Daniela Riva Knauth

Daniela Riva Knauth
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul | UFRGS · Departamento de Medicina Social

About

110
Publications
9,768
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2,247
Citations
Citations since 2017
31 Research Items
1021 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (110)
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo foi analisar os fatores associados ao uso inconsistente de preservativo com parceiros comerciais entre homens que fazem sexo com homens (HSH) no Brasil. Foi feito um estudo transversal, com HSH adultos, recrutados por meio da técnica respondent-driven sampling (RDS), em 12 capitais brasileiras, em 2016. Os HSH responderam a um questionár...
Article
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Legal abortion in cases of pregnancy resulting from rape has been provided for in Brazil since 1940. However, access to this right is still very restricted, and there are numerous barriers that hinder women’s access to referral services that perform the procedure. This article discusses the trajectory of women who had an abortion due to rape from 2...
Article
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O aborto legal nos casos de gravidez resultante de estupro é previsto no Brasil desde 1940. No entanto, o acesso a esse direito ainda é muito restrito, havendo inúmeras barreiras que dificultam o acesso das mulheres aos serviços de referência que realizam o procedimento. Este artigo discute a trajetória das mulheres que realizaram aborto por estupr...
Article
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Background There are many inequalities in terms of prevention and treatment for pregnant women with HIV and exposed children in low and middle-income countries. The Brazilian protocol for prenatal care includes rapid diagnostic testing for HIV, compulsory notification, and monitoring by the epidemiological surveillance of children exposed to HIV un...
Article
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Influenza is a severe, vaccine-preventable disease. Vaccination programs across Latin American countries show contrasting coverage rates, from 29% in Paraguay to 89% in Brazil. This study explores how national influenza vaccination programs in the chosen South American countries address vaccine confidence and convenience, as well as complacency tow...
Article
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Discrimination due to sexual orientation (DDSO) has an important association with health outcomes among men who have sex with men (MSM). This study aimed to analyze factors associated with DDSO among MSM in 12 Brazilian cities. This is a cross-sectional study with 4,176 MSM participants recruited in 2016 which used a respondent-driven sampling meth...
Article
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Background Tuberculosis is a curable disease, which remains the leading cause of death among infectious diseases worldwide, and it is the leading cause of death in people living with HIV. The purpose is to examine survival and predictors of death in Tuberculosis/HIV coinfection cases from 2009 to 2013. Methods We estimated the survival of 2,417 TB...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with HIV and vulnerability contexts for women in Porto Alegre, Brazil. The participants were 1326 women recruited by complex sampling design, divided into two groups: 640 women with HIV (WLH) and 686 women who did not have HIV (WNLH). Gross and weighted statistical analyses were performed...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: There are many inequalities in terms of prevention and treatment for pregnant women with HIV and exposed children in low and middle income countries. The Brazilian protocol for prenatal care includes rapid diagnostic testing for HIV, compulsory notification, and monitoring by the epidemiological surveillance of children exposed to HIV u...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo: O aborto permitido por lei no Brasil é um direito pouco garantido devido a múltiplas barreiras de acesso. A dificuldade em obter-se registros confiáveis e de fácil acesso, que subsidiem ações de monitoramento e avaliação pertinentes a essa temática, é outra questão preocupante relacionada à organização do sistema de saúde. Assim, esta pesqu...
Conference Paper
Introdução: Em 2019, o total de óbitos por tuberculose foi de 1,4 milhões, dos quais 208 mil foram de pessoas vivendo com vírus da imunodeficiência humana. A coinfecção tuberculose/vírus da imunodeficiência humana configura-se como uma combinação sinérgica, na qual uma infecção acelera a progressão da outra, potencializando a piora clínica e podend...
Conference Paper
Introdução: Porto Alegre (RS) apresenta elevada taxa de transmissão vertical. Perda de seguimento é aquela criança que foi exposta ao vírus da imunodeficiência humana e que, no momento do encerramento do caso, não foi localizada na rede de saúde para a realização de diagnóstico laboratorial. Objetivo: Contribuir para o aprimoramento do sistema de v...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Discrimination due to sexual orientation (DDSO) has an important association with health outcomes among men who have sex with men (MSM). This study aimed to analyse factors associated with DDSO among MSM in 12 Brazilian cities. Methods A cross-sectional study with 4,176 MSM participants recruited in 2016 through respondent-driven samplin...
