Darío Páez

Darío Páez
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea | UPV/EHU · Departamento de Psicología Social

Full Professor

About

565
Publications
525,775
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Introduction
Dario Paez was born in Chile but received his Ph.D. from the University of Louvain, Belgium, in 1983 and is currently Professor of Social Psychology at the University of Basque Country in Spain. He has published numerous studies on the mental health, collective memory and social identity of refugees, migrants, and others who have been exposed to traumatic events, and is currently working on the impact of collective violence on culture and emotional climate and on collective processes of coping with traumatic political events
Additional affiliations
January 1984 - present
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (565)
Book
Full-text available
Cuadernos con fichas e instrumentos de 01.- Cuestionario SF36 - SALUD 02.- Cuestionario BIENESTAR: PNA - AFECTIVIDAD 03.- Cuestionario PANAS 04.a.- Satisfacción Cuestionario SATISFACCIÓN CON LA VIDA: PREGUNTA GENERAL Y DOMINIOS 04.b.- Cuestionario SATISFACCIÓN CON LA VIDA DIENER 05.- Cuestionario FREDRICKSON DESm 06.- Cuestionario BIENESTAR PSICOLO...
Article
Full-text available
We propose that support for group-based hierarchy among mem-bers of low-status or subordinate groups may be boosted by beliefsin future ingroup high status. Specifically, the more individualsbelieve their group may hold a higher status, the more they supporthierarchical intergroup relations (i.e., high social dominance orienta-tion; SDO), by boosti...
Article
This study explores the relationship between remembered sociohistorical events and well-being. Its objective is to ascertain the content of historical memory and the way it is associated with this construct. The PHI remembered well-being scale and the CEVI instrument, which asks respondents to describe four relevant historical events during their l...
Article
Full-text available
Belonging to a social group or category permeates a person’s emotions, thoughts, and behavior. Economic and political globalization has permitted the creation of a broader classification of identity, such as global identity, which implies the adoption of cultural practices and values of a global culture. This study analyzes the psychometric propert...
Article
Perceived changes in basic beliefs and growth related to life events were examined in three studies. A representative sample (N = 885), a sample of students and their families (N = 291) and a sample of students (N = 245) responded with a list of positive and negative life events, a scale of changes in basic beliefs and a post-traumatic growth scale...
Article
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RESUMEN Se describe la producción en términos de revistas y artículos de la psicología social iberoamericana y se examina la evidencia bibliomé-trica que muestra un aumento de la producción, pero que coexiste con el peso dominante de la producción de EEUU y, en menor medida, europea, que constituyen el centro del sistema científico. El mayor peso d...
Article
Full-text available
This monograph aims to disseminate the results of various research studies carried out in the field of social and community psychology. The studies focus on efforts to build a culture of peace in post-conflict contexts and societies that have suffered collective and socio-political violence, with multiple and persistent human rights violations. The...
Article
Full-text available
Objective to compare the relationships between emotional symptomatology and perceived social support according to gender identity and sexual orientation in LGBTQ+ university students. Methods 322 Chilean LGBTQ+ college students answered an online survey based on sociodemographic information and validated instruments. Analysis of variance and linea...
Article
Full-text available
La actual pandemia de la COVID-19 ha supuesto un marcado incremento de las brechas sociales preexistentes. En esta investigación analizamos las relaciones de diferentes facetas de clase social con el bienestar y afectividad general a lo largo de un total de 8 países de la región cultural iberoamericana. Asimismo, también pusimos a prueba el potenci...
Article
Full-text available
Our study examined the psychometric properties and factor structure of an instrument to assess emotional climate during the COVID-19 pandemic using a sample of 601 Portuguese individuals. Two sub-samples were created, one to perform an exploratory factor analysis (EFA), composed of 300 participants, and the other to conduct a confirmatory factor an...
Article
Perceived changes in basic beliefs and growth related to life events were examined in three studies. A representative sample (N = 885), a sample of students and their families (N = 291) and a sample of students (N = 245) responded with a list of positive and negative life events, a scale of changes in basic beliefs and a post-traumatic growth scale...
Article
Full-text available
The Truth Commission in Colombia was established based on the transitional justice model. Its function is to serve as a measure of recognition of the violent events during the armed conflict, which has left more than nine million victims. In this scenario, a descriptive correlational study (N=1166) was conducted with a sample of 22 provinces of the...
Article
Full-text available
This study compares the problem-focused emotion regulation strategies used by 200 female survivors of intimate partner violence (age: M = 40.16, SD = 11.27, 18-66 years) to cope with violence throughout various stages of change (SOC). It examines the relationship between problem-focused coping strategies and positive and negative affect, and the im...
Article
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This paper analyzes the socio-cognitive and emotional processes related to collective action in the context of the 2019 populist social movement in Chile. It proposes an integrative explanation of populism as social movements and collective gatherings along with their relation with creativity and social representations of mass movements. A comprehe...
