David Badía

David Badía
University of Zaragoza, Huesca, Spain · Agricultural & Environmental Sciences

Soil Scientist
www.cienciadelsuelo.es (App, in English and Spanish, on Soil Science)

About

121
Publications
23,869
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Introduction
Professor of Soil Science. Member of the Spanish Society of Soil Science (SECS). Member of Fuegored (Spanish network of Fire Effects on Soils). Member of Carbosol (Spanish network of Organic C on Soils). Main research topics: soil classification, soil genesis, fire effects on soil properties. Webs on soil science: www.cienciadelsuelo.es (english and spanish version) www.suelosdearagon.com
Additional affiliations
January 1992 - present
University of Zaragoza, Huesca, Spain
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (121)
Article
Prescribed fire has been extensively used in recent years to control woody encroachment into mountain and other grassland–dominated landscapes. In the Aragon Pyrenees, prescribed burns have been mainly used to remove the native thorny shrub Echinospartum horridum (Vahl) Rothm., whose populations are spreading to the detriment of grasslands. To stud...
Article
Full-text available
Textural features are widespread in many soils, provide pedogenetic evidence, and are fundamental in soil classification systems. The presence of these features and their conservation over time require certain processes and soil forming factors. This study investigates the genesis of textural pedofeatures, especially clay coatings, and the stressfu...
Article
In this study, two new climofunctions based on major elements are proposed from the study of 28 modern alluvial soils with pedogenic carbonate from NE Spain. The first climofunction relates a base ratio (CaO, K2O) to the mean annual temperature (MAT), and the second one the clayeness ratio (Al2O3/SiO2) to the mean annual precipitation (MAP). In bot...
Chapter
This chapter considers the characteristics of the two soil taxonomies that have made them world references: World Reference Base, WRB (IUSS Working Group WRB, 2015) and Soil Taxonomy, ST (Soil Survey Staff, 2014). Diagnostic horizons that serve to classify soils are mentioned, after recalling the genetic horizons. The first hierarchical levels of b...
Article
High-mountain soils are rich in partially decomposed organic matter, which is highly sensitive to mineralization and fire. Prescribed burning is performed in the Pyrenees to keep subalpine grasslands open for grazing. The compositions of the ash, litter and duff layers, and the particulate organic matter (POM) of the topsoil in the 0–1, 1–2, 2–3, a...
Article
Forests of European beech (Fagus sylvatica) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) in the Iberian Peninsula contain some of the southernmost localities of these species and thus may display highly sensitive responses to environmental variations as a result of subjection to particular climate stresses. In this study, we investigated the effects of elevat...
Article
Full-text available
A podzol has been described in the Iberian Range (Moncayo Natural Park), which may represent the southernmost example in Europe. The fact that it occurs at the podzol distribution limit makes its morphology atypical. The aim of this work is to identify the components and formation processes of the soil, and to determine if the processes are active...
Article
The dense thicket Echinospartum horridum (Vahl, Rothm) is expanded in secondary pastures of the Central Pyrenees (NE-Spain). The control of this grassland encroachment is attempted through prescribed burnings, trying to minimize its direct effects on the soil. But the structural changes on the new soil surface, burned and bare, are unknown in the m...
Article
The two most widely extended mountain grasslands in Europe (Nardus-mat grasslands and chalk grasslands) are distributed forming complex patterns. In the Ordesa and Monte Perdido National Park (Central Pyrenees, NE-Spain), they grow as secondary pastures within the treeline ecotone at the subalpine belt. This work aims to show the influence of soil...
Article
Approximately half of the area in the Spanish Central Pyrenees is dedicated to pastures. A decrease in stocking rate coupled with changes in livestock management in recent decades have favoured the expansion of Nardus grasslands, which are considered undesirable for grazing use and for diversity conservation. The objective of this study was to anal...
Article
The introduction of coniferous species in former deciduous forests may exert changes in soil organic matter, particularly in its molecular composition. In this work, pyrolysis-gas chromatography–mass spectrometry was used to study changes in SOM quality related to the centennial afforestation of Scots pine in an area formerly covered by European be...
Article
Prescribed burning has been recently readopted as a management practice in the Central Pyrenees (NE-Spain) to stop shrub encroachment processes and recover pasturelands. The immediate effects of prescribed burning on soil C stocks and related biological properties and their evolution in the short- to mid-term after burning were assessed. The study...
