Daniela Fenoglio

Daniela Fenoglio
Università degli Studi di Genova | UNIGE · Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e specialità mediche (DIMI)

About

208
Publications
10,706
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4,606
Citations
Citations since 2017
47 Research Items
1645 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Additional affiliations
January 1990 - present
Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino di Genova
Position
  • University Hospital San Martino
January 1987 - December 2012
Education
March 1981

Publications

Publications (208)
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 in immunocompromised patients is difficult to treat. SARS-CoV-2 interaction with the host immune system and the role of therapy still remains only partly understood. There are no data regarding the use of monoclonal antibodies and the combination of two antivirals in fighting viral replication and disease progression. We report the cases o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The combination of Programmed Cell Death 1 (PD-1) and Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Antigen 4 (CTLA-4) blockade has dramatically improved the overall survival rate for malignant melanoma. Immune checkpoint blockers (ICBs) limit the tumor’s immune escape yet only for approximately a third of all tumors and, in most cases, for a limited amount o...
Article
Full-text available
Background We studied immunological response against SARS-CoV-2 after two doses of vaccine in health care workers (HCW) at our Infectious Disease Unit Methods We enrolled prospectively HCW without (group A) and with previous infection (group B). We collected peripheral blood at baseline (before the BNT162b2 vaccine), T1 (before the 2nd dose), T2 a...
Article
Full-text available
Patients with severe SARS-CoV-2 infection have an overwhelming inflammatory response characterized by remarkable organs monocyte infiltration. We performed an immunophenotypic analysis on circulating monocytes in 19 COVID-19 patients in comparison with 11 naïve HIV-1 patients and 10 healthy subjects. Reduced frequency of classical monocytes and inc...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in hemodialysis patients (HD) is characterized by heterogeneity of clinical presentation and outcomes. To stratify patients, we collected clinical and laboratory data in two cohorts of HD patients at COVID-19 diagnosis and during the following 4 weeks. Baseline and longitudinal values were used to build a linear...
Article
Full-text available
We prospectively studied immunological response against SARS-CoV-2 after vaccination among healthcare workers without (group A) and with previous infection (group B). The analyses were collected at T0 (before the BNT162b2), T1 (before the second dose), T2 and T6 (1 and 6 months after the second dose). For cellular immune response, the activation-in...
Article
Background: The Endocannabinoid System (ECBs) may have a crucial role in bipolar disorder (BD). Previous reports have not detected abnormalities in the expression of the cannabinoid receptor gene CNR1, encoding for CB1. However, we hypothesized that differentiating between mania and depression may uncover differences in CNR1 expression levels. Meth...
Preprint
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is characterized by a high heterogeneity of clinical presentation and outcomes. This is also true for patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD), who, due to specific clinical factors and immune status, represent a distinct subgroup of COVID-19 patients. Starting from this observation in this research lett...
Article
Despite the well-recognized effects of endogenous opioids on mood and behavior, research on its role in bipolar disorder (BD) is still limited to small or anecdotal reports. Considering that Beta-endorphins (β-END) and Mu-opioid receptors (MOR), in particular, have a crucial activity in affective modulation, we hypothesized their alteration in BD....
Article
Full-text available
We assessed SARS-CoV-2-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses in samples from 89 acute COVID-19 patients, utilizing blood samples collected during the first wave of COVID-19 in Italy. The goal of the study was to examine correlations between SARS-CoV-2-specific T cell responses in the early phase comparing mild, moderate, or severe COVID-19 diseas...
Preprint
Full-text available
Patients with severe SARS-CoV-2 infection have an overwhelming inflammatory response characterized by remarkable organs monocyte infiltration. We performed an immunophenotypic analysis on circulating monocytes in 19 COVID-19 patients in comparison with 11 naïve HIV-1 patients and 10 healthy subjects. Reduced frequency of classical monocytes and inc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antigen (ag)-specific T cell analysis is an important step for investigation of cellular immunity in many settings, such as infectious diseases, cancer and vaccines. Multiparameter flow cytometry has advantages in studying both the rarity and heterogeneity of these cells. In the cellular immunologist's toolbox, the expression of activation-induced...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The Forkhead box protein P3 (FOXP3) is a transcription factor central to the function of regulatory T cells (Treg). Mutations in the FOXP3 gene lead to a systemic disease called immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, and enteropathy, an X-linked syndrome (IPEX) characterized by the triad of early-onset intractable diarrhea, type 1 d...
Article
Full-text available
Debate is around the optimal immunization regimen for cancer vaccines since too intense vaccination schedules may exhaust reactive lymphocytes. GX301 is a telomerase-based cancer vaccine whose safety and immunological effects were tested in a phase I trial applying an eight administrations schedule. Main objective of this study was to comparatively...
