David Barefield

David Barefield
Loyola University Chicago | LUC · Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology

PhD

About

56
Publications
5,419
Reads
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1,175
Citations
Introduction
Assistant Professor and PI of the Barefield lab at Loyola University Chicago studying the pathophysiological mechanisms of genetic cardiomyopathies. Full publication list in PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/myncbi/1jEUnxm-655AF/bibliography/43832479/public/?sort=date&direction=descending
Additional affiliations
July 2014 - present
Northwestern University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
August 2009 - June 2014
Loyola University Chicago
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
August 2009 - June 2014
Loyola University Chicago
Field of study
  • Cell and Molecular Physiology
December 2005 - May 2009
Augustana College
Field of study
  • Biology, Biochemistry

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
A premature truncation of MYBPHL in humans and a loss of Mybphl in mice is associated with dilated cardiomyopathy, atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, and atrial enlargement. MYBPHL encodes myosin binding protein H-like (MyBP-HL). Prior work in mice indirectly identified Mybphl expression in the atria and in small puncta throughout the ventricle. B...
Article
Full-text available
Glucocorticoid steroids are commonly prescribed for many inflammatory conditions, but chronic daily use produces adverse effects including muscle wasting and weakness. In contrast, shorter glucocorticoid pulses may improve athletic performance, although the mechanisms remain unclear. Muscle is sexually dimorphic and comparatively little is known ab...
Article
Duchenne muscular dystrophy, like other muscular dystrophies, is a progressive disorder hallmarked by muscle degeneration, inflammation, and fibrosis. Latent transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) binding protein 4 (LTBP4) is an extracellular matrix protein found in muscle. LTBP4 sequesters and inhibits a precursor form of TGFβ. LTBP4 was originally i...
Article
Full-text available
Muscular dystrophies are disorders characterized by progressive muscle loss and weakness that are both genotypically and phenotypically heterogenous. Progression of muscle disease arises from impaired regeneration, plasma membrane instability, defective membrane repair, and calcium mishandling. The ferlin protein family, including dysferlin and myo...
Article
Background The failing heart is characterized by changes in gene expression. However, the regulatory regions of the genome that drive these gene expression changes have not been well defined in human hearts. Methods To define genome-wide enhancer and promoter use in heart failure, cap analysis of gene expression sequencing was applied to 3 healthy...
Article
A premature truncation variant in MYBPHL in humans and a loss of Mybphl in mice associates with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, and atrial enlargement. MYBPHL encodes myosin binding protein H-like (MyBP-HL) and is expressed highly in the atria and in foci throughout the ventricle. We hypothesize that MyBP-HL is req...
Article
Background: Mutations in more than 100 genes lead to dilated, hypertrophic and other forms of cardiomyopathy. Autosomal dominant mutations in the MYH7 and LMNA genes cause autosomal dominant hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy, respectively. Individual mutations display a range of clinical expression from severe early onset disease to minimal o...
Preprint
Full-text available
The failed heart is characterized by re-expression of a fetal gene program, which contributes to adaptation and maladaptation in heart failure. To define genomewide enhancer and promoter use in heart failure, Cap Analysis of Gene Expression (CAGE-seq) was applied to healthy and failed human left ventricles to define short RNAs associated with both...
Article
Full-text available
Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy type 2C (LGMD 2C) is caused by autosomal recessive mutations in the γ-sarcoglycan (SGCG) gene. The most common SGCG mutation is a single nucleotide deletion from a stretch of five thymine residues in SGCG exon 6 (521ΔT). This founder mutation disrupts the transcript reading frame, abolishing protein expression. An ant...
Article
Membrane repair is essential to cell survival. In skeletal muscle, injury often associates with plasma membrane disruption. Additionally, muscular dystrophy is linked to mutations in genes that produce fragile membranes or reduce membrane repair. Methods to enhance repair and reduce susceptibility to injury could benefit muscle in both acute and ch...
Article
A premature truncation (R255X) in MYBPHL associates with human dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and arrhythmias. Loss of Mybphl in mice causes DCM and arrhythmia. MYBPHL encodes myosin binding protein H-like (MyBP-HL) and is expressed highly in the atria. We hypothesize that MyBP-HL is required for proper conduction system function. Immunofluorescence...
Article
Full-text available
The adult myocardium relies on oxidative metabolism. In ischemic myocardium, such as the embryonic heart, glycolysis contributes more prominently as a fuel source. The sulfonylurea receptor 2 (SUR2) was previously implicated in the normal myocardial transition from glycolytic to oxidative metabolism that occurs during adaptation to postnatal life....
Article
Full-text available
Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) phosphorylation is essential for normal heart function and protects the heart from ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. It is known that protein kinase-A (PKA)-mediated phosphorylation of cMyBP-C prevents I/R-dependent proteolysis, whereas dephosphorylation of cMyBP-C at PKA sites correlates with its degrada...
Article
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is the most common autosomal dominant muscular dystrophy and encompasses both skeletal muscle and cardiac complications. Myotonic dystrophy is nucleotide repeat expansion disorder in which type 1 (DM1) is due to a trinucleotide repeat expansion on chromosome 19 and type 2 (DM2) arises from a tetranucleotide repeat expansion...