Article
Full-text available
Lime-induced chlorosis (LIC) is an important abiotic constraint affecting the growth and yield of grapevines growing in calcareous soils in the Mediterranean region, and the sensory properties of the produced wine. In the work presented herein, the impact of LIC on the nutritional status and chlorophyll content was assessed for eleven varieties and...
Article
We studied the fire record and its environmental consequences during the Holocene in the Central Ebro Basin. This region is very sensitive to environmental changes due to its semiarid conditions, lithological features and a continuous human presence during the past 6000 years. The study area is a 6 m buried sequence of polycyclic soils developed ap...
Article
The abandonment of the traditional pastoral activities in the subalpine grasslands of the Central Pyrenees (NE-Spain) has resulted in shrub encroachment processes that are dominated by species such as the Echinospartum horridum. Therefore, prescribed burning has been recently readopted in this region as a management tool to stop the spread of shrub...
Article
Soil organic matter, aggregation and water repellency are relevant interrelated soil properties that can be af- fected by fire. The aim of this work was to analyse the effects of shrub prescribed burning for pasture reclamation on the soil aggregate stability, organic carbon and water repellency of different soil depths and aggregate sizes in a sub...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we studied the effects of centenary Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) afforestation on topsoil properties conducted in a deforested area that was previously occupied by a natural European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) forest. Organic layers and topsoil Ah mineral horizons (0-10 cm) were sampled in the Scots pine and European beech forests...
Article
Full-text available
In landscapes that are extremely sensitive to small environmental changes, like some Mediterranean areas, archaeological contexts could present some problems to their interpretation and evolutionary reconstruction. This is the case of Los Pedregales archaeological site, located in the Hoya de Huesca (NE of Spain), where several stone mounds of unkn...
Article
Full-text available
The replacement of native European beech forests (Fagus sylvatica) with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) afforestation may exert changes in soil properties, particularly with respect to soil organic matter (SOM). Stable isotope composition of light elements (δ13C, δ15N) in soils are known proxies for the characterisation of SOM genesis and dynamics. I...
Article
Abstract Environmental fluctuations during the Holocene caused important landscape changes in the Central Ebro Basin, which is a very sensitive region due to its semiarid climate, lithology, and continuous human presence. Severe erosion processes hinder palaeoenvironmental and archaeological record preservation. Infills of ephemeral stream valleys...
Article
We determined the short and medium‐term effects of prescribed burns on soil organic matter content and biological activity in grazing areas invaded by the shrub Echinospartum horridum (Vahl) Rothm. in the Pyrenees of Huesca (Spain). Soil samples were collected at 0‐1, 1‐2 and 2‐3 cm depths in triplicate just before the burn, immediately after the b...
Article
Prescribed burning has been readopted in the last decade in the Central Pyrenees to stop the regression of subalpine grasslands in favour of shrublands, dominated among others by Echinospartum horridum (Vahl) Rothm. Nevertheless, the effect of this practice on soil properties is uncertain. The aim of this work was to analyse the effects of these bu...
Data
The following document presents the CARBOSOL Database that gathers data of physical and chemical properties of 6,609 georeferenced soil profiles in Spain associated to a related analytical dataset of 22,100 horizons compiled from 635 soil studies. The CARBOSOL Database provides a wealth of information on soil organic matter content, its distributio...
Article
The aim of this work is to investigate the topsoil thickness affected by burning under contrasting soil moisture content (field capacity versus air-dried conditions). A mollic horizon of an Aleppo pine forest was sampled and burned in the laboratory, recording the temperature continuously at the topsoil surface and at soil depths of 1, 2, and 3cm....
Chapter
Wildfires and prescribed fires can directly modify soil properties leading to negative effects on several ecosystem services. The direct effects, typically confined to the upper topsoil, can derived concomitantly by heat and ash deposition, making it difficult to separate them. In the field, soil temperature reached and heat duration can vary even...
Article
Because of its rapid temporal variation, humus characterization is one of the most useful approaches when studying the influence of multiple variables on soil. The aim of this study is to describe the elevation effect on terrestrial humus formed under Scots pine stands that developed on homogeneous parent material in the Moncayo Massif (NE Spain)....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
CARBOSOL is a collaborative network of 8 research teams from Spanish Universities and Research Centres focused on the study of soil organic matter and the Global Carbon Cycle. Our aim is to perform an accurate quantitation of Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) stocks in Spain for different land uses, soil types and depths, and assess the environmental drive...
