Daniel Von Schiller

Daniel Von Schiller
University of Barcelona | UB · Departament de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals

PhD

About

191
Publications
42,064
Reads
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Introduction
My research focuses on aquatic ecosystem ecology and biogeochemistry with special emphasis on nutrient and carbon cycling.
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
University of Barcelona
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
January 2015 - August 2019
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea
Position
  • PostDoc Position
May 2011 - December 2014
ICRA Catalan Institute for Water Research
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (191)
Article
Full-text available
Human impacts, particularly nutrient pollution and land-use change, have caused significant declines in the quality and quantity of freshwater resources. Most global assessments have concentrated on species diversity and composition, but effects on the multifunctionality of streams and rivers remain unclear. Here, we analyse the most comprehensive...
Article
Full-text available
Cessation of cattle grazing has resulted in the reestablishment of wetlands in some streams of the U.S. Southwest. Decades of cattle grazing prevented vascular plant growth in Sycamore Creek (Arizona, U.S.A.), resulting in stream reaches dominated by diatoms and filamentous green algae. Establishment of vascular plants can profoundly modify ecosyst...
Article
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emission from fluvial systems represents a substantial flux in the global carbon cycle. However, variation in fluvial CO2 fluxes at the air–water interface as well as its drivers are poorly understood, especially in non-forested headwaters. Here, we measured CO2 concentration and fluxes in 14 lowland open-canopy streams (Pampea...
Article
Full-text available
Rivers are severely affected by human activities and many are simultaneously impacted by multiple stressors. Water diversion for hydropower generation affects ecosystem functioning of the bypassed reaches, which can alternate between periods with natural discharge and others with reduced flow that increase the surface of dry riverbeds. In parallel,...
Article
Rivers and streams provide many ecosystem services, including provision of food, water purification, and nutrient abatement. Ecosystem functioning, the set of processes that regulate the fluxes of energy and matter, is the backbone of ecosystem services. A myriad of human impacts affects the functioning of running waters. To reduce these impacts, s...
Article
Full-text available
Water diversion and pollution are two pervasive stressors in river ecosystems that often co‐occur. Individual effects of both stressors on basal resources available to stream communities have been described, with diversion reducing detritus standing stocks and pollution increasing biomass of primary producers. However, interactive effects of both s...
Article
Despite substantial advances in quantifying greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from dry inland waters, existing estimates mainly consist of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. However, methane (CH4) may also be relevant due to its higher Global Warming Potential (GWP). We report CH4 emissions from dry inland water sediments to i) provide a cross-continenta...
Article
Full-text available
Droughts are recognized to impact global biogeochemical cycles. However, the implication of desiccation on in-stream carbon (C) cycling is not well understood yet. We subjected sediments from a lowland, organic rich intermittent stream to experimental desiccation over a 9-week-period to investigate temporal changes in microbial functional traits in...
Article
Full-text available
Epibenthic biofilms are important in regulating nitrogen (N) fluxes in stream ecosystems. The efficiency of the regulation is controlled by hydraulic and biological processes and their interactions. However, knowledge on the underlying physical and biological processes, their controlling parameters, and interactions in stream ecosystems is still li...
Article
Full-text available
Nitrogen (N) uptake is a key process in stream ecosystems that is mediated mainly by benthic microorganisms (biofilms on different substrata) and has implications for the biogeochemical fluxes at catchment scale and beyond. Here, we focused on the drivers of assimilatory N uptake, especially the effects of hydromorphology and other environmental co...
Article
Full-text available
Surface-groundwater interactions in intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES), waterways which do not flow year-round, are spatially and temporally dynamic because of alternations between flowing, non-flowing and dry hydrological states. Interactions between surface and groundwater often create mixing zones with distinct redox gradients, pot...
Article
Full-text available
Discharge reduction, as caused by water diversion for hydropower, and fine sediments deposition, are prevalent stressors that may affect multiple ecosystem functions in streams. Periphytic biofilms play a key role in stream ecosystem functioning and are potentially affected by these stressors and their interaction. We experimentally assessed the in...
Article
Full-text available
Streams and rivers provide important services to humans, and therefore, their ecological integrity should be a societal goal. Although ecological integrity encompasses structural and functional integrity, stream bioassessment rarely considers ecosystem functioning. Organic matter decomposition and ecosystem metabolism are prime candidate indicators...
Article
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Temporary rivers are characterized by shifting habitats between flowing, isolated pools, and dry phases. Despite the fact that temporary rivers are currently receiving increasing attention by researchers and managers, the isolated pools phase has been largely disregarded. However, isolated pools in temporary rivers are transitional habitats of majo...
Article
Full-text available
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) composition exerts a direct control on its degradation and subsequent persistence in aquatic ecosystems. Yet, under certain conditions, the degradation patterns of DOM cannot be solely explained by its composition, highlighting the relevance of environmental conditions for DOM degradation. Here, we experimentally asse...
