Daniel Veres

Daniel Veres
Academia Romana Cluj · Institute of Speleology

PhD

About

163
Publications
51,104
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4,111
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - present
Stockholm University

Publications

Publications (163)
Poster
Full-text available
Loess-paleosol sequences (LPS) of the Lower Danube region provide high resolution records of Pleistocene climate change. Tephra layers (volcanic ashes) are valuable chronological marker horizons in sedimentary sequences and overcome issues of correlative age models and e.g., limitations of absolute dating methods. Tephra occurrences observed within...
Article
Full-text available
Loess deposits intercalated by paleosols are detailed terrestrial archives of Quaternary climate variability providing information on the global dust cycle and landscape dynamics. Their paleoclimatic significance is often explored by quantifying their mineral magnetic properties due to their sensitivity to local/regional hydroclimate variability. D...
Article
Full-text available
In mid-latitude Eurasia, loess-paleosol sequences (LPS) provide the most widespread sedimentary records of Quaternary paleoenvironmental evolution. In the Middle Danube Basin (MDB), these archives cover at least the last million years of climate history, and occasionally contain archeological findings. The studied Zemun LPS is located on the right...
Article
Full-text available
The source of aeolian sediments such as loess has been investigated since decades. Reliable knowledge on potential dust sources is crucial to understand past climatic and environmental conditions accompanying the dispersal of early modern humans (EMH) into Europe. Provenance studies are usually performed on small sample sets and most established me...
Chapter
The Romanian karst hosts numerous caves and shelters that over time provided remarkable archaeological and anthropological vestiges. Altogether they show that humans must have entered caves in Romania at least as early as 170,000 years ago. However, ancient human footprints are very rare in the fossil record of East-Central Europe, with only two kn...
Article
Full-text available
Loess-paleosol sequences (LPSs) are important terrestrial archives of paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic information. One of the main obstacles for the investigation and interpretation of these archives is the uncertainty of their age-depth relationship. In this study, four different dating techniques were applied to the Late Pleistocene to Holoc...
Article
Full-text available
Paleoenvironmental reconstructions on a (supra-)regional scale have gained attention in Quaternary sciences during the last decades. In terrestrial realms, loess deposits and especially intercalations of loess and buried soils, so called loess-paleosol sequences (LPS) are important archives to unravel the terrestrial response to e.g. climatic fluct...
Article
The East Carpathian volcanic range experienced an along-arc, Late Miocene to Quaternary migration of eruptive activity during its ~11 Ma-long activity. Here, a novel and complex methodology is presented that yields new geochronological and geomorphological constraints on the evolution of the 20 volcanic edifices. New unspiked KAr ages either constr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The vast Pleistocene aeolian sediments of the Lower Danube Basin are an important archive of Quaternary palaeoclimate dynamics in Southeast Europe. The intercalation of loess layers and fossil soils, so called loess-palaeosol sequences (LPS) are interpreted as the results of oscillating climate phases in the past. However, the characteristics of th...
Article
Full-text available
The extensive research in the Ceahlaului area, initially conducted between 1955-1959, led to the identification and investigation of more than 20 points, some of them being complex sites, with several levels of habitation, attributed to different stages of the Upper Palaeolithic. However, the correlation of data related to syn- and post-depositiona...
Article
Full-text available
This study, which builds on high-precision unspiked Cassignol-Gillot K-Ar age determinations, presents an advanced DEM-based volumetrical analysis to infer long-term magma output rates for the Late Quaternary Ciomadul (Csomád) dacitic lava dome complex (East Carpathians, Romania). The volcanic field of Ciomadul developed on the erosional surface of...
Article
Located at the southern tip of the Intra-Carpathian Volcanic Range in Romania, and composed of a dozen dacitic lava domes, the Ciomadul (Csomád) volcanic complex is the youngest eruptive centre of the Carpatho-Pannonian Region. Whereas, in the last decade, the explosive history of Ciomadul since 50 ka has been well constrained by numerous studies,...
Article
Full-text available
The occurrence of heavy rainfall events is expected to undergo significant changes under increasing anthropogenic forcing. South-eastern Europe is reacting rapidly to such changes, therefore understanding and forecasting of precipitation variability is vital to better comprehending environmental changes in this area. Here we present a sub-decadal r...
Article
Reconstructing dust Mass Accumulation Rate (MAR) from loess deposits is critical to understanding past atmospheric mineral dust activity and requires accurate independent age models from loess deposits across Europe and Asia. Previous correlations of loess in Europe and China have tended to focus on multimillennial timescales, with no detailed exam...
Chapter
Vârghiș karst, with its limited spatial development but well-preserved features, is a peculiarity in the karst inventory of Romania. It shows several well-marked karstification levels, and a relatively high number of caves, the majority harboring thick clastic deposits. However, its most important asset is that it hosts numerous traces of past huma...
