvie Su, David Cébron

In planetary fluid cores, the density depends on temperature and chemical composition, which diffuse at very different rates. This leads to various instabilities, bearing the name of double-diffusive convection (DDC). We investigate rotating DDC (RDDC) in fluid spheres. We use the Boussinesq approximation with homogeneous internal thermal and compo...

Precession of planets or moons affects internal liquid layers by driving flows, instabilities and possibly dynamos. The energy dissipated by these phenomena can influence orbital parameters such as the planet’s spin rate. However, there is no systematic study of these flows in the spherical shell geometry relevant for planets, and the lack of scali...

Context. Surface magnetic fields have been detected in 5–10% of isolated massive stars, hosting outer radiative envelopes. They are often thought to have a fossil origin, resulting from the stellar formation phase. Yet, magnetic massive stars are scarcer in (close) short-period binaries, as reported by the BinaMIcS (Binarity and Magnetic Interactio...

Surface magnetic fields have been detected in 5% to 10% of isolated massive stars, hosting outer radiative envelopes. They are often thought to have a fossil origin, i.e. inherited from the stellar formation phase. Yet, magnetic massive stars are scarcer in (close) short-period binaries, as reported by the BinaMIcS collaboration. Thus, different ph...

In planetary fluid cores, the density depends on temperature and chemical composition, which diffuse at very different rates. This leads to various instabilities, bearing the name of double-diffusive convection. We investigate rotating double-diffusive convection (RDDC) in fluid spheres. We use the Boussinesq approximation with homogeneous internal...

Precession of planets or moons affects internal liquid layers by driving flows, instabilities and possibly dynamos.The energy dissipated by these phenomena can influence orbital parameters such as the planet's spin rate.However, there is no systematic study of these flows in the spherical shell geometry relevant for planets, turning any extrapolati...

Celestial fluid bodies (e.g. planets, stars), orbited by gravitational companions, undergo harmonic orbital forcings, such as tides or precession. These orbital forcings deform fluid bodies into ellipsoids and generate fluid instabilities, e.g. the elliptical instability. The nonlinear outcome of these instabilities can sustain a wave turbulence re...

We consider the hydrodynamic stability of homogeneous, incompressible and rotating ellipsoidal fluid masses. The latter are the simplest models of fluid celestial bodies with internal rotation and subjected to tidal forces. The classical problem is the stability of Roche–Riemann ellipsoids moving on circular Kepler orbits. However, previous stabili...

Stellar magnetism plays an important role in stellar evolution theory. Approximatively 10% of observed main sequence (MS) and pre-main-sequence (PMS) radiative stars exhibit surface magnetic fields above the detection limit, raising the question of their origin. These stars host outer radiative envelopes, which are stably stratified. Therefore they...

Latitudinal libration driven flows in triaxial ellipsoids – CORRIGENDUM - Volume 830 - S. Vantieghem, D. Cébron, J. Noir

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178599.].

Planets and satellites can undergo physical librations, which consist of forced periodic variations in their rotation rate induced by gravitational interactions with nearby bodies. This mechanical forcing may drive turbulence in interior fluid layers such as subsurface oceans and metallic liquid cores through a libration-driven elliptical instabili...

Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) ships represent a clear demonstration of the Lorentz force in fluids, which explains the number of students practicals or exercises described on the web. However, the related literature is rather specific and no complete comparison between theory and typical small scale experiments is currently available. This work provide...

Discussion of electrolysis complications.
(ZIP)

α and β for the Hartmann flow.
(ZIP)

Analytical solutions for the thruster.
(ZIP)

Mean field of a cylindrical magnet.
(ZIP)

In Ref. 1, there is a slight error in formula (5), which is corrected in this erratum. This slight error should also be corrected in the articles where this formula is used, i.e., in formula (17) of Ref. 2, in formula (10) of Ref. 3, and in formula (15) of Ref. 4. Fortunately, this error does not impact the results and conclusions of these articles...

We investigate free hydromagnetic eigenmodes of an incompressible, inviscid and ideal electrically conducting fluid in rotating triaxial ellipsoids. The container rotates with an angular velocity tilted from its figure. The magnetic base state is a uniform current density also tilted. Three-dimensional perturbations upon the base state are expanded...

We investigate free hydromagnetic eigenmodes of an incompressible, inviscid and ideal electrically conducting fluid in rotating triaxial ellipsoids. The container rotates with an angular velocity tilted from its figure. The magnetic base state is a uniform current density also tilted. Three-dimensional perturbations upon the base state are expanded...

Video: https://gfm.aps.org/meetings/dfd-2016/57d8758db8ac3117910007f9
Planets and satellites can be subjected to physical libration, which consists in forced periodic variations in their rotation rate induced by gravitational interactions with nearby bodies. Many bodies librate, such as Mercury, the Moon, Europa, Io or Enceladus. Can such complex...