Article
Full-text available
Background Brazil has many people living with HIV (PLWH) who are unaware of their serostatus. The public health system has recently added HIV self-testing (HIVST) for key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM). This study estimates HIVST acceptability among Brazilian MSM and explores factors associated with acceptability among MSM who...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Brazil has a lot of people living with HIV (PLWH) that are still unaware of their own serostatus and has recently integrated HIV self-test (HIVST) into its public health system and offered to key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM). This study estimates HIVST acceptability among Brazilian MSM and its associated factors....
Preprint
Full-text available
Background : Brazil has a substantial population living with HIV (PLWH) who are still unaware of their serostatus and has recently added HIV self-test (HIVST) into its public health system for key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM). This study estimates HIVST acceptability among Brazilian MSM and its associated factors among those...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Brazil has many people living with HIV (PLWH) who are unaware of their serostatus. The public health system has recently added HIV self-testing (HIVST) for key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM). This study estimates HIVST acceptability among Brazilian MSM and explores factors associated with acceptability among MSM who...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Brazil has a substantial population living with HIV (PLWH) who are unaware of their serostatus. The public health system has recently added HIV self-testing (HIVST) for key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM). This study estimates HIVST acceptability among Brazilian MSM and explores factors associated with acceptability...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Brazil has a substantial population living with HIV (PLWH) who are still unaware of their serostatus and has recently added HIV self-testing (HIVST) into its public health system for key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM). This study estimates HIVST acceptability among Brazilian MSM and its associated factors among thos...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Brazil has many people living with HIV (PLWH) who are unaware of their serostatus. The public health system has recently added HIV self-testing (HIVST) for key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM). This study estimates HIVST acceptability among Brazilian MSM and explores factors associated with acceptability among MSM who...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo: Os homens são o principal grupo afetado pela infecção do HIV no Brasil, com tendência de crescimento nos últimos dez anos. Nos dados oficiais, os homens heterossexuais representam 49% dos casos, os homossexuais 38% e os bissexuais 9,1%. Os homens heterossexuais ficaram subsumidos na categoria de “população geral”, não recebendo destaque em...
Article
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Introduction: High level of HIV/AIDS knowledge is required for an effective adoption of preventive strategies. Objective: To assess HIV/AIDS knowledge among men who have sex with men (MSM) in 12 Brazilian cities. Methods: Respondent-Driven Sampling method was used for recruitment. HIV/AIDS knowledge was assessed by Item Response Theory. Diffic...
Article
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Introduction: Discrimination based on sexual orientation can influence vulnerability to HIV, increasing exposure to risky sexual behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM). Objectives: To analyze data using latent class analysis (LCA) to identify groups of individuals with specific patterns of discrimination based on sexual orientation (DSO)...
Article
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Introduction: This paper details the methods used in the second national Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (BBSS) of HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B and C among men who have sex with men in Brazil. Methods: Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) was used in 12 cities in 2016. The targeted sample size was initiated with five to six seeds in...
Article
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Background & aims: A better understanding of the factors that affect self-perception of body characteristics may play an important role in weight control practices. The objective of this study was to analyze body weight perception and body image satisfaction in low-income adult women in Southern Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey...
Article
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This paper reports human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) prevalence in the 2nd National Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (BBSS) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in 12 cities in Brazil using respondent-driven sampling (RDS). Following formative research, RDS was applied in 12 cities in the 5 macroregions of Brazil between June and De...
Article
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Introduction Periodic monitoring of sociobehavior characteristics at a national level is an essential component of understanding the dynamics the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic worldwide, including Brazil. Methods This paper compares descriptive sociobehavior characteristics in 2 national cross-sectional HIV biological behavioral surv...
Article
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Objective To understand the predisposing factors that lead to the practice of self-medication and the factors associated with the use of medicines via self-medication in the adult population of Brazil. Methods The analyzed data are part of the National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM), a survey whose populat...
Article
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Objectives To analyze the factors associated with the occurrence of pregnancies after the diagnosis of infection by HIV. Methods Cross-sectional study with women of a reproductive age living with HIV/AIDS cared for in the public services of the city of Porto Alegre, in southern Brazil. The data was analyzed from a comparison between two groups: wo...
Article
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Resumo O artigo discute a questão da devolução dos resultados na pesquisa antropológica, a partir da interface com o campo da saúde e da relação com os movimentos sociais. Tem como ponto de partida o diálogo com algumas experiências bem-sucedidas de retorno e também com iniciativas frustradas, que nos permitem identificar negociações e limites dess...
