Daniele Contini

Daniele Contini
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate ISAC

PhD

About

183
Publications
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5,628
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Publications

Publications (183)
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to atmospheric particulate matter (PM) is recognized as a human health risk factor of great concern. The present work aimed to study the cellular mechanisms underlying cytotoxic effects of airborne particulate matter <10 µm in size (PM 10 ), sampled in an urban background site from January to May 2020, on A549 cells. In particular, the stu...
Article
Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) is one of the major risks for global health. The exact mechanisms of toxicity are still not completely understood leading to contrasting results when different toxicity metrics are compared. In this work, PM10 was collected at three sites for the determination of acellular oxidative potential (OP), intracellular...
Article
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Recent years have seen a significant increase in the scientific literature related to various methods for analyzing oxidative potential (OP) of atmospheric particulate matter (PM). The presence of several types of PM, differing chemical and physical properties, released by both anthropogenic and natural sources, leads to numerous health issues in l...
Article
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Throughout the cold and the warm periods of 2020, chemical and toxicological characterization of the water-soluble fraction of size segregated particulate matter (PM) (<0.49, 0.49–0.95, 0.95–1.5, 1.5–3.0, 3.0–7.2 and >7.2 μm) was conducted in the urban agglomeration of Thessaloniki, northern Greece. Chemical analysis of the water-soluble PM fractio...
Article
Many countries imposed lockdown (LD) to limit the spread of COVID-19, which led to a reduction in the emission of anthropogenic atmospheric pollutants. Several studies have investigated the effects of LD on air quality, mostly in urban settings and criteria pollutants. However, less information is available on background sites, and virtually no inf...
Article
Airborne particulate matter (PM) is studied because of its effects on human health and climate change. PM long-term characterisation allows identifying trends and evaluating the outcomes of environmental protection policies. This work is aimed to study the inter-annual variability of PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations and chemical composition in an urba...
Preprint
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In this work, new particle formation events (NPF) occurred at two locations in Southern Italy, the urban background site of Lecce (ECO station) and the coastal site of Lamezia Terme (LMT station), are identified and analysed. The study aims to compare the properties of NPF events at the two sites located 225 km away from each other and characterize...
Article
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A chemical characterization of PM10 collected at hydrofoil exhaust stacks was performed conducting two on-board measuring campaigns, with the aim of assessing the ship emission impact on PM10 collected in the coastal area of Naples (Southern Italy) and providing information about the characteristics of this important PM emission source. Samples wer...
Article
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We present an overview of the concentrations and distributions of water-soluble ion species and elemental components in ambient particulate matter for five measurement sites in southern Italy with the aim of investigating the influence of the different site characteristics on PM levels. The sites encompass different characteristics, ranging from ur...
Article
A gold nanostructured electrochemical sensor based on modified GC electrode for thiols' detection is described and characterized. This sensor is a suitable device for the measurement of the oxidative potential (OP) of the atmospheric particulate matter (PM), considered a global indicator of adverse health effects of PM, as an alternative to the cla...
Article
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Airborne particulate (PM) components from fossil fuel combustion can induce oxidative stress initiated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are strongly correlated with airway inflammation and asthma. A valid biomarker of airway inflammation is fractionated exhaled nitric oxide (FENO). The oxidative potential of PM2.5 can be evaluated with the dit...
Article
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Although cities are an important source of aerosol particles, aerosol number flux measurements over urban areas are scarce. These measurements are however important as they can allow us to identify the different sources/sinks of aerosol particles and quantify their emission contributions. Therefore, they can help us to understand the aerosol impact...
Article
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COVID-19 pandemic raised a debate regarding the role of airborne transmission. Information regarding virus-laden aerosol concentrations is still scarce in community indoors and what are the risks for general public and the efficiency of restriction policies. This work investigates, for the first time in Italy, the presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in air...
Article
Airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 has been object of debate in the scientific community since the beginning of COVID-19 pandemic. This mechanism of transmission could arise from virus-laden aerosol released by infected individuals and it is influenced by several factors. Among these, the concentration and size distribution of virus-laden particle...
Article
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A source apportionment study was performed on PM10 samples collected in four sites nearby the largest Italian coal-fired power plant (SE Italy). A multi-model approach, based on integration of receptor (Positive Matrix Factorization - PMF, Chemical Mass Balance - CMB) and dispersion (CALPUFF) models, estimated the contribution of the power plant to...
Article
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Shipping contributions to atmospheric particulate matter were estimated by an approach based on high temporal resolution measurements of mass and number size distribution, correlated with meteorological and ship movements data, in two Adriatic harbours. Trends of contributions are discussed. Contribution to particle number concentrations (PNC) was...
