Danièle Bélanger

Danièle Bélanger
Laval University | ULAVAL

About

65
Publications
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1,014
Citations
Citations since 2017
21 Research Items
654 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
Les parcours d’exil sont le fruit d’une pluralité de facteurs dont l’étude approfondie permet l’accès à une compréhension plus fine des phénomènes migratoires. Cet article mobilise une approche bourdieusienne pour interroger l’influence de la classe sociale sur les parcours d’exil de réfugié.e.s syrien.ne.s pris en charge par le gouvernement (RPG)...
Article
Full-text available
In March 2020, daily activities and rhythms have been significantly disrupted by the simultaneous political measures taken worldwide to contain the Covid-19 virus. This period of sudden and unimaginable change produced a major rupture. In Quebec, temporary migrants have been affected in a specific way: many of them were employed in hospitality, a s...
Article
Based on a qualitative study conducted between 2016 and 2018 among thirty French people who migrated to Quebec, this article proposes to distinguish four types of migration projects: the exploration, settlement, circulation and return projects. The trajectories and narratives collected show that these projects are not mutually exclusive or fixed in...
Article
en In this paper, we contend that the regulation of refugees by means of discipline is not limited to camps; it also takes place within the context of urban life. This is particularly relevant for Turkey, where only 1.5% of the 3.7 million Syrian refugees live in the camps while the rest are dispersed across Turkish cities. Our fieldwork conducted...
Article
Research on refugee trajectories rarely takes into account social class. Yet migration options for those fleeing conflicts and insecurity are more or less dangerous, desirable and doable and differences in trajectories have to do with people's ability to mobilise resources at a given time and in a given space. Based on 42 semistructured interviews...
Article
Migration stands as a livelihood strategy for households in Southeast Asia. Recent literature calls for the study of migration at the household level and for the consideration of care needs among the determinants of migration. Based on the case of Vietnam, this article contributes to past research by providing a longitudinal analysis of how househo...
Article
This research note examines the economic performance of economic immigrants selected under the Quebec Experience Program (PEQ). Launched in 2010 and currently being challenged by the Government of Quebec, this immigration program offers an accelerated path to obtaining a Quebec Selection Certificate. Drawing on data from The Longitudinal Immigratio...
Article
Since the late 1990s, Vietnamese women’s participation in international marriage migration has garnered academic and media attention. In contrast, internal marriage migration, a key driver of overall internal migration flows, has received scant consideration. In this paper, we examine marriage and migration dynamics in four rural communes that have...
Article
Many research reports and scholarly articles based on survey data show that public opinion in Turkey towards Syrians has become more negative in recent years. Based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in four research sites in Izmir, Saraçoğlu and Bélanger show that anxiety about losing a preconceived notion of status is constitutive of the local T...
Article
This paper analyses two dimensions of ‘waiting’ in the realm of family reunification: the policy perspective and the immigrants’ experience. First, in line with the migration management paradigm, the Canadian government has introduced various measures to reduce ‘waiting times’. We discuss changes in the family reunification programme of parents and...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue explores the analytical significance of immobility for understanding the inequalities that animate—and co-exist in tandem with—growing global mobility and migration. With a particular focus on the literature on migrant care workers, the collection examines how the socio-spatial mobility of these workers is blocked, stuck, and con...
Article
This article argues that the convergence of state policies and the interests of capital and business owners are central to the understanding of the governance of Syrian refugees in Turkey. Drawing on fieldwork in Ankara, Gaziantep, Hatay and Izmir, collected between 2016 and 2018, this article shows that the terms of Turkish state’s temporary prote...
Article
Cada año, entre 150.000 y 400.000 migrantes centroamericanos, principalmente de Honduras, El Salvador y Guatemala, se desplazan a través de México con la intención de llegar a los Estados Unidos. A fin de paliar la inseguridad y la precariedad que estos migrantes enfrentan en México, han surgido diferentes organizaciones de la sociedad civil que lo...
Article
L'impact des perturbations environnementales sur les mouvements migratoires s’avère d’actualité dans un contexte d’accélération des changements climatiques, notamment en Asie où les évènements climatiques extrêmes sont particulièrement fréquents. Avec plus de 50 % de sa population en zones côtières de faible altitude, le Vietnam a attiré l’attentio...
Article
This article analyzes the repercussions of marriage migration for Vietnamese communities of origin in two ways. Firstly, it argues that a life-course perspective and the concept of “care circulation” expand understandings of the implications of marriage migration for reproduction and care in countries of origin. Secondly, it documents how marriage...
Article
Agricultural migrant workers, recruited to work in Canada under the Temporary Foreign Workers Program (TFWP), are disciplined to be compliant and productive. Based on ethnographic data, we draw attention to several ways in which Spanish-speaking migrants, employed in agriculture in a rural community in Southwestern Ontario, respond to this discipli...