Article
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Heterosexual men have been a forgotten group for HIV/AIDS interventions and research. Our goal was to identify the different elements that interfere in the prevention of HIV/AIDS among heterosexual men, covering both traditional methods of prevention (especially safe sex practices and testing) and new strategies for prevention (pre- and post-sexual...
Article
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Objective: To understand how the HIV diagnosis combines with other factors that influence the decision to abort. Methodology: Data were collected during a crossover study of women aged between 18 and 49 years old and seen in public health services in Porto Alegre, Brazil. The life stories of 18 interviewees who had post-diagnosis abortion were r...
Article
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The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review of articles that followed up the psychological outcomes of interventions in patients with disorders of sexual development. The analysis focused on the methodological quality of the studies and the assumptions on the evaluation of the intervention outcomes. The review signaled the need f...
Article
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The Community Health Workers (CHWs) Programme was launched in Luanda, Angola, in 2007 as an initiative of the provincial government. The aim of this study was to assess its implementation process. This is a case study with documental analysis, CHWs reports data, individual interviews and focal groups. Until June 2009, the programme had placed in th...
Article
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A expansão e consolidação da área das Ciências Sociais em Saúde possibilitaram a valorização e difusão da pesquisa qualitativa. O crescente número de artigos submetidos a revistas científicas da área da Saúde Coletiva, bem como de dissertações e teses, que utilizam a metodologia qualitativa em suas pesquisas tem chamado a atenção dos cientistas soc...
Article
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Studies aimed at understanding the association between induced abortion and HIV are scarce and differ on the direction of the association. This paper aims to show the prevalence of induced abortion in a sample of pregnancies of women living and not living with HIV/Aids, determining variables associated with pregnancy termination and linked to the l...
Article
This article aims to compare two medical practices of surgical intervention: male circumcision, an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy proposed by the World Health Organization, and surgical interventions performed on intersex children. The hypothesis is that the practices of male circumcision as a preventative measure and the so-called "corrective" surge...
Article
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Based on the safety culture analytical framework, this paper presents the findings of a socio-anthropological research that addressed six different design teams or departments of Brazilian companies. Each one of the six cases was responsible for a different large engineering project, including process plants, logistics, harbors, railways and oil pr...
Article
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This cross-sectional study focused on the sexual and reproductive health of women living with HIV, by age group, in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The sample consisted of 691 women. Differences were observed in number of pregnancies and number of children. History of illicit drug use was more frequent in the 18-34-year a...
Article
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This study analyzed the meanings given to the Brazilian National Men's Health Policy (PNAISH) by those involved in its implementation to find out how a policy formulated at national level is reflected in local contexts. In five cities, from each macro region of the country, a set of 6 narratives and 21 semi-structured interviews were held with heal...
Article
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In 2009, the Brazilian Comprehensive Healthcare Policy for Men (PNAISH) was launched in Brazil, seeking to reduce morbidity and mortality in this population group. This article strives to analyze the conceptions that health professionals have about the specific demands and behaviors of the male population served by the healthcare services. The data...
Article
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To analyze factors associated with the use of stimulants by truck drivers to stay awake. A survey with 854 drivers was carried out at eight truck stops (seven gas stations and one border patrol post) located at five cities in the State of Rio Grande do Sul (Southern Brazil) in 2006. The outcome "amphetamine use" was categorized as "yes" or "no". Po...
Article
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In Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, public primary healthcare (PHC) is provided by traditional Basic Health Units (BHU), the Family Health Strategy (FHS), the Murialdo Health Center (MHC), and the Community Health Service (CHS) of Grupo Hospitalar Conceição. This study compares the quality of adult healthcare among these different typ...
Article
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Given the implications of stigma for HIV/AIDS prevention and control of the epidemic, as emphasized by UNAIDS, this study analyzes the Brazilian academic production on health, AIDS, stigma, and discrimination, available in the SciELO database from 2005 to 2010. Brazilian research on the theme is modest as compared to the international literature, b...
Article
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Introduction Illegality of abortion perpetuates socioeconomic inequities in what it is practiced and, like sexual coercion, obscures its consequences for the women's health. Purpose To investigate the relationship between abortion and experiences of sexual coercion among young women. Methodology Data analysed come from GRAVAD research, a cross-se...
Article
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With the development of medical technology, many countries around the world have been implementing ethical guidelines and laws regarding Medically Assisted Reproduction (MAR). A physician's reproductive decisions are not solely based on technical criteria but are also influenced by society values. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the...