Article
This study presents a joint analysis of the information from 195 field infiltration experiments, using double ring devices. The experiments were carried out in 20 contrasting types of land use, distributed across three geographic contexts (coast of NE Catalonia, low mountains in the central Ebro Valley and mid-height mountains from the southern ran...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Data published in: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969717324695
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Soil aggregation, organic matter and water repellency are relevant interrelated soil properties that can be affected by fires. The aim of this work is to analyse the effects of prescribed burning of evergreen thorny cushion shrubs on aggregate stability, organic carbon and water repellency in a humid environment at different depths and aggregate si...
Poster
Full-text available
Soil aggregation, organic matter and water repellency are relevant interrelated soil properties that can be affected by fires. The aim of this work is to analyse the effects of prescribed burning of evergreen thorny cushion shrubs on aggregate stability, organic carbon and water repellency in a humid environment at different depths and aggregate si...
Poster
Full-text available
Paleosols formed under past environmental conditions are an important proxy for ancient landscape reconstruction. Central Ebro Basin (NE Spain) is a semiarid region with a Miocene sedimentary units build up by easily erodible rocks (from bottom to top: lutites, gypsum, calcilutites and limestone). As a consequence of these two factors, it is a regi...
Poster
Full-text available
1. Fire had no effects on the MWD. 2. OC content was only significantly affected by burning in the finer fractions (<0.25 and 0.25-0.5 mm) at 0-2 cm depth. No changes were observed 6 months after the fire. 3. Burning increased the AS of the 0.25-0.5 mm aggregates by a 12 % in the first cm. 4. Unburned samples showed natural SWR at 0-2 cm depth and...
Chapter
This chapter describes the main soil types and their geographical distribution based on the soil map of the Atlas of Spain's National Geographic Institute, at a scale of 1:1,000,000. It was written according to the guidelines of the Soil Survey Manual and the methodology of Soil Taxonomy. Spanish soils are developed under a wide range of temperatur...
Article
Prescribed burning is the deliberate application of fire under selected conditions to accomplish predetermined management objectives. It is generally accepted that controlled use of fire has neutral or even positive effects on soils due to its lower temperature, intensity and severity compared to wildfires. However, very few studies have examined t...
Article
Wildfires represent one of the main factors of land degradation in Mediterranean environments having negative effects to several ecosystem services. In this work, the fire-induced changes associated with depth (O horizon and Ah at 0–1, 1–2 and 2–3 cm depths) were studied in a gypseous soil under Aleppo pine forest. Topsoil monoliths were burned in...
Article
Understanding the effects of elevation and related factors (climate, vegetation) on the physical and chemical soil properties can help to predict changes in response to future climate or afforestation forcings. This work aims to contribute to the knowledge of soil evolution and the classification of forest soils in relation to elevation in the mont...
Chapter
Soils of the two driest areas of peninsular Spain are studied: the Middle Ebro Valley (in northeastern Spain), and from Tabernas-Sorbas to Alicante (in the southeast), both of which are tertiary sedimentary basins, where the lack of rainfall is combined with the frequent arrival of drying winds. The northeast basin has a mean annual temperature (MA...
Article
Full-text available
Prescribed burning, i.e. the deliberate use of fire under specific conditions, is a management tool for recovering pasturelands affected by shrub encroachment. The objective of this work is to determine the immediate effects of prescribed burning on topsoil properties related to C cycle in soils covered with dense scrubs (Echinospartum horridum) in...
Article
Full-text available
Fire is a natural factor of landscape evolution in Mediterranean ecosystems. Due to social and economical changes, wildfires have caused hydrological and geomorphological changes to be more pronounced, resulting in enhanced soil erosion. The study area is located in the Zuera Mountains, near the city of Zaragoza (Spain) in the Middle Ebro Valley. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Data published in: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0341816218300687
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The replacement of native beech forests (Fagus sylvatica) by Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) afforestation may exert changes in soil properties, particularly in soil organic matter (SOM) [1]. It is known that the products generated by Pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) pyrolysis of organic matter are related to their origin [2...
Chapter
There is a growing need to develop, teach, and apply successful problem-solving and interdisciplinary approaches on environmental sciences education. Some of most effective learning activities are fieldwork, although sites to be visited have to be carefully selected to reduce time and expenses as well as to take account of safety concerns. That is...
Article
Full-text available
Fire is a natural factor of landscape evolution in Mediterranean ecosystems. The middle Ebro Valley has extreme aridity, which results in a low plant cover and high soil erodibility, especially on gypseous substrates. The aim of this research is to analyze the effects of moderate heating on physical and chemical soil properties, mineralogical compo...