Article
XRF core scanning (XRF-CS) is a valuable tool, which allows for the rapid, non-destructive geochemical analysis of sediment cores at extremely high (sub-millimetre) resolution. Peat sediments, due to their near-worldwide distribution, high organic content allowing for reliable radiocarbon chronology development, and typically autochthonous nature,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Loess-paleosol sequences represent the spatially most widespread geoarchives across Eurasia. Hence, the assessment of chrono-and lithostratigraphic patterns and differences of these terrestrial paleoclimatic records represents a key to unravel the climate evolution of Eurasia. Yet, the reconstruction of its climatic history is still challenging, i....
Article
Until recently, the cave-based Middle Palaeolithic in Romania offered almost exclusively archaeological collections without chronological control, the limited number of radiocarbon samples reported usually lacking a precise archaeological context. In an effort to improve such limitations, we initiated an interdisciplinary research of the archaeolog...
Article
Full-text available
Here we investigate the timing of the last glacial loess (L1) - Holocene soil (S0) transition recorded in loess-paleosol sequences from SE Europe (Ukraine, Romania, Serbia) by applying comparative luminescence dating techniques on quartz and feldspars. Equivalent dose measurements were carried out using the single-aliquot regenerative-dose (SAR) pr...
Article
Full-text available
The Balkans are considered the birthplace of mineral resource exploitation and metalworking in Europe. However, since knowledge of the timing and extent of metallurgy in southeastern Europe is largely constrained by discontinuous archaeological findings, the long-term environmental impact of past mineral resource exploitation is not fully understoo...
Article
In September 2016, the annual meeting of the International Union for Quaternary Research’s Loess and Pedostratigraphy Focus Group, traditionally referred to as a LoessFest, met in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, USA. The 2016 LoessFest focused on “thin” loess deposits and loess transportation surfaces. This LoessFest included 75 registered participants from...
Article
Full-text available
Lead (Pb) isotopes provide valuable insights into the origin of Pb within a sample, typically allowing for reliable fingerprinting of their source. This is useful for a variety of applications, from tracing sources of pollution-related Pb, to the origins of Pb in archaeological artefacts. However, current approaches investigate source proportions v...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Eolian deposits such as loess-paleosol sequences are being used intensively for paleoenvironmental studies. In order to accurately interpret proxy data variability through time, reliable age models are essential. Age models are transferring stratigraphical thickness to geological time, and represent the basis of most studies investigating the timin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Millennial scale climate variability is seen in various records of the northern hemisphere for the last glacial cycle. Their expression represents a promising stratigraphic correlation tool beyond the temporal resolution of numerical dating, e.g. luminescence dating. Highest (correlative) dating accuracy is a prerequisite of comparing different geo...
Article
Here we present the results of the first cryptotephra investigation of two Late glacial-Holocene lake records from the Southern Carpathian Mountains in Romania, Lake Brazi and Lake Lia. The discovery of an important Icelandic tephrostratigraphic marker, the Askja-S, in the sedimentary records of both sites significantly extends the known ash disper...
Article
The loess-paleosol profiles at Krems in central Europe (Lower Austria) are well known for the impressive output of Upper Palaeolithic remains as well as for their paleoclimate potential as terrestrial archives. Previous high-resolution sedimentological and environmental magnetic results documented a rather complex sedimentological setting at Krems-...
Article
The correlation of loess sequences across global, hemispheric, regional and local scales is one of the most fundamental aspects to loess research. However, despite recent progress in stratigraphic and chronometric methods, the correlation of many loess sequences is often still based on untested assumptions over loess deposition, preservation, soil...
Article
Sediment cores obtained from two deep (>15 m) glacial lakes were analyzed in context of terrestrial vegetation development and in-lake processes from the Retezat Mountains (Southern Carpathians, Romania). Only the Holocene parts were chosen for study for testing what is the connection between geochemical changes and biotas around and in the lakes....
Data
R script associated with the manuscript 'Quartz OSL dating of late Quaternary Chinese and Serbian loess: a cross Eurasian comparison of dating results and mass accumulation rates' by Zoran Peric et al.
Data
Equivalent dose measurements (De, recycling ratio and recuperation), dose recovery tests (Dr) and luminescence ages for the Titel loess core and the the Lingtai loess section. The file also includes the grain-size distribution data for the Lingtai loess section and the Loess Mass Accumulation Rate (MAR g m-2 a-1) calculated for Titel and Lingtai ba...
Article
Full-text available
Muscovite is a mineral commonly found along quartz in sediments, where the latter is the mineral of choice in numerous optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating studies. Since muscovite cannot be efficiently eliminated following standard laboratory treatments, it is important to assess its luminescence properties. This study is focused on the...