Article
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This study aims to investigate the relationship between abortion and experiences of sexual coercion. The data came from GRAVAD, a household survey with a stratified random sample of young women (18-24 years) in Rio de Janeiro, Porto Alegre, and Salvador, Brazil. The sample used in this article included 870 interviews of women who reported having be...
Article
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To examine the extent to which men and women seeking treatment for infertility were able to accurately perceive their partners' ratings of their quality of life (QOL). Cross-sectional prospective study. Quality of life was measured as a multidimensional construct. Assisted reproduction clinic of a university hospital. One hundred and sixty-two coup...
Article
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To review the findings on quality of life (QOL) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among infertile women, men and couples. Systematic review. Publications between January 1980 and July 2009 in Medline, PsycInfo, Embase and Health and Psychosocial Instruments were compiled using the following inclusion criteria: papers published in peer-revi...
Article
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It has been consistently demonstrated that infertility is associated with quality of life (QOL) impairments. Research to date has mostly focused on individual's reactions to infertility (mainly women), without an examination of how the partner is reacting to the same condition. The few studies that assessed QOL among couples did not use couple-base...
Article
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Estigmatizadas por não corresponderem ao padrão hegemônico segundo o qual sexo e gênero devem necessariamente coincidir, as travestis constituem um grupo social que não tem garantido o exercício de sua cidadania. Nesse sentido, este artigo tem por objetivo analisar a percepção, os sentimentos e as dificuldades enfrentadas pelas travestis para terem...
Article
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Infertility is a condition associated with impairment in several areas of life. Questionnaires about quality of life (QoL) allow the examination of the impact of health conditions in a broader way, comprehending outcomes beyond symptomatology, morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with various aspects of...
Article
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This manuscript demonstrates how important is the concept of enjoying life for the subjects studied. It was part of a qualitative study carried out in Pelotas during 2001-2002, including 23 adolescent mothers aged 18-19 years, and 10 of their mothers. The aim of the study was to understand the context of adolescent pregnancy among youngsters belong...
Article
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The authors analyze male sexual initiation as a time of acquiring knowledge, based on 62 ethnographic interviews with young men (18-24 years) in the cities of Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador, Brazil, as a stage in the GRAVAD Research Project. Adopting an anthropological and comparative perspective, the reports show that men's first sexua...
Article
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Condom use has increased among Brazilian youth, although condoms are not used in all sexual relations; in addition, their use varies over the course of an individual's affective and sexual history. This study focused on the prevalence and factors associated with condom use during sexual initiation and in the most recent sexual relations in young me...
Article
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Analisamos a iniciação sexual masculina como um momento de aquisição de conhecimento, com base em 62 entrevistas de cunho etnográfico com homens jovens (18-24 anos) residentes em Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro e Salvador, Brasil, numa etapa da Pesquisa GRAVAD. Adotando uma perspectiva antropológica e comparativa, o exame dos relatos da primeira exper...
Article
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O uso de preservativos pelos jovens aumentou, o que não significa que sejam utilizados em todas as relações sexuais; além disso, seu uso varia durante a trajetória afetivo-sexual. Estudou-se a prevalência e fatores associados ao uso de preservativo na iniciação sexual e na última relação sexual, para moças e rapazes de 18-24 anos. Os dados são da P...
Article
This manuscript demonstrates how important is the concept of enjoying life for the subjects studied. It was part of a qualitative study carried out in Pelotas during 2001-2002, including 23 adolescent mothers aged 18-19 years, and 10 of their mothers. The aim of the study was to understand the context of adolescent pregnancy among youngsters belong...
Article
This paper explores the reproductive preferences and outcomes of HIV-positive women in two cities in Brazil. We used three types of data, all drawn from women who delivered in public sector hospitals: (1) clinical records of 427 HIV-positive women; (2) pre- and postpartum in-depth interviews with 60 HIV-positive women; and (3) a prospective survey...
Article
HIV-positive women are confronted during pregnancy with a range of medical information and prescriptions that substantially affect the experience of pregnancy and birth. Based on antenatal and post-partum interviews with 60 HIV-positive pregnant women from São Paulo and Porto Alegre, Brazil, this article presents evidence of some of the factors tha...
Article
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This paper explores the factors associated with reproductive choices by HIV-positive pregnant women in two settings in Brazil, and particularly how health care providers and the local medical culture can affect these choices. Requesting and submitting to postpartum sterilization provide the focus of the analysis. The data come from a study conducte...