Danilo Neves

Danilo Neves
Federal University of Minas Gerais | UFMG · Institute of Biological Sciences

Doctor Scientiae

About

57
Publications
56,025
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2,409
Citations
Introduction
I am a broadly trained ecologist, currently working as a Professor of Vegetation Ecology at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG, Brazil). My work is grounded in natural history, plant community surveys, biodiversity theory and novel phylogenetic methodologies. You can find out more about my research and Lab Group at https://daniloneves.org/
Additional affiliations
November 2016 - November 2016
The University of Arizona
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Full-text available
Global patterns of species and evolutionary diversity in plants are primarily determined by a temperature gradient, but precipitation gradients may be more important within the tropics, where plant species richness is positively associated with the amount of rainfall. The impact of precipitation on the distribution of evolutionary diversity, howeve...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity contributes to the ecological and climatic stability of the Amazon Basin1,2, but is increasingly threatened by deforestation and fire3,4. Here we quantify these impacts over the past two decades using remote-sensing estimates of fire and deforestation and comprehensive range estimates of 11,514 plant species and 3,079 vertebrate specie...
Article
Full-text available
The tropical conservatism hypothesis (TCH) posits that the latitudinal gradient in biological diversity arises because most extant clades of animals and plants originated when tropical environments were more widespread and because the colonization of colder and more seasonal temperate environments is limited by the phylogenetically conserved enviro...
Article
Full-text available
Seasonally dry tropical forests are distributed across Latin America and the Caribbean and are highly threatened, with less than 10% of their original extent remaining in many countries. Using 835 inventories covering 4660 species of woody plants, we show marked floristic turnover among inventories and regions, which may be higher than in other neo...
Article
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Editorial on the Research Topic: Temporal and Large-Scale Spatial Patterns of Plant Diversity and Diversification.
Article
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Addressing global environmental challenges requires access to biodiversity data across wide spatial, temporal and taxonomic scales. Availability of such data has increased exponentially recently with the proliferation of biodiversity databases. However, heterogeneous coverage, protocols, and standards have hampered integration among these databases...
Article
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The effects of contemporary climate, habitat heterogeneity, and long-term climate change on species richness are well studied for woody plants in forest ecosystems, but poorly understood for herbaceous plants, especially in alpine-arctic ecosystems. Here, we aim to test if the previously proposed hypothesis based on the richness-environment relatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aim: Addressing global environmental challenges requires access to biodiversity data across wide spatial, temporal and biological scales. Recent decades have witnessed an exponential increase of biodiversity information aggregated by biodiversity databases (hereafter ‘databases’). However, heterogeneous coverage, protocols, and standards of databas...
Article
Full-text available
The Amazon forest is far from uniform, containing different forest types and even savannas, but quantitative analyses of this variation are lacking. Here, we applied ordination analyses to test the floristic differentiation among Amazonian vegetation types using data for virtually all known tree species occurring in the Amazon (8224), distributed a...
Article
Full-text available
Global patterns of species and evolutionary diversity in plants are primarily determined by a temperature gradient, but precipitation gradients may be more important within the tropics, where plant species richness is positively associated with the amount of rainfall. The impact of precipitation on the distribution of evolutionary diversity, howeve...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding of tropical forests has been revolutionised by monitoring in permanent plots. Data from global plot networks have transformed our knowledge of forests’ diversity, function, contribution to global biogeochemical cycles, and sensitivity to climate change. Monitoring has thus far been concentrated in rain forests. Despite increasing appr...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding of tropical forests has been revolutionized by monitoring in permanent plots. Data from global plot networks have transformed our knowledge of forests’ diversity, function, contribution to global biogeochemical cycles, and sensitivity to climate change. Monitoring has thus far been concentrated in rain forests. Despite increasing appr...
Article
Full-text available
The historical course of evolutionary diversification shapes the current distribution of biodiversity, but the main forces constraining diversification are still a subject of debate. We unveil the evolutionary structure of tree species assemblages across the Americas to assess whether an inability to move or an inability to evolve is the predominan...