Article
Loess-paleosol sequences are the most extensive terrestrial paleoclimate records in Europe and Asia documenting atmospheric circulation patterns, vegetation, and sedimentary dynamics in response to glacial-interglacial cyclicity. Between the two sides of the Eurasian continent, differences may exist in response and response times to glacial changes...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the past dynamics of large-scale atmospheric systems is crucial for our knowledge of the palaeoclimate conditions in Europe. Southeastern Europe currently lies at the border between Atlantic, Mediterranean, and continental climate zones. Past changes in the relative influence of associated atmospheric systems must have been recorded i...
Article
Full-text available
Reconstructions of dust flux have been used to produce valuable global records of changes in atmospheric circulation and aridity. These studies have highlighted the importance of atmospheric dust in marine and terrestrial biogeochemistry and nutrient cycling. By investigating a 10 800-year-long paleoclimate archive from the Eastern Carpathians (Rom...
Article
The Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition is one of the crucial periods of change in the prehistory of Europe due to the full emergence, continent-wide, of modern human lithic technologies, and detrimental of Neanderthal survival. Knowledge about the transition is growing, however, the evidence for cultural and technological developments for the...
Article
Full-text available
The Romanian Carpathians are located at the confluence of three major atmospheric pressure fields: the North Atlantic, the Mediterranean and the Siberian. Despite its importance for understanding past human impact and climate change, high-resolution palaeoenvironmental reconstructions of Holocene hydroclimate variability, and in particular records...
Article
Multi-proxy, high-resolution analyses (lithological, geochemical, environmental magnetism) anchored by 22 ¹⁴C dates, of a 5.53 m long sediment core from Lake Ighiel (Romanian Carpathians, central-eastern Europe) allowed the reconstruction of key local, catchment-lacustrine dynamics and an appraisal of palaeohydrological and palaeoclimatic gradients...
Article
Full-text available
Reconstructions of dust flux have been used to produce valuable global records of changes in atmospheric circulation and aridity. These studies have highlighted the importance of atmospheric dust in marine and terrestrial biogeochemistry and nutrient cycling. By investigating a 10 800-year long paleoclimate archive from the Eastern Carpathians (Rom...
Chapter
Loess and loess-derivative deposits currently form some of the most ubiquitous sedimentary landforms in Europe, including important parts of Romania. Loess-palaeosol sequences (LPS) are continental archives of Quaternary paleoclimates since these deposits are a direct product of geomorphic processes driven by past climate variability. Understanding...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Millennial scale climate variability is seen in various records of the northern hemisphere in the last glacial cycle, and their expression represents a correlation tool beyond the resolution of e.g. luminescence dating. Highest (correlative) dating accuracy is a prerequisite of comparing different geoarchives, especially when related to archaeologi...
Article
In this study we provide a correlative age model for last glacial loess at the Rasova-Valea cu Pietre site in the Lower Danube region, based on the correlation of palaeoenvironmental proxies to independently dated palaeoclimate archives, luminescence dating and independent age control provided by the geochemically confirmed presence of the Campania...
Article
Full-text available
Loess-palaeosol sequences are valuable archives of past environmental changes. Although regional palaeoclimatic trends and conditions in Southeastern Europe have been inferred from loess sequences, large scale forcing mechanisms responsible for their formation have yet to be determined. Southeastern Europe is a climatically sensitive region, existi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Titel loess plateau in the Vojvodina region of Serbia is considered to contain the most detailed terrestrial paleoclimatic records in Eu-rope, with a thick and apparently continuous record extending through the middle and late Early Pleistocene. In the past few decades the plateau has been investigated on a fairly large scale and has provided i...
Article
We present major element glass data and correlations for the ‘Roxolany Tephra’ − a so far geochemically unconstrained volcanic ash layer previously described in last glacial (Marine Isotope Stage 2) loess deposits of the Roxolany loess–palaeosol complex in south-west Ukraine. This exceptionally well-preserved, 2–3-cm-thick tephra layer is character...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The loess derivates on top of the terrace gravels in the Bistrita valley (Carpathians, northeastern Romania) host a large number of Palaeolithic settlements, some of which reveal several distinct cultural layers characterised by charcoal, other combustion features and/or scattered lithics. While the youngest productive layers at the site Bistricioa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Europe the characteristics, distribution and effects of recent pollution are well known, with monitoring observations existing at a continental scale. However, estimates of long-term pollution are restricted to central-western Europe, the British Isles and Scandinavia. In Eastern Europe in particular, the lack of such estimates has led to incomp...