Article
English and spanish Recension of Political psychology in Latin America, edited by Claudia Zuñiga and Wilson Lopez-Lopez. Washington: American Psychological Association. 2021. The book is part of the Psychology in Latin America series of the American Psychological Association (APA) edited by Judith Gibbons and Patricio Cumsille. The book presents a...
Book
Full-text available
This book presents a set of studies examining the psychosocial determinants of Well-Being (WB). The literature on social relations and WB describes several concepts as associated with social belongingness (SB). Among them, we can find social cohesion (SCo), social integration (SI), social support (SS), social capital (SC), social or group identific...
Chapter
Se revisan en base a los estudios de psicología social recientes las ocho creencias compartidas, mitos modernos o representaciones sociales sobre la creatividad más relevantes, como que la creatividad se basa en la generación de ideas, la libertad, autonomía y espontaneidad, es típica de niños y menos frecuente en los viejos, se basa en la inspirac...
Article
Full-text available
For decades, in a situation of armed conflict in Colombia, women have suffered polyvictimization and discrimination with severe consequences that last even during the postwar peace process. This study analyzes the impact on posttraumatic stress and recovery of war-related violence against women, discrimination, and social acknowledgment. A cross-se...
Article
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Abundant literature shows the effects of negative emotions on motivations to engage in collective action (i.e., to collectively mobilize personal resources to achieve a common objective), as well as their influence on the creation of shared identities. In this proposal, we focus on the possible role of Self-Transcendent Emotions (STEs) defined as p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
VIOLENCIA COLECTIVA Y BIENESTAR ANTECEDENTES Los efectos de las guerras -la desintegración de redes sociales y familiares, desestabilización de economías locales consecuencia de la deslocalización de los sistemas productivos, los éxodos- tienen profundas implicaciones en el bienestar de los supervivientes (Pedersen, 2002). La violencia colectiva ti...
Chapter
This chapter examines truth commissions’ (TCs’) impact and relationship with psychosocial outcomes. TCs are a mechanism of transitional justice created to help with the evolution from a violent political regime to a democratic, peaceful one. From a psychosocial perspective, dealing with past collective violence implies (a) the construction of a com...
Chapter
Full-text available
Breve revision del concepto de capital social, su relevancia para el bienestar y en la pandemia de Covid 19 Capitulo dentro Informe
Article
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This study analyzes the relationship between work satisfaction, family satisfaction, and general well-being in high performance managers in Santiago, Chile. The importance of the satisfaction of intrinsic and extrinsic needs and motivations was examined to advance in the development of a positive organizational psychology, which investigates the fa...
Article
Full-text available
We discuss the idea that competition-based motives boost low-status group members' support for group-based hierarchy and inequality. Specifically, the more low-status group members feel motivated to compete with a relevant high-status outgroup, based on the belief that existing status positions may be reversed, the more they will defend status diff...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of context on behavioral and emotional reactions to a war crime situation among military cadets (N = 315) is analyzed. The study is based on Milgram’s experience and the tragedy of My Lai. It examines personal and peer obedience to an anti-normative order (asking participants whether they would obey an order to shoot unarmed civilians...
Article
Full-text available
Percepción de eficacia en el control de la corrupción y su relación con el clima socioemocional y la identidad nacional en el Perú: Un estudio experimental Este artículo revisa la definición de corrupción y sus correlatos individuales, macro y micro sociales. En un estudio de campo experimental con una muestra representativa peruana (N= 1,254), se...
Article
Full-text available
Being a parent plays an important role in people’s life trajectory and identity. Though the general cultural perception is that having children is a source of subjective well-being, there is evidence that, at least in some societies, the subjective well-being of those who are parents is worse, in some aspects, than that of those who are not. This g...
Article
Tearful crying is a ubiquitous and likely uniquely human phenomenon. Scholars have argued that emotional tears serve an attachment function: Tears are thought to act as a social glue by evoking social support intentions. Initial experimental studies supported this proposition across several methodologies, but these were conducted almost exclusively...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper analyzes socio-cognitive and emotional processes related to collective action in the context of the massive protest movement of 2019 in Chile. A total of 262 individuals answered a comprehensive online survey that included measures of participation in demonstrations and victimization by police, socio-cognitive variables (identification w...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper analyzes social representations and psychosocial factors related to collective action in the context of the massive protest movement of 2019 in Chile. A total of 262 individuals answered a comprehensive online survey that included measures of participation and repertoire of different forms of collective action, identification with protes...
Preprint
Full-text available
This is an expanded version of Oyanedel, J.C. & Páez, D. (2020). Editorial: Social Belongingness and WellBeing: International Perspectives. Frontiers of Psychology. 11Includes all meta-analyses main results and a largest discussion of constructs.
