David Brunsma

David Brunsma
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | VT · Department of Sociology

PhD, Sociology

About

74
Publications
51,756
Reads
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1,570
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2011 - May 2016
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Sociology subdisciplines are notorious for being siloed in their respective fields of study. This is sometimes more noticeable in those arenas that surprisingly (to some) do not make sense, as there are bound to be greater sociological insights gleamed from an intra‐subdisciplinary approach that allow for better synthesis of theory(ies) or even epi...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the post-Prohibition era up until craft beer arises as a response. Understanding how beer became racialized helps one to grapple with the continuities of its whiteness and the maintenance of racist practices within the beer industry writ large. The chapter looks at the historical and contemporary (re)construction of the craf...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of the whiteness of craft beer. When one looks at the deep history of beer and its origin stories in the 'new world,' one realizes that beer in the United States has always been bound up with race, racism, and the construction of white institutions and identities. Given the very quick and meteoric rise of the craft...
Chapter
This chapter discusses how the search for the origins of beer and brewing in the United States has been hampered by the realities of the racial, gendered, and classed inequalities that created the United States in the first place. It integrates an overview of the deep history of beer in the US context, largely from 1587 until the end of Prohibition...
Article
In this Editorial Feature Review, we reached out to senior race/racism and ethnicity scholars who have theoretically, epistemologically, and empirically contributed in major ways to what we now call the sociology of race and ethnicity. We wanted to pay our respects to these mothers and fathers of the discipline and the gifts that they have given ou...
Article
This article focuses on processes of meaning making in White spaces as the glue that holds their social structures together. Understanding White spaces and how they operate necessitates theoretical development from a cultural perspective. The authors’ research empirically engages with a wide range of White spaces—neighborhoods, subcultural scenes,...
Chapter
This chapter evaluates the ways in which craft beer has reshaped spaces, places, and cultures in the image of white people, whiteness, and white supremacy. Craft beer spaces and places are typically located in gentrified areas, which have become signifiers of gentrification and middle-class consumption. The chapter then argues that craft breweries...
Chapter
This chapter investigates how the lack of diversity and representation in the craft beer industry has led to the systematic exclusion of black people from beer consumption. One way to do this is to focus on the use of racially targeted marketing to sell cheaper products of lesser quality to communities of color; malt liquor is a critical case. Anot...
Chapter
This chapter explains that although the central story of race and beer in the United States is one that centers on the production and reproduction of whiteness, there is reason to believe that the racialized social structure of beer might be cracking. It looks at several developments that may indicate critical change in the phenomenon of craft beer...
Chapter
This chapter examines how, given the historical realities that have built the current structure of the craft beer industry in the United States, we today see a structure that is itself racialized, gendered, and exclusionary. The systematic erasure of black and brown practices of brewing and drinking in early America; the creation and solidification...
Chapter
Scholarship designed to ask questions about the meanings of, identities of, and experiences of the offspring of interracial unions has been around for almost a century but has only seriously and significantly developed since the 1990s. From the early days of theorizing such experience from the counselor’s chair, psychological models planted early s...
Article
This study critically examines the subculture of the jamband scene, particularly that of the band Phish, through the notion of “white space.” We demonstrate the existence of colorblind racism and denial of white privilege in the white space of Phish subculture, which is also emblematic of the jamband subculture at large. This study utilizes content...
Article
Full-text available
This qualitative study examined instances of racial discrimination from family members among 36 Black/White Multiracial individuals. Forms of discrimination included stereotyping, identity invalidation, racist comments, lack of acknowledgment, vicarious discrimination, and negativity. Participants responded to discrimination by distancing themselve...
Article