Article
Full-text available
The origin and reactivity of dissolved organic matter (DOM) have received attention for decades due to the key role DOM plays in global carbon cycling and the ecology of aquatic systems. However, DOM dynamics in river networks remain unresolved, hampered by the lack of data integrating the spatial and temporal dimensions inherent to riverine ecosys...
Article
Urban pollution and hydrological stress are common stressors of stream ecosystems, but their combined effects on ecosystem functioning are still unclear. We measured a set of functional processes and accompanying environmental variables in locations upstream and downstream of urban sewage inputs in 13 streams covering a wide range of water pollutio...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Intermittent rivers and Ephemeral Streams (IRES) are river water bodies characterised by temporary flow. They are widespread across the EU and a significant proportion of them is expected to increase due to climate change scenarios and rising water demands. The purpose of this handbook is to help water managers to understand the natural processes...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Chapter 5 from the Intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams: what water managers need to know. Technical report – Cost ACTION CA 15113
Technical Report
Full-text available
Chapter 3 of the Intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams: what water managers need to know. Technical report – Cost ACTION CA 15113
Chapter
Full-text available
In a nutshell: ▪ There is a variety of benefits that IRES provide to our societies, from the provision of materials such as water and timber, to iconic species, the regulation of biogeochemical cycles, and space for cultural manifestation and as a corridor for both wild and herded animals. ▪ Drying and rewetting processes, timing and duration of...
Article
Full-text available
Many inland waters exhibit complete or partial desiccation, or have vanished due to global change, exposing sediments to the atmosphere. Yet, data on carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions from these sediments are too scarce to upscale emissions for global estimates or to understand their fundamental drivers. Here, we present the results of a global surve...
Article
River ecosystems worldwide are affected by altered flow regimes, and an advanced science and practice of environmental flows has developed to understand and reduce these impacts. But most environmental flows approaches ignore flow intermittency, which is a natural feature of 30% of the global river network length. Ignoring flow intermittency when s...
Article
Intermittent streams are subject to high levels of environmental variation. However, little is known about how biota responds to river drying across the channel-to-upland habitat gradient. This is an important shortcoming because assumes that intermittent river habitats and metacommunities are static. Here we studied how river drying affects the sp...
Article
The ecological effects of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents on stream ecosystems cause growing concern. However, it is difficult to assess these effects as most streams receiving WWTP effluents are also affected by other stressors. We performed a whole-ecosystem manipulation experiment following a BACI design (Before-After/Control-Impact)...
Article
Full-text available
Intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES) may represent over half the global stream network, but their contribution to respiration and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is largely undetermined. In particular, little is known about the variability and drivers of respiration in IRES sediments upon rewetting, which could result in large pulses of...
Article
In temperate headwater streams, riparian forests hinder the development of algae by reducing light availability and generate large inputs of detritus. Microbial assemblages associated with this detritus are expected to strongly influence in-stream elemental cycling. However, most research has focused on quantifying nitrogen (N) cycling while we kno...
Article
Climate change and human pressures are changing the global distribution and the extent of intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES), which comprise half of the global river network area. IRES are characterized by periods of flow cessation, during which channel substrates accumulate and undergo physico‐chemical changes (preconditioning), and...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change and human pressures are changing the global distribution and extent of intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES), which comprise half of the global river network area. IRES are characterized by periods of flow cessation, during which channel substrates accumulate and undergo physico‐chemical changes (preconditioning), and peri...
Article
Full-text available
Effluents from urban wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) consist of complex mixtures of substances that can affect processes in the receiving ecosystems. Some of these substances (toxic contaminants) stress biological activity at all concentrations, while others (e.g., nutrients) subsidize it at low concentrations and stress it above a threshold, ca...
Article
Intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES) encompass fluvial ecosystems that eventually stop flowing and run dry at some point in space and time. During the dry phase, channels of IRES consist mainly of dry riverbeds (DRBs), prevalent yet widely unexplored ecotones between dry and wet phases that can strongly influence the biogeochemistry of...
Article
Full-text available
Non-flow periods in fluvial ecosystems are a global phenomenon. Streambed drying and rewetting by sporadic rainfalls could drive considerable changes in the microbial communities that govern stream nitrogen (N) availability at different temporal and spatial scales. We performed a microcosm-based experiment to investigate how dry period duration (DP...
Article
Full-text available
A large part of the world's inland waters, including streams, rivers, ponds, lakes and reservoirs is subject to occasional, recurrent or even permanent drying. Moreover, the occurrence and intensity of drying events are increasing in many areas of the world because of climate change, water abstraction, and land use alteration. Yet, information on t...
Article
Full-text available
The impoundment of running waters through the construction of large dams is recognised as one of the most important factors determining the transport, transformation, and outgassing of carbon (C) in fluvial networks. However, the effects of small and very small water retention structures (SWRS) on the magnitude and spatiotemporal patterns of C emis...
Article
Full-text available
The hydrological and biological complexity of temporary rivers as well as their importance in providing goods and services is increasingly recognized, as much as it is the vulnerability of the biotic communities in view of climate change and increased anthropogenic pressures. However, the effects of flow intermittency (resulting from both seasonal...