Preprint
This paper analyzes social representations and psychosocial factors related to collective action in the context of the massive protest movement of 2019 in Chile. A total of 262 individuals answered a comprehensive online survey that included measures of participation and repertoire of different forms of collective action, identification with protes...
Article
Full-text available
La salud mental en el tiempo del Covid19: se examina el impacto en los síntomas depresivos en base a meta analisis sobre estudios epidemiologicos previos y durante el año 2020, asi como se revisan la teoria y evidencia sobre las respuestas de resiliencia y crecimiento comunitario ante la pandemia desde una perspectiva colectiva y de salud pública d...
Article
Full-text available
We propose that low-status group members' support for group-based hierarchy and inequality (i.e., social dominance orientation; SDO) may represent an ideological strategy to guarantee the legitimacy of future ingroup status-enhancement. Specifically, we argue that, under unstable social structure conditions, SDO serves as an ideological justificati...
Article
Full-text available
Two quasi-experimental and longitudinal studies examined positive effects of participation in positively valence collective religious and secular activities. Collective emotional gatherings strengthen social cohesion, enhance personal and collective self-esteem, positive affect, and positive shared beliefs among participants, through processes of e...
Chapter
Full-text available
Se revisan las definiciones de salud mental y las de bienestar desde el punto de vista de la psicologia social
Article
Full-text available
Se discute el tema de la macropsicologia del bienestar y se describe un indicador global de bienestar
Preprint
Salud mental: síntomas y bienestar Darío Páez, Marian Bilbao, Olaia Cusi, Jara Mendia, Jon Zabala, A. Pascual, S. Conejero & I. Alonso Esta es una versión ampliada del Cap. 12 Salud Mental que aparecerá en Psicología Social Aplicada editado por M-Moya, I. Segura, L. Steg, A.P. Buunk & K. Keizer. Esta versión es mucho más extensa e incorpora resulta...
Article
Full-text available
Among the different ways of coping with stress, religious coping has shown particularly the promising results; nonetheless, there are few validated instruments to assess it in non-English language. This article presents the psychometric properties of the Brief Religious Coping Scale (Brief-RCOPE) in Chilean adults exposed to stressful events. The s...
Article
Full-text available
The association between nine philosophical referents of happiness and well-being was examined in a convenience sample (n= 1060) of two Chilean cities. Participants had to choose one referent and respond to well-being, satisfaction, and happiness scales regarding family, friends, work, and leisure. A lower educational level was associated more with...
Chapter
Full-text available
Leadership plays an important role in generating social cohesion and inclusion in organizations. Social exclusion is conceived as the extreme rejection of people perceived as deviants, placing them outside the circle of moral obligations of the endogroup. Leadership activities linked to and leading to social exclusion are reviewed. It also reviews,...
Article
Full-text available
Versión extensa del artículo que apareció en la revista digital CAMPUSA-Cathedra de la UPV/EHU el jueves 21 Enero 2021 Indicadores macro-humanos del bienestar: la relevancia de la macro-psicología de la felicidad en la actualidad En este artículo presentaremos un conjunto de indicadores de bienestar y factores asociados a él, que hemos elaborado a...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the association between creative performance, organizational climate and leadership, affectivity, shared flow, and group decision making. The sample consisted of 315 cadets of a military academic unit of South America. Satisfaction with the decision-making process during a creative task was associated with the usefulness and eff...
Article
A well-documented finding in aging and emotion research is that older adults reliably report less negative and, often, more positive affect than younger adults. How older people accomplish this is, however, an open question. We propose that this age effect is the result of differential use of emotion regulation strategies, especially when affective...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue of PSR focuses on the social representations of SARS or Covid- 19. The first study by Pizarro and colleagues analyzes the prevalence of social representations about the Covid-19 pandemic in 17 countries in the Americas, Europe and Asia, their association with perceived risk and their anchoring in sociopolitical beliefs, such as R...
Article
Objective: to compare the relationships between emotional symptomatology and perceived social support according to gender identity and sexual orientation in LGBTQþ university students. Methods: 322 Chilean LGBTQþ college students answered an online survey based on sociodemographic information and validated instruments. Analysis of variance and line...
Article
Full-text available
La conceptualización de la inteligencia emocional (IE) y la teoría del apego en personas adultas constituyen dos de los marcos teóricos más relevantes para la comprensión del desarrollo socioemocional de los individuos y se originan de manera casi simultánea en 1990. Como consecuencia de ello, numerosos estudios afloraron para dar cuenta del influj...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the causal role of positive affect on creativity, the association of creativity or innovation in the ideation phase with functional emotional regulation, successful adjustment to stress and dispositional emotional creativity, as well as the predictive role of creativity for positive emotions and social adjustment. The study examines the...