Article
Vietnamese immigrant female spouses account for the second largest group of “foreign brides” in Taiwan and South Korea. This essay examines the local industry in Vietnam that facilitates and organizes marriages between local women and foreign men. The analysis focuses on how this industry is negotiated at the village level in the context of Vietnam...
Article
Cet article presente une analyse de l’experience d’un groupe de travailleurs migrants dans le secteur agricole au Quebec. A partir d’un travail ethnographique realise en 2011 et en 2012 aupres de travailleurs agricoles et d’acteurs-cles de l’ile d’Orleans (region de Quebec), nous montrons comment le territoire, en tant que lieu social et geographiq...
Chapter
This chapter summarizes the book’s main arguments. It also discusses the unaccompanied minors’ ‘crisis’ that erupted at the United States-Mexico border in the summer of 2014 and the political responses it triggered in the United States and Mexico. In its approach to Central American migration, the United States remains committed to a closed-door po...
Chapter
This chapter argues that the concept of ‘transit migration’, frequently employed to characterize the flow of Central American migrants through Mexico, obscures the instability, circularity, and unpredictability of this so-called transitory movement. The chapter advances a model that explains migrants’ mobility and immobility by the precarity they e...
Chapter
This chapter outlines the political structures and processes that shape Central American migrants’ precarity in the transnational space that comprises migrants’ homes in the countries of the Northern Triangle, Mexico, and the United States. It suggests that both poverty and the violence perpetrated by criminal organizations and individuals in the m...
Chapter
Drawing on Foucault’s notion of the ‘techniques of the self,’ this chapter illustrates various techniques migrants employ to overcome the paralysing effect of precarity, shaped in the context of the United States biopolitics of citizenship, on their mobility. On the basis of migrants’ narratives, the chapter discusses such techniques of the self as...
Chapter
This chapter examines the lived experiences of precarity in the transnational space comprising the three Central American countries of the Northern Triangle, Mexico, and the United States. On the basis of migrants’ narratives, this chapter illustrates how migrants experience precarity in specific places, such as home communities, international bord...
Book
Questioning the notion of transit migration, the book examines factors that shape Central American migrants' mobility and immobility in the transnational space, comprised on Central American countries, Mexico, and the US.
Article
Deportability, or a threat of deportation, can be viewed as a technique of discipline employed to make migrant workers efficient and compliant. Under the threat of deportation, migrants accept dangerous, dirty, degrading and difficult jobs for low pay. Deportability also prevents them from challenging their working and living conditions either indi...
Article
Full-text available
Au Québec, le nombre de travailleurs étrangers temporaires a connu une croissance d’environ 40 % de 2000 à 2010, avec 30 307 entrées en 2010. Les travailleurs étrangers saisonniers employés dans le secteur agricole, dont la plupart viennent du Mexique et du Guatemala, contribuent à cette augmentation. Les travaux de recherche portant sur la situati...
Poster
Full-text available
Les recherches menées jusqu’à présent ne définissent pas les rapports entre territoire, présence des travailleurs migrants temporaires (TMT) et relations avec la population locale, des interactions qui coexistent dans le milieu rural-agricole et qui permettraient de mieux saisir les enjeux présents dans chaque communauté afin d’offrir des réponses...
Article
Of all temporary unskilled migrant workers who originated from Bangladesh in 2010, women accounted for less than 3%. This extremely low proportion of women results from the numerous sociocultural, religious and political barriers women labour migrants encounter. Based on 23 in-depth interviews collected in 2009 in Bangladesh with former migrant dom...
Article
This paper examines the social construction of marriage migration in Vietnamese online media. We present a content analysis of 643 items published online between 2000 and 2010 on international marriages between Vietnamese women and foreign Asian men. Our analysis reveals that online media content speaks to four important shifts discussed in Vietnam...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines marriage migration in Asia through the lens of transnationalism. We pull together results from various studies we conducted on marriage migration in Vietnam and Taiwan between 2004 and 2010, using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Our main contention is that marriage migration constitutes a significant vector of soci...
Article
Abstract In response to difficulties faced by families in caring for the aged, the government of Taiwan launched a foreign live-in caregiver programme in 1992. This paper draws upon literature on family, domestic work and motives for caregiving to examine how the long-term co-residence of migrant live-in elder care-workers reconfigures Taiwanese fa...
Chapter
In 1933, a young urbanite married and took his new bride to live in a simple thatched hut in a village near Hanoi’s West Lake. This would not have been a remarkable event to be recorded by historians, except that the young man was Thạch Lam, a famous writer of the Tự Lực Văn Đòan (the Self-Reliance Literary Group) (Hồ Sĩ Hiệp, 1996, p. 64). The Tự...