In this feature review we explore the idea that the discipline is collectively, possessively invested in a particular version of itself—white sociology. We think through some of the key elements of this investment, its consequences, and explore possible ways to divest from it.
Article
en SPECIAL ISSUE: Revisioning Family Theories: Centering Race and Ethnicity, Edited by Cheryl Buehler and April L. Few‐Demo
Article
Full-text available
In 2013, controversy sparked student protests, campus debates, and national attention when Smith College denied admittance to Calliope Wong—a trans woman. Since then, eight women’s colleges have revised their admissions policies to include different gender identities such as trans women and genderqueer people. Given the recency of such policies, we...
Article
The graduate student experience, for many, can be a time of great stress, insecurity, and uncertainty. Overwhelmingly, studies verify that good mentoring is one of the best indicators of graduate student success. In this literature review, we outline in detail previous research that attest to these experiences, and pay specific attention to the exp...
Chapter
In the United States, the racialized social structure is White supremacy (as White is the dominant race), and the reigning racial ideologies are color blindness and post-racialism. This chapter uses this framework to think through multiraciality and its perils and promises in contemporary United States society and to answer the following questions:...
Chapter
A recent Cheerios commercial featuring a Black–White biracial daughter along with her Black father and White mother incited a lot of debate about the implications of multiracial families (Elliot, 2014). Many multiracial families responded by posting their family photos to the “We Are The 15 Percent Tumblr,” showing the beauty and strength, as well...
Article
Full-text available
It has recently been discovered that the beta blocker drug, propranolol, can potentially reduce implicit racial bias among its users. By acting upon the affective conditions associated with implicit racial bias functioning at the non-conscious and pre-conscious levels, researchers have expressed excitement about the potential of propranolol and sim...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we outline the ‘walls of whiteness’ that make it difficult to teach the sociology of race and racism and make it difficult for students at historically white colleges and universities (HCWUs) to wrestle with these important issues. Most white students enter HWCUs surrounded by these walls – protecting them from attacks on white supr...
Article
Full-text available
Although researchers have investigated Multiracials for their racial identity ‘choices’, many scholars continue to conceptualise racial identity as monolithic. This article both problematises and extends the notion of racial identity with an ‘identity matrix’. This concept grounds the sociological processes of constructing and deploying a racial id...
Chapter
Contained herein are interview data for three groups of multiracial individuals including Black-White, Asian-White, and Hispanic-White. While appearance is typically limited to discussions about one's phenotype as skin color and so forth, the narratives of these multiracial individuals also reveal use of a variety of cultural markers, such as cloth...
Article
This selective review of the literature utilizes core life course principles to enhance current understanding of the complex relations between structural constraints, social contextual influences, and racial identification, and their implications for Black–White multiracial youth's developmental pathways. We assert that weakening structural constra...
Chapter
The United States is founded upon many stories and scripts. Individualism, property, ownership, rights, democracy, white supremacy, patriarchy, and empire are some of the stories that have been woven into the fabric of dominant U.S. institutions and interpersonal relationships. There are also embroidered patterns etched upon this fabric—us/them, in...
Article
In this article, we argue for cognitive sociology as a framework for studying the sociology of race. Cognitive sociology concerns itself with classification, identity construction, meaning and collective memory and is thus centrally concerned with generic issues that apply well to racial category construction and maintenance. We, first, outline the...
Article
Empirical research on the growing multiracial population in the United States has focused largely on the documentation of racial identification, analysis of psychological adjustment, and understanding the broader political consequences of mixed-race identification. Efforts toward theory construction on multiracial identity development, however, hav...
Article
Counseling research on racial identity development among multiracial people has largely overlooked the complexity of these individuals' social experiences and how their multiple realities result in various racial identities. The assumptions that individuals with one Black and one White parent can only understand themselves as “Black” or “biracial”...
Article
