Daniel Peter Varga

Daniel Peter Varga
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich | LMU · Institute for Stroke and Dementia Research (ISD)

PhD

About

14
Publications
1,197
Reads
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195
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2019 - August 2019
University of Szeged
Position
  • Research Associate
September 2015 - December 2018
University of Szeged
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
September 2010 - June 2012
University of Szeged
Field of study
  • Biology (Neuroscience)
September 2006 - June 2010
University of Szeged
Field of study
  • Biology (Cell and Molecular)

Publications

Publications (14)
Article
Full-text available
Background In ischemic stroke, cerebral autoregulation and neurovascular coupling may become impaired. The cerebral blood flow (CBF) response to spreading depolarization (SD) is governed by neurovascular coupling. SDs recur in the ischemic penumbra and reduce neuronal viability by the insufficiency of the CBF response. Autoregulatory failure and SD...
Article
Selective elimination of microglia from the brain was shown to dysregulate neuronal Ca²⁺ signaling and to reduce the incidence of spreading depolarization (SD) during cerebral ischemia. However, the mechanisms through which microglia interfere with SD remained unexplored. Here, we identify microglia as essential modulators of the induction and evol...
Article
Full-text available
Spontaneous, recurrent spreading depolarizations (SD) are increasingly more appreciated as a pathomechanism behind ischemic brain injuries. Although the prostaglandin F2α - FP receptor signaling pathway has been proposed to contribute to neurodegeneration, it has remained unexplored whether FP receptors are implicated in SD or the coupled cerebral...
Article
Stroke is an important cause of mortality and disability. Treatment options are limited, therefore the progress in this regard is urgently needed. Nimodipine, an L-type voltage-gated calcium channel antagonist dilates cerebral arterioles, but its systemic administration may cause potential side effects. We have previously constructed chitosan nanop...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: A new class of dihydropyridine derivatives, which act as co-inducers of heat shock protein but are devoid of calcium channel antagonist and vasodilator effects, has recently been developed with the purpose of selectively targeting neurodegeneration. Here, we evaluated the action of one of these novel compounds LA1011 on neu...
Article
Secondary injury following acute brain insults significantly contributes to poorer neurological outcome. The spontaneous, recurrent occurrence of spreading depolarization events (SD) has been recognized as a potent secondary injury mechanism in subarachnoid hemorrhage, malignant ischemic stroke and traumatic brain injury. In addition, SD is the und...
Article
Recurrent spreading depolarizations occur in the cerebral cortex from minutes up to weeks following acute brain injury. Clinical evidence suggests that the immediate reduction of cerebral blood flow in response to spreading depolarization importantly contributes to lesion progression as the wave propagates over vulnerable tissue zones, characterize...
Article
The kynurenine pathway is a cascade of enzymatic steps generating biologically active compounds. l-kynurenine (l-KYN) is a central metabolite of tryptophan degradation. In the mammalian brain, l-KYN is partly converted to kynurenic acid (KYNA), which exerts multiple effects on neurotransmission. Recently, l-KYN or one of its derivatives were attrib...
Article
Full-text available
The significance of prostanoid signaling in neurovascular coupling during somatosensory stimulation is increasingly more appreciated, yet its involvement in mediating the cerebral blood flow (CBF) response to spreading depolarization (SD) has remained inconclusive. Selective cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme inhibitors (NS-398, SC-560) or an antagonist (...
Article
Full-text available
L-Kynurenine (L-KYN) is a central metabolite of tryptophan degradation through the kynurenine pathway (KP). The systemic administration of L-KYN sulfate (L-KYNs) leads to a rapid elevation of the neuroactive KP metabolite kynurenic acid (KYNA). An elevated level of KYNA may have multiple effects on the synaptic transmission, resulting in complex be...
Article
Since brain ischemia is one of the leading causes of adult disability and death, neuroprotection of the ischemic brain is of particular importance. Acute neuroprotective strategies usually have the aim of suppressing glutamate excitotoxicity and an excessive NMDA receptor function. Clinically tolerated antagonists should antagonize an excessive NMD...
Article
The overactivation of excitatory amino acid receptors plays a key role in the pathomechanism of several neurodegenerative disorders and in ischemic and post-ischemic events. Kynurenic acid (KYNA) is an endogenous product of the tryptophan metabolism and, as a broad-spectrum antagonist of excitatory amino acid receptors, may serve as a protective ag...
Article
The neuroactive properties and neuroprotective potential of endogenous L: -kynurenine, kynurenic acid (KYNA) and its derivatives are well established. KYNA acts as an antagonist on the obligatory co-agonist glycine site, and has long been at the focus of neuroprotective trials. Unfortunately, KYNA is barely able to cross the blood-brain barrier. Ac...

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