Article
Full-text available
Suicide, as one of the leading causes of death for the adolescent population, both in Chile and globally, remains a complex and elusive phenomenon. This research studies the association between positive and negative affect in relation with suicidal ideation and suicidal attempt, given that affectivity is a fundamental basis on which people make eva...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the causal role of positive affect on creativity, the association of creativity or innovation in the ideation phase with functional emotional regulation, successful adjustment to stress and dispositional emotional creativity, as well as the predictive role of creativity for positive emotions and social adjustment. The study examines the...
Book
Full-text available
Cartografías de la pandemia en tiempos de crisis civilizatoria. Aproximaciones a su entendimiento desde México y América Latina. Incluye articulos sobre las politicas estatales y dinamicas socioeconomicas en varios países de AL, como Mejico, Brasil y Argentina (p.e. La crisis del nuevo coronavirus en América Latina: control social, economía capital...
Article
Full-text available
This monograph presents a set of studies that examine the psychosocial determinants of well-being. Navarro-Carrillo et al. (2020) analyzes in this monograph a classic issue: the association between different measures of socioeconomic status (i.e., objective and subjective) and psychological well-being. Objective SES is usually measured by income an...
Chapter
Full-text available
En este capítulo definiremos qué son las representaciones sociales y cómo la experiencia de enfermedades infecciosas influye a las representaciones hegemónicas o colectivas que constituyen la cultura. Posteriormente se examinan las modalidades de comunicación que explican la forma y contenido de las representaciones sociales sobre el COVID-19 para...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue of PSR focuses on the social representations of SARS or Covid- 19. The first study analyzes the prevalence of social representations about the Covid-19 pandemic in 17 countries in the Americas, Europe and Asia, their association with perceived risk and their anchoring in sociopolitical beliefs, such as RWA and SDO. The second and...
Article
Índice general de felicidad o bienestar y aspectos que lo favorecen Las siguientes preguntas permiten evaluar el bienestar, así como el grado de satisfacción de factores que lo refuerzan. Todas las preguntas hasta la 17 se han aplicado a muestras grandes de nuestro contexto y hacen parte de encuestas o escalas ampliamente utilizadas. Componen índic...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Indicadores Macrohumanos: midamos lo que verdaderamente importa. 1 Indicadores Macrohumanos Midamos lo que verdaderamente importa.
Preprint
Full-text available
Tearful crying is a ubiquitous and likely uniquely human phenomenon. The persistence of this behavior throughout adulthood has fascinated and puzzled many researchers. Scholars have argued that emotional tears serve an attachment function: Tears are thought to act as a social glue by triggering social support intentions. Initial experimental studie...
Article
Living historical memory (LHM) was assessed amongst representative samples of adults from 40 societies (N=22,708), who completed online surveys asking them to name 3 historical events in living memory that have had the greatest impact on their country. Multilevel analyses revealed that the number of LHM nominations was positively but variably relat...
Article
Full-text available
Literature reports that depressive symptoms may precede suicidal ideation. Several studies have identified social support and substance use as moderators of this relationship. However, no study has evaluated these variables together by testing how substance use can affect the moderating effect of social support in this relationship. The purpose of...
Article
This article examines the relationship between sexual satisfaction and gender, age, social status, being in stable relationships, intercourse frequency, and satisfaction with physical attractiveness (physical appearance and sex appeal). A self-report questionnaire was applied in a representative sample of 767 residents of Santiago (Chile), over 18...
Article
This is a reflection on the communication modalities of dissemination, propagation and propaganda as they have manifested in the COVID-19 pandemic. It describes the anchoring of the representations of COVID-19 in past diseases, other nationalities, anti-hygienic practices and groups deviating from the ethos of individualistic self-control. It exami...
Article
Full-text available
Esta es una versión pre-print, más extensa y que no incluye las correcciones de los revisores del artículo del mismo título que se publica en Inclusao Social, 2020 Intervención psicosocial para fomentar la cohesión e inclusión social en las organizaciones: el rol del liderazgo, la creatividad e innovación. Silvia da Costa & Darío Páez El liderazgo...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: This cross-sectional study sought to examine the relationships between the perception of efficiency and quality of the service provided by the staff of the health system with users well-being (satisfaction with life), in the Chilean context. Based on the literature review, we hypothesized that satisfaction with the services provided...
Article
Full-text available
Psychological well-being and their relationship with different referents and sources of happiness This is a pre print and expanded version of the article with the same tittle that will appear in Revista de Psicologia, Vol. 39, 2021. This version includes comparison between Mexican and Chilean samples, collective level and multiple regression analys...
Article
Full-text available
Masspersonal information seeking repertoires are a person-centered method of gaining insight into the relationship between Internet use, subjective well-being, and political participation. Through latent profile analysis, three person types were identified in two waves of stratified samples in 18 countries ( N = 8352). In accord with the “augmentat...