Daniel J Whitaker

Daniel J Whitaker
Georgia State University | GSU · School of Public Health

Doctor of Psychology

About

124
Publications
45,868
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6,266
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Publications

Publications (124)
Article
Background People with opioid use disorder (OUD) experience lower quality of life (QoL) than the general population, but buprenorphine treatment for OUD could help improve QoL of individuals with OUD. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of buprenorphine on QoL among people with OUD. Methods Seven databases were s...
Article
Social workers can promote resiliency among refugee families by referring them to evidence-based programs to reduce the stressors of resettlement. The purpose of this study was to complete a structured adaptation process with the SafeCare® program for implementation in a refugee resettlement community. Participants included 21 members of an adaptat...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected many child maltreatment risk factors and may have affected maltreatment among vulnerable families. We surveyed 258 certified providers of an evidence-based home visiting program, SafeCare, about their perception of the impact of the pandemic on the families they serve. We examined if the providers perceived an ove...
Article
Given the detrimental impact of substance use (SU) on both parent and child outcomes including child maltreatment, research and service efforts have focused on incorporating parenting resources into integrated SU treatment programs. While promising, it is imperative to examine and test parenting programs in a variety of settings. This study examine...
Article
Introduction Intimate partner violence and sexual violence are widespread and often occur early in life. This systematic review examines the effectiveness of interventions for primary prevention of intimate partner violence and sexual violence among youth. Methods Studies were identified from 2 previous systematic reviews and an updated search (Ja...
Article
Introduction Although existing research suggests drug courts reduce recidivism and substance use, a large portion of drug court participants do not graduate. According to a conceptual framework, severity of need and program intensity may help to explain variation in drug court effectiveness. Understanding variation in drug court graduation can help...
Article
This project employed a randomized-control design to evaluate the effectiveness of the MBF Child Safety Matters® (CSM) curriculum. Six Georgia schools across 3 counties agreed to participate, and 136 K – 5th grade classrooms were randomized to either receive the CSM curriculum or be a wait-list control and to receive the curriculum after the evalua...
Preprint
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Background. States, territories, non-profits, and tribes are eligible to obtain federal funding to implement federally-endorsed evidence-based home visiting programs. This represents a massive success in translational science, with $400 million a year allocated to these implementation efforts. This legislation also requires that 3% of this annual f...
Article
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Background Delivering evidence-based interventions to refugee and immigrant families is difficult for several reasons, including language and cultural issues, and access and trust issues that can lead to an unwillingness to engage with the typical intervention delivery systems. Adapting both the intervention and the delivery system for evidence-bas...
Article
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Identifying ways to support children of parents with substance use disorder is a critical public health issue. This study focused on the parent-child relationship as a critical catalyst in child resilience. Using data from a longitudinal cohort study, the aims of this study were to: (1 ) examine the agreement between parent and child reports of par...
Article
Purpose Two common methods in community settings of assessing program fidelity, a critical implementation component for program effectiveness, are video and audio recordings of sessions. This paper aims to examine how these two methods compared when used for a home-based behavioral parenting-training model (SafeCare®). Design/methodology/approach...
Article
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Child neglect is a long-standing concern in child welfare because of its short- and long-term negative consequences. SafeCare is an evidence-based parenting program designed to reduce the risk of child neglect and prevent its future occurrence. In this study, we examined the effects of the SafeCare program on several parenting outcomes in a sample...
Article
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Child maltreatment (CM) is a global public health problem. Evidence-based home visiting programs, such as SafeCare®, reduce CM risk, and enhance parent-child relationships and other protective factors. As the result of the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting restrictions, SafeCare Providers transitioned from home to virtual delivery for the SafeCare cu...
Article
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There is some research suggesting that parenting programs have the ability to impact not only parenting behaviors but also caregiver well-being. The current study examined whether the SafeCare® program for families involved in child welfare because of neglect-related concerns had an impact on caregiver mental health, specifically anxious/depressed...