Article
Full-text available
Simple Summary: CD8+ T lymphocytes are among the immune cells reputed to kill tumor cells. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has a poor clinical outcome despite the presence of a rich CD8+ T cell tumor infiltrate. This may be due to alterations of tumor infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Here, we performed a characterization of infiltrating CD8...
Article
Full-text available
Background Alopecia areata (AA) spares the stem cell compartment and attacks only the base of the hair follicle, which is surrounded by infiltrating lymphocytes. AA is associated with polymorphisms in immune‐related genes and with decreased function of CD4+CD25+ T regulatory (Treg) cells. Treg function is modulated by the costimulatory molecules, l...
Chapter
The development of T helper (Th) cell subsets requires activated T cells that respond to a polarizing cytokine environment, resulting in the activation and expression of specific transcription factors. The subset-specific transcription factors are located either in the cytoplasm or in the nucleus, which determine the functional profile of Th popula...
Article
Full-text available
Background Immunocompromised patients show prolonged shedding of SARS-CoV-2 in nasopharyngeal swabs. We report a case of a prolonged persistence of viable SARS-CoV-2 associated with clinical relapses of COVID-19 in a patient with mantle-cell lymphoma who underwent treatment with R-BAC (rituximab, bendamustine, cytarabine) with consequent lymphopeni...
Article
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 infection causes severe respiratory involvement (COVID-19) in 5–20% of patients through initial immune derangement, followed by intense cytokine production and vascular leakage. Evidence of immune involvement point to the participation of T, B, and NK cells in the lack of control of virus replication leading to COVID-19. NK cells con...
Article
In this observational study, 13 patients with severe COVID‐19 and 10 healthy controls were enrolled. The data concerning the analysis of circulating T cells show, in COVID‐19, patients expansion of these cell compartment prone to induce antibody response and inflammation (CCR4+ and CCR6+ TFH) and regulation (CD8+ Treg). This pathogenic mechanism co...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Immunocompromised patients show prolonged shedding of SARS-CoV-2 in nasopharyngeal swabs. We report a case of a prolonged persistence of viable SARS-CoV-2 associated with clinical relapses of COVID-19 in a lymphoma patient. Methods Nasopharyngeal swabs and blood samples were tested for SARS-CoV-2 by Real time-PCR (RT-PCR). On five positi...
Article
Full-text available
Adenosine Deaminase 2 Deficiency (DADA2) is an autoinflammatory disease characterized by inflammatory vasculopathy, early strokes associated often with hypogammaglobulinemia. Pure red cell aplasia, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia have been reported. The defect is due to biallelic loss of function of ADA2 gene, coding for a protein known to regula...
Article
Different strategies to boost NAD⁺ levels are considered promising means to promote healthy aging and ameliorate dysfunctional metabolism. CD38 is a NAD⁺-dependent enzyme involved in the regulation of different cell functions. In the context of systemic energy metabolism, it has been demonstrated that brown adipocytes, the parenchymal cells of brow...
Article
Full-text available
: Chondrosia reniformis is a common marine demosponge showing many peculiarities, lacking silica spicules and with a body entirely formed by a dense collagenous matrix. In this paper, we have described the identification of a new cytotoxic protein (chondrosin) with selective activity against specific tumor cell lines, from C. reniformis, collected...
Article
Background: Little is known about the pathogenesis of scleromyxedema, a life-threatening fibromucinosis disease with immunological dysregulation. Objectives: To investigate on T-cell phenotype, function and cytokine biology in search of new insights supporting the immunopathogenesis of the disease. Methods: We analysed the frequency of circula...
Article
Integrating evidence from systematic research in daily clinical practice is one of the pillars of evidence-based medicine. Electronic data capture tools simplify data collection from different centers and supports the management of multicenter clinical trials. The Ligurian HIV Network (LHN) is one such tool, originating from a regional effort to in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background ADA2 Deficiency is an autoinflammatory disease characterized by systemic vasculopathy, strokes and mild immunodeficiency. The defect is due to a mutation in ADA2 gene. It regulates the catabolism of extracellular adenosine, which is an important regulator of Class Switch Recombination in B lymphocytes. Objectives We addressed if ADA2 mu...
Article
CD8+ T regulatory/suppressor cells (Treg) affect peripheral tolerance and may be involved in autoimmune diseases as well as in cancer. In view of our previous data showing the ability of DA to affect adaptive immune responses, we investigated the dopaminergic phenotype of human CD8+ Treg as well as the ability of DA to affect their generation and a...