Data
List of 2,025 tree community surveys used in this study with their respective metadata, including sources, genus and species richness, lineage diversity (standardised effect size of phylogenetic diversity), climatic variables, protection status, and loss of native area over the last 30 years in the municipality where these communities occur.
Data
List of angiosperm clades (nodes) used to date the phylogeny via fossil-derived calibrations, taxa assigned as a reference for fossil placement, minimum age used as offset, mean age of the clades, and their respective sources. Ages in myrs.
Data
List of 1,100 angiosperm genera used in the phylogenetic reconstructions, their respective sources of rbcL and matK sequences, GenBank accession numbers, when applicable; collectors, collector numbers and herbaria where vouchers were deposited, when applicable. RBG = Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Asterisk indicates the 852 genera used in the comm...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Elucidate the potential impacts of climate changes on the distribution and conservation of the multiple habitats of the Mata Atlântica biodiversity hotspot, which are often treated as a unique entity in ecological studies. Location: The whole extension of the South American Atlantic Forest Domain plus forest intrusions into the neighbouring...
Article
Full-text available
Higher levels of taxonomic and evolutionary diversity are expected to maximize ecosystem function, yet their relative importance in driving variation in ecosystem function at large scales in diverse forests is unknown. Using 90 inventory plots across intact, lowland, terra firme, Amazonian forests and a new phylogeny including 526 angiosperm genera...
Article
Full-text available
Higher levels of taxonomic and evolutionary diversity are expected to maximize ecosystem function, yet their relative importance in driving variation in ecosystem function at large scales in diverse forests is unknown. Using 90 inventory plots across intact, lowland, terra firme, Amazonian forests and a new phylogeny including 526 angiosperm genera...
Article
Full-text available
A key feature of life’s diversity is that some species are common but many more are rare. Nonetheless, at global scales, we do not know what fraction of biodiversity consists of rare species. Here, we present the largest compilation of global plant diversity to quantify the fraction of Earth’s plant biodiversity that are rare. A large fraction, ~36...
Preprint
Full-text available
The historical course of evolutionary diversification shapes the current distribution of biodiversity, but the main forces constraining diversification are unclear. We unveil the evolutionary structure of tree species diversity across the Americas to assess whether an inability to move (dispersal limitation) or to evolve (niche conservatism) is the...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation from the Climate Change Biogeography session of the Humboldt 250 Meeting in Quito, Ecuador. Here I present results from our research in climate changes impacts on habitats from Brazilian Atlantic rainforest, with a focus on azonal habitats.
Article
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Phylogenetic niche conservatism (PNC) shapes the distribution of organisms by constraining lineages to particular climatic conditions. Conversely, if areas with similar climates are geographically isolated, diversification may also be limited by dispersal. Neotropical xeric habitats provide an ideal system to test the relative roles of climate and...
Article
Full-text available
The Pantanal is the world's largest freshwater wetland, located in the geographical centre of South America. It is relatively well conserved, and features unique landscapes, ecosystems, and traditional cultural practices, shaped by the dynamic interaction of climatological, hydrological, geological, ecological, and anthropogenic factors. Its ecolog...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Our aim was to uncover patterns of distribution of marine subtidal rocky reef communities across six taxonomic groups and decompose the relative roles of species loss and turnover in total community variation. Additionally, we propose an easily calculated index that can be used to highlight areas with unique species composition for conservation...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of the biome has a long history dating back to Carl Ludwig Willdenow and Alexander von Humboldt. However, while the association between climate and the structure and diversity of vegetation has a long history, scientists have only recently begun to develop a more synthetic understanding of biomes based on the evolution of plant diversit...
Article
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Tropical moist forests and savannas are iconic biomes. There is, however, a third principal biome in the lowland tropics that is less well known: tropical dry forest. Discussions on responses of vegetation in the tropics to climate and land-use change often focus on shifts between forests and savannas, but ignore dry forests. Tropical dry forests a...
Presentation
Full-text available
PDF of the presentation at the IBS 2018 Climate Change Simposium in Évora, Portugal. Article to be submited soon to Ecography summarizing the results of my Master's Degree.