Article
Background Child maltreatment is a significant public health problem affecting more than 3.4 million children per year in the U.S. Child protective systems (CPS) are increasingly adopting evidenced-based practices (EBP), with many specifically adopting behaviorally-based parenting programs (BPTs). One challenge with scaling-up potentially promising...
Article
Child maltreatment has long-lasting negative impacts, and interventions are needed to improve caregiver's parenting skills to prevent maltreatment. This paper reports on a randomized trial comparing the SafeCare© model to services as usual (SAU) for child-welfare referred caregivers. SafeCare is an 18-session behavioral parenting program that teach...
Article
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Background: A high proportion of justice-involved individuals have a substance use disorder and many of those individuals serve in a caregiving role to a child under 18. Given the negative impact of substance use and justice-involvement on the wellbeing of children, the criminal justice system may offer a unique intervention point with high public...
Article
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Home visiting is a widely supported intervention strategy for parents of young children who are in need of parenting skill improvement. However, parental engagement limits the potential public health impact of home visiting, as these programs often have low enrollment rates, as well as high attrition and low completion rates for those who enroll in...
Article
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Objectives This pilot study used a prospective mixed methods approach to examine predictors of retention in services during the transition from pregnancy to postpartum. Home visiting programs that serve pregnant women are an important means of improving child and maternal well-being. Providing services to women during the transition from pregnancy...
Article
It is important to understand the impact of implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) on the workforce. EBP implementation can increase job demands, stress, and burnout, and may thereby exacerbate turnover. This study examined the effects of implementation of an EBP on turnover among staff at nine child welfare agencies. A total of 102 prov...
Article
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Background: Parental substance use places children at risk for poor social, emotional, and behavioral outcomes. Many parents with substance use disorders (SUD) are treated through accountability drug courts including adult drug courts (ADC) through the criminal justice system and family drug treatment courts (FTC) through the child welfare system....
Article
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Background: Most maltreatment, by definition, is a failure of parenting. However, even without maltreatment, poor parenting can lead to a variety of negative outcomes including social, emotional and behavioral problems. Given that parenting plays a key role in child outcomes, one of the foci of interventions are parenting programs. Interventions fo...
Article
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Objectives There are a variety of parent-support programs designed to improve parenting and, thereby, the safety and well-being of children. Providers trained in multiple programs are likely to select components of interventions they feel will meet the needs of the families they serve leaving out aspects they deem unnecessary or redundant. In so do...
Article
Homelessness poses serious health risks, and those risks may be exacerbated among slum-dwelling youth in the developing world. We administered a cross-sectional survey to youth receiving services from a community organization in Kampala, Uganda. This secondary analysis explores the relationships between homelessness and various health outcomes. We...
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Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem with many negative consequences, particularly for pregnant women. This randomized trial investigated the effectiveness of an IPV preventive intervention embedded within the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP) program. Materials and methods: Participants enrolled over a...
Article
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Child maltreatment is a significant public health problem best addressed through evidence-based parent-support programs. There is a wide range of programs with different strengths offering a variety of options for families. Choosing one single evidence-based program often limits the range of services available to meet the unique needs of families....
Article
Early home visitation (EHV) for child maltreatment prevention is widely adopted but has received inconsistent empirical support. Supplementation with interactive software may facilitate attention to major risk factors and use of evidence-based approaches. We developed eight 20-min computer-delivered modules for use by mothers during the course of E...
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Unintentional child injury is a significant public health concern and leading cause of death among children. Though the majority of unintentional injuries are preventable, few interventions target child injury hazards. Since many unintentional injuries occur in the home, home visiting may be an effective method for modifying unsafe home environment...
Article
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Background Even under optimal internal organizational conditions, implementation can be undermined by changes in organizations’ external environments, such as fluctuations in funding, adjustments in contracting practices, new technology, new legislation, changes in clinical practice guidelines and recommendations, or other environmental shifts. Int...
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A singular parent-support program is limited in its ability to address multiple child and family needs. One innovative solution is braiding, a process in which two evidence-based programs are systematically combined as a newly tailored, cohesive curriculum. In this paper we describe the systematic braiding of two parent-support curricula, Parents a...