Article
Dilated cardiomyopathy is under significant genetic influence. Using whole-genome sequencing, we found a premature stop variant (R255X) in the MYBPHL gene in a family with DCM and conduction system disease. A Mybphl null mouse model revealed systolic dysfunction with atrial and ventricular conduction system (VCS) abnormalities. We found MyBP-HL pro...
Article
Full-text available
ATP-sensitive potassium channels found in both the sarcolemma (sarcKATP) and mitochondria (mitoKATP) of cardiomyocytes are important mediators of cardioprotection during ischemic heart disease. Sulfonylurea receptor isoforms (SUR2), encoded by Abcc9, an ATP-binding cassette family member, form regulatory subunits of the sarcKATP channel and are als...
Article
Full-text available
The long-lived, hypoxic-tolerant naked mole-rat well-maintains cardiac function over its three-decade-long lifespan and exhibits many cardiac features atypical of similar-sized laboratory rodents. For example, they exhibit low heart rates and resting cardiac contractility, yet have a large cardiac reserve. These traits are considered ecophysiologic...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cardiomyopathy and arrhythmias are under significant genetic influence. Here, we studied a family with dilated cardiomyopathy and associated conduction system disease in whom prior clinical cardiac gene panel testing was unrevealing. Methods: Whole-genome sequencing and induced pluripotent stem cells were used to examine a family wit...
Article
Glucocorticoid steroids such as prednisone are prescribed for chronic muscle conditions such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, where their use is associated with prolonged ambulation. The positive effects of chronic steroid treatment in muscular dystrophy are paradoxical because these steroids are also known to trigger muscle atrophy. Chronic steroid...
Article
Full-text available
A 25-basepair deletion variant of MYBPC3 occurs at high frequency in individuals of South Asian descent and is estimated to affect 55 million people worldwide, carrying an increased likelihood of cardiomyopathy. Since this variant is prevalent and severe in this subpopulation, quick and affordable screening to provide risk-assessment to guide treat...
Article
Background: Cardiomyopathy is a leading cause of heart failure and is highly heritable. One common form of cardiomyopathy is dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), which currently has over 70 identified genes that have been described as causative for the disease. Genetic testing for DCM employs gene panels and has a sensitivity of mutation detection less th...
Article
Full-text available
Disruption of the plasma membrane often accompanies cellular injury, and in muscle, plasma membrane resealing is essential for efficient recovery from injury. Muscle contraction, especially of lengthened muscle, disrupts the sarcolemma. To define the molecular machinery that directs repair, we applied laser wounding to live mammalian myofibers and...
Article
Full-text available
Dysferlin is a membrane-associated protein implicated in membrane resealing; loss of dysferlin leads to muscular dystrophy. We examined the same loss-of-function Dysf mutation in two different mouse strains, 129T2/SvEmsJ (Dysf(129)) and C57BL/6J (Dysf(B6)). Although there are many genetic differences between these two strains, we focused on polymor...
Data
Data S1. Supplementary methods. Figure S1. Generalized Q‐space imaging (GQI): MRI method to assess ventricular wall myoarchitecture. Simulations of the morphology of Q‐space using a shell configuration, with a single diffusion sensitivity (or B value), carried out to study the effect of MR gradient distribution on the angular resolution of GQI, wi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The geometric organization of myocytes in the ventricular wall comprises the structural underpinnings of cardiac mechanical function. Cardiac myosin binding protein‐C (MYBPC3) is a sarcomeric protein, for which phosphorylation modulates myofilament binding, sarcomere morphology, and myocyte alignment in the ventricular wall. To elucidat...
Article
Exon skipping uses antisense oligonucleotides as a treatment for genetic diseases. The antisense oligonucleotides used for exon skipping are designed to bypass premature stop codons in the target RNA and restore reading frame disruption. Exon skipping is currently being tested in humans with dystrophin gene mutations who have Duchenne muscular dyst...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiomyopathies can result from mutations in genes encoding sarcomere proteins including MYBPC3, which encodes cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C). However, whether oxidative stress is augmented due to contractile dysfunction and cardiomyocyte damage in MYBPC3-mutated cardiomyopathies has not been elucidated. To determine whether oxidative...
Article
Rationale: Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) is a trans-filament protein that has been shown to regulate cardiac function via its amino terminal (N’) regions. However, it is unknown whether the first 271 residues (C0-C1f region) are necessary to regulate contractile function in vivo. Hypothesis: The N’-region of cMyBP-C is critical for pro...
Article
The naked mole-rat (NMR) is the longest-lived rodent, with a maximum lifespan of >31 years. Unlike every other mammal studied to date, this species withstands cardiovascular structural and functional changes for at least 75% of its lifespan. Due to the intersection of oxidative stress, aging, and cardiovascular disease, we questioned if NMRs were m...
Article
Full-text available
Heart failure is highly influenced by heritability, and nearly 100 genes link to familial cardiomyopathy. Despite the marked genetic diversity that underlies these complex cardiovascular phenotypes, several key genes and pathways have emerged. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is characterized by increased contractility and a greater energetic cost of ca...
Article