Article
BACKROUND Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a lymphoid malignancy of B-cell origin with a high long-term survival. Despite the efficacy of frontline therapy, about 30% of patient will show relapse or refractory disease (R/R). In this patient population, the treatment of choice consists of salvage chemotherapy followed by intensive conditioning regimen and a...
Article
Background: Limited studies have compared the impact of different antiretroviral regimens on soluble markers of inflammation with discordant results. Methods: In this prospective study, treatment naïve HIV-1-infected patients were included if they started their current regimen with atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r) (N = 73, Group 1) or darunavir/ritonav...
Article
Full-text available
The pathogenesis of HIV immunodeficiency is mainly dependent on the cytopatic effects exerted by the virus against infected CD4+ T cells. However, CD4+ T cell loss cannot be the only pathogenic factor since severe opportunistic infections may develop in HIV infected patients with normal CD4+ T cell counts and since the recent START study indicated...
Poster
Full-text available
Conclusion Our data show a combined occurrence of WM and immunological alterations in mania. WM abnormalities correlated with reduction in circulating CD8+ T cell subpopulations that are terminally differentiated effector cells prone to tissue migration. This suggests the occurrence of an acute immune response in mania, leading to activation of CD8...
Article
Background: White matter (WM) microstructural abnormalities and, independently, signs of immunological activation were consistently demonstrated in bipolar disorder (BD). However, the relationship between WM and immunological alterations as well as their occurrence in the various phases of BD remain unclear. Method: In 60 type I BD patients - 20...
Article
Full-text available
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) have a fundamental function in monitoring the immune homeostasis in healthy individuals. In cancer and, in particular, in hematological malignancies, Tregs exert a major immunosuppressive activity, thus playing a critical role in tumor cell growth, proliferation, and survival. Here, we summarize published data on the prog...
Article
Full-text available
Background: HIV-associated immunodeficiency is related to loss of CD4(+) T cells. This mechanism does not explain certain manifestations of HIV disease, such as immunodeficiency events in patients with greater than 500 CD4(+) T cells/μL. CD8(+)CD28(-)CD127(lo)CD39(+) T cells are regulatory T (Treg) lymphocytes that are highly concentrated within t...
Article
The availability of antioxidants is recognized as one of the critical factors able to make cancer cells resistant to chemotherapy. In this context, it has been demonstrated that many chemoresistant cancers display high levels of glutathione (GSH) and consequently, its depletion by L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), has been proposed as a chemosensitiz...
Article
Full-text available
Dendritic Cells (DCs) recognize infectious non-self molecules and engage the adaptive immune system thereby initiating long lasting, antigen-specific responses. As such, the ability to activate DCs is considered a key tool to enhance the efficacy and quality of vaccination. Here we report a novel immunomodulatory sulfolipid named β-SQDG18 that prot...
Article
Full-text available
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease characterized by tissue fibrosis, vasculopathy, and autoimmunity. Although the exact pathogenetic mechanisms behind SSc remain to be fully elucidated, a great deal of evidence suggests the existence of an unbalanced ratio between the effector and regulatory arms of the immune system. With rega...
Data
Raw data of percent suppression activity by CD8+ Treg generated from 10 healthy donors.
Data
Percentage expression of CD39 (A) and CD127 (B) molecules on CD8+CD28+ T cells. Panel (A) also shows CD39 percentage expression on freshly isolated CD4+ Treg. T0: analyses performed on freshly purified cells; T7: analyses performed after 7 days incubation with IL2 and IL10 for CD8+ Treg generation. HC, healthy controls; SSc, systemic sclerosis pati...
Data
Raw data of percent suppression activity by CD8+ Treg generated from 28 SSc patients.
Article
Soluble DNA circulates in the peripheral blood of healthy subjects, and, at increased concentrations, of pregnant women and patients affected by tumors and vasculitis. Since the discovery of intracellular DNA sensors, inducing inflammatory responses after binding to DNA, DNA has been included among danger signals. However, this view does not explai...
Article
Full-text available
Neuroblastoma, a paediatric malignant tumor, is initially sensitive to etoposide, a drug to which many patients develop chemoresistance. In order to investigate the molecular mechanisms responsible for etoposide chemoresistance, HTLA-230, a human MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cell line, was chronically treated with etoposide at a concentration that...
Article
Full-text available
AIRE is involved in susceptibility to melanoma perhaps regulating T cell immunity against melanoma antigens (MA). To address this issue, AIRE and MAGEB2 expressions were measured by real time PCR in medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs) from two strains of C57BL/6 mice bearing either T or C allelic variant of the rs1800522 AIRE SNP. Moreover, t...