Article
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The work deals with identification/quantification of genetic material (RNA) of SARS-CoV-2 in air in different locations in Italy. This is an extremely important aspect to investigate the risks of airborne transmission and the role of this mechanism of transmission on the development of pandemic.
Article
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Atmospheric aerosol is one of the major leading environmental risk factors for human health worldwide, potentially causing several million premature deaths per year [1,2]. [...]
Article
The aim of this work was characterization of airborne particulates in the port city of Rijeka in order to evaluate impact of ship emissions on air quality. Samples of airborne particulates were collected with a ten stages cascade impactor during two campaigns: autumn and spring. A total of 16 weekly samples were analyzed on mass concentration, ions...
Article
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Populated coastal areas are exposed to emissions from harbour-related activities (ship traffic, loading/unloading, and internal vehicular traffic), posing public health issues and environmental pressures on climate. Due to the strategic geographical position of Italy and the high number of ports along coastlines, an increasing concern about maritim...
Article
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Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) is one of the leading health risks worldwide [...]
Article
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Long and short-term exposure to atmospheric particulate matter (PM) has detrimental effects on human health. The effective mechanisms leading to PM toxicity are still not fully understood, even if it is known that physical-chemical properties, strongly influenced by sources and atmospheric processes, are known to play an important role. In this wor...
Article
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During the new coronavirus infection outbreak, the application of strict containment measures entailed a decrease in most human activities, with the consequent reduction of anthropogenic emissions into the atmosphere. In this study, the impact of lockdown on atmospheric particle number concentrations and size distributions is investigated in two di...
Article
The spread of SARS-CoV-2 by contact (direct or indirect) is widely accepted, but the relative importance of airborne transmission is still controversial. Probability of outdoor airborne transmission depends on several parameters, still rather uncertain: virus-laden aerosol concentrations, viability and lifetime, minimum dose necessary to transmit t...
Article
Observations of turbulent aerosol fluxes are fundamental to understand basic transport processes that govern changes of particle concentrations in the atmospheric boundary layer. The turbulent surface-atmosphere exchange of atmospheric particles can be quantified using several methods, including the eddy-covariance (EC) method and spectral flux est...
Article
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The increase of global commerce and tourism makes the shipping sector an important contributor of atmospheric particles and gaseous pollutants. These have impacts on both health and climate, especially in populated coastal areas. Maritime activities could be an important driver for economic and social development, however, they are also an environm...
Article
New particle formation (NPF) events were studied in the urban background of Lecce (Italy) at the ECO Environmental-Climate Observatory, GAW/ACTRIS regional station. The objective of this study was to obtain long-term information on nucleation phenomenon in the Salentum peninsula, a coastal area of the central Mediterranean basin for which no extens...
Article
International shipping is growing worldwide for both, commercial and tourist reasons, making harbors key contributors to social and economic development worldwide. However, emissions of atmospheric pollutants from ships have standards and controls that are far less stringent than those of land emission sources. This raised concerns regarding potent...
Conference Paper
The impact of air pollution on stones buildings located in urban areas is widely demonstrated, but gaps remain in the measurement of deposition flows on architectural surfaces. Moreover, thanks to the mitigation policies and use of low-sulphur fuels (Bonazza, 2017), possible effects on built heritage of the current urban atmosphere, richer than in...
Article
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The COVID-19 disease spread at different rates in the different countries and in different regions of the same country, as happened in Italy. Transmission by contact or at close range due to large respiratory droplets is widely accepted, however, the role of airborne transmission due to small respiratory droplets emitted by infected individuals (al...
Article
Respiratory allergies are known to affect people all over the world. Environmental factors related to pollution play a significant etiopathogenic role in this regard. Polluting sources are industrial activities and urban traffic, capable of generating various types of pollutants that trigger inflammatory, direct, and indirect damage to tissues, pro...
Article
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This work presents and discusses the results of multi-year measurements of air toxics concentrations from different sites of Venice Lagoon. The aim of the study is the characterization of the air quality of the area, in terms of PM10, PM10-bound metals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) concentrations, even with the individuation of the r...
Article
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Size-segregated analysis of organic and elemental carbon (EC, OC) in aerosol is essential in understanding sources and effects on the environment. However, these studies are scarce, especially in coastal areas stressed by anthropogenic emissions and with interactions between anthropogenic and natural emissions. To partially fill this lack of inform...
Article
Detailed information on in-harbour shipping contribution to size segregated particles in coastal cities are scarce, especially in the busy Mediterranean basin. This poses issues for human exposure and air quality in urban harbour agglomerates, where only criteria pollutants (i.e. PM10 and/or PM2.5) are usually monitored. In this work, particle numb...