Article
Full-text available
The amount of pollutants and nutrients entering rivers via point sources is increasing along with human population and activity. Although wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) greatly reduce pollutant loads into the environment, excess nutrient loading is a problem in many streams. Using a Community and Ecosystem Function (CEF) approach, we quantifie...
Article
Full-text available
Perennial rivers and streams make a disproportionate contribution to global carbon (C) cycling. However, the contribution of intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES),which sometimes cease to flow and can dry completely, is largely ignored although theymay represent over half the global river network. Substantial amounts of terrestrialplant...
Article
Full-text available
In the version of this Article originally published, the affiliation for M. I. Arce was incorrect; it should have been: ⁵Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, Germany. This has now been corrected in the online versions of the Article.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Riverine ecosystems in Mediterranean climates are characterized by high levels of spatial and temporal environmental variation. This is particularly true in intermittent streams, where time-varying levels of resource availability, physical heterogeneity, and disturbance could influence biological assemblages in the riverine habitat and beyond. Howe...
Article
• Trophic interactions are important pathways of energy and matter fluxes in food webs and are commonly quantified using stable isotopes of carbon (δ¹³C) and nitrogen (δ¹⁵N). An important prerequisite for this approach is knowledge on the isotopic difference between consumer and resource (trophic discrimination, Δ¹³C and Δ¹⁵N). The range and mechan...
Article
Perennial rivers and streams make a disproportionate contribution to global carbon (C) cycling. However, the contribution of intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES), which sometimes cease to flow and can dry completely, is largely ignored although they may represent over half the global river network. Substantial amounts of terrestrial pla...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we examined the effects of different drying conditions on the composition, structure and function of benthic invertebrate assemblages. We approached this objective by comparing invertebrate assemblages in perennial and intermittent sites along two intermittent Mediterranean streams with contrasting predictability, duration, an...
Data
Strategy for fitting models on intermittent reaches to gradients of dry period duration (Dry) and distance to nearest perennial site (Dis) in each study season in the Rogativa and Fuirosos streams. (DOCX)
Data
Results of GLMMs for flow regime effect (perennial, intermittent) in Fuirosos stream in spring and autumn separately. Values in italics indicate statistical significance at P<0.05. (EPT: Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera, OCH: Odonata, Coleoptera and Heteroptera and D: Diptera). (DOCX)
Data
Equations for models relating distance to nearest perennial reach (Dis; km) and dry period duration (Dry; %) for benthic invertebrate metrics in Rogativa stream. (EPT: Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera, OCH: Odonata, Coleoptera and Heteroptera). (DOCX)
Data
Mixed models for only significant relationships between dry period duration (dry) and distance to nearest perennial reach (distance) with benthic invertebrate metrics in intermittent sites in Rogativa stream. (EPT: Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichopetera, OCH: Odonata, Coleoptera and Heteroptera). (DOCX)
Data
Results of GLMMs for flow regime effect (P = perennial, M = moderately intermittent, H = highly intermittent) in Rogativa stream in spring. Values in italics indicate statistical significance at P<0.05. (EPT: Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera, OCH: Odonata, Coleoptera and Heteroptera and D: Diptera). (DOCX)
Data
Relationship between dry period duration (%) and distance to nearest perennial reach (m) in the two study streams. Regression lines between both variables and their 95% confidence intervals (lighter grey). The darker grey polygon delimits the studied environmental space on Rogativa as defined by the two variables calculated as the convex hull (see...
Data
Accumulated rainfall in the previous 12 months in the two study streams (June 2008-March 2014). Vertical dotted line indicates pre-drying (spring) sampling time (June 2013 in both streams) and vertical dot-dashed line indicates post-drying (autumn) sampling time in Rogativa (February 2014) and Fuirosos (December 2013). (TIF)
Data
Abundance of benthic invertebrate taxa in the study sites in Rogativa (spring) and Fuirosos (spring and autumn) streams. (XLSX)
Data
Pearson’s correlations between the two NMDS ordination axes and the studied environmental variables in Rogativa and Fuirosos streams. Values in italics indicate statistical significance at P<0.05. (DOCX)
Data
Least square means (± SE) values by stream, season and flow regime as calculated from models for Rogativa and Fuirosos streams independently. (EPT: Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera, OCH: Odonata, Coleoptera and Heteroptera and D: Diptera) (DOCX)
Article
Global change is dramatically altering flow regimes worldwide. Among the most important consequences are the transition of many permanent waterways to temporary waterways, the increase in duration and frequency of non-flow periods of temporary streams, and the increase in the severity (i.e. irradiance, temperature and humidity) of the non-flow peri...
Article
Full-text available
In-stream nutrient retention results from the interaction between hydrological and biogeochemical processes involved in downstream transport. While hydrological processes set the opportunity for nutrient retention to occur, metabolic activity and abiotic processes determine the potential biogeochemical reactivity of streams. Yet, a comprehensive as...