When they first appear in the HR diagram, young stars rotate at a mere 10 per cent of their break-up velocity. They must have
lost most of the angular momentum initially contained in the parental cloud, the so-called angular momentum problem. We investigate
here a new mechanism by which large amounts of angular momentum might be shed from young ste...

Shear layers in confined liquid metal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow play an important role in geo- and astrophysical bodies as well as in engineering applications. We present an experimental and numerical study of liquid metal MHD flow in a modified cylindrical annulus that is driven by an azimuthal Lorentz force resulting from a forced electric c...

Shear layers in confined liquid metal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow play an important role in geo- and astrophysical bodies as well as in engineering applications. We present an experimental and numerical study of liquid metal MHD flow in a modified cylindrical annulus that is driven by an azimuthal Lorentz force resulting from a forced electric c...

Motivated by understanding the liquid core dynamics of tidally deformed planets and moons, we present a study of incompressible flow driven by latitudinal libration within rigid triaxial ellipsoids. We first derive a laminar solution for the inviscid equations of motion under the assumption of uniform vorticity flow. This solution exhibits a resona...

Precession driven flows are found in any rotating container filled with liquid, when the rotation axis itself rotates about a secondary axis that is fixed in an inertial frame of reference. Because of its relevance for planetary fluid layers, many works consider spheroidal containers, where the uniform vorticity component of the bulk flow is reliab...

We investigate the equilibrium morphology of a finite volume of liquid placed
on two parallel rigid fibers of different radii. As observed for identical
radii fibers, the liquid is either in a column morphology or adopts a drop
shape depending on the inter-fiber distance. However the cross-sectional area
and the critical inter-fiber distance at whi...

We present laboratory experimental results demonstrating that librational forcing of an ellipsoidal container of water can produce intense motions through the mechanism of a libration driven elliptical instability (LDEI). These libration studies are conducted using an ellipsoidal acrylic container filled with water. A particle image
velocimetry met...

It is now well established that a fraction of the massive (M>8 Msun) star
population hosts strong, organised magnetic fields, most likely of fossil
origin. The details of the generation and evolution of these fields are still
poorly understood. The BinaMIcS project takes an important step towards the
understanding of the interplay between binarity...

Large-scale planetary or stellar magnetic fields generated by a dynamo effect are mostly attributed to flows forced by buoyancy forces in electrically conducting fluid layers. However, these large-scale fields may also be controlled by tides, as previously suggested for the star τ-boo, Mars, or the early Moon. By simulating a small local patch of a...

Convection in planetary cores can generate fluid flow and magnetic fields, and a number of sophisticated codes exist to simulate the dynamic behaviour of such systems. We report on the first community activity to compare numerical results of computer codes designed to calculate fluid flow within a whole sphere. The flows are incompressible and rapi...

Summary It is frequently considered that many planetary magnetic fields originate as a result of convection within planetary cores. Buoyancy forces responsible for driving the convection generate a fluid flow that is able to induce magnetic fields; numerous sophisticated ...

We consider rotating flows in non-axisymmetric enclosures that are driven by
libration, i.e. by a small periodic modulation of the rotation rate. Thanks to
its simplicity, this model is relevant to various contexts, from industrial
containers (with small oscillations of the rotation rate) to fluid layers of
terrestial planets (with length-of-day va...

Because of gravitational interactions with their companions, the rotational dynamics of planets and stars involve periodic perturbations of their shape, the direction of their rotational vector, and their rotation rate. These perturbations correspond in planetary terms to tides, precession, and longitudinal libration. We review here the flows drive...

We study the flow forced by precession in rigid non-axisymmetric ellipsoidal containers. To do so, we revisit the inviscid and viscous analytical models that have been previously developed for the spheroidal geometry by, respectively, Poincaré (Bull. Astronomique, vol. XXVIII, 1910, pp. 1–36) and Busse (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 33, 1968, pp. 739–751),...

In this work, we report the excitation of inertial waves in a librating
sphere even for libration frequencies where these waves are not directly
forced. This spontaneous generation comes from the localized turbulence induced
by the centrifugal instabilities in the Ekman boundary layer near the equator
and does not depend on the libration frequency....

Subaerial landslides are common events, which may generate very large
water waves. The numerical modelling and simulation of these events are
thus of primary interest for forecasting and mitigation of tsunami
disasters. In this paper, we aim at describing these extreme events
using a simplified shallow water model to derive relevant scaling laws.
T...

Orbital dynamics that lead to longitudinal libration of celestial bodies also
result in an elliptically deformed equatorial core-mantle boundary. The
non-axisymmetry of the boundary leads to a topographic coupling between the
assumed rigidmantle and the underlying low viscosity fluid.The present
experimental study investigates theeffect of non axis...