Article
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Elemental carbon (EC), a ubiquitous component of fine atmospheric aerosol derived from incomplete combustion, is an important player for both climate change and air quality deterioration. Several policy measures have been implemented over the last decades to reduce EC emissions from anthropogenic sources, but still, long-term EC measurements to ver...
Article
In this work we present the results of the four-years (2015–2018) data-analysis of aerosols optical extensive properties such as such as scattering (σsc) and backscattering coefficients (σbsc), scattering Ångström exponent (SAE), single scattering albedo (SSA), and asymmetry parameter (g). They were measured at three GAW (Global Atmosphere Watch-WM...
Article
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Continuous measurements of particle number size distributions in the size range from 10 nm to 800 nm were performed from 2015 to 2019 at the ECO Environmental-Climate Observatory of Lecce (Global Atmosphere Watch Programme/Aerosol, Clouds and Trace Gases Research Infrastructure (GAW/ACTRIS) regional station). The main objectives of this work were t...
Article
Although biogas production can have some benefits, there is a research gap on potential influence of biogas plant emissions on local air quality, thus an accurate and comprehensive evaluation of impacts of this technology is needed. This study deals with this issue by means of a characterisation of air pollution near an industrial area including a...
Article
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Some studies suggested a role of the atmospheric particulate matter (PM) and of its oxidative potential (OP) in determining adverse health effects. Several works have focused on characterisation of source contributions to PM OP, mainly using three approaches: correlation between OP and chemical markers of specific sources; use of OP as input variab...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to atmospheric particulate matter (PM) has detrimental effects on health, but specific mechanisms of toxicity are still not fully understood. In recent years, there has been a growing evidence that oxidative stress is an important mechanism of toxicity; however, when acellular oxidative potential (OP) data are correlated with the outcomes...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the performance of two types of source apportionment models was evaluated by assessing the results provided by 40 different groups in the framework of an intercomparison organised by FAIRMODE WG3 (Forum for air quality modelling in Europe, Working Group 3). The evaluation was based on two performance indicators: z-scores and the root...
Article
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Scientific interest is focusing on different approaches for characterising organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC) and equivalent black carbon (eBC), although EUSAAR2 protocol has been established and frequently used in EU for regulatory purposes. Discrepancies are observed due to thermal protocols used for OC/EC determinations and the effect of...
Article
There are very few studies with direct emission/deposition measurements in suburban areas. In this perspective, multi-seasonal flux datasets of size segregated particles fluxes covering a suburban landscape are very important. The main goal of this work is to study the seasonal and diurnal behaviour of particle number concentration and fluxes in th...
Article
Saharan dust (SD) is a relevant source of mineral particles (PM) for the Mediterranean region with potential impacts on air quality and climate. In this work, a long-term analysis of 56 SD events recorded between 2013 and 2018 at the Environmental-Climate Observatory of Lecce (SE Italy) was performed to investigate the effects and the seasonality o...
Article
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In spite of the widely recognized negative effect of air pollution on stone used in historic building heritage located in urban areas and the numerous studies internationally developed on this topic, gaps still remain in measuring deposition fluxes on architectural surfaces and developing proper tools for short- and long-term management of cultural...
Article
Dry deposition process is one of the important pathways for the removal of particles from atmosphere. It is the result of a combination of different environmental and physical factors as atmospheric conditions, particle properties, characteristics of the canopy. For this latter factor, urban canopy represents unevenly combinations of different type...
Article
Several studies focused on harbour impact on air quality of port-cities showing that maritime emissions could be comparable to traffic emissions of a medium-size town having relevant impact on air quality nearby the harbours. In order to plan efficient mitigation strategies, environmental and port authorities have an increasing need of reliable too...
Article
Road traffic is one of the major sources of atmospheric particles in urban areas. Modelling the contribution of this source to urban pollution requires reliable estimates of emission factors possibly resolved in size. In this work, size-resolved particle emission factors (EFs) of the mixed vehicle fleet were measured in the urban area of Lecce (sou...
Technical Report
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The emissions from transport and residential sectors have significant shares in total emissions of Europe. In this study, we identified key priorities in support to the EU Macro-regional Strategies implementation based on an ex-ante assessment focusing on two EU macro-regions: Adriatic-Ionian (AIR) and Alpine (ALP).