Book
This pioneering collection brings together an international group of scholars to explore the Vietnamese middle class. From the leisure pursuits of the colonial middle class to the impact of the new urban rich on landscape of the countryside, this interdisciplinary volume explores the ways in which middle classness has been practiced in a wide range...
Article
This article examines the emigration dimension of marriage migration in Asia by focusing on remittances received by parents from daughters who married and migrated abroad. Based on a study of 250 migrant-sending households in Vietnam with a daughter living in an Asian country as a ‘foreign wife’, the analysis provides empirical evidence that emigra...
Article
The recent, rapid increase in cross-border marriages between women from Southeast Asia and men from East Asia is creating a new international migration flow of ‘marriage migrants’ in the region. This article documents how marriage migration reconfigures gender power relations in three migrant-sending communities in Southern Vietnam. Analyses of dat...
Article
This study examines the impact of current land policies in China and Vietnam on women's entitlement to land, women's wellbeing and gender power relations. The ethnographic study of one village in each of the two countries contextualizes women's lives in the kinship and marriage system in which power and gender relations are embedded. Current land p...
Article
Au Canada, la recherche sur la migration des autochtones vers les centres urbains a mis en avant l'importance de facteurs économiques, les mou-vements de retour étant expliqués comme un échec lié aux difficultés d'adaptation. Les facteurs sous-tendant la migration vers les villes ont été peu étudiés, et des études récentes ont mis l'accent sur l'am...
Article
This article examines the determinants of children's schooling during the 1990s in rural areas of Vietnam. It focuses on the impact of family attributes on the likelihood of children remaining in school or leaving during the primary and secondary school years. Using data from the Vietnam Living Standard Survey (VLSS) of 1992–93 and 1997–98, the aut...
Article
The decline in fertility that has taken place in most countries of Asia over the past few decades has presented a challenge to demographic theory. While most families have shrunk considerably in size and the desire for only a few children is shared by most, the importance of producing a male child has persisted in some regions and strata of many As...
Article
Vietnam’s social policy reforms in the transition to a market economy included the introduction of fees for primary and secondary school in the late 1980s. Using data from the Viet Nam Living Standards Surveys, this paper examines how the increasing costs of education to households have impacted on school enrolment between 1993 and 1998, giving spe...
Article
Research has identified that low fertility and son preference have led to high sex ratios at birth in India, South Korea and China. In this paper, we present sex ratios at birth from the 1989 and 1999 population censuses of Vietnam, from hospital data for Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, and from the 1997-98 Vietnam Living Standards Survey. Overall, cen...
Article
Full-text available
Research has identified that low fertility and son preference have led to high sex ratios at birth in India, South Korea and China. In this paper, we present sex ratios at birth from the 1989 and 1999 population censuses of Vietnam, from hospital data for Hanoi and Hô Chi Minh City, and from the 1997-98 Vietnam Living Standards Survey. Overall, cen...
Article
PIP: For centuries, illegitimate children, those born outside of civil marriage or a marriage conducted within the church, were systematically accorded second-class status by both the law and religion. This attitude toward such children frustrates efforts to change legislation, social structure, and our understanding of new types of union outside o...
Article
RÉSUMÉ Les auteurs soutiennent que les outils dont la démographie classique se sert pour étudier le mariage et la famille ne peuvent appréhender adéquatement les formes actuelles d'union, qui sont diverses et mouvantes. En mettant l'accent sur les processus plutôt que sur les états et sur l'appartenance à des catégories, on rendrait mieux justice a...
Article
Full-text available
PIP This study describes the population characteristics among a hospital-based sample of single women who experienced an abortion in Hanoi, Viet Nam. Data were obtained from topical and in-depth interviews with women in two Hanoi hospitals, a district health center, and a private clinic in Hadong, a Hanoi suburb. The total sample consisted of 279 s...
Article
RÉSUMÉ Cet article explore la famille vietnamienne par une étude des structures familiales. Une brève analyse de données historiques issues de la période coloniale précède celle, plus détaillée, sur les données de l'Enquête sur les niveaux de vie de la Banque mondiale conduite en 1992-1993 auprès de 4800 ménages. En plus de fournir les premiers rés...
Article
Oil has become a single global market in which oil price fluctuations now have the ability to rock the world economy. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the changing nature of this threat and by doing so, show that Saudi Arabia, which has acted as the primary stabilizing tool by American foreign policy makers, will no longer suffice in this c...

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Project
Un examen de la littérature rend compte de l’existence de plusieurs facteurs qui ont une influence sur l’insertion économique des immigrants au Canada. Toutefois, parmi les facteurs examinés jusqu'ici, les expériences migratoires ont retenu peu l’attention. Etant donné que les immigrants qui arrivent se distinguent selon que certains sont à leur première expérience migratoire alors que d’autres en ont connu plusieurs, nous examinons dans cette étude la relation entre les expériences migratoires et la qualité de l’emploi.