The transformative process of developing a sociological imagination is, by definition, radical. As an individual pastime, it encourages some of us to open doors that most would rather leave shut. However, pastimes often succumb to ritual, ritual to comfort, and comfort rests easy in the status quo, leaving behind broader theoretical concerns such a...
Article
This is a dialogue between a teacher-student and a student-teacher in the discipline of sociol- ogy. Critical questions about the state of sociology are pursued in the context of a hegemonic American sociological enterprise. American sociology has become content with continuing to document dystopia, with exploiting those who struggle under societie...
Article
Empirical research on multiraciality and the development of richer models of racial identity have increased in the last decade. Increased attention to such phenomena has lead to the “check all that apply” modification to the 2000 Census—an official recognition of an historical reality not before reflected on the United States’ Census. However, “ide...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, a nationally-representative sample of kindergarten-aged children is used from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study to explore the structure of parental racial designation of mixed-race children. The variation in these parental designations of a variety of mixed-race children is described. Parental racial designations in the three...
Article
Current research on racial identity construction among biracial people derives primarily from small convenience samples and assumes that individuals with one black and one white parent have only two options for racial identity: “black” or “biracial.” Rockquemore's (1999) taxonomy of racial identity options is used as a framework to synthesize exist...
Article
Contrary to what one reads in the headlines and texts of the nation's most prominent newspapers, what one hears from the mouths of politicians and educational administrators, and what one sees on the evening news, there is absolutely nothing simplistic and straightforward about the current movement to uniform public school students in the United St...
Article
It is refreshing to observe another scholar engaging the important and timely question of the effects of school uniforms on academic achievement. The extant literature is largely anecdotal, often methodologically flawed, unpublished, or published without peer review, and sometimes funded by uniform supply companies. A. Bodine's (2003) “School Unifo...
Article
Chapter 1 The Many Costs of White Racism Chapter 2 The Psychological and Energy Costs of Contemporary Racism Chapter 3 The Physical Health Consequences of Racism Chapter 4 The Family and Community Costs of Racism Chapter 5 Fighting and Managing Everyday Racism: An Array of Strategies Chapter 6 Combating Racism: Active Behavioral Strategies Chapter...
Article
The “check all that apply” approach to race on the 2000 census has ignited a conceptual debate over the meaning and usefulness of racial categories. This debate is most intense over the category “black” because of the historically unique way that blackness has been defined. Though the lived reality of many people of color has changed over the past...
Article
The debate surrounding the effectiveness of school-uniform policies, as well as discussions concerning when and how to implement them, is rooted in anecdote. This review summarizes anecdotal literature on which the current debate is based and critically reviews the empirical literature, including theoretical underpinnings, findings, and suggestions...
Article
The ãƒÆ’ã‚¢ãƒÂ¢ã¢â‚¬Å¡ã‚¬ãƒâ€¦ã¢â‚¬Å“check all that applyãƒÆ’ã‚¢ãƒÂ¢ã¢â‚¬Å¡ã‚¬ãƒâ€šã‚ approach to race on the 2000 census has ignited a conceptual debate over the meaning and usefulness of racial categories. This debate is most intense over the category ãƒÆ’ã‚¢ãƒÂ¢ã¢â‚¬Å¡ã‚¬ãƒâ€¦ã¢â‚¬Å“blackãƒÆ’ã‚¢ãƒÂ¢ã¢â‚¬Å¡ã‚¬ãƒâ€šã‚ because of the hi...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnic identity research has largely focused on the identity choices of White ethnics (Alba, 1990; Ignatiev, 1995; Waters, 1990). One key factor in these choices is bodily appearance. We extend this research to Black and White Biracial individuals and examine the role that physical appearance plays in their "choices" of racial identity. We test Roc...
Article
Full-text available
Mandatory uniform policies have been the focus of recent discourse on public school reform. Proponents of such reform measures emphasize the benefits of student uniforms on specific behavioral and academic outcomes. Tenth-grade data from The National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 was used to test empirically the claims made by uniform advo...

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Question (1)
Question
Would love to read for potential applications to racialization processes and interactional racial microaggressions

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Projects (2)
Project
This research examines tensions in feminist and women's spaces regarding trans inclusion.