Article
Full-text available
There is little information on the composition of seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTFs) in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. This study aimed to update the knowledge of SDTFs of Mato Grosso do Sul, in the context of Biota-MS. We used Herbarium data (CGMS, COR and DDMS) of woody plants collected in deciduous and semideciduous forests, as well as transit...
Article
Full-text available
1) The Cerrado Domain of central Brazil houses the largest extent of savanna in the Neotropics, but despite its simple characterisation as a giant savanna, it contains considerable vegetation heterogeneity that is poorly understood. 2) We aimed to determine how vegetation types in the Cerrado diverge in their tree species composition and what role...
Article
Full-text available
The rocky montane savannas of South America, known as campos rupestres in Brazil, where they largely occur, represent a megadiverse habitat housing c.15% of the Brazilian vascular flora in less than 1% of the Brazilian territory. Amongst other factors, the remarkable plant diversity in campos rupestres has been attributed to its occurrence as many...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation was made to unite my research theme of climate changes impacts in Atlantic Rainforest to sustainable development through the discussion of Ecosystem Services and Conservation Unities connectivity. This way, I discuss a more applied result of my dissertation and show the first results.
Poster
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Hotspots de biodiversidade, como a Mata Atlântica, merecem particular atenção em estudos sobre mudanças climáticas devido ao alto nível de incerteza encontrado em estudos recentes. Por isso, quando aplicados a essas regiões, é importante que se façam estudos compreendendo múltiplas espécies e escalas macroecológicas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi e...
Data
Supplementary Information for 'Neves D.M. et al. (2017) Dissecting a biodiversity hotspot: The importance of environmentally marginal habitats in the Atlantic Forest Domain of South America. Diversity and Distributions 23, DOI10.1111/ddi.12581'
Article
Full-text available
Aim: We aimed to assess the contribution of marginal habitats to the tree species richness of the Mata Atlântica (Atlantic Forest) biodiversity hotspot. In addition, we aimed to determine which environmental factors drive the occurrence and distribution of these marginal habitats. Location: The whole extension of the South American Atlantic Forest...
Article
Full-text available
The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK...
Article
Full-text available
The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK...
Article
Full-text available
Seasonally dry tropical forests are distributed across Latin America and the Caribbean and are highly threatened, with less than 10% of their original extent remaining in many countries. Using 835 inventories covering 4660 species of woody plants, we show marked floristic turnover among inventories and regions, whichmay be higher than in other neot...
Article
Full-text available
South American seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTFs) are critically endangered, with only a small proportion of their original distribution remaining. This paper presents a 12 000 year reconstruction of climate change, fire and vegetation dynamics in the Bolivian Chiquitano SDTF, based upon pollen and charcoal analysis, to examine the resilience...
Article
Full-text available
In order to develop niche models for tree species characteristic of the cerrado vegetation (woody savannas) of central South America, and to hindcast their distributions during the Last Glacial Maximum and Last Inter-Glacial, we compiled a dataset of tree species checklists for typical cerrado vegetation (n=282) and other geographically co-occurrin...
Article
Full-text available
Elaphoglossum discolor was recently discovered and collected on the Urucum plateau of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, lying in the western outskirts of the Pantanal flood plain. This is the southernmost distribution of E. discolor in Brazil.
Article
Full-text available
Aims: We analyse here the variations in species composition and richness and the geographic ranges of the tree species occurring in South American subtropical Atlantic and Pampean forests. Our goals were to assess (i) the floristic consistency of usual classifications based on vegetation physiognomy, climate and elevation; (ii) the leading role of...
Article
Full-text available
Tubastraea tagusensis, a coral native to the Galapagos Archipelago, has successfully established and invaded the Brazilian coast where it modifies native tropical rocky shore and coral reef communities. In order to understand the processes underlying the establishment of T. tagusensis, we tested whether Maxent, a tool for species distribution model...