Article
An effective approach in early intervention for children and families, including child maltreatment prevention, is home-based services. Although several evidence-based programs exist, they are often grouped or delivered together, despite having different foci and approaches. This article describes the development and pilot phases of a trial evaluat...
Article
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Research consistently links adult and infant attachment styles, yet the means by which attachment is transmitted is relatively elusive. Recently, attention has been directed to the psychological underpinnings of caregiver sensitivity—originally thought to be the mechanism of transmission—as indicated by caregivers’ ability to keep in mind children’...
Article
A previous article published several years ago (Prinz et al. Prevention Science, 10, 1–12, 2009) described the main results of a place-randomized-design study focused on the prevention of child-maltreatment-related outcomes at a population level through the implementation of a multilevel system of parenting and family support (the Triple P—Positive...
Article
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Little is known about how the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of the public child welfare workforce influence implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) as most research has focused on the private workforce. This paper reports on public child welfare staff knowledge, attitudes, and practices in a state implementing the EBP, SafeCare®. A su...
Conference Paper
Families at highest risk for child maltreatment have an array of needs that are seldom answered by a singular intervention. To mitigate a myriad of social-ecological forces putting them at high-risk, service providers frequently combine or deliver curricula in an informal manner without empirical support. This approach has risks of diluting potenti...
Article
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Each year, hundreds of thousands of children in the U.S. are victims of child maltreatment. Experts recommend behavioral, skill-based parent training programs as a strategy for the prevention of child abuse and neglect. These programs can be enhanced using innovative technology strategies. This paper presents a brief history of the use of technolog...
Article
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Introduction: Child maltreatment is one of the United States' most significant public health problems. In efforts to prevent maltreatment experts recommend use of Behavioral Parent Training Programs (BPTs), which focus on teaching skills that will replace and prevent maltreating behavior. While there is research to support the effectiveness of BPTs...
Conference Paper
Childhood obesity is as a major public health concern in the United States, with nearly 1 in 3 children considered overweight or obese. Unfortunately, there are few evidence-based programs that have achieved sustained behavior change with families to impact obesity, especially programs targeting young children. While there are many risk factors for...
Article
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Finkelhor and colleagues1 continue their leadership in providing trend data on maltreatment of children. Their previous work has shown that within child maltreatment there has been a 20-year decline in emotional child abuse and sexual abuse but not child neglect.2 Their current study, based on 3 large representative samples of national random digit...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents results from an experimental study evaluating the addition of a preventive intervention for intimate partner violence (IPV) to the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP) home visitation program in Multnomah County, Oregon. NFP provides information, support and parent training to low-income first-time mothers-to-be to improve their pregn...
Article
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This article presents a systematic review of intimate partner violence (IPV) prevention studies. Using electronic databases and standard search methods, 19 studies met inclusion criteria for the review. These studies targeted partner violence victimization and/or perpetration, included a comparison or control group, and measured IPV behavior or out...
Article
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In this review, we provide a descriptive and detailed review of intervention programs for intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators and survivor-victims. Given the extensive personal, interpersonal, and societal costs associated with IPV, it is essential that services being offered by the criminal justice, mental health, and medical communities...
Article
Full-text available
Child abuse and neglect is a persistent public health concern, and wide-spread implementation of evidence based interventions is needed. Dissemination of evidence based parent training programs to address child maltreatment is in a nascent stage, however. Some guidance exists on how to approach implementation efforts to build community capacity to...
Article
Full-text available
Benchmarking is a program evaluation approach that can be used to study whether the outcomes of parents/children who participate in an evidence-based program in the community approximate the outcomes found in randomized trials. This paper presents a case illustration using benchmarking methodology to examine a community implementation of Parent–Chi...
Article
Full-text available
SafeCare is an evidence-based parent-training program that reduces child maltreatment, particularly neglect. The risk of child maltreatment, a public health issue affecting millions of U.S. children each year, can be markedly reduced by interventions such as SafeCare that deliver in-home services. Drawing from applied behavioral analysis roots, Saf...
