David J Allsup

David J Allsup
Hull York Medical School · Centre for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research

PhD

About

117
Publications
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2,222
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Publications

Publications (117)
Preprint
Background: Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) may be more susceptible to COVID-19 related poor outcomes, including thrombosis and death, due to the advanced age, the presence of comorbidities, and the disease and treatment-related immune deficiency. In this retrospective multicenter study, conducted by ERIC, the European Research Ini...
Article
We read with interest the article by Idanna Innocenti and colleagues where a fixed dose of 10g hyaluronidase‐free SCIg (subcutaneous immunoglobulin IgG) was administered every two weeks for one year to 10 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and was highly effective in preventing infections [1]. It is generally accepted that frequency...
Article
Full-text available
Background Acute leukaemias (AL) are aggressive but potentially curable blood cancers that can potentially affect women of childbearing age. When a pregnancy is complicated by a diagnosis of AL, clinicians face a complex dilemma: to balance risking the mother’s survival through delayed AL treatment, against the potential harm to the foetus through...
Article
Background: A significant challenge is faced for the genetic diagnosis of inherited platelet disorders in which candidate genetic variants can be found in more than 100 bleeding, thrombotic, and platelet disorder genes, especially within families in which there are both normal and low platelet counts. Genetic variants of unknown clinical significan...
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Full-text available
Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) may be more susceptible to Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to age, disease, and treatment-related immunosuppression. We aimed to assess risk factors of outcome and elucidate the impact of CLL-directed treatments on the course of COVID-19. We conducted a retrospective, international study, col...
Article
Full-text available
Bacterial infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and infection risk increases in patients treated with the Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (Btk) inhibitor, ibrutinib. Btk and related kinases (like Tec) are expressed in non-leukemic hematopoietic cells and can be targeted by ibrutinib. In platelets, i...
Article
Introduction: Ibrutinib (Ibr) is the first approved irreversible BTK inhibitor. Cardiovascular (CV) adverse events, include hypertension (HT) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden death have been reported possibly due to off target kinase inhibition. Several randomised Phase III trials have reported low numbers of ca...
Article
Introduction: The most effective chemoimmunotherapy (CIT) in previously untreated CLL is the combination of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR). Ibrutinib (I), the first irreversible inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase approved for CLL, has improved outcomes in numerous clinical trials compared to different CIT. Methods: FLAIR (ISRC...
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Full-text available
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematological malignancy with an undefined heritable risk. Here we perform a meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies, with replication in a fourth study, incorporating a total of 4018 AML cases and 10488 controls. We identify a genome-wide significant risk locus for AML at 11q13.2 (rs4930561; P = 2.1...
Preprint
Full-text available
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematological malignancy with an undefined heritable risk. Here we performed a meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies, with replication in a fourth study, incorporating a total of 4018 AML cases and 10488 controls. We identified a genome-wide significant risk locus for AML at 11q13.2 (rs4930561; P =...
Article
Introduction: Venetoclax has emerged as a breakthrough treatment which has revolutionized the therapeutic paradigm of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). This is primarily attributed to the efficacy of venetoclax as a time-limited, chemo-free, therapy in a field dominated by targeted agents given on a continuous schedule. Furthermore, compelling cl...
Article
Hypogammaglobinaemia, secondary to disease or treatment, may be a contributory factor to excess mortality due to infection in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). A retrospective analysis was conducted on 29 ibrutinib-treated CLL patients as to whether serum immunoglobulin levels and infection episodes impacted on overall survival. 29% patients had...
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Full-text available
Prognostication in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is challenging due to heterogeneity in clinical course. We hypothesize that constitutional genetic variation affects disease progression and could aid prognostication. Pooling data from seven studies incorporating 842 cases identifies two genomic locations associated with time from...
Article
Platelets play a key role in innate immunity and can interact with bacteria through multiple molecular mechanisms. One key receptor for platelet-bacteria interactions is FcγRIIa, a low affinity IgG immune receptor found on the surface of platelets, which is associated with platelet aggregation, phagocytosis and the release of bactericidal substance...
Article