Article
Slope deposits in semiarid regions are known to be very sensitive environments, especially those that occurred during the minor fluctuations of the late Holocene. In this paper we analyse Holocene colluvium genesis, composition, and paleoenvironmental meaning through the study of slope deposits in NE Spain. Two cumulative slope stages are described...
Chapter
Full-text available
There is a growing need to develop, teach, and apply successful problem-solving and interdisciplinary approaches on environmental sciences education. Some of most effective learning activities are fieldwork, although sites to be visited have to be carefully selected to reduce time and expenses as well as to take account of safety concerns. That is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Rainfall simulation experiments are being used by soil scientists, geomorphologists, and hydrologist to study runoff generation and erosion processes. The use of different apparatus with different rainfall intensities and size of the wetted area contribute to determine the most vulnerable soils and land uses (Cerdá, 1998; Cerdà et al., 2009; Nadal-...
Data
Full-text available
Wildfires represent one of the main factors of land degradation in Mediterranean environments having negative effects to several ecosystem services. In this work, the fire-induced changes associated with depth (O horizon and Ah at 0–1, 1–2 and 2–3 cm depths) were studied in a gypseous soil under Aleppo pine forest. Topsoil monoliths were burned in...
Article
Full-text available
Physical and chemical soil properties determine local plant conditions and resources, affecting plants’ ability to respond to disturbances. In alpine grasslands, wild boar disturbances occur at different intensities, what may affect differently their soil properties. Alpine soils from five contrasted plant communities were explored within and outsi...
Article
After a wildfire the soil is covered by ash. Ash properties depend on vegetation type, amount of fuel and fire intensity. The ash layer controls the post-fire soil hydrologic response, but little is known about the effect of ash thickness and ash type on infiltration, which is relevant for post-fire runoff and soil losses and for ecosystems rehabil...
Article
Full-text available
Fire is a natural factor of landscape evolution in Mediterranean ecosystems. Middle Ebro Valley has extreme aridity, which determines a low plant cover and high soil erodibility of the soils, especially on gypseous substrates. The aim of this research is to analyze the effects of a moderate heating, on physical and chemical soil properties, mineral...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean ecosystems have been severely affected by fires in the last decades. Due to social and economical changes, wildfires have caused hydrological and geomorphologic changes to be more pronounced, resulting in enhanced soil erosion. Soil heating caused by fires affects soil aggregate stability, water infiltration and may generate hydrophob...
Article
Full-text available
Implicaciones paleoclimáticas de los rasgos micromorfológicos de un suelo policíclico en el Desierto de Monegros (NE-España) Implicações paleoclimáticas das características micromorfológicas de um solo policíclico no Deserto de Monegros (NE-Espanha) ABSTRACT Pedofeatures can be repositories of information about soil forming factors such as climate....
Article
Full-text available
Gypsisols, mainly distributed in arid lands, support a key economic activity and have attracted a lot of scientific interest due to their particular physical and chemical properties. For example, Gypsisols show a high erodibility, low fertility and a variable water holding capacity that can be attributed to different gypsum particle sizes. This stu...
Article
Full-text available
Soil Science is a discipline concerned with a material that has unique features and behaviours (Churchman, 2010). Thus, teachers of Soil Science need to be experienced with Soil Science practices and must appreciate the complexities and relationships inherent within the discipline (Field et al, 2011). But when soil science had to be taught not by s...
Article
Full-text available
Central Ebro Basin is a semi-arid region where evapotranspiration exceeds considerably the precipitation, and where Miocene gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) is abundant as soil parent material (ITGE, 1995). These are favourable conditions to develop gypseous soils, which cover less tan 1% of the Earth's land surface, being especially scarce in Europe (IUSS, 199...
Article
Full-text available
Land cover changes in a territory can be as result of the diverse human activities, and also, by the dynamic natural ecosystem. The analysis of these changes constitutes a fundamental indicator in improving the knowledge towards a potential sustainable development (OSE, 2006). This paper analyzes the evolution of the land cover at detailed scale 1:...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean ecosystems have been severely affected by fires in the last decades. Due to social and economical changes, wildfires have caused hydrological and geomorphologic changes to be more pronounced, resulting in enhanced soil erosion. Soil heating caused by fires affects soil aggregates stability, water infiltration and may generate hydropho...