Article
An evaluation was conducted for 83 parent–child dyads who participated in parent–child interaction therapy (PCIT) delivered in-home by community agency therapists. Data included self-report measures and therapist observations at baseline and posttreatment. Results indicated significant positive changes in child/parent behavior and parent attitudes...
Article
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Adaptations are often made to evidence-based practices (EBPs) by systems, organizations, and/or service providers in the implementation process. The degree to which core elements of an EBP can be maintained while allowing for local adaptation is unclear. In addition, adaptations may also be needed at the system, policy, or organizational levels to...
Article
Full-text available
This quasi-experimental study investigated the efficacy of clinic-based advocacy for intimate partner violence (IPV) to increase help seeking, reduce violence, and improve women's well-being. Eligible and consenting women attending one of six selected clinics in the rural Southern United States were assessed for IPV. Consenting women disclosing IPV...
Article
Evidence-based practices (EBPs) have the promise to reduce child maltreatment and improve the lives of countless families and children, but effective implementation entails many challenges. Efficacious interventions now exist for parents at risk for or who have perpetrated maltreatment (i.e., Chaffin et al., 2004; Chaffin, Hecht, Bard, Silovsky, &...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the public health burden of child maltreatment. Contextual issues surrounding child neglect, one of the most pervasive forms of child maltreatment, are discussed. One public health initiative is to prevent child maltreatment through dissemination of evidence-based prevention programs into community settings. SafeCare®, a stru...
Chapter
Full-text available
Child abuse and neglect is a persistent public health concern, and wide-spread implementation of evidence-based interventions is needed. Dissemination of evidencebased parent training programs to address child maltreatment is in a nascent stage, however. Some guidance exists on how to approach implementation efforts to build community capacity to a...
Article
Full-text available
There is a strong movement toward implementation of evidence-based practices (EBP) in child welfare systems. The SafeCare parenting model is one of few parent-training models that addresses child neglect, the most common form of maltreatment. Here, the authors describe initial findings from a statewide effort to implement the EBP, SafeCare®, into a...
Article
Full-text available
Innovative handheld technologies are changing the possibilities for public health interventions. The present research describes a preliminary examination of the iPhone™ when used as an assessment tool and an enhancement to an evidence-based, in-home child safety intervention. Three families with young children received an augmented version of the S...
Article
Evidence-based behavioral parent training programs (BPTs) have been recommended as a primary prevention strategy for child maltreatment, and use of BPTs is increasing. As these programs are implemented in new contexts and among new populations, the cultural relevance of these programs and need for adaptations or modifications must be considered. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health issue causing significant morbidity, mortality, and economic burden to its victims and society. Prior research suggests that bidirectional or reciprocal IPV perpetration (cases in which both partners perpetrate IPV toward the other) is common and more serious than unidirectional IPV. Howeve...
Article
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Dating violence is a significant health problem among youth that leads to adverse health outcomes, including injuries. Reciprocal violence (perpetrated by both partners) is associated with increased injury in adults, but very little is known about the prevalence and context for reciprocal violence, as well as injury rates, among youth. We sought to...
Conference Paper
Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a common and significant health threat. Before health care clinics implement IPV screening, the effectiveness of clinic-based interventions must be established. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to investigate the efficacy of a clinic-based model of advocacy services for intimate partner...
Article
Full-text available
Conflict of interest: The Triple P-Positive Parenting Program is owned by the University of Queensland (UQ). The University through its main technology transfer company UniQuest Pty Limited has licensed Triple P International Pty Ltd to disseminate the program worldwide. Royalties stemming from this dissemination activity are distributed to the Pa...
Article
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This study examined the persistent perpetration of physical intimate partner violence (IPV) across relationships. Based on the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health, data were analyzed on 6,446 young adults, who reported on two recent relationships. Frequency and logistic regression analyses were used to examine the persistence of physic...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is an enormous public health problem that results in injury, health problems, and substantial cost to society. Despite having a grasp of the scope of IPV, public health officials and workers know little about how to prevent it. The few empirically established primary prevention programs consist of school-based curric...