Mutations in MYBPC3, the gene encoding cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C), account for ~40% of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) cases. Most pathological MYBPC3 mutations encode truncated protein products not found in tissue. Reduced protein levels occur in symptomatic heterozygous human HCM carriers, suggesting haploinsufficiency as an und...
Article
Introduction: Mutations in MYBPC3, encoding cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C), account for ~40% of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) cases. MYBPC3 mutations are usually encode truncated proteins and are not found in tissue and are typically heterozygous (Het) in humans. Reduced protein levels occur in human HCM patients with these mutation...
Article
The naked mole-rat (NMR) is a mouse-sized rodent with a maximum longevity of >31 years. The species exhibits low basal heart rate (256 bpm) and cardiac output (7 ml/min) for its body size, as well as low fractional shortening (28%) for a rodent. However unlike other well-studied mammals, the NMR maintains cardiac reserve and diastolic function for...
Conference Paper
Rationale: Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) is a trans-filament protein that can bind both the thick and thin filaments and regulate contraction. Previously we showed that decreased cMyBP-C phosphorylation is directly associated with catalytic cleavage of the first 271 residues of the N-terminal (N’) and, as a consequence, contractile dys...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Mouse models of myocardial infarction (MI) are commonly used to explore the pathophysiological role of the monocytic response in myocardial injury and to develop translational strategies. However, no study thus far has examined the potential impact of inter-individual variability and sham surgical procedures on monocyte subset kinetics after e...
Article
Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) is a cardiac-specific, thick-filament regulatory protein that is differentially phosphorylated at Ser(273), Ser(282), and Ser(302) by various kinases and modulates contraction. In this study, phosphorylation-site-specific effects of cMyBP-C on myocardial contractility and cross-bridge kinetics were studied...
Article
Full-text available
The etiology of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has been ascribed to mutations in genes encoding sarcomere proteins. In particular, mutations in MYBPC3, a gene which encodes cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C), have been implicated in over one-third of HCM cases. Of these mutations, 70% are predicted to result in C'-truncated protein produ...
Article
Full-text available
Biomarkers are becoming increasingly more important in clinical decision-making, as well as basic science. Diagnosing myocardial infarction (MI) is largely driven by detecting cardiac-specific proteins in patients' serum or plasma as an indicator of myocardial injury. Having recently shown that cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) is detectab...
Article
Background: Recently we have shown that IL-10, an anti-inflammatory cytokine, markedly inhibited the pressure overload-induced cardiac fibrosis, however, antifibrotic mechanisms of IL-10 are largely unknown. In most of organs, including heart, extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is primarily mediated by excessive proliferation of activated fibrob...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale: Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) phosphorylation is essential for normal heart function. We recently demonstrated a direct correlation between cMyBP-C dephosphorylation and its degradation during ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. Strikingly, cMyBP-C phosphorylation protects the heart from I-R injury. However, the mechanism of...
Article
Inflammation plays a critical role in adverse cardiac remodeling and heart failure. Therefore, approaches geared toward inhibiting inflammation may provide therapeutic benefits. We tested the hypotheses that genetic deletion of interleukin-10 (IL-10), a potent antiinflammatory cytokine, exacerbates pressure overload-induced adverse cardiac remodeli...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) is a thick filament assembly protein that stabilizes sarcomeric structure and regulates cardiac function; however, the profile of cMyBP-C degradation after myocardial infarction (MI) is unknown. We hypothesized that cMyBP-C is sensitive to proteolysis and is specifically increased in the bloodstream post-M...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Inflammation plays a critical role in adverse cardiac remodeling and heart failure. Therefore, approaches geared towards inhibiting inflammation may provide therapeutic benefits. We tested the hypothesis that genetic deletion of interleukin-10 (IL10), a potent antiinflammatory cytokine, exacerbates pressure-overload induced adverse card...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiac myosin-binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) phosphorylation at Ser-273, Ser-282, and Ser-302 regulates myocardial contractility. In vitro and in vivo experiments suggest the nonequivalence of these sites and the potential importance of Ser-282 phosphorylation in modulating the protein's overall phosphorylation and myocardial function. To determine w...
Article
During the past 5 years there has been an increasing body of literature describing the roles cardiac myosin binding protein C (cMyBP-C) phosphorylation play in regulating cardiac function and heart failure. cMyBP-C is a sarcomeric thick filament protein that interacts with titin, myosin and actin to regulate sarcomeric assembly, structure and funct...

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The goal of this project is high quality imaging of the vessel wall, while relating vasculature and inflammation to other organs and systems of the body. I have an interest and multiple projects/collaborators in vascular aging as it relates to neuro-inflammation, neuro-trama, arteriosclerosis, vascular stiffness, and cancer. My primary imaging modality is MRI and my primary project focus is vascular disease.
Project
Determine the physiological role of myosin binding protein-H like in cardiac myocytes and its role in cardiomyopathy and arrhythmia.