Article
Water soluble organic carbon significantly contributes to aerosol's carbon mass and its chemical composition is poorly characterized due to the huge number of species. In this study, we determined 94 water-soluble compounds: inorganic ions (Cl⁻, Br⁻, I⁻, NO3⁻, SO4²⁻,K⁺, Mg⁺, Na⁺, NH4⁺, Ca²⁺), organic acids (methanesulfonic acid and C2-C7 carboxylic...
Article
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In this work, results of scattering and backscattering coefficients, scattering Ångström exponent (SAE), single scattering albedo (SSA), and asymmetry parameter (g) of atmospheric aerosols are presented. All these parameters were measured during the month of April 2016 in Southern Italy on three different Global Atmosphere Watch observatories in th...
Article
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Scientific understanding of the processes involving carbonaceous aerosols in atmosphere is extremely important for both the climate and human health. This explains the increasing scientific interest in characterising these chemical species [1,2].[...]
Article
Number and mass particle concentrations and fluxes were measured, simultaneously with CO2 concentration and flux, in the urban area of Lecce (Italy). The measurements of the turbulent exchanges of atmospheric particles and gas were performed with an eddy-covariance station located near the busiest road of the town. For the smaller particles, the di...
Article
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Objective The diurnal variations of several ionospheric characteristics during the Space Weather Events of 4-10 September 2017, for Chilean latitudes, will be reported. Materials and Methods Observations were made using a recently installed ionosonde at the Universidad de La Serena field station (29°52'S; 71°15’W). Also, reported is the total elec...
Article
Oxidation products of α-pinene represent a fraction of organic matter in the environmental aerosol. α-pinene is one of most abundant monoterpenes released in the atmosphere by plants, located typically in boreal, temperate and tropical forests. This primary compound reacts with atmospheric oxidants, such as O3, O2, OH radicals and NOx, through the...
Article
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A field campaign was performed simultaneously at five measurement sites, having different characteristics, to characterize the spatial distribution of the carbonaceous content in atmospheric aerosol in Southern Italy during the winter season. Organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) were measured at urban (Naples), suburban (Lecce), coastal/ma...
Article
Organic (OC) and Elemental Carbon (EC) are important components of atmospheric aerosol particles, playing a key role in climate system and potentially affecting human health. There is a lack of data reported for Southern Italy and this work aims to fill this gap, focusing the attention on the long-term trends of OC and EC concentrations in PM2.5 an...
Article
Comparison of fine and coarse fractions in terms of sources and dynamics is scarce in southeast Mediterranean countries; differences are relevant because of the importance of natural sources like sea spray and Saharan dust advection, because most of the monitoring networks are limited to PM10. In this work, the main seasonal variabilities of source...
Conference Paper
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Particulate matters and ozone are often neglected as pollutant elements when people deal with widespread pollution. Particulate matters PM 10 , PM 2.5 , are produced by human activities namely industries and car traffic but also by natural activities like blowing wind from desert, volcanoes, etc... Ozone, instead, has a double consideration: it is...
Article
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The performance of different detrending methods in removing the low-frequency contribution to the calculation of turbulent fluxes is investigated. The detrending methods are applied to the calculation of turbulent fluxes of different scalars (temperature, ultrafine particle number concentration, carbon dioxide and water vapour concentration), colle...
Article
Exposure to atmospheric particulate matter (PM) leads to adverse health effects although the exact mechanisms of toxicity are still poorly understood. Several studies suggested that a large number of PM health effects could be due to the oxidative potential (OP) of ambient particles leading to high concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS). T...
Article
Full-text available
We present a characterization of reactive gases (RG: O3, NO, NO2,SO2, CO) and methane (CH4) variability in the central Mediterranean basin,analyzing in situ measurements at three new permanent WMO/GAW Observatories in Southern Italy: Capo Granitola – CGR (Sicily), Lamezia Terme – LMT (Calabria) and Lecce – ECO (Apulia). At all the measurement sites...
Article
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Exposure to di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) induces lipid metabolism disorder and high-fat diet (HD) may have joint effects with DEHP. We aim to clarify the role of JAK2/STAT5 pathway in the process and reveal the effects of HD on the toxicity of DEHP. Wistar rats (160 animals) were fed with HD or normal diet (ND) respectively and exposed to DEH...
Article
Receptor models (RMs), based on chemical composition of particulate matter (PM), such as Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) and Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF), represent useful tools for determining the impact of PM sources to air quality. This information is useful, especially in areas influenced by anthropogenic activities, to plan mitigation strat...
Article
Full-text available
The improvement of the Solar and Wind short-term forecasting represents a critical goal for the weather prediction community and is of great importance for a better estimation of power production from solar and wind farms. In this work we analyze the performance of two deterministic models operational at ISAC-CNR for the prediction of short-wave ir...