Article
Full-text available
This study describes the tree vegetation and soils occurring in a seasonally dry tropical forest (SDTF) and mesotrophic cerradão transition in southwestern Brazil. All trees ≥ 5 cm diameter were measured in 20 plots of 20 × 25 m, 10 in SDTF, and 10 in mesotrophic cerradão. Ten soil samples of 0−20 cm depth were made per plot and mixed in plot group...
Article
Full-text available
This study describes the influence of edaphic factors on the floristic composition of an area of cerradão (woodland savanna) in the city of Campo Grande, located in the Brazilian central-west. In 10 plots (5 × 20 m each), we evaluated all trees with a diameter at breast height > 4.77 cm. Soil samples were analyzed for each plot in order to determin...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on the herbaceous and sub-shrub layer of cerrado showed the occurrence of modifications in its composition between different regions, demonstrating sensibility to changes in climate, soil and intensity of fires, among other factors. The aim of this study was to describe the phenological variation in a campo sujo vegetation in the Urucum pla...

Projects

Projects (6)
Project
Description and monthly log of ongoing projects in the Macroecology Laboratory @ UFMG (https://www.researchgate.net/lab/Macroecology-Lab-UFMG-Brazil-Danilo-Neves). See "References" tab for a list of articles (and supplementary data) detailing the methods commonly employed in our studies.
Project
1. Quantify the potential impacts of climate change on the taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity of core (rain forest) and marginal habitats in the Mata Atlantica biodiversity hotspot; 2. Design conservation strategies for the Mata Atlantica biodiversity hotspot, prioritizing sites that are potentially stable to house unique diversity of tree communities under climate change scenarios.
Project
An Informatics Baseline to Understand the Impact of Climate Change on Plant Diversity In order to do repeatable Science with the increasingly large amount of botanical data, the BIEN working group has been working since 2008 toward bringing together disparate networks of botanical researchers. The goal is to develop a baseline informatics infrastructure and a collaborative network. Why do we need BIEN? Ecosystems change naturally as well as due to human intervention. Species ranges expand and contract, and some species become extinct. Sometimes these changes fundamentally impact the diversity and function of local communities. Documenting large shifts in species' abundance and ranges requires data from entire biogeographic provinces. Most datasets, however, originate from individual researchers and cover local scales. These efforts represent only a small part of the full evidence which could be brought to bear upon any given research question. If we could combine the millions of vegetation plots, botanical inventories, and specimens collected since the birth of plant ecology in the late 1800s, we would have an enormous baseline database for addressing questions on plant diversity and distributions that have not been addressed before. Our goals -To bring together: (i) leading collectors and managers of botanical survey and inventory data (ii) informaticians and computer scientists and (iii) ecologists/evolutionary biologists/biogeographers interested in synthetic research across scales. – To integrate, for the first time, the most significant existing sets of vegetation data across the globe. This effort will incorporate database resources for plant plot information and taxonomies and will encompass several million records of species occurrences. The result is the largest assembly of data on plant diversity and distribution for both tropical and temperate plant species yet created. BIEN will allow us to address basic yet critical questions regarding how climate and climate change influence species range sizes, abundance, and extinction risk. -To develop the informatics infrastructure to serve the community in order to advance the discovery, study, and preservation of botanical diversity; via (i) a standardized database schema and standardization tools for the integration, standardization, and 'scrubbing' of botanical observation data; (ii) repeatable workflows (iii) derived products including species range maps, species lists, and; (iv) to provide feedback to the original data providors concerning the quality and necessary corrections to their data. Please see Enquist, Condit, Peet, Schildhauer, Thiers et al. (2016) for an overview of BIEN.https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.2615v2 BIEN is an NCEAS Working Group. Ongoing development of BIEN cyberinfrastructure is also supported by the US National Science Foundation through the iPlant Collaborative or Cyverse. Enquist BJ, Condit R, Peet RK, Schildhauer M, Thiers BM. (2016) Cyberinfrastructure for an integrated botanical information network to investigate the ecological impacts of global climate change on plant biodiversity. PeerJ Preprints 4:e2615v2 https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.2615v2