Article
Full-text available
The activation of Nrf2 has been demonstrated to play a crucial role in cancer cell resistance to different anticancer therapies. The inhibition of proteasome activity has been proposed as a chemosensitizing therapy but the activation of Nrf2 could reduce its efficacy. Using the highly chemoresistant neuroblastoma cells HTLA-230, here we show that t...
Data
BSO strongly reduces total GSH content in HTLA-230 treated with BTZ and siHO-1. tGSH amount was measured by mean of HPLC analysis as described in Materials and Methods section. HTLA-230 cells were treated as indicated. The graph shows the mean value of three independent experiments (mean±SE); n.d. = not detectable; *p<0.05 vs untreated cells. (PDF)
Data
Nrf2-DN over-expression reduces BTZ-induced HO-1, GCLM and x-CT up-regulation. mRNA and protein levels of HO-1 (a and d, respectively), GCLM (b and e, respectively) and x-CT (c and f, respectively) were measured by means of RT-PCR and Western Blotting in cells transfected with a plasmid coding for a dominant negative form of Nrf2 (pmax-Nrf2-DN) or...
Data
siHO-1 reduces BTZ-induced HO-1 upregulation. siHO-1 was performed as detailed in Materials and Methods section. Increasing concentrations (10–50 nM) of siHO-1 have been used in order to set up the best experimental condition and the dose of 50 nM has been used for the following experiments. No changes were observed using non-targeting siRNA or Int...
Article
Full-text available
Bladder cancer has an unexplained, high recurrence rate. Causes of recurrence might include the presence of sporadic tumor micro-foci in the residual urothelial tissue after surgery associated with an inverted ratio between intratumoral effector and regulatory T cell subsets. Hence, surgical specimens of both tumors and autologous, macroscopically/...
Article
Bladder cancer is characterized by a high rate of recurrence following surgical treatments. This phenomenon, not observed in other urogenital malignancies such as renal cancer, is still unexplained. Moreover, there are not markers allowing to predict recurrence in bladder cancer patients after the treatment. We faced these problems hypothesizing th...
Article
Cross-sectional analysis on 20 HIV-1 patients with neurological symptoms admitted to two infectious disease units. Cut-off of HIV-RNA (VL) was 20 copies/ml for plasma and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). Flow cytometry was used to analyze the phenotype of circulating and CSF T lymphocytes. CD38 mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) was higher on circulatin...
Article
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disorder characterized by bone marrow failure and cancer predisposition. Several studies show alterations of the immunological status of FA patients including defects in peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets, serum immunoglobulin levels, and inflammatory cytokines. However scanty information is available on the respon...
Article
Full-text available
Peptide540-548, peptide611-626, peptide672-686 and peptide766-780, which are derived from human telomerase, constitute the immunogenic component of the GX301 cancer vaccine. The relative immunogenicity of these peptides is unknown, thus it is unsure whether their combined use offers real advantages over single peptide stimulation. Hence, this study...
Article
Full-text available
Lung cancer is a leading cause of death in developed countries. Although smoking cessation is a primary strategy for preventing lung cancer, former smokers remain at high risk of cancer. Accordingly, there is a need to increase the efficacy of lung cancer prevention. Poor bioavailability is the main factor limiting the efficacy of chemopreventive a...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The persistence of immune activation and inflammation in HIV patients with HIV-RNA (VL) undetectable causes many co-morbidities [1-3]. The aim of this study is to correlate monocytes (m) and NK cell activation levels, soluble markers and oxidative stress with clinical, biochemical and metabolic data in HIV-1 infected patients with VL...
Article
Often researchers find it difficult to interpret and correlate the results obtained from several experiments thus the development of a system that would allow storage, display and data analysis would be very useful. A web based interface is presented that allows people from a laboratory to submit the collected data and to compare results within dif...
Article
Full-text available
A previous study showed that a tolerogenic gene vaccine based on a IgG1Fc-pCons chimera (here named GX101) protects NZB/NZW mice from SLE development. The present study was aimed at identifying the most effective schedule of immunization and the possible involvement of CD4(+) Foxp3(+) Treg in the mechanism of action, in view of its eventual transla...
Article
Full-text available
IL-21 is an immune-enhancing cytokine, which showed promising results in cancer immunotherapy. We previously observed that the administration of anti-CD4 cell-depleting antibody strongly enhanced the anti-tumor effects of an IL-21-engineered neuroblastoma (NB) cell vaccine. Here, we studied the therapeutic effects of a combination of recombinant (r...
Article
Full-text available
This is a cross-sectional, case-control study analyzing the effect of antiretroviral therapy (ART) including or not maraviroc, on circulating monocytes and natural killer cells. Sixty-eight HIV-positive patients virologically suppressed receiving ART at least 6 months were subdivided as receiving (group 1) or not (group 2) maraviroc in their ART. F...