Background - Although there has been a revolution in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the challenge remains to identify the right drugs for the right patients. It is widely accepted that CIT, including the 'gold standard' fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR), is contraindicated for patients with TP53 disruption and,...
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Full-text available
Primary immunodeficiency (PID) is characterized by recurrent and often life-threatening infections, autoimmunity and cancer, and it poses major diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Although the most severe forms of PID are identified in early childhood, most patients present in adulthood, typically with no apparent family history and a variable c...
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Most patients with rare diseases do not receive a molecular diagnosis and the aetiological variants and causative genes for more than half such disorders remain to be discovered1. Here we used whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in a national health system to streamline diagnosis and to discover unknown aetiological variants in the coding and non-coding...
Article
We report a cell recognition chromatography approach for blood cancer cell separation from healthy peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) based on size-matched functionalized particle imprints. Negative imprints were prepared from layers of 15 μm polymeric microbeads closely matching the size of cultured human leukemic cells (HL60). We replicat...
Article
We report a new approach for separation of blood cancer cells from healthy white blood cells based on cell shape and size recognition by surface functionalised particle imprints.
Article
The increased incidence of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in first-degree relatives of affected patients indicates an element of genetic susceptibility to this malignancy, borne out in large scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS), which have identified over 40 constitutional risk alleles. Given the important genetic contribution to CLL su...
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Full-text available
The heterogeneous manifestations of the MYH9‐related disorder (MYH9‐RD), characterized by macrothrombocytopenia, Döhle‐like inclusion bodies in leukocytes, bleeding of various severity with in some cases ear, eye, kidney and liver involvement make the diagnosis for these patients still challenging in clinical practice. We collected phenotypic data...
Article
The occurrence of non-epileptic hyperkinetic movements in the context of developmental epileptic encephalopathies is an increasingly recognized phenomenon. Identification of causative mutations provides an important insight into common pathogenic mechanisms that cause both seizures and abnormal motor control. We report bi-allelic loss-of-function C...
Article
We report a large scale preparation of bioimprints of layers of cultured leukemic HL60 cells which can perform cell shape and size recognition from a mixture with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs).
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Full-text available
The clustering of different types of B-cell malignancies in families raises the possibility of shared aetiology. To examine this, we performed cross-trait linkage disequilibrium (LD)-score regression of multiple myeloma (MM) and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) genome-wide association study (GWAS) data sets, totalling 11,734 cases and 29,468 con...
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Full-text available
The clustering of different types of B-cell malignancies in families raises the possibility of shared aetiology. To examine this, we performed cross-trait linkage disequilibrium (LD)-score regression of multiple myeloma (MM) and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) genome-wide association study (GWAS) data sets, totalling 11,734 cases and 29,468 con...
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Full-text available
Background Inherited thrombocytopenias (ITs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by low platelet counts and often disproportionate bleeding with over 30 genes currently implicated. Previously the UK‐GAPP study using whole exome sequencing (WES) identified a pathogenic variant in 19 of 47 (40%) patients of which 71% had variants in...
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Full-text available
2018 Next-generation sequencing has been invaluable in the elucidation of the genetic etiology of many subtypes of intellectual disability in recent years. Here, using exome sequencing and whole-genome sequencing, we identified three de novo truncating mutations in WAS protein family member 1 (WASF1) in five unrelated individuals with moderate to p...
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Multiple primary tumors (MPTs) affect a substantial proportion of cancer survivors and can result from various causes, including inherited predisposition. Currently, germline genetic testing of MPT-affected individuals for variants in cancer-predisposition genes (CPGs) is mostly targeted by tumor type. We ascertained pre-assessed MPT individuals (w...
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Full-text available
Next-generation sequencing has been invaluable in the elucidation of the genetic etiology of many subtypes of intellectual disability in recent years. Here, using exome sequencing and whole-genome sequencing, we identified three de novo truncating mutations in WAS protein family member 1 (WASF1) in five unrelated individuals with moderate to profou...
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Full-text available
Pathogenesis of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is contingent upon antigen receptor (BCR) expressed by malignant cells of this disease. Studies on somatic hypermutation of the antigen binding region, receptor expression levels and signal capacity have all linked BCR on CLL cells to disease prognosis. Our previous work showed that the src-family...
Article
Ofatumumab has been extensively studied in the treatment of B-cell malignancies. Currently, it has been approved for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia in a number of different situations. However, there is still no compelling evidence confirming the superiority of ofatumumab over rituximab in vivo. In this article, we summarize the curr...
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Full-text available
Background Treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) has seen a substantial improvement over the last few years. Combination immunochemotherapy, such as fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR), is now standard first-line therapy. However, the majority of patients relapse and require further therapy, and so new, effective, targeted...
Article
Cancer incidence and mortality have both increased in the last decade and are predicted to continue to rise. Diagnosis and treatment of cancers are often hampered by the inability to specifically target neoplastic cells. Bioimprinting is a promising new approach to overcome shortfalls in cancer targeting. Highly specific recognition cavities can be...
Article
ARCTIC was a multi-center, randomized-controlled, open, phase IIB non-inferiority trial in previously untreated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL). Conventional frontline therapy in fit patients is fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR). The trial hypothesized that including mitoxantrone with low-dose rituximab (FCM-miniR) would be non-i...
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Full-text available
Several chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) susceptibility loci have been reported; however, much of the heritable risk remains unidentified. Here we perform a meta-analysis of six genome-wide association studies, imputed using a merged reference panel of 1,000 Genomes and UK10K data, totalling 6,200 cases and 17,598 controls after replication. We...
Data
Association between SNP genotype and a) sex; b) age at diagnosis; and c) IGHV mutational status in CLL cases
Data
Table of eQTL results for the new risk loci in CLL primary cells, as well as data from publicly available databases. Shown are all genes within 1MB of the risk SNP.
Data
Supplementary Figures, Supplementary Tables, Supplementary References.
Data
Significant pathways as determined by LENS.
Article
Mutations in more than 250 genes are implicated in inherited retinal dystrophy; the encoded proteins are involved in a broad spectrum of pathways. The presence of unsolved families after highly parallel sequencing strategies suggests that further genes remain to be identified. Whole-exome and -genome sequencing studies employed here in large cohort...
Article
Mutations in more than 250 genes are implicated in inherited retinal dystrophy; the encoded proteins are involved in a broad spectrum of pathways. The presence of unsolved families after highly parallel sequencing strategies suggests that further genes remain to be identified. Whole-exome and -genome sequencing studies employed here in large cohort...
Article
Full-text available
B-cell malignancies (BCM) originate from the same cell of origin, but at different maturation stages and have distinct clinical phenotypes. Although genetic risk variants for individual BCMs have been identified, an agnostic, genome-wide search for shared genetic susceptibility has not been performed. We explored genome-wide association studies of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukaemia. Combination immunochemotherapy such as fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab is the standard first line therapy in fit patients, but there is limited evidence regarding the optimal treatment of patients after relapse. Ofatumumab as monotherapy has been proven...
Article
Full-text available
Inherited thrombocytopenias are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterised by abnormally low platelet counts which can be associated with abnormal bleeding. Next generation sequencing has previously been employed in these disorders for the confirmation of suspected genetic abnormalities, and more recently in the discovery of novel disease cau...
Article
Introduction Intrathecal injection of the wrong drug during chemotherapy treatment of cancer patients has been identified as a major patient safety issue, prompting an update of the national guidelines1 in 2008 and an NPSA rapid response report.2In situ simulation helps in identification of latent errors (potential hazards in the system) 3 and effe...
Article
Leukemia is one of the leading journals in hematology and oncology. It is published monthly and covers all aspects of the research and treatment of leukemia and allied diseases. Studies of normal hemopoiesis are covered because of their comparative relevance.
Article
Defining the prognosis of individual cancer sufferers remains a significant clinical challenge. Here we assessed the ability of high-resolution single telomere length analysis (STELA), combined with an experimentally derived definition of telomere dysfunction, to predict the clinical outcome of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). We...
Article
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have shown that common genetic variation contributes to the heritable risk of CLL. To identify additional CLL susceptibility loci, we conducted a GWAS and performed a meta-analysis with a published GWAS totaling 1,739 individuals with CLL (cases